TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF AMBATO English Oral Presentation THEME: Perú NAME: Gissela Alban COURSE: First level of English
PERÚLOCATIONThe Republic of Peru is a country in western South America. It is bordered on thenorth by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, onthe south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions.REGIONS: Amazonas Lambayeque Ancash Lima Apurímac Loreto Arequipa Madre de Dios Ayacucho Moquegua Cajamarca Pasco Callao Piura Cusco Puno Huancavelica San Martín Huánuco Tacna Ica Tumbes Junín Ucayali La Libertad
Its geography varies from the arid plains of the Pacific coast to the peaks of the Andesmountains and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin.Peru covers 1,285,216 km2. The Peruvian population, estimated at 29.5 million, ismultiethnic, including Amerindians, Europeans, Africans, and Asians. The mainspoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speakQuechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted ina wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.ACTIVITIESIts main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing ofproducts such as textiles.GOVERNMENT OF PERU AND POLITICS OF PERUCongress sits in the Palacio Legislative in Lima.Peru is a presidential representative democratic republic with a multi-party system.Under the current constitution, the President is the head of state and government; heor she is elected for five years.Peruvian foreign relations have been dominated by border conflicts with neighboringcountries, most of which were settled during the 20th century. There is still anongoing dispute with Chile over maritime limits in the Pacific Ocean. The Peruvianmilitary is composed of an army, a navy and an air force; its primary mission is tosafeguard the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country.
CULTUREPeruvian culture is primarily rooted in Amerindian and Spanish traditions, although ithas also been influenced by various African, Asian, and European ethnic groups.Peruvian artistic traditions date back to the elaborate pottery, textiles, jewelry, andsculpture of Pre-Inca cultures.FOODCeviche is a seafood dish.Peruvian cuisine is a blend of Amerindian and Spanish food with strong influencesfrom African, Arab, Italian, Chinese, and Japanese cooking. Common dishes includeanticuchos, ceviche and pachamanca. Because of the variety of climates within Peru, awide range of plants and animals are available for cooking Peruvian cuisine hasrecently received acclaim due to its diversity of ingredients and techniques.MUSIC Peruvian music has Andean, Spanish and African roots. In pre-Hispanic times, musicalexpressions varied widely from region to region; the quena and the tinya were twocommon instruments. Spanish conquest brought the introduction of new instrumentssuch as the guitar and the harp, as well as the development of crossbred instrumentslike the charango. African contributions to Peruvian music include its rhythms and thecajón, a percussion instrument. Peruvian folk dances include marinera, tondero andhuayno.
TRADITIONAL FESTIVITIES People in Peru celebrate: El Apu y la Virgen La Huaca y los Negros Cristo de los Milagros El Cerco de Roma
La concebida y el AmorTOURISTIC PLACESThe main touristic places in Peru are: Arequipa known as “Ciudad Blanca” Nazca Callejón de Huaylas or Huaraz Paracas Cuzco or Machu Picchu Iquitos or Rio Amazonas