Ancient Caves in Kerala, Edakkal Cave Wayanad


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The stone age remainings in Kerala is pretty interesting artefacts to all archaeologists in the world. The reality is still the research on it didn't done properly and the full history of ancient civilization in Kerala is unknown. Some of the sites like Edakkal Caves, Muniyaras or dolmens in Marayur are preserved well here in Kerala for tourism purpose only. See the slide show of these interesting spots in Kerala.

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Ancient Caves in Kerala, Edakkal Cave Wayanad

  2. 2. There are two locations in Kerala are famous for Stone-age caves…. 1. Edakkal Caves 2. Marayur – Megalithic Dolmens and Rock Painting Sites
  3. 3. 1:EDAKKAL CAVES, WAYANAD The Edakkal caves situated about 4,000 feet above sea level on the Ambukuthi hillock in Wayand. These are not technically caves, but rather a cleft or rift approximately 96 feet (29 m) by 22 feet (6.7 m), a 30foot-deep (9.1 m) fissure caused by a piece of rock splitting away from the main body. On one side of the cleft is a rock weighing several tons that covers the cleft to form the 'roof' of the cave. The carvings are of human and animal figures, tools used by humans and of symbols yet to be deciphered, suggesting the presence of a prehistoric settlement.
  4. 4. The caves contain drawings that range over periods from as early as 5000 BC to 1000 BC. The youngest group of paintings have been in the news for a possible connection to the Indus Valley Civilization.
  5. 5. Notes about Edakkal Cave
  6. 6. Tourists in Edakkal Cave
  7. 7. Historian M.R. Raghava Varier of the Kerala state archaeology department identified a sign “a man with jar cup” that is the most distinct motif of the Indus valley civilization.
  8. 8. The identified 429 signs, "a man with jar cup", a symbol unique to the Indus civilisation and other compound letters testified to remnants of the Harappan culture, spanning from 2300 BC to 1700 BC have been found in this cave. The ‘jar’ is more or less same as those in Indus ligature. But the human figure is a little different.
  9. 9. Roof of the Cave
  10. 10. Fred Fawcett was a Superintendent of Police who served British government in Kozhikode. He had gone to Wayanad on an invitation from Colin MacKinzie, a planter who wanted him to join him on a hunting expedition. The planter showed him rock engraving in a cave and some very old implements which were found in his estate in 1890. They were situated on the western side of Ambukuthimala hill twelve kilometres south-west of the town of Sultan’s Battery in the Wayanad District of Kerala on an ancient route connecting the high ranges of Mysore to the ports of Malabar.
  11. 11. Entrance to Edakkal Cave
  12. 12. Exit from the Edakkal Cave
  13. 13. Inside Edakkal Cave
  14. 14. Rock Carvings on the Wall of Cave
  15. 15. Climb to Edakkal Cave Site
  16. 16. Trekking to Edakkal Cave Site is really adventurous
  17. 17. Hill top view from Edakkal Cave Site, Marvelous!!!
  18. 18. 2: Marayur – Megalithic Dolmens and Rock Paintings Marayur claims to be a part of a Stone Age civilization that is as old as 10,000 B.C. It is also home to a later period of large-scale dolmen-building. The land and its unique dolmens, caves, rock edicts and engravings declare its rich heritage.
  19. 19. People migrated from Tamil Nadu to this area when the Madurai king Thirumalainaicker was defeated by Tippu Sultan, in the eighteenth century CE. Migrated people created five villages which are Kanthalloor, Keezhanthur, Karayur, Marayur and Kottakudi. These villages were called as ‘Anju nadu, literally meaning “five lands”. However these place names are very old and aboriginal tribes still live in these villages, with their unique customs.
  20. 20. Megalithic Dolmens, also called Muniyaras, these dolmens belong to the Iron Age. These dolmenoids were burial chambers made of four stones placed on edge and covered by a fifth stone called the cap stone.
  21. 21. Some of these Dolmenoids contain several burial chambers, while others have a quadrangle scooped out in laterite and lined on the sides with granite slabs. These are also covered with cap stones.
  22. 22. The earthen burial urns (nannangady) unearthed from Dolmens.
  23. 23. Ancient rock paintings are part of Marayur heritage at Attala, Ezhuthu Guha (literally means “cave of writing”), Kovilkadavu and Manala in Marayur panchayat.
  24. 24. Attala Cave Site in Marayur
  25. 25. Most of the parts of Western Ghats, Kerala are the sites of ancient artefacts from stone-age civilization. This is a piece of news reading related to findings of such materials near a local school in Kerala.
  26. 26. 1.Kottukal Kal Thrikovil Cave Temple 2.Kaviyoor Thrikkakkudi Cave Temple 3.Thrukkoor Mahadeva Temple 4.Madavoorpara Rock Cut Temple 5.Punarjani Cave
  27. 27. Kottukkal cave temple, also known as Kaltrikkovil in Malayalam, is an existing example of rock cut architecture, built between 6th and 8th centuries CE. It is situated in village named Kottukkal, near Anchal, Kollam district, Kerala, India. Historians read its origin back to the 7th century AD when 'Nedila Paranthaka Nedumchadayan' who ruled Chadayamangalam the nearby place, made the rock cut temple.
  28. 28. Thrikkakkudi Cave Temple Located on the banks of the river Manimala, Kaviyoor. It bears close resemblance to the Pallava style of architecture and has prompted historians to date it to a period as early as the eighth century AD. The engravings here are among the earliest specimens of stone sculptures in Kerala.
  29. 29. Thrukkoor Mahadeva Temple: A rock cut cave is more than 1500 years old, that is 24 ft. in length and 18 ft. in both width and height.
  30. 30. Madavoorpara Rock Cut Temple A 1300-year-old cave temple. Madavoorpara is around 17 km from the Thiruvananthapuram.
  31. 31. Punarjani Cave: The "punarjani" cave is in between the Vilwamala and the Bhoothamala near Thrissur, Kerala. The Punarajani cave is a natural 15-meter long tunnel in the rocky cliff. It is believed that by crawling through the tunnel from one end to the other, one washes away all his sins and thus attains rebirth.