Methodological approaches: The state of play<br />Innovative Industries Workshop<br />Brussels, 11 May 2010Göran Lindqvist...
Cluster mapping projects<br />2000<br />2001<br />2002<br />2003<br />2004<br />2005<br />2006<br />2007<br />2008<br />20...
Mapping of the US</li></ul>Lindqvist, Malmberg & Sölvell:<br /><ul><li> Translation of US codes to EU codes
Mapping of Sweden, first application in Europe</li></ul>Ketels, Sölvell, Lindqvist :<br /><ul><li> Mapping of EU-10
Star measurement system developed</li></ul>Sölvell, Ketels, Lindqvist & Protsiv :<br /><ul><li> Mapping of EU-27+4
Launch of the European Cluster Observatory</li></ul>Lindqvist, Protsiv , Sölvell & Ketels :<br /><ul><li> Revision of clus...
Introduction of prioritised sectors (e.g. creative industries)</li></ul>Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />2<b...
Co-location of industries<br />Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />3<br />
Local (not clustered)<br />The ”cluster sector” represents about 1/3 of all employment<br />About 65% of employment<br />C...
About 250 NUTS-2 regions<br />About 500 industries,<br />38 cluster categories<br />Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2...
Employment<br />Indicators<br />Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />6<br />NUTS-2 region:<br />Innovation<br />...
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National and sectoral specialisation - the state of play

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Presentation for joint workshop of the Sectoral Innovation Watch and the European Cluster Observatory. Brussels, 11 May 2010.

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National and sectoral specialisation - the state of play

  1. 1. Methodological approaches: The state of play<br />Innovative Industries Workshop<br />Brussels, 11 May 2010Göran LindqvistCSC, Stockholm School of Economics<br />
  2. 2. Cluster mapping projects<br />2000<br />2001<br />2002<br />2003<br />2004<br />2005<br />2006<br />2007<br />2008<br />2009<br />v. 1.2<br />US<br />SWE<br />ECO v. 1.0<br />EU-10<br />Porter:<br /><ul><li>US cluster codes
  3. 3. Mapping of the US</li></ul>Lindqvist, Malmberg & Sölvell:<br /><ul><li> Translation of US codes to EU codes
  4. 4. Mapping of Sweden, first application in Europe</li></ul>Ketels, Sölvell, Lindqvist :<br /><ul><li> Mapping of EU-10
  5. 5. Star measurement system developed</li></ul>Sölvell, Ketels, Lindqvist & Protsiv :<br /><ul><li> Mapping of EU-27+4
  6. 6. Launch of the European Cluster Observatory</li></ul>Lindqvist, Protsiv , Sölvell & Ketels :<br /><ul><li> Revision of cluster codes based on European data
  7. 7. Introduction of prioritised sectors (e.g. creative industries)</li></ul>Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />2<br />
  8. 8. Co-location of industries<br />Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />3<br />
  9. 9. Local (not clustered)<br />The ”cluster sector” represents about 1/3 of all employment<br />About 65% of employment<br />Cluster category 1<br />About 35%of employment<br />Cluster category 2<br />Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />4<br />
  10. 10. About 250 NUTS-2 regions<br />About 500 industries,<br />38 cluster categories<br />Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />5<br />
  11. 11. Employment<br />Indicators<br />Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />6<br />NUTS-2 region:<br />Innovation<br />New indicators:<br />Establishments?<br />Wages?<br />Investments?<br />NACE 4-digit industry:<br />Exports<br />∑<br />∑<br />EmploymentStars: size, specialisation, focus<br />Cluster category:<br />Exports<br />
  12. 12. Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />7<br />
  13. 13. Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />8<br />
  14. 14. The need for data<br />”The signartories…callupon the European institutions…tocontinue the development of neutral information on clusters, regional innnovationcapacity, cluster policies and the impact of cluster policies”<br />European Cluster Memorandum, 2008<br />Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />9<br />
  15. 15. Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />10<br />Is European data available?<br />Collected?<br />Costly?<br />Accessible?<br />Data search for NUTS-2 regions and 4-digit NACE industries carried out March-May 2010<br />
  16. 16. Contact<br />Göran Lindqvist, PhD<br />Center for Strategy and Competitiveness<br />Stocholm School of Economics<br />www.sse.edu/csc<br />goran.lindqvist@hhs.se<br />+46 8 7369524<br />Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />11<br />
  17. 17. ?<br />!<br />Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />12<br />
  18. 18. Concentration:<br />the tendency of firms to co-locate with firms of the same industrymore than with firms in general<br />Urbanisation:<br />the tendency of firms to co-locate with firms of any industrymore than firms in general do<br />Clusters<br />Ref: Lindqvist (2009) “Disentangling Clusters”<br />Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />13<br />
  19. 19. Rural<br />Urban<br />rural, dispersed<br />urban, dispersed<br />rural, concentrated<br />urban, concentrated<br />Ref: Lindqvist (2009) “Disentangling Clusters”<br />Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />14<br />
  20. 20. Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />15<br />
  21. 21. Concentrated<br />The urban-rural shift<br />swine farmers<br />1 km<br />egg farmers<br />meat wholesalers<br />1 km<br />5 km<br />security brokers<br />1 km<br />25 km<br />1 km<br />1 km<br />125 km<br />agricultural wholesalers<br />non-life insurance<br />Dispersed<br />Rural<br />Urban<br />Ref: Lindqvist (2009) “Disentangling Clusters”<br />16<br />Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010<br />

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