The New Production Of Knowledge

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Notas a The new production of knowledge: The dynamics of science and research in contemporay societies, de Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P., & Trow, M.

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The New Production Of Knowledge

  1. 1. The new production of knowledge: The dynamics of science and research in contemporay societies. Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P., & Trow, M.
  2. 2. Introduction Mode 2 Revisited: The New Production of Knowledge <ul><li>The nature of research process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The steering of research priorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The commercialization of research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The accountability of science </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction Mode 2 Revisited: The New Production of Knowledge <ul><li>The steering of research priorities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The supranational level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The national level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The system level </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Introduction Mode 2 Revisited: The New Production of Knowledge <ul><li>The commercialization of research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternative sources of funding. May determine diversity and creativity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual property. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The exploitation of intellectual property transforms the organizational character of the university. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The exploitation of ‘intelectual property’ challenges the idea (ideal?) of science as a public good. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Introduction Mode 2 Revisited: The New Production of Knowledge <ul><li>The accountability of science. Growing emphasis in the management of research and the efforts to evaluate its effectiveness and assess its quality. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No measurement system, however scrupulously used, can fail to affect the behaviour of that which it seeks to measure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distortions are produced and hierarchies are reinforced by the taxonomy of the assessment process itself. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accountability has encouraged researchers to espouse industry-style production. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rituals of verification. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Introduction Mode 2 Revisited: The New Production of Knowledge <ul><li>New language </li></ul><ul><li>Aplication </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance </li></ul><ul><li>Contextualization </li></ul><ul><li>Reach-out </li></ul><ul><li>Technology transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge management. </li></ul><ul><li>At the core of the debate lies the question about science being scrutinized (with the consecuent lack of freedom) vs. Intelectual production as a public good that has to be in relation to the needs of society. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Introduction Mode 2 Revisited: The New Production of Knowledge <ul><li>Mode 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Generated within a context of application. </li></ul><ul><li>Trans-disciplinarity </li></ul><ul><li>The knowledge is product in a diversity of places and in a diversity of types. </li></ul><ul><li>It is highly reflexive. Dialogic process. </li></ul><ul><li>Novel forms of quality controls. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Introduction Mode 2 Revisited: The New Production of Knowledge <ul><li>Concrete contexts. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercialization of research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The development of mass higher education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The role of the humanities in the production of knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Globalization. Scientific knowledge has also become more highly integrated and distributed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential reconfiguration of institutions that flowed from the wider distribution and greater reflexivity of knowledge production. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The management of Mode 2 knowledge. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Introduction Mode 2 Revisited: The New Production of Knowledge <ul><li>Four key characteristics which were evident both in society and science. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The generation of uncertainty/ies, which reduces the possibility of post-positivistic planning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The trends towards self organization. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The emergence of new forms of ‘economic rationality’, according to which, as in amy ‘futures’ market, the potential of science is measured by its immanent rather than its instrumental value. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The re-constitution of time/space, of which the revolution in information and communication technology is one aspect. </li></ul></ul>

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