reseArCh of toPiCLaws Broken By Paparazzi• Many paparazzo trespass into the homes of celebrities and even climb trees to get shots of their house.• Paparazzi regularly drive vehicles with no plates and when they break the law using their vehicles (like running red lights or causing an accident) there is no way for anyone to track the perpetrators down.• Current law does not allow photos to be taken of a private citizen in certain "private" situations and places. It also does not allow injurious false information to be published. • Whats the limit? http://www.bestfunfacts.com/pop-culture.html
reseArCh of toPiCLaws Broken By Paparazzi• Some paparazzi have been accused of intentionally causing someone to fall or get hit by a camera - these may be battery and charges may be pressed.• The courts have protected the gathering and printing of "news worthy" information about private citizens as long as it has social value and doesnt cause a reasonable intrusion on the privacy of the individual.• However all paparazzi photographs and video are of high-profile people doing very mundane, everyday activities - eating, walking, driving, visiting their doctor, etc. Photos documenting these normal, every-day actions hardly seem newsworthy. http://www.bestfunfacts.com/pop-culture.html
reseArCh of toPiCProblems with paparazzi1. Car chases: Lindsay Lohan and Scarlett Johansson were both involved in car accidents while being chased by paparazzi. One paparazzo even caused a deliberate accident with Catherine Zeta-Jones to get her out of her car for a photo. Princess Dianna was killed in a car crash while her driver attempted to flee the paparazzi.2. Setting off fire alarms to force their object to evacuate a building.3. Tripping next to their target to attempt an up-skirt photo.4. Peeking through open drapes of celebrity houses to take photos of a celebritys private life. A most popular example of this tactic is the paparazzo who took a topless photo of Jennifer Aniston while furtively camping outside her house. http://www.bestfunfacts.com/pop-culture.html
reseArCh of toPiCWhat Rights Do Celebrities Have?• The paparazzi have become as much a part of the Hollywood culture as the stars they follow.• We have them to thank for the shots of Britney Spears shaving her head, Lindsay Lohan passed out drunk in a friend’s car, and Paris Hilton being carted off to jail.• So who are these people? Ruthless predators who will do anything to get the shot? Or are they hard workers playing an important role in keeping the Hollywood machine running?• Reports of celebrities getting in physical fights with paparazzi surface almost weekly.
reseArCh of toPiCWhat Rights Do Celebrities Have?• Britney Spears took an umbrella to a paparazzo’s car.• Julia Roberts chased down a photographer she caught snapping away at her children’s school.• Brad Pitt, whose family is one of the biggest targets of paparazzi, has been vocal about his disdain for these guerrilla photographers.“I hate these people. I don’t understand how they do that for a living,” he told the Today Show. http://www.paparazzi-reform.org/legal/
reseArCh of toPiCIs Publicity Key To Success?• Many celebrities have been know to create what’s called as a ‘Publicity Stunt’.• This is usually done to draw attention to the celebrity thus increasing their fame and popularity.• However is this a vital part of success? For Against • The more popular you are the more • Many artists have a small fan base jobs you are offered. and are still successful. • In the music industry fame is key to • There are actors that always seem to sales figures. stay out of the public eye yet always • Actors can work with theatre. land high-paying roles.
reseArCh of toPiCHow Are Celebrities Affected?Siena Miller• In 2008, Sienna Miller won $80,000 in settlements after suing British paparazzi who she said harassed her and invaded her privacy, by chasing her while she was in her car and stalking her outside her home.• She later said about the case:“I’m the first person to sue and win against the paparazzi on harassment charges. It absolutely changed my life. I didn’t want to shut down and hide myself away.” http://www.paparazzi-reform.org/legal/
reseArCh of toPiCHow Are Celebrities Affected?Nicole Richie• In 2010, Nicole Richie successfully got a restraining order against Fabricio Luis Mariotto, who she said tried to scare her family in order to elicit reactionary photographs.• The order mandates that Mariotto stay 100 yards from the family.• Richie said that Mariotto “drives erratically around my children and others, yells, screams and attempts to scare us so that he can photograph our reactions.“ http://www.paparazzi-reform.org/legal/
reseArCh of toPiCHow Are Celebrities Affected?Princess Diana• Princess Dianas death in a 1997 Paris car accident has been widely blamed on paparazzi who were chasing the car.• Originally, nine photographers were charged with manslaughter, but in 2002, they were found not guilty.• Three of the photographers were later charged in 2006, with invasion of privacy, but they were fined only 1 euro.
reseArCh of toPiCHow Are Celebrities Portrayed In The Media?• Some celebs will purposely put themselves out there to get press and they wont care if its in negative or positive ways.• Once upon a time paparazzos just took photos of celebs. Now you have video everywhere and celebrity bloggers on top of every single celebrities moves.• Many would argue that celebrities are mostly shown in a negative light.• After all, paparazzo don’t go through all that trouble of breaking laws and waiting hours on end to take beautiful pictures of famous people.• Society constantly hungry for embarrassing photos of these people who are meant to be perfect public figures.• This perfect image is tarnished by paparazzo pictures. E.g. topless pictures of Kate Middleton.• Public demand of such negative portrayals of celebrities through photographs taken secretly is what fuels magazines to represent them in such a bad light.
reseArCh of toPiCHow Does Society Define The Term ‘Celebrity’?• Nowadays we have many different types of ‘celebrities’• It can be argued that fame has become too easy to achieve.• You can even become a celebrity online via YouTube.Artist T.V. Politician Reality T.V Internet National Personality Star Celebrity TreasureA film star or Someone Someone who Public figuremusician. Someone who Someone famous for has gained regarded as is constantly involved in appearing on popularity via being in the public politics that a reality T.V internet sites emblematic ofSomeone who eye for no has become a show or even such as a nation’sis famous for particular famous public winning. YouTube. culturala particular reason. figure. E.g. Big heritage ortalent. Brother. identity.
reseArCh of toPiCThe Role Of The Audience• Different people experience the same media message differently.• Audiences play a role in interpreting media texts because each audience member brings to the media text a unique set of life experiences (age, gender, education, cultural upbringing, etc.)• When applied to the text this creates unique interpretations.• A World War II veteran, for example, brings a different set of experiences to a movie like Saving Private Ryan than any other audience member resulting in a different reaction to the film as well as, perhaps, greater insight.
reseArCh of toPiCThe Role Of The Audience• The more questions we can ask about what we are experiencing around us, the more alert we can be about accepting or rejecting messages.• Research indicates that, over time, children of all ages can learn age-appropriate skills that give them a new set of glasses with which they can “read” and interpret their media culture.• Many tabloid newspapers and gossip websites earn millions just by reporting anything and everything about celebrities and as long as this sort of news is in demand by the public, celebrities will be made.
reseArCh of toPiCHow Does The Media Influence Society?• Constantly seeing or hearing something will have it stick in your head. If you hear that Tan Shoppe is the best tanning place in town 5x a day when you think of tanning salons and where you should go you will remember the Tan Shoppe and most likely go there since you remember it.• So advertisements works in the way that repetitive content gets stuck in your head. The media offering advice to you in a way that doesnt seem like a commercial can stop you from filtering commercials out. Like people often do with TiVo or DVR and lowering the volume on their radios.• Since the mainstream media is apart of almost any contemporary culture people will take what they see in ads, and accept it subconsciously and it may get in their heads that way.
reseArCh of toPiC How Does The Media Influence Society? The most influential form of advertising comes from what we watch on television.Unexpectedly magazinesare the second mostinfluential.More so than films or videogames.
develoPing the toPiCA) What is the purpose of the documentary?• The purpose of the documentary is to bring forward a debate on the way the media works and how everyone is affected by it.• From the average person to celebrities, in one way or another the Media Industry concerns us all.
develoPing the toPiCB) What would people learn about this topic from your documentary?• People would learn about:- The various laws broken by paparazzi- Statistics about public demand on photographs of celebrities- What is the criteria for a good paparazzi photograph- The different types of celebrities- What makes someone famous- Why people want to see negative representations of celebrities- Different case studies of celebrities that have been effected by paparazzi in an extreme way- What role does the audience play in the media- How are we effect by what is shown in the media- To what extent is the media controlled
develoPing the toPiCC) What style of documentary is it?• It is an Informative Documentary.• This is because this documentary will bring forward the pros and cons of different aspects of the media.• This presents a debate for the viewer.• Therefore it will inform the audience of the negatives and positives.
develoPing the toPiCEpisode 1:• Paparazzi Breaking the Law – Celebrities Fight Back - Different laws that paparazzi break to get photos. - Why are there different rules for celebrities and average citizens concerning privacy? - Photos of Kate only published in France. - The effect on celebrities and how they have retaliated. E.g. Britney SpearsEpisode 2:• The Role of The Audience - Do the public create celebrities? - Are audiences in control of what is shown in the media? Public demand? - Are our perceptions of people in the public eye altered by whoever is in control? - Are celebrities portrayed in a reliable way?Episode 3:• What It Means To Be A Celebrity - Times have changed in terms of how people become famous. - Can anyone become a celebrity in todays society? E.g. via YouTube - How do we determine who is a ‘celebrity’? - What does this term mean?
AudienCe!A) Who is the audience? Why?• The audience quite wide, because the media industry is something that effects us all.• In particular those of us who seek out gossip in magazines or photographs of celebrities.• These are the people that fuel such an industry, thus making them the target of this documentary, more so than just anyone who is aware of the industry.
AudienCe!B) Who is your target audience? Why?• My target audience are mainly females of a young age, ranging from 15-35.• This is due to the fact that women tend to take more of an interest in the world of famous people, celebrities and gossip.• The target audience will most likely need to be people who read magazines about celebrities and look at paparazzi photographs in these magazines.• This is so that the documentary will have more of an effect on the audience as they will be able to understand the influence they have on the media and paparazzi (public demand) and also how they in return are effected.
AudienCe!C) Who is the secondary audience? Why?• There is also room for a male audience.• This is due to the fact that the documentary also explores the political side of the media.• E.g. Different laws concerning the media and how certain laws are breached by paparazzi.
AudienCe!D) Is it a niche or mass audience? Why?• The audience is mass.• This is because the media is everywhere in society.• Therefore everyone is somehow effected by the media and it is something that everyone is faced with everyday.• E.g. Magazines, Bill Boards, T.V, Music, Films, Posters etc
AudienCe!E) Connect purpose to audience – why should/do they want to learn about this topic?• My target audience are those who take an interest in what is shown in the media thus they already have some kind of idea of how people are represented.• They will want to watch my documentary as it brings forward different debates concerning these representations and the means that people will go to get information via photographs.• The purpose, which is to look at the pros and cons of the media relates to my target audience who are the consumers of such products.
insPirAtion!Stacey Dooley in the USA – ‘Girls Behind Bars’• I really liked the way she personally interviewed some of the prisoners because she was really persistent even when they didn’t really want to talk. • I also liked the use of establishing shots with voice-overs over them.
insPirAtion!‘Baby Beauty Queens’ • The use of the establishing shot worked very well with the titles of the place where they were filming. • The interview style was interesting and effective. The interviewer remains behind the camera thus the viewer’s attention is focused on the person who is being interviewed. (She is looking behind the camera which implies that is where the interviewer is.)
ChAnnel And time!• I would prefer for my documentary to be shown on Channel four at the time of 9:00• This is down to the fact that 9:00 is the channels usual time for broadcasting documentaries as it is a time when the public are most likely to finally sit down in front of the television and watch something.• Channel 4 is most suited to my documentary as they tend to show documentaries similar to mine already therefore it will fit right in.
Conventions!Convention: Use: Develop: Challenge: Description: I will be challenging this convention as I will also be using a- Voiceover presenter thus combining the two. i will use statistics in the form of graphs in order to- Statistics support the points being made. I will be challenging this convention as I will also be using a- Presenter voiceover thus combining the two.
Conventions!Convention: Use: Develop: Challenge: Description: There will be interviews throughout the whole documentary. Whether- Interviews they are with experts or just members of the public. This will be used in the first two minutes of the documentary when the- Archival topic is being Footage introduced. This will be used in the first two minutes of the documentary when the- Montage topic is being Footage introduced.
PlAn!Establishing shots• I would like to use establishing shots when talking about certain locations with voice-overs.• I would also like to use these shots when introducing a new topic to the audience. An example of an Establishing Shot
PlAn!Use of Presenter or Voiceover• I will be using a combination of both a presenter and a voiceover.• For example when interviews are being shown a presenter will be needed to ask the questions and guide the viewers through what is going on.• However when statistics are being given through graphs and charts a voiceover will also be needed to talk over the information and explain it to the viewers.
PlAn!Public Interviews• This documentary greatly includes how the public are effected by the media and how they fuel certain aspects of it.• Thus it will be important to interview members of the public in order to portray a balanced debated between the media industry and the public.
PlAn!Expert Interviews (with titles)• Expert interviews are vital for this documentary.• This is because it is important to explore how paparazzi feel about the job they do and the lengths they will go to, to get a photograph.• Paparazzi play a significant role in this documentary thus it is essential that their views are also taken into consideration.• It is important to consider both sides of the argument.
PlAn!Supporting Footage/Photographs• Within a topic concerning the media and celebrities, supporting footage and photographs is an inevitable aspect.• It is vital that there is footage to support certain points.• Such a topic relies greatly on visuals and is very much concerned with paparazzi and the portrayal of people through the media.
PlAn!Use of Statistic, Graphs or Diagrams• There will be many statistics and graphs in order to support certain points within the documentary.• These will mainly concern viewing figures and public demand statistics or facts.
struCture!• 2 min introduction • 1 min introduction • 2 min • Last 10-20• (series) • (episode) • (to focus on first subtopic seconds of episode) • (preview to next episode)• The first two minuets • There will be a presenter • The presenter will be • Montage footage will be montage talking about the speaking directly to the of the next footage of extreme lengths of camera about the different episode with a celebrities getting picture taking and how ways that paparazzi have voice-over bombarded and certain celebrities have broken or breached laws recorded by the harassed by been effected. concerning picture taking. presenter talking paparazzi. about what the • Some archival footage • It will focus on why there episode will focus• This will have a voice- will follow with a short are different rules for on. over talking about voice-over. someone famous and an the problems with average working person media in todays • The footage will consist concerning privacy. society. of the news reporting Princess Diana’s death • There will be various• There will be after trying to escape interviews with members of photographs taken paparazzi. the public on this topic. by paparazzi at extreme lengths e.g. • This will outline the • Then an interview with an from a tree. dangerous and extreme actual paparazzo will cases that result from follow. ruthless paparazzi and set the tone for the rest • Then some statistics on the of the episode. number of laws broken by paparazzi.
sCriPt!Have you ever wondered how those embarrassing photos of celebs end up inthe magazines you buy? What if it was you in there? Why when it comes toaverage citizens the same rules do not apply? Some paparazzi go to suchextreme lengths to get the photos that you demand. So who is to blame?You may not be aware of this but in fact many laws are broken by paparazzito take these photos. What effect does this have? Just take a look at BritneySpears. People forget that celebrities are people too and the media industryhas become almost a human meat market for the most shocking photos.
ACtors/PeoPle!• I will be using an actor to be play the role of the presenter in my documentary.• They will be smartly and simply dressed, in order to not distract the audience from what is being said.• Nothing too eye-catching, e.g. a plain shirt with a blazer and denim trousers.• Their hair should be neat and smart in order to represent a sophisticated image.• They will interview various members of the public and also some experts.• All interviews will be live and questions will be pre-recorded and put on by a voice-over.
loCAtion!• I would like to film my documentary (for the most part) in the middle of Trafalgar Square.• This decision is based of the fact that it’s a famous landmark in London and is constantly surrounded by people off all ages and ethnicities.• This will be useful when it comes to interviewing a range of people from the public.• Therefore it will make for interesting and balanced interviews.