TESTING THE APPLICATION OFADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE OF COMMONPOOL RESOURCES:AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE          Andrea Torvin...
ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE
ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE Elinor Ostrom – Governing the Commons (1990)
ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE Elinor Ostrom – Governing the Commons (1990) Institutional analysis focuses on documenting social-ec...
ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE Elinor Ostrom – Governing the Commons (1990) Institutional analysis focuses on documenting social-ec...
ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE Elinor Ostrom – Governing the Commons (1990) Institutional analysis focuses on documenting social-ec...
ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE Elinor Ostrom – Governing the Commons (1990) Institutional analysis focuses on documenting social-ec...
DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs Collective-choice arra...
SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM (SES)FRAMEWORK                    Ostrom (2007:15182, Figure 1)
Ostrom (2007:15183, Table 1)
APPLYING THE SES FRAMEWORK TOARCHAEOLOGICAL CASES Methodology involves three stages:    Identify the second-tier variabl...
APPLYING THE SES FRAMEWORK TOARCHAEOLOGICAL CASES Methodology involves three stages:    Identify the second-tier variabl...
APPLYING THE SES FRAMEWORK TOARCHAEOLOGICAL CASES Methodology involves three stages:    Identify the second-tier variabl...
APPLYING THE SES FRAMEWORK TOARCHAEOLOGICAL CASES Methodology involves three stages:    Identify the second-tier variabl...
APPLYING THE SES FRAMEWORK TOARCHAEOLOGICAL CASESFirst- Tier SES Variables     Archaeological Data             Historical ...
NORTH ATLANTIC CASE STUDIES          Dugmore et al. (2009:98, Figure 7.1)
GRAZING SYSTEM OF THE FAROEISLANDS        Thomson et al. (2007:740, Figure 1)
WOODLAND MANAGEMENT INEYJAFJALLAHREPPUR, SOUTH ICELAND
WOODLAND CONSERVATION INMARKARFLJÓT VALLEY            Dugmore et al. (2007:23, Figure 4)
DESIGN PRINCIPLES
DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries
DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs
DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs Collective-choice arra...
DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs Collective-choice arra...
DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs Collective-choice arra...
DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs Collective-choice arra...
DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs Collective-choice arra...
DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs Collective-choice arra...
EVALUATION OF DESIGN PRINCIPLES Grazing System of the                                    Woodland Management in     Faroe ...
EVALUATION OF DESIGN PRINCIPLES Grazing System of the                                    Woodland Management in     Faroe ...
EVALUATION OF DESIGN PRINCIPLES Grazing System of the                                     Woodland Management in     Faroe...
EVALUATION OF DESIGN PRINCIPLES Grazing System of the                                    Woodland Management in     Faroe ...
CONCLUSIONS SES Framework can be applied to archaeological cases
CONCLUSIONS SES Framework can be applied to archaeological cases Archaeological cases provide insights into implementati...
CONCLUSIONS SES Framework can be applied to archaeological cases Archaeological cases provide insights into implementati...
CONCLUSIONS SES Framework can be applied to archaeological cases Archaeological cases provide insights into implementati...
CONCLUSIONS SES Framework can be applied to archaeological cases Archaeological cases provide insights into implementati...
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Andrea Torvinen, Grant Snitker and Rhian Stotts (ASU) Testing the Application of Adaptive Governance of Common Pool Resources:An Archaeological Perspective

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Andrea Torvinen, Grant Snitker and Rhian Stotts (ASU) Testing the Application of Adaptive Governance of Common Pool Resources:An Archaeological Perspective

  1. 1. TESTING THE APPLICATION OFADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE OF COMMONPOOL RESOURCES:AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE Andrea Torvinen, Grant Snitker and Rhian Stotts
  2. 2. ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE
  3. 3. ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE Elinor Ostrom – Governing the Commons (1990)
  4. 4. ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE Elinor Ostrom – Governing the Commons (1990) Institutional analysis focuses on documenting social-ecological systems involving the management of common pool resources CPRs
  5. 5. ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE Elinor Ostrom – Governing the Commons (1990) Institutional analysis focuses on documenting social-ecological systems involving the management of common pool resources CPRs Management systems must be localized to SES conditions and have the ability to adapt to changing conditions and circumstances
  6. 6. ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE Elinor Ostrom – Governing the Commons (1990) Institutional analysis focuses on documenting social-ecological systems involving the management of common pool resources CPRs Management systems must be localized to SES conditions and have the ability to adapt to changing conditions and circumstances Framework that evolves over time and is used to analyze multi- level governance strategies
  7. 7. ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE Elinor Ostrom – Governing the Commons (1990) Institutional analysis focuses on documenting social-ecological systems involving the management of common pool resources CPRs Management systems must be localized to SES conditions and have the ability to adapt to changing conditions and circumstances Framework that evolves over time and is used to analyze multi- level governance strategies Eight “design principles” have been identified
  8. 8. DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs Collective-choice arrangements Effective monitoring Graduated sanctions Conflict-resolution mechanisms Minimal right to organize Nested enterprises
  9. 9. SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM (SES)FRAMEWORK Ostrom (2007:15182, Figure 1)
  10. 10. Ostrom (2007:15183, Table 1)
  11. 11. APPLYING THE SES FRAMEWORK TOARCHAEOLOGICAL CASES Methodology involves three stages:  Identify the second-tier variables supported by archaeological data  Describe each case using Ostrom’s (1990) narrative format  Determine which design principles are present in each case
  12. 12. APPLYING THE SES FRAMEWORK TOARCHAEOLOGICAL CASES Methodology involves three stages:  Identify the second-tier variables supported by archaeological data  Describe each case using Ostrom’s (1990) narrative format  Determine which design principles are present in each case Archaeological record allows for documentation of implementation strategies
  13. 13. APPLYING THE SES FRAMEWORK TOARCHAEOLOGICAL CASES Methodology involves three stages:  Identify the second-tier variables supported by archaeological data  Describe each case using Ostrom’s (1990) narrative format  Determine which design principles are present in each case Archaeological record allows for documentation of implementation strategies Archaeological case studies provide long-term perspectives on CPR management
  14. 14. APPLYING THE SES FRAMEWORK TOARCHAEOLOGICAL CASES Methodology involves three stages:  Identify the second-tier variables supported by archaeological data  Describe each case using Ostrom’s (1990) narrative format  Determine which design principles are present in each case Archaeological record allows for documentation of implementation strategies Archaeological case studies provide long-term perspectives on CPR management North Atlantic Biocultural Organisation case studies
  15. 15. APPLYING THE SES FRAMEWORK TOARCHAEOLOGICAL CASESFirst- Tier SES Variables Archaeological Data Historical Data Environmental Data Trade documents, political Social, Economic and Settlement patterns, Resource distribution on organization, records of Political Settings archaeofauna landscape social hierarchy Archaeofauna, settlement Geomorphology, Resource System patterns, archaeobotanical Descriptions of landscape ecology, pollen record remains Archaeofauna, settlement Resource documents, Resource Units Geomorphology, ecology patterns inventories Settlement patterns, Governance System Written laws, treaties, etc -- archaeobotanical remains Settlement patterns, Users archaeobotanical remains, -- Pollen record archaeofauna Archaeofauna, settlement Descriptions of trade and Interactions patterns, archaeobotanical -- commerce remains Outcomes Archaeobotanical remains -- Geomorphology, ecology Related Ecosystems Settlement patterns -- Climate proxies
  16. 16. NORTH ATLANTIC CASE STUDIES Dugmore et al. (2009:98, Figure 7.1)
  17. 17. GRAZING SYSTEM OF THE FAROEISLANDS Thomson et al. (2007:740, Figure 1)
  18. 18. WOODLAND MANAGEMENT INEYJAFJALLAHREPPUR, SOUTH ICELAND
  19. 19. WOODLAND CONSERVATION INMARKARFLJÓT VALLEY Dugmore et al. (2007:23, Figure 4)
  20. 20. DESIGN PRINCIPLES
  21. 21. DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries
  22. 22. DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs
  23. 23. DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs Collective-choice arrangements
  24. 24. DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs Collective-choice arrangements Effective monitoring
  25. 25. DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs Collective-choice arrangements Effective monitoring Graduated sanctions
  26. 26. DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs Collective-choice arrangements Effective monitoring Graduated sanctions Conflict-resolution mechanisms
  27. 27. DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs Collective-choice arrangements Effective monitoring Graduated sanctions Conflict-resolution mechanisms Minimal right to organize
  28. 28. DESIGN PRINCIPLES Clearly defined boundaries Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs Collective-choice arrangements Effective monitoring Graduated sanctions Conflict-resolution mechanisms Minimal right to organize Nested enterprises
  29. 29. EVALUATION OF DESIGN PRINCIPLES Grazing System of the Woodland Management in Faroe Islands Adaptive Governance South Iceland Design Principle Degree Present? Present? Degree Low Yes Clearly defined boundaries Yes LowModerate Yes Proportional equivalence No -- Low Yes Collective-choice arrangements No Moderate -- Possible Effective monitoring Possible -- -- Possible Graduated sanctions Possible -- Low Yes Conflict-resolution mechanisms Yes Low Low Yes Minimal right to organize No LowModerate Yes Nested enterprises Yes Moderate
  30. 30. EVALUATION OF DESIGN PRINCIPLES Grazing System of the Woodland Management in Faroe Islands Adaptive Governance South Iceland Design Principle Degree Present? Present? Degree Low Yes Clearly defined boundaries Yes LowModerate Yes Proportional equivalence No -- Low Yes Collective-choice arrangements No Moderate -- Possible Effective monitoring Possible -- -- Possible Graduated sanctions Possible -- Conflict-resolution Low Yes Yes Low mechanisms Low Yes Minimal right to organize No LowModerate Yes Nested enterprises Yes Moderate
  31. 31. EVALUATION OF DESIGN PRINCIPLES Grazing System of the Woodland Management in Faroe Islands Adaptive Governance South Iceland Design Principle Degree Present? Present? Degree Low Yes Clearly defined boundaries Yes LowModerate Yes Proportional equivalence No -- Low Yes Collective-choice arrangements No Moderate -- Possible Effective monitoring Possible -- -- Possible Graduated sanctions Possible -- Low Yes Conflict-resolution mechanisms Yes Low Low Yes Minimal right to organize No LowModerate Yes Nested enterprises Yes Moderate
  32. 32. EVALUATION OF DESIGN PRINCIPLES Grazing System of the Woodland Management in Faroe Islands Adaptive Governance South Iceland Design Principle Degree Present? Present? Degree Low Yes Clearly defined boundaries Yes LowModerate Yes Proportional equivalence No -- Low Yes Collective-choice arrangements No Moderate -- Possible Effective monitoring Possible -- -- Possible Graduated sanctions Possible -- Low Yes Conflict-resolution mechanisms Yes Low Low Yes Minimal right to organize No LowModerate Yes Nested enterprises Yes Moderate
  33. 33. CONCLUSIONS SES Framework can be applied to archaeological cases
  34. 34. CONCLUSIONS SES Framework can be applied to archaeological cases Archaeological cases provide insights into implementation of design principles and the costs/benefits associated with maintenance over longue durée
  35. 35. CONCLUSIONS SES Framework can be applied to archaeological cases Archaeological cases provide insights into implementation of design principles and the costs/benefits associated with maintenance over longue durée Interdisciplinary approach is necessary
  36. 36. CONCLUSIONS SES Framework can be applied to archaeological cases Archaeological cases provide insights into implementation of design principles and the costs/benefits associated with maintenance over longue durée Interdisciplinary approach is necessary Design principles are essential for successful CPR management in North Atlantic cases  Grazing system had all eight design principles and continues to this day  Woodland management had only five design principles – widespread deforestation did occur early on, but core areas were maintained through management strategies
  37. 37. CONCLUSIONS SES Framework can be applied to archaeological cases Archaeological cases provide insights into implementation of design principles and the costs/benefits associated with maintenance over longue durée Interdisciplinary approach is necessary Design principles are essential for successful CPR management in North Atlantic cases  Grazing system had all eight design principles and continues to this day  Woodland management had only five design principles – widespread deforestation did occur early on, but core areas were maintained through management strategies Archaeological data and analysis have a demonstrated utility in creating long-term sustainable CPR systems for the present and future
  38. 38. THANK YOU

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