Provide short entries/articles for an
overview of the topic and its main
Give more information for an in-depth
exploration of one or more aspects of
(Example: Case study books, textbooks)
Lengthy scholarly research studies on an
extremely focused aspect of a subject.
Very brief news reports that focus on
current events or topics currently in the
As short as encyclopedia articles, but
instead of an overview, magazines narrow
the focus to one or two specific aspects of
Types of Resources
It has abstract in the beginning
It may have a list of keyword
Article has a research problem
Mentions studies that have addressed the problem in the past
Has a purpose statement
Has research question and hypothesis
Uses qualitative, quantitative or mixed method approach to conduct research
Has a conclusion at the end
Has a bibliography or reference list at the end
Popular Sources: Magazine articles like Style, Newsweek, Time etc.
Newspaper sources: LA Times, Whittier Daily News etc.
Primary Sources: Original writings created at the time when the event occurred.
Secondary Sources: Sources that evaluate, summarize, analyze written by
experts from that field after the event has occurred.
Magazines vs. Scholarly Journals
Audience: Large group of
Brief, non-technical language
Author is journalist or
Audience: Experts in the
Lengthy, technical language
Author are experts in the field &
credentials are always listed
Graphics, images, advertising
Look: Graphs, charts, statistical
data, plain cover
References at the end
Cosmopolitan, Newsweek, Sp
orts Illustrated etc.
Development, Social Science
Quarterly, Journal of Applied
Start Research from the library
Databases To Explore
• Gale Virtual Reference Library (For Background
• CQ Researcher
• Gale Opposing Viewpoints
Access Rio for Off Campus
Click on Library Tab
Gale Virtual Reference Library Database
for Background Research
Checklist for Evaluating Websites
Author: Credentials & professional affiliations, contact address, about link
Check the URL (Uniform Resource Locator or website address) because it may be the name & type of
organization sponsoring the webpage. E.g. .edu, .com, .gov, .net etc.
Reason for webpage: Its purpose
Determine the origin of the document
Timeframe: Current or past view. What time period does your topic require?
Objectivity : Point of View or Bias
Bibliography: Citations and references to other sources
Coverage: Relevance to the assignment. Is the source too narrow? Too broad? Can you understand it?
Format, Organization, Appearance: Is it Easy to read?
Where To Search
For Books: Library Catalog http://library.riohondo.edu/
For Scholarly Articles: Databases: Proquest, EBSCO, Gale Reference Library.
•Off Campus Users: Access Rio
For Controversial Topics: Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context, CQ
Researcher, Issues and Controversies, SIRS
Check out Controversial Topics Books Link on the Library Homepage
For Current Issues: CQ Researcher, EBSCO, Proquest, Gale Opposing
Viewpoints, Issues and Controversies
For Biographies: Gale Biography in Context
For Historical Books : Google Books at http://books.google.com/
In the Library:
•Books: MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
•Handouts: Available at the reference desk & given during
•Son of Citation Machine
IMP: Always double check your citations with the
handbook or the handouts given to you in the
library. DONOT rely on online citation generators
for correct and accurate citations.