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6710 130 ppt4

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6710 130 ppt4

  1. 1. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 1 of 18 PowerPointpresentation Harmful substances Unit 130: Handle and store tiling materials and accessories
  2. 2. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 2 of 18 Introduction The learning outcomes of this presentation will be: • the legislation associated with harmful substances • the risk classifications • methods of controlling the risk associated with harmful substances. Source: HSE.com
  3. 3. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 3 of 18 Harmful substances • A harmful substance is any material/substance with the potential to cause illness or injury to people who come into contact with it. • A substance may be hazardous because it is explosive, flammable, harmful, irritant, corrosive, toxic, produces a chemical reaction or an allergic reaction. Source: ToolStation.com Source: HSE.com
  4. 4. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 4 of 18 Harmful substances In the UK every year: •2.2 million people suffer work-related ill health •6,000 die as a result of work-related cancer •500 die from other work-related diseases •39 million working days are lost. The estimated cost of the above is £4–£6 billion. Figures from HSE Source: HSE.com
  5. 5. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 5 of 18 Harmful effects Acute and chronic effects include: •Cancer •Asthma •Lung disease •Skin disease – dermatitis •Burns •Irritation – skin, eyes, lungs •Sensitisation •Infectious diseases – hepatitis •Neurological damage – lead, mercury •Birth defects •Impaired fertility
  6. 6. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 6 of 18 Legislation The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 The Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999 The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations 2002 The Chemicals (Hazard Information & Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2002 (CHIPS) Source: Shutterstock
  7. 7. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 7 of 18 The Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 “It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare of all employees.” • Safe plant and systems of work • Safe use, handling, transport, storage of substances and articles • Provision of information, instruction and training • Safe place of work including access and egress • Safe working environment with adequate welfare facilities • A written safety policy if more than four employees Further duties extend this requirement to include non-employees who may still be affected by the work undertaken.
  8. 8. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 8 of 18 The COSHH Regulations 2002 Designed to protect employees and others from the effects of harmful substances. Provides more specific guidance than the general arrangements. Outlines an eight-step approach to managing harmful substances in the workplace.
  9. 9. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 9 of 18 The CHIPS Regulations 2002 CHIP requires the supplier of a dangerous chemical to: •Identify the hazards (dangers) of the chemical. This is known as ‘classification’. •Give information about the hazards to their customers. Suppliers usually provide this information on the package itself (e.g. a label) and, if supplied for use at work, in a material safety data sheet (MSDS). •Package the chemical safely.
  10. 10. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 10 of 18 Chemical hazard symbols Oxidising agent Radioactive Biohazard Explosive Toxic Flammable Corrosive Harmful Harmful to the environment Source: HSE.com; (biohazard) United Nations
  11. 11. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 11 of 18 Form of the substance Solid – Liquid – Gas Dust – The term used for small particles of a solid suspended in the air. Vapour – The term used to describe the gaseous state of solids or liquids. Fumes – Formed when solid vapours condense in the atmosphere. Mists – Small liquid droplets that form when a liquid is atomised.
  12. 12. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 12 of 18 Changes of physical form • Solid to dust, e.g. asbestos and hardwood dust • Liquid to vapour, e.g. petrol • Solid to fumes, e.g. lead oxide, chlorine gas • Liquid to mist, e.g. paint spray, pesticides
  13. 13. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 13 of 18 Routes of entry into the body Inhalation Ingestion – food/drink Absorption – skin/cuts Injection Source: Shutterstock
  14. 14. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 14 of 18 Prevent or control exposure Hierarchy of controls: •Eliminate •Substitute •Isolate •Reduce exposure – engineering controls •Reduce exposure – procedural controls •Personal Protective Equipment •Welfare facilities
  15. 15. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 15 of 18 Reduce exposure – procedural controls • Reduce numbers exposed to the hazard. • Reduce duration of exposure. • Prohibit eating/drinking/smoking. • Provide welfare facilities. • Ensure good personal hygiene. • Ensure safe storage of harmful substances. • Ensure safe systems of work for routine and non-routine activities.
  16. 16. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 16 of 18 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) • Use as a last resort if only control measure. • The hazard remains unaffected. • Its effectiveness relies on correct use. • Only the wearer is protected. • Effectiveness may be reduced over time. • Supplied, maintained, cleaned, stored and replaced free of charge. • May require specialist fit testing etc. • May require specialist disposal. • Can be uncomfortable to wear.
  17. 17. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 17 of 18 Golden rules for safety • Always check labels before use. • Only store in suitable and labelled containers. • Store chemicals in a secure area. • Never mix chemicals without appropriate advice and guidance. • Always wear appropriate PPE correctly. • Clear up spillages immediately. • Follow safe systems of work practices. • Report any symptoms of ill health immediately. • Report any operational or equipment failures.
  18. 18. Level 1 Diploma in Wall and Floor Tiling © 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 18 of 18 Any questions?

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