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Governmental initiatives on peatland conservation

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GLF Bonn 2018 Side Event 3.2: Lessons learned and best practices for the management of tropical peatlands: An inter-tropical dialogue (https://events.globallandscapesforum.org/agenda/bonn-2018/day-1/side-event-3-2-lessons-learned-and-best-practices-for-the-management-of-tropical-peatlands-an-inter-tropical-dialogue)

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Governmental initiatives on peatland conservation

  1. 1.  Datem del Marañon Province (DMP), Loreto department, spans over a total 4,766,879 ha, of which 1,226,646 ha are “aguajales”.  The carbon stock in the DMP swamps is estimated at around 3,780 Mt CO2eq, including soil and subsoil.
  2. 2.  The DMP is inhabited by seven ethnic communities.  Government Density Index: with a 0.4295 “Presence of Government” indicator, DMP ranks penultimate among all Peruvian provinces*.  The province also ranks last (194) for the number of people lacking a national ID document**. * &** Source: Report on Human Development in Peru, 2013, by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
  3. 3.  To improve the resilience of the indigenous communities living in the carbon rich wetlands and peatlands in Datem del Marañon province (DMP), Loreto  To reduce the greenhouse effect gases resulting from deforestation.
  4. 4.  Based on the Ministry of the Environment’s reference deforestation scenario for the project’s area, the estimated deforestation avoided over 10 years would reach a total 140.6 ha of aguajales and peatlands, and 4,720 ha of forests, equivalent to 2.63 million t CO2eq.  4,150 families improve their resilience.  338,000 ha of forests, aguajales and peatland’s improved resilience.
  5. 5.  The Pastaza Marañon foreland basin (PMFB) has one of the most extensive peatland areas discovered in the Amazonia: the total peatland area is estimated at 35,600 Km2.  It remains largely intact and with little human contact. Nevertheless, it is predicted, based on climate models, that it will warm significantly in the future.
  6. 6.  A document published by Peru’s Ministry of Environment reveals deforestation reached 8,033,216 ha. by 2009 nationwide, with rates of 123,000 ha/year for 2000 – 2009.  From 2009 to 2011, the highest deforestation rates were for San Martin, Loreto and Ucayali Departments.  Historical sources of deforestation are the expansion of the agricultural frontier, exploitation of forests in indigenous lands, traditional practices for collecting fruits, and illegal logging. Deforestation
  7. 7.  Along with droughts, major floods may potentially disrupt ecosystems and cause permanent changes to their and biodiversity. Floods Infrastructure projects  The construction of roads proposed by the GOP will accelerate deforestation and increase land grabbing and degradation. If not well managed, they could have a severe impact on the area’s carbon stock.
  8. 8.  Due to great extensions of wetlands it is necessary to articulate with local population, subnational and national governments.  In order to manage peatlands in an effective and efficient way, solid scientific information is needed to make appropriate decisions.  Project implementation has promoted coordination with subnational government to generate joint alerts on land use change threats.  Next step: development of bio- businesses benefiting local communities.

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