Open Education (OE)
Open Education is a movement to make
education accessible to all (Cape Town
Open Education Declaration)
Broad view of education, beyond
Collective term that is used to refer to
many practices & activities that have both
openness & education at their core.
Open Educational Resources (OERs)
Teaching, learning, and
research resources that
reside in the public
domain or have been
released under an
license that permits their
free use or repurposing by
others (Wiley, 2010).
What are open textbooks?
Open textbooks are
● open access materials (usually digital)
● published under an open licence
● in formats that provide for the integration of multimedia,
● remixing of various content components
● and printing and redistribution.
Open textbooks provide academics with a means to build on openly published materials produced in other parts of
the world (particularly when using platforms that are designed with this affordance in mind), while integrating a
more localised approach in terms of the examples used as well as the assessment activities.
Open Educational Practices (OEP)
“Open educational practices (OEP) is a broad descriptor
of practices that include the creation, use, and reuse of
open educational resources (OER) as well as open
pedagogies and open sharing of teaching practices”
Open Access (OA)
Online research outputs that are free of
gratis = online access free of charge
libre = online access free of charge plus
various additional usage rights
Green OA = publishing in an institutional
or central repository eg. Open UCT,
Gold OA = in a OA journal or hybrid OA
“...sharing of articles,
code, data, and
has the potential to
education as well as
increase the impact
universities can have
beyond their own
Why OE R&P matters
Need for accessible and FREE resources
Don’t have to re-invent the wheel - better use of time
Need for localised materials, transforming the curriculum
Encourages us to reconsider our teaching and learning
Colleagues & students can become co-creators
COPYRIGHT AND CREATIVE
A collection of exclusive rights, given to creators and
authors to protect their original works
Definition of copyright
◻ What can be copyrighted? – Any work which is not
an exact copy of someone else’s work
◻ Can ideas be copyrighted? No… only expression
of ideas are copyrighted...
◻ Can copyright be transferred? Yes, an author can
assign copyright to another person, as in the case
Meaning of Terms
◻ May not reproduce
◻ Fair use / Fair dealing for
◻ Permission / royalty payments
◻ May not use on the Internet
All rights reserved
• If resource falls under copyright protection, either:
o Recreate the resources using office or online tools
o Replace the resource with a similar resource by
finding an open source alternative or by creating your
o Obtain permission from the author, publisher, editor,
organization who holds the copyright
o Reconsider if the resource is really necessary
o Nice resource: https://observatory.tec.mx/edu-bits-
Evaluating the media resources within your resource
◻ Copyright of
Understand the rights of copyright holders
Take care to check
“Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco”
byTimothyVollmer is licensed under CC BY 2.0
Best Practices for Attribution: (TASL)
✓ Source – Link to work
✓ License – Name + Link
House of Knowledge Variation1 by Adrien Sifre CC BY-
• Find 2 or 3 OER that you can use in your module or teaching, i.e. a
video, slides, infographic, simulation. Take care to record the license
• Go back to your reading list and start checking your resources to see if
they are CC and begin looking for alternatives
Find & evaluate an OER
Criteria Do they meet the
(YES, NO, Partially)
Issues for adapting
How closely does the content match:
● your course objectives / activity learning outcomes
● the needs of your students * less close match = more adaptation
Local context What changes (if any) will be needed in order to reflect local concepts, terminology and
ways of doing things? Are there any topics that need to be included?
Up-to-date How up-to-date are the materials you want to adapt?
How long will it be before your materials needs updating?
Too many inaccuracies means more adaptation.
Does the OER match subject matter expertise at the right level in your discipline?
Prior knowledge or
If the prior knowledge assumed is more than your learners will have, then you may need
to produce a pre-course supplement to bring your learners up to the starting point of the
For example, is the vocabulary appropriate and are the sentences not too long or
complex? If you will need to translate the text, will this present any special problems?
Learning Activities If the activities are few or of poor quality, you will have to create new ones.
Prepared by: Finding OER slides:
Henry Trotter – email@example.com / firstname.lastname@example.org
Some types of Open slides by Nicola Pallit @nicolapalitt
Slides inspired by the presentations of Paul Stacey, Shihaam Shaikh
and the Open Professionals Education Network (OPEN).
See Paul Stacey’s OER presentations at:
See Shihaam Shaikh’s “Finding Open Stuff” presentation at:
See also the “Find OER” site by the Open Professionals Education
Network (OPEN): https://open4us.org/find-oer/
Sharing our takeaways
What did you learn?
What can you use?