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Research Sources & Techniques

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For HUM 110 class

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Research Sources & Techniques

  1. 1. RESEARCH SOURCESENCYCLOPEDIAS SEARCH TOOL:Provide short entries/articles for an LIBRARY CATALOGoverview of the topic and its mainideas . SEARCH TOOL: PERIODICAL BOOKS DATABASE Give more information for an in-depth exploration of one or more aspects of the topic. (Example: Case study books, textbooks) JOURNAL ARTICLES Lengthy scholarly research studies on an extremely focused aspect of a subject.
  2. 2. RESEARCH SOURCESNEWSPAPER ARTICLESVery brief news reports that focus on SEARCH TOOL:current events or topics currently in the PERIODICALnews. DATABASEMAGAZINE ARTICLESAs short as encyclopedia articles, butinstead of an overview, magazines narrowthe focus to one or two specific aspects ofa topic.
  3. 3. TYPES OF RESOURCESScholarly Sources  It has abstract in the beginning  It may have a list of keyword  Article has a research problem  Mentions studies that have addressed the problem in the past  Has a purpose statement  Has research question and hypothesis  Uses qualitative, quantitative or mixed method approach to conduct research  Has a conclusion at the end  Has a bibliography or reference list at the endPopular Sources: Magazine articles like Style, Newsweek, Time etc.Newspaper sources: LA Times, Whittier Daily News etc.Primary Sources: Original writings created at the time when the event occurred.Secondary Sources: Sources that evaluate, summarize, analyze written by experts from that field after the event has occurred.Source: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/rusa/sections/history/resources/pu bs/usingprimarysources/index.cfm
  4. 4. MAGAZINES VS. SCHOLARLY JOURNALS Magazines Scholarly Journals Audience: Experts in the field, studentsAudience: Large group of people Lengthy, technical languageBrief, non-technical language Author are experts in the field & credentials are always listedAuthor is journalist or freelance writer Peer-reviewedLook: Graphics, images, Look: Graphs, charts, statistical advertising data, plain coverNo references References at the endExamples: Cosmopolitan, Examples: Child Development, Newsweek, Sports Social Science Quarterly, Illustrated etc. Journal of Applied Psychology etc.
  5. 5. BACKGROUND RESEARCHBackground research is needed to understand your topic and narrow it down.Research Source: Encyclopedias like Encyclopedia of Gods : Over 2,500 Deities of the World (in the library) and eBooks like Encyclopedia Britannica and Gale Virtual Reference Library for reference books online.Check out Library Catalog for books on topics for research papers.Is the information relevant?Identify search termsIs the information from a legitimate source?
  6. 6. NARROW YOUR TOPIC Questions To Ask Yourself Who? What? Background Research Which? When? Where? Why?Source: OSU Tutorial fromliblearn.osu.edu/courses/english110/old%20stuff/narrow_topic.ppt
  7. 7. Example Topic : Religion Why? : Evaluate:Causes & Reasons and Results & Who? : Age; Outcomes. Race; Gender: IndiansWhere? : Place: India. What? : Types: Hinduism; Buddhism? When? : Time Class System? period: Current, historical or period of life?: Indus Valley Civilizations
  8. 8. Research QuestionMix and Match two elements together and form a researchquestion and form a topic of your choice.New Topic: The Influence of Caste System on Hinduism.Read the requirements of the assignment: How manypages? How many sources are required? What kind ofsources are required?What are the search terms and related terms that youwould use? For example: Brahmins, Shudras, Hindus etc.
  9. 9. Checklist for Evaluating WebsitesAuthor: Credentials & professional affiliations, contact address, about linkCheck the URL (Uniform Resource Locator or website address) because it may be the name & type of organizationsponsoring the webpage. E.g. .edu, .com, .gov, .net etc.Reason for webpage: Its purposeDetermine the origin of the documentTimeframe: Current or past view. What time period does your topic require?Objectivity : Point of View or BiasBibliography: Citations and references to other sourcesCoverage: Relevance to the assignment. Is the source too narrow? Too broad? Can you understand it?Format, Organization, Appearance: Is it Easy to read?Source: http://libguides.uwb.edu/content.php?pid=103537&sid=778496Source:http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/rusa/sections/history/resources/pubs/usingprimarysources/index.cfm#evaluating
  10. 10. START RESEARCH FROM THE LIBRARY HOMEPAGEFIND BOOKSFIND JOURNAL,MAGAZINE, AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
  11. 11. DATABASES TO EXPLORE• Gale Virtual Reference Library• Proquest• EBSCO• Gale Trial Database (Through Access Rio)• ARTstor Digital Library (For images) (Set up an account on campus first)
  12. 12. ACCESS RIO FOR OFF CAMPUS DATABASE USE Click on Library Tab
  13. 13. GALE VIRTUAL REFERENCE LIBRARY DATABASE FOR BACKGROUND RESEARCH
  14. 14. TWO SEARCH TOOLS TO FIND GOOD SOURCES PROQUEST RESEARCH LIBRARY (Journal Articles)LIBRARY CATALOG (Books)
  15. 15. EBSCO: For ArticlesThrough Online Databases link on http://library.riohondo.edu/For Home Access: Login Access Rio, click on library tab and clickon EBSCO in the middle column.
  16. 16. WHERE TO SEARCHFor Books: Library Catalog http://library.riohondo.edu/For Scholarly Articles: Databases: Proquest, EBSCO, Gale Reference Library, Gale Trial Database (Through Access Rio) Off Campus Users: Access RioFor Controversial Topics: Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context, Issues and Controversies, SIRSCheck out Controversial Topics Books Link on the library homepage http://library.riohondo.edu/For Current Issues: CQ Researcher, EBSCO, Proquest, Gale Opposing Viewpoints, Issues and ControversiesFor Biographies: Gale Biography in ContextFor Historical Books : Google Books at http://books.google.com/For Historical Newspapers: Google News Archives Search at http://news.google.com/archivesearchFor Statistics Data & Charts: Social Science DatabaseFor Population Stats: US Census Bureau databaseLegitimate sources: Google Books, Google ScholarFor Periodical Holdings List: Access from our library homepage. Direct url at http://library.riohondo.edu/Research_Help/Periodical%20Holdings%20List%20-%202010-2011.pdf (Check out the listings by subject in the end).
  17. 17. CITATION HELPIn the Library:•Books: MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers•Handouts: Available at the reference desk & on theLibguide for the class.Online:•Son of Citation Machine http://citationmachine.net/•Easy Bib http://www.easybib.com/IMP: Always double check your citations with thehandbook or the handouts given to you in thelibrary. DONOT rely on online citationgenerators for correct and accurate citations.

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