It implementation in healthcare


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It implementation in healthcare

  1. 1. MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM IT implementation in Healthcare Presented by Gouthami S21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 1
  2. 2. What Is Information Technology? IT is concerned with Technology to treat Information Deals with the use of computers and telecommunications to retrieve and store and transmit information.21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 2
  3. 3. Health Information Technology The application of information processing involving both computer hardware and software that deals with the storage, retrieval, sharing, and use of health care information, data, and knowledge for communication and decision making.21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 3
  4. 4. IT applications fall into 3 categories: Administrative and financial systems that facilitate billing, accounting and other administrative tasks; Clinical systems that facilitate or provide input into the care process; and Infrastructure that supports both the administrative and clinical applications.21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 4
  5. 5. ExamplesTypes ApplicationsAdministrative and Billing; General Ledger; Cost accounting systems; PatientFinancial registration; personnel and payroll; Electronic Material managementClinical CPOE for drugs, lab tests; EHR; PACs for filmless imaging; Results reporting of lab and other tests; CDSS; Prescription drug fulfillment, error alert, transcriptions; Electronic monitoring of patients in ICUInfrastructure Desktop, laptop, cart-based, and tablet computers; Servers and networks; Wireless networks; Voice recognition systems for transcription, physician orders and medical record; Bar-coding technology for drugs, medical devices and inventory control; Information Security Systems 21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 5
  6. 6. Linking health care providersthrough information technology Health care today involves considerable sharing of information among providers such as physicians’ offices, hospitals, imaging centers, and clinical laboratories, as well as among providers and payers. A health care information infrastructure would provide the networks and standards to allow providers within a community to share information electronically. In addition, patients could use it to access their medical records or other health care information from all providers.21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 6
  7. 7. Technologies EMR & EHR Computerized provider order entry Clinical Decision Support System Picture Archiving And Computerizing System Bar coding Radio frequency identification (RFID) Automated Dispensing Machines (ADMs)21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 7
  8. 8. Electronic Medical Record An electronic medical record for a patient at a particular site, providing such functionalities as e- prescribing, order/results management, work-flow tasking, communication and messaging21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 8
  9. 9. Computerized provider order entry (CPOE) It is designed to replace a hospitals paper-based ordering system. They allow users to electronically write the full range of orders, maintain an online medication administration record, and review changes made to an order by successive personnel. Decreases delay in order completion, reduces errors related to handwriting or transcription, allows order entry at point-of-care or off-site, provides error- checking for duplicate or incorrect doses or tests, and simplifies inventory and posting of charges 21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 9
  10. 10. Clinical decision support system (CDSS) CDSS provides physicians and nurses with real-time diagnostic and treatment recommendations. The term covers a variety of technologies ranging from simple alerts and prescription drug interaction warnings to full clinical pathways and protocols. CDSS may be used as part of CPOE and EHR.21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 10
  11. 11. Picture archiving and communicationssystem (PACS) This technology captures and integrates diagnostic and radiological images from various devices (e.g., x- ray, MRI, computed tomography scan), stores them, and disseminates them to a medical record, a clinical data repository, or other points of care.21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 11
  12. 12. Bar coding Bar coding in a health care environment is similar to bar-code scanning in other environments: An optical scanner is used to electronically capture information encoded on a product. By use of bar coding there is Accuracy Ease of use Timely feedback Improved Productivity21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 12
  13. 13. Radio frequency identification (RFID) This technology tracks patients throughout the hospital, and links lab and medication tracking through a wireless communications system. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a technology that uses electronic chips embedded on tags to transmit radio waves. These tags can identify products, assets, medical records, and even individuals with embedded security cards or wristbands.21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 13
  14. 14. Automated dispensing machines (ADMs) It is a computerized drug storage device or cabinet designed for hospitals. It allows medications to be stored and dispensed near the point of care while controlling and tracking drug distribution. They also are called unit-based cabinets (UBCs), automated dispensing devices (ADDs), automated distribution cabinets21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 14
  15. 15. Telemedicine Telemedicine is the use of telecommunication and information technologies in order to provide clinical health care at a distance. It helps eliminate distance barriers and can improve access to medical services that would often not be consistently available in distant rural communities. Technologies used are Store and forward Two way interactive television (IATV)21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 15
  16. 16. Bioinformatics Deals with the analysis of Genome databases to provide structural and functional information on unknown genes or proteins and reconstructing metabolic pathways. Technologies involved in Bioinformatics are Molecular modeling Bio-molecular Docking Genome Sequence Analysis Gene finding Comparative Genomics Microarray Data Analysis All these activities are used for new drug design for better health care21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 16
  17. 17. Hospital Information System Helps in efficient and effective management of hospital activities Deals with the aspects such as Out Patient and In Patient management Investigations Billing Appointments Operation theatre Blood Bank Registration and Enquiry Diet Kitchen Management Central Store Management Pharmacy Management21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 17
  18. 18. References Report to the Congress: New Approaches in Medicare June 2004 Health Informatics In India Vision and Activities www.openclinical.org21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 18
  19. 19. 21 April 2012 MGM INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES 19