All About SentencesRafael Gervacio Acero Instructor
Things to learn:1.Definition of a sentence2.Kinds of sentences according to purpose3.Kinds of sentences according to structure4.Sentence Patterns
Joke of the day: “Love is like a sentence.The boy is the predicateand the girl is the subject.If the predicate touches thesubject, the BABY is thedirect object.
What is a sentence?A sentence is a word or groupof words that expresses acomplete thought or idea.
Criteria of a correct sentence:1. Subject and Predicate2. Starts with a capital letter andends with an end mark (.) (!) (?)3. Grammatically correct4. Structurally correct5. Logical
Sentence Examples:1. The dog barked silently lastnight.2. The sun rises from the east andsets to the west.
Sentences According to Purpose:1. Declarative – (.)2. Interrogative – (?)3. Imperative – (.) (?)4. Exclamatory – (!)
Sentences According to Structure:1. Simple Sentence – one independent clause2. Compound Sentence – two or moreindependent clauses joined by CoordinatingConjunction3. Complex Sentence – one independent clauseand one or more dependent clause/s4. Compound – Complex Sentence – two ormore independent clauses and one or moredependent clause
Sentence Examples:1. Simple Sentence Jan and Ken went to the dance.2. Compound Sentence Jan and Ken went to the dance andboth of them enjoyed.3. Complex Sentence Termites remained although thefumigator sprayed.4. Compound-Complex I turned on the heater when Iarrived, and now the house is warm.
Definition of Terms1. Subject – word or word group about which something is said in the sentence.2. Intransitive Verb – a verb that is complete by itself. It does not need an object. Together with it, an adverb can be used as modifier to expand the sentence.
Definition of Terms3. Transitive Verb – it directs actiontoward someone or something named inthe sentence. It always needs an object tocomplete the action.4. Direct Object – a noun, pronoun, orgroup of words acting as a noun thatreceives the action of a transitive verb. Itanswers the question what or who.
Definition of Terms5. Linking Verb – connects its subjectwith a word generally found near the endof the sentence.6. Subject Complement – a noun,pronoun, or adjective that appears with alinking verb and tells something aboutthe subject of the sentence.
Definition of Terms7. Indirect Object– a noun or pronounthat appears with a direct object andnames the person or thing something isgiven to or done.8. Objective Complement – is anadjective or noun that appears with adirect object and describes or renames it.
Examples1. That gentleman is a foreign diplomat. S LV C2. My gas bill was outrageous. S LV C3. The winner is he. S LV C
Examples4. We made an origami swan. S TV DO5. She recklessly hit the brakes. S TV DO6. Archeologists work steadily interpreting ancient objects. S IV
Examples7. The hero fought fearlessly. S IV8. Scientists have produced robots of astonishing qualities. S TV DO9. The glider soared beside the majestic cliffs. S IV
Examples10. I tipped the waiter five dollars. S TV IO DO11. We bought our boat a new tachometer. S TV IO DO12. We named our dog Major. S TV DO OC
Examples13. They judged the movie appropriate for us. S TV DO OC