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2019 Understanding Copyright and Creative Commons and slides on Finding OER


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This is a comprehensive seminar on understanding copyright and Creative Commons. Useful for those who are new to open education.

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2019 Understanding Copyright and Creative Commons and slides on Finding OER

  1. 1. Glenda Cox glenda.cox Rethinking your awareness of Copyright and openly licensed teaching materials
  2. 2. Workshop outline Introducing the many Opens: Open Education, Open Access, Open Scholarship, OERs, OEP Why does open matter? Copyright OER Remix game Tips on finding OER
  3. 3. ...many Opens
  4. 4. Open Education (OE) Open Education is a movement to make education accessible to all (Cape Town Open Education Declaration) Broad view of education, beyond institutions Collective term that is used to refer to many practices & activities that have both openness & education at their core.
  5. 5. Open Educational Resources (OERs) Teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or repurposing by others (Wiley, 2010).
  6. 6. Examples
  7. 7. Can be shared via institutional repositories
  8. 8. What are open textbooks? Open textbooks are ● open access materials (usually digital) ● published under an open licence ● in formats that provide for the integration of multimedia, ● remixing of various content components ● and printing and redistribution. Open textbooks provide academics with a means to build on openly published materials produced in other parts of the world (particularly when using platforms that are designed with this affordance in mind), while integrating a more localised approach in terms of the examples used as well as the assessment activities.
  9. 9. Open Educational Practices (OEP) “Open educational practices (OEP) is a broad descriptor of practices that include the creation, use, and reuse of open educational resources (OER) as well as open pedagogies and open sharing of teaching practices” (Cronin, 2017).
  10. 10. Open Access (OA) Online research outputs that are free of restrictions Types: gratis = online access free of charge libre = online access free of charge plus various additional usage rights Green OA = publishing in an institutional or central repository eg. Open UCT, PubMed Central Gold OA = in a OA journal or hybrid OA journal
  11. 11. Open Scholarship “...sharing of articles, code, data, and educational resources, has the potential to improve university research and education as well as increase the impact universities can have beyond their own walls” (McKiernan, 2017).
  12. 12. Why OE R&P matters Need for accessible and FREE resources Don’t have to re-invent the wheel - better use of time Need for localised materials, transforming the curriculum Encourages us to reconsider our teaching and learning approaches Colleagues & students can become co-creators
  13. 13. How do I know if it’s open?
  15. 15. A collection of exclusive rights, given to creators and authors to protect their original works Definition of copyright
  16. 16. ◻ What can be copyrighted? – Any work which is not an exact copy of someone else’s work ◻ Can ideas be copyrighted? No… only expression of ideas are copyrighted... ◻ Can copyright be transferred? Yes, an author can assign copyright to another person, as in the case of property Meaning of Terms
  17. 17. ◻ May not reproduce ◻ Fair use / Fair dealing for classroom use ◻ Permission / royalty payments for reproduction ◻ May not use on the Internet All rights reserved
  18. 18. Traditional © designed for old distribution models The problem:
  19. 19. Glenda Cox @GlencoxMore "Legal, copyright and IP is everyone's business". Laura Czerniewicz. #OASymp2016 @ROER4D @CILT_UCT 5:19 AM - 8 Dec 2016 10 Retweets 10 Likes 0 replies10 retweets10 likes
  20. 20. Alternative copyright licensing Previously copyright was binary: All rights retained or public domain Now alternative licensing options such as the GNU General Public License and Creative Commons provide a range of options where Some rights are reserved Public Domain Copyright© Public Domain Some rights reserved Copyright©
  21. 21. Attribution Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivs Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike Attribution - NonCommercial Attribution - NoDerivs Attribution - ShareAlike *CC0 (public domain dedication) Creative Commons licenses
  22. 22. Some rights reserved but sharing made easy and legal. Creators have choice
  23. 23. Summary - Open Licenses
  24. 24. Practice • Make an OER with different openly licenced materials and decide on a final licence • In small groups…
  25. 25. Practice game •
  26. 26. • How to share? • Assisting academics with Creative Commons…
  27. 27. Work posted on Flickr under Attribution license
  28. 28. Used in The Iron Man feature film
  29. 29. • If resource falls under copyright protection, either: o Recreate the resources using office or online tools o Replace the resource with a similar resource by finding an open source alternative or by creating your own resource o Obtain permission from the author, publisher, editor, organization who holds the copyright o Reconsider if the resource is really necessary o Nice resource: 2/three-steps-to-become-author-of-open-educational- resources Evaluating the media resources within your resource
  30. 30. ◻ Copyright of ⬜ pictures ⬜ graphics ⬜ texts Understand the rights of copyright holders Take care to check
  31. 31. “Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco” byTimothyVollmer is licensed under CC BY 2.0
  32. 32. Best Practices for Attribution: (TASL) ✓ Title ✓ Author ✓ Source – Link to work ✓ License – Name + Link House of Knowledge Variation1 by Adrien Sifre CC BY- NC-ND
  33. 33. Recreating Images
  34. 34. Licensing your work is easy. No registration is required. You simply add a notice that your work is under CC BY. Here’s how you do that →
  35. 35. You can edit the text for your specific project. Go back to:
  36. 36. Legal and Technical Legal Code, Human Readable Deed, Meta-Data
  37. 37. Paste where you usually put CC info Copyright and Creative Commons by Glenda Cox is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  38. 38. See Paul Stacey’s OER presentations at Thanks to Shihaam Shaikh for examples of adapting images Thanks to Ramesh Sharma for slides on copyright Attribution:
  39. 39. How: via general search How to find OER via search engines
  40. 40. Task (after these slides) • Find 2 or 3 OER that you can use in your module or teaching, i.e. a video, slides, infographic, simulation. Take care to record the license
  41. 41. How: via general search (Google Advanced Search)
  42. 42. How: via general search (Google Advanced Search)
  43. 43. How: via general search (Google Advanced Search)
  44. 44. How: via general search (Google Advanced Search)
  45. 45. How: via general search (Google Advanced Search)
  46. 46. How: via photo/image search (Google Advanced Image Search)
  47. 47. How: via photo/image search (Creative Commons Search) Google Images via
  48. 48. How: via video search (YouTube through CC Search) YouTubevia
  49. 49. Where: general OER directories
  50. 50. Where: Recorded lectures & video tutorial platforms
  51. 51. Where: Open Book/Textbook directories
  52. 52. Where: Presentation sources online/
  53. 53. Where: Simulation and animation sources
  54. 54. Where: Modular course components
  55. 55. Task • Find 2 or 3 OER that you can use in your module or teaching, i.e. a video, slides, infographic, simulation. Take care to record the license • Go back to your reading list and start checking your resources to see if they are CC and begin looking for alternatives
  56. 56. Find & evaluate an OER Criteria Do they meet the criteria? (YES, NO, Partially) Issues for adapting Appropriate content How closely does the content match: ● your course objectives / activity learning outcomes ● the needs of your students * less close match = more adaptation Local context What changes (if any) will be needed in order to reflect local concepts, terminology and ways of doing things? Are there any topics that need to be included? Up-to-date How up-to-date are the materials you want to adapt? How long will it be before your materials needs updating? Accurate and authoritative Too many inaccuracies means more adaptation. Does the OER match subject matter expertise at the right level in your discipline? Prior knowledge or skills If the prior knowledge assumed is more than your learners will have, then you may need to produce a pre-course supplement to bring your learners up to the starting point of the course. Appropriate Language Level For example, is the vocabulary appropriate and are the sentences not too long or complex? If you will need to translate the text, will this present any special problems? Learning Activities If the activities are few or of poor quality, you will have to create new ones.
  57. 57. Credits Prepared by: Finding OER slides: Henry Trotter – / Some types of Open slides by Nicola Pallit @nicolapalitt Slides inspired by the presentations of Paul Stacey, Shihaam Shaikh and the Open Professionals Education Network (OPEN). See Paul Stacey’s OER presentations at: See Shihaam Shaikh’s “Finding Open Stuff” presentation at: See also the “Find OER” site by the Open Professionals Education Network (OPEN):
  58. 58. Sharing our takeaways What did you learn? What can you use?