Chap 14 Power Point


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this is he poe pointvertion of the chapter 14 outline... it's all th same stuff i'm not even sure why i uploaded both

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Chap 14 Power Point

  1. 1. Chapter 14Media Policy and Law<br />“ The media play such a critical roll in U.S. society that their right to contribute to public debate is guaranteed by the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.” <br />
  2. 2. Communications Policies<br />Freedom of Speech<br /><ul><li>First Amendment – Guarantees freedom of speech and of the press.</li></ul>- Freedom of speech - is the idea that media content should be free from government restrictions. <br /><ul><li>Obscenities and Indecencies– used censorship to protect people from obscenities defined by the supreme court.</li></ul>- Censorship- formal restriction of media or speech content by government, political, or religious authorities.<br />
  3. 3. Communications Policies <br /><ul><li>Crack down on “Incidents” after Janet Jackson’s “accidental” breast bearing during a Super Bowl half time show. </li></li></ul><li>Communications Policies<br />Commercial Speech<br /><ul><li>Deceptive Advertising – Some companies give false opinions about their product to sell it.</li></ul>- these misleading or untruthful claims can not really be dealt with as long as the product being sold is legal.<br />
  4. 4. Communications Policies<br />Protecting Privacy<br /><ul><li>Privacy – The right to avoid unwanted intrusions or disclosure.</li></ul> - the clearest privacy protection against government snooping is found in the fourth amendment from the constitution <br />“ … the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures.” <br />
  5. 5. Communications Policies <br />Preventing commercial Snooping<br /><ul><li>there is a generalized “right to be let alone”
  6. 6. That includes an “individual interest in avoiding personal matters “
  7. 7. Probable Cause – is a judge’s decision that provisional evidence of criminal violation or national security danger justifies a wire tap</li></li></ul><li>Communications Policies <br />Protecting Intellectual Property<br /><ul><li>Intellectual Property –a work of art, writing, film, or software.</li></ul> -Encouraging creativity <br />-Copy Right – The legal right to control Intellectual Property <br />- Patent – Secures the rights to an invention for a set number of years. <br />
  8. 8. Communications Policies <br />Protecting Consumers Rights<br /><ul><li>Fair Use – Permits users limited copying of copyrighted works for academic, artistic, or personal use.</li></ul> -Controls sharing for profit. iTunes is legal because you buy the music and are allowed to make one copy to CD<br /> Pay to use iTunes Don’t pay to use Real<br />
  9. 9. Communications Policies<br />Ownership Issues<br /><ul><li>Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 – Prohibits Monopolies</li></ul> - Restraints of trade – Limits Competition<br /> - Cross-Ownership – One firm owns different media outlets <br /> in the same area.<br /> Monopolies seek to rule the industrial world this act <br /> keeps that under control<br />
  10. 10. Universal Service<br />Universal Service -The goal of providing basic access to telecommunication service for all.<br /> - this gave people from all different social groups and status the chance to access free telecommunication service<br />
  11. 11. Universal Service<br />Who owns the Spectrum? <br /><ul><li>Communications act of 1934 – Regulated distance and channels that radio stations could use</li></ul> - License – Legal permission to operate a transmitter.<br /> - Localism – ownership and decision making at the community level<br />
  12. 12. Universal Service<br />Technical Standards<br /><ul><li>Standards Bodies – some standards are Created by professional associations, and subsequently ratified by the U.S. Government.
  13. 13. International Standards – International bodies exist because of the need for connections among countries with telephony, fax, and data.</li></li></ul><li>The Policy-Making Process<br />Federal Regulation and Policy Making<br /><ul><li>Law Proposal – Executive Branch or Congress
  14. 14. Consider, Alter, Pass laws – Congress
  15. 15. Sign or Veto – President </li></li></ul><li>The Policy-Making Process<br />The Federal Communications Commission<br /><ul><li>FCC regulates broadcasting, satellite/cable TV, and telecommunications.
  16. 16. Capture Theory – explains that regulators are unduly influenced by the industry they regulate.
  17. 17. Multilateral Trade Negotiations – are among a number of countries at the same time.</li></li></ul><li>The Policy-Making Process<br />The Federal Trade Commission<br /><ul><li>FTC is the regulatory agency charged with domestic trade policy.
  18. 18. Responsible for monitoring trade practices such as deceptive advertising</li></li></ul><li>The Policy-Making Process<br />The Justice Department<br /><ul><li>Enforcement of general laws that apply to communications.
  19. 19. Monitors Competativeness</li></li></ul><li>The Policy-Making Process<br />The Courts<br /><ul><li>Interprets challenges made to laws written by congress and rules made by the FCC and other federal agencies to see weather they are consistent with the U.S. constitution </li></li></ul><li>The Policy-Making Process<br />The Congress<br /><ul><li>Ultimately writes and rewrites the communications laws of the land</li></li></ul><li>The Policy-Making Process<br />State and Local Regulation<br /><ul><li>Public Utility – Regulated Monopolies
  20. 20. Deregulation – removes restrictions on the nature and scope of activities that companies engage in and the prices they charge.</li></li></ul><li>The Policy-Making Process<br />Lobbies<br /><ul><li>Lobbies try to effect how laws and rules are interpreted and enforced once they are made.</li></ul>The Fourth Estate <br /><ul><li> News and Media work as their own Lobbyists through their shows and work.</li>