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What is Diabetes

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Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
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What is Diabetes

  1. 1. What is Diabetes? By: Gustavo Perez
  2. 2. What is Diabetes? • is usually a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood. The types of Diabetes • Type one Diabetes • Type two Diabetes
  3. 3. What is Type 1 Diabetes • The body does not produce insulin. Some people may refer to this type as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years. • Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it is most often diagnosed in children, teens, or young adults. In this disease, the body makes little or no insulin. Daily injections of insulin are needed. The exact cause is unknown.
  4. 4. What is Type 2 Diabetes? • The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance). • Type 2 diabetes makes up most diabetes cases. It most often occurs in adulthood. However, because of high obesity rates, teens and young adults are now being diagnosed with it. Many people with type 2 diabetes do not know they have it.
  5. 5. There are 2 kinds of sugar levels? • There is Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar (glucose), is a serious health problem for those with diabetes. Hyperglycemia develops when there is too much sugar in the blood. • There's also Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar, is most common in people who have diabetes.
  6. 6. What is Hyperglycemia? • Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar (glucose), is a serious health problem for those with diabetes. Hyperglycemia develops when there is too much sugar in the blood.
  7. 7. Symptoms of Hyperglycemia
  8. 8. How to treat a High Blood Sugar? • If your blood glucose is above 240mg/dl. Check your urine for ketones and do not exercise if there are ketones present as this will raise your blood glucose levels even more! • Drink Plenty of water. • Water with Crystal Light.
  9. 9. What is Hypoglycemia? • Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar, is most common in people who have diabetes.
  10. 10. Symptoms of Hypoglycemia
  11. 11. How to Treat A Low Blood Sugar? • Foods with 15 grams carbohydrates • 4 oz (1/2 cup) of juice • 4 oz (1/2 cup) of Regular soda • Sugar Tablets
  12. 12. What Should your A1c Level Be?
  13. 13. Congratulations!! You now know about Diabetes. • Thank you for your time and thank you for listening to me about what diabetes is and how to take care of certain situations. If you have any comments, concerns, or any questions please feel free to contact me @ g.perez829@hotmail.com Don’t be scared just come and talk to me or shoot me an email. Thank you Gustavo Perez

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