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Causes for rapid growth of indian population

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Indian economy(causes for the growth of population in India)

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Causes for rapid growth of indian population

  1. 1. CAUSES FOR RAPID GROWTH OF INDIAN POPULATION
  2. 2. CAUSES FOR THE RAPID GROWTH OF POPULATION  1. Declining death rate:  The main reason for the rapid rate of increase in population in India is that, the death rate has been declining rapidly.  It was 42.6 per 1000 in 1911. But it has decreased to 8.7 per 1000 in 2001 and 7.2 per 1000 in 2011.the decline in death rate is tremendously contributing to the increase in population.  Causes for the declining death rate:  1.control of epidemics  2.elimination of famines  3.decline in the incidence of malaria and tuberculosis  4.expansion of medical facilities  5.low infant mortality  6.spread of education  7.improvementbin the nutrition level etc.
  3. 3. CAUSES FOR THE RAPID GROWTH OF POPULATION  2.Increasing birth rates:  The birth rates is still high in India and is an important factor contributing to the rapid growth of population in the country.  Birth rate was 49.2 per 1000 in 1911.it has decreased to 23.1 per thousand in 2001 and slightly decreased to 22.1 per 1000 in 2011.  While the death rate has declined significantly from 42.6 to 7.2 per 1000 in the same period. thus the gap between the birth rate and death rate has widened. as a result the net rate of increase of population in the country is 1.5 percent. this is the most significant factor behind the explosive rate of increase in India's population.
  4. 4. CAUSES FOR THE RAPID GROWTH OF POPULATION  Factors affecting birth rate:  In India during the past 60 years ,birth rate has not declined significantly, because a number of economic ,social , political , religious and other factors continue to contribute to high fertility.  A. Economic factors:  1.Predominance of agriculture  2.Poverty  3.Slow urbanisation process  4.Predominance of villages  5.Hesitation to adopt family planning
  5. 5. CAUSES FOR THE RAPID GROWTH OF POPULATION  B. Social factors  1.Universal marriage  2.Early marriage  3.Religious and social superstitions  4.Joint family system  5.Illiteracy  6.Polygamy
  6. 6. CAUSES FOR THE RAPID GROWTH OF POPULATION  C. Geographical factors Various geographical factors are also contributing to India's population growth. The tropical climate of India is partly responsible for high birth rate. In the tropical climate girls and boys attain puberty at an early age .This contributes to the longer span of reproductivity and birth rate.  D. Lack of population education  E. Political factors The present political and administrative system prevailing in the country is also contributing to the rapid growth of population.

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