What We Can Learn From
Measuring Peace

Camilla Schippa
Institute for Economics and Peace
Global Peace Convention
Kuala Lu...
What do we know about PEACE?

www.economicsandpeace.org
Why Measure Peace?

Never been done before
Peace is poorly understood
Peace should and can be measured

Through measuring ...
Defining Peace


Peace is more than the absence of war



Defined peace as the “Absence of Violence”



This definition...
The Global Peace Index
Now in its seventh year
Ranks 162 nations (up from 121 in 2007)
According to their relative states ...
22 Indicators
5 measures of ongoing domestic and
international conflict such as: number of
conflicts fought and number of ...
Global Peace Index 2013

GPI MAP

www.economicsandpeace.org
Six-Year Trends 2008 - 2013
Publication
Year

GPI
average
Score

Countries
whose peace
increased

Countries
whose peace
de...
2008 compared to 2013
The bottom ten nations have become less peaceful, Afghanistan less
peaceful in 2013 than Iraq in 200...
The fall in global peacefulness is largely
driven by changes in internal peacefulness

Internal

Overall

External
0

0.05...
Number of deaths from organised internal
conflict have significantly increased
2007
World Total
Number of Deaths
from Inte...
The Pillars of Peace
“The attitudes, institutions and
structures that encourage and
sustain a peaceful society”

www.econo...
The Pillars of Peace
The attitudes, institutions and structures that sustain a peaceful society

Analysed over 4,700 varia...
The Pillars of Peace

www.economicsandpeace.org
Positive Peace 2013
Positive Peace Index Indicators

INSERT MAP

www.economicsandpeace.org
Negative Peace versus Positive Peace

www.economicsandpeace.org
Weak Pillars = Greater Vulnerability

Big fallers with
positive peace
deficits in 2008:
Syria
Rwanda
Madagascar
Egypt

www...
Global Monetary Value of Peace

IEP has developed a methodology to calculate the:

- Global Cost of Violence Containment
T...
Global Monetary Value of Peace
Estimated to be US$9.46 trillion or
11% of Gross World Product in 2012
 US$25 billion per ...
Violence Containment is larger than…

www.economicsandpeace.org
Virtuous Cycle of Reducing Violence and
Violence Containment Spending

www.economicsandpeace.org
www.economicsandpeace.org
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[Ms. Schippa] What We Can Learn From Measuring Peace

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Date: Dec. 6th 2013
Session: Interfaith Partnerships: Living For the Greater Good: The Moral Foundation for Inspiring Innovative Change
Speaker: Ms. Camilla Schippa; Director, Institute for Economics and Peace, Commonwealth of Australia

Published in: Spiritual
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[Ms. Schippa] What We Can Learn From Measuring Peace

  1. 1. What We Can Learn From Measuring Peace Camilla Schippa Institute for Economics and Peace Global Peace Convention Kuala Lumpur, 6 December 2013 www.economicsandpeace.org
  2. 2. What do we know about PEACE? www.economicsandpeace.org
  3. 3. Why Measure Peace? Never been done before Peace is poorly understood Peace should and can be measured Through measuring peace its texture can be analysed Without measurement, it is hard to know whether our actions are helping or hindering us in achieving our goals www.economicsandpeace.org
  4. 4. Defining Peace  Peace is more than the absence of war  Defined peace as the “Absence of Violence”  This definition allows for measurements of both internal and external peacefulness  “Positive Peace” is uncovered via the correlation of other data sets and indexes www.economicsandpeace.org
  5. 5. The Global Peace Index Now in its seventh year Ranks 162 nations (up from 121 in 2007) According to their relative states of peace Using 22 indicators weighted on a 1-5 scale Developed by the Institute for Economics & Peace Guided and overseen by a Panel of International Experts With data collected and collated by the Economist Intelligence Unit www.economicsandpeace.org
  6. 6. 22 Indicators 5 measures of ongoing domestic and international conflict such as: number of conflicts fought and number of deaths from organised conflict 10 measures of societal safety and security including: number of displaced people, terrorist activity, number of homicides, number of jailed population 7 measures of militarisation such as: military expenditure, number of armed service personnel, ease of access to small weapons Overall score weighted 60% for internal peace & 40% for external peace. www.economicsandpeace.org
  7. 7. Global Peace Index 2013 GPI MAP www.economicsandpeace.org
  8. 8. Six-Year Trends 2008 - 2013 Publication Year GPI average Score Countries whose peace increased Countries whose peace decreased Countries with no score change 2008 1.958 2009 1.995 52 84 2 2010 2.025 58 83 2 2011 2.038 79 69 0 2012 2.046 73 80 0 2013 2.057 73 73 12 1 being peaceful, 5 being un-peaceful The GPI score deteriorated by 5% over the period www.economicsandpeace.org
  9. 9. 2008 compared to 2013 The bottom ten nations have become less peaceful, Afghanistan less peaceful in 2013 than Iraq in 2008 % of GPI countries with score in that band 18.0% Split = unequal distribution of peace 16.0% 14.0% Longer and bigger tail = less peaceful bottom ten 12.0% 10.0% 8.0% 6.0% 4.0% 2.0% 0.0% 1.00 1.15 1.30 1.45 1.60 1.75 1.90 2.05 2.20 2.35 2.50 2.65 GPI scorings bands --- 2008 www.economicsandpeace.org --- 2013 2.80 2.95 3.10 3.25 3.40 3.55 3.70 3.85 4.00
  10. 10. The fall in global peacefulness is largely driven by changes in internal peacefulness Internal Overall External 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 Global Peace Index Score - 2008 to 2013, increases in score reflect decrease in peace www.economicsandpeace.org
  11. 11. Number of deaths from organised internal conflict have significantly increased 2007 World Total Number of Deaths from Internal Conflict 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 37,269 114,705 112,999 96,009 128,178 178,287 Source: IISS Armed Conflict Database; EIU data, www.economicsandpeace.org
  12. 12. The Pillars of Peace “The attitudes, institutions and structures that encourage and sustain a peaceful society” www.economicsandpeace.org
  13. 13. The Pillars of Peace The attitudes, institutions and structures that sustain a peaceful society Analysed over 4,700 variables covering: The macro-economy; o Social relationships and attitudes; o Economic and social development; o Economic and social integration; o The functioning and structure of government. o www.economicsandpeace.org
  14. 14. The Pillars of Peace www.economicsandpeace.org
  15. 15. Positive Peace 2013 Positive Peace Index Indicators INSERT MAP www.economicsandpeace.org
  16. 16. Negative Peace versus Positive Peace www.economicsandpeace.org
  17. 17. Weak Pillars = Greater Vulnerability Big fallers with positive peace deficits in 2008: Syria Rwanda Madagascar Egypt www.economicsandpeace.org
  18. 18. Global Monetary Value of Peace IEP has developed a methodology to calculate the: - Global Cost of Violence Containment The economic activity that is related to the consequences or prevention of violence where the violence is directed against people or property. www.economicsandpeace.org
  19. 19. Global Monetary Value of Peace Estimated to be US$9.46 trillion or 11% of Gross World Product in 2012  US$25 billion per day  US$1,300 per person, per year www.economicsandpeace.org
  20. 20. Violence Containment is larger than… www.economicsandpeace.org
  21. 21. Virtuous Cycle of Reducing Violence and Violence Containment Spending www.economicsandpeace.org
  22. 22. www.economicsandpeace.org

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