The present perfect tense

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The present perfect tense

  1. 1. The Present Perfect TenseForm and use
  2. 2. The plane has landed safely.
  3. 3. They have graduated. Congratulations!
  4. 4. Federer has lost the semifinal match in Melbourne .
  5. 5. Nole has won the Australian Open for the second time.
  6. 6. IntroductionThe present perfect tells us about the past and thepresent.
  7. 7. Form have/has + past participlePOSITIVEI/you/we/they have gone. OR I/you/we/theyve gone.He/she/it has gone. OR He/she/its gone.NEGATIVEI/you/we/they haven‘t gone.He/she/it hasn‘t gone.
  8. 8. FormINTERROGATIVEHave I/you/we/they gone? Has he/she/it gone?SHORT ANSWERSYes, I have. OR No, I haven’t.Yes, he has. OR No, he hasn’t.
  9. 9. UseWhen we use the present perfect, we see things as happening in the past but having a result in the present. I’ve bought some presents.
  10. 10. UseWe use the present perfect with today and phrases with this, e.g. this morning, this week, this year. Weve done quite a good job today.
  11. 11. UseWhen we ask / talk about our experience Have you No, I ever been to haven’t. And London? you?
  12. 12. UseWith lately and recently meaning “in the last few days/weeks” Have I told you lately that I love you?
  13. 13. UseWith just to express the action finished a short time ago We’ve just come back from our holiday.
  14. 14. UseWith already meaning “sooner than expected” I’ve already finished my dinner.
  15. 15. UseWith yet in negative sentences and questions when we expect something to happen Sorry, Nick. I haven’t finished the homework yet.
  16. 16. UseWe can use the present perfect with for and since. We use for to say how long this period is (for three days). We use since to say when the period began (since Friday). Me, too. I haven’t Thanks, darli grabbed a bite since ng. I haven’t Friday. eaten anything for three days.
  17. 17. Thanks for attention

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