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Research Sources and Techniques


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Research Sources and Techniques

  1. 1. Research Sources &TechniquesBy Gina Singh
  2. 2. Research SourcesENCYCLOPEDIAS SEARCH TOOL:Provide short entries/articles for an LIBRARY CATALOGoverview of the topic and its mainideas . SEARCH TOOL: PERIODICAL BOOKS DATABASE Give more information for an in-depth exploration of one or more aspects of the topic. (Example: Case study books, textbooks) JOURNAL ARTICLES Lengthy scholarly research studies on an extremely focused aspect of a subject.
  3. 3. Research SourcesNEWSPAPER ARTICLESVery brief news reports that focus on SEARCH TOOL:current events or topics currently in the PERIODICALnews. DATABASEMAGAZINE ARTICLESAs short as encyclopedia articles, butinstead of an overview, magazines narrowthe focus to one or two specific aspects ofa topic.
  4. 4. Types of Resources Scholarly Sources  It has abstract in the beginning  It may have a list of keyword  Article has a research problem  Mentions studies that have addressed the problem in the past  Has a purpose statement  Has research question and hypothesis  Uses qualitative, quantitative or mixed method approach to conduct research  Has a conclusion at the end  Has a bibliography or reference list at the end Popular Sources: Magazine articles like Style, Newsweek, Time etc. Newspaper sources: LA Times, Whittier Daily News etc. Primary Sources: Original writings created at the time when the event occurred. Secondary Sources: Sources that evaluate, summarize, analyze written by experts from that field after the event has occurred.Source: gprimarysources/index.cfm
  5. 5. Magazines vs. Scholarly Journals Magazines Scholarly Journals  Audience: Experts in the field, Audience: Large group of students people  Lengthy, technical language Brief, non-technical language  Author are experts in the field & Author is journalist or credentials are always listed freelance writer  Peer-reviewed Look: Graphics, images,  Look: Graphs, charts, statistical advertising data, plain cover No references  References at the end Examples: Cosmopolitan,  Examples: Child Development, Newsweek, Sports Illustrated Social Science Quarterly, Journal etc. of Applied Psychology etc.
  6. 6. Start Research from the library homepageFIND BOOKSFIND JOURNAL,MAGAZINE, AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
  7. 7. Databases To Explore• Gale Virtual Reference Library (For Background Research)• Gale Opposing Viewpoints• SIRS• CQ Researcher• Proquest• EBSCO : Click on EBSCO Web Portal• Issues and Controversies
  8. 8. Access Rio for Off Campus Database Use Click on Library Tab
  9. 9. Gale Virtual Reference Library Database for Background Research
  10. 10. For & Against ViewpointsIssues & ControversiesDatabase Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context
  11. 11. CQ Researcher: For Current Issues
  12. 12. Checklist for Evaluating WebsitesAuthor: Credentials & professional affiliations, contact address, about linkCheck the URL (Uniform Resource Locator or website address) because it may be the name & type oforganization sponsoring the webpage. E.g. .edu, .com, .gov, .net etc.Reason for webpage: Its purposeDetermine the origin of the documentTimeframe: Current or past view. What time period does your topic require?Objectivity : Point of View or BiasBibliography: Citations and references to other sourcesCoverage: Relevance to the assignment. Is the source too narrow? Too broad? Can you understand it?Format, Organization, Appearance: Is it Easy to read?Source:
  13. 13. Where To SearchFor Books: Library Catalog For Scholarly Articles: Databases: Proquest, EBSCO, Gale Reference Library. •Off Campus Users: Access Rio For Controversial Topics: Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context, CQ Researcher, Issues and Controversies, SIRS Check out Controversial Topics Books Link on the Library Homepage For Current Issues: CQ Researcher, EBSCO, Proquest, Gale Opposing Viewpoints, Issues and Controversies For Biographies: Gale Biography in ContextFor Historical Books : Google Books at
  14. 14. Citation HelpIn the Library:•Books: MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers•Handouts: Available at the reference desk & given duringorientationOnline:•Son of Citation Machine•Easy Bib Always double check your citations with thehandbook or the handouts given to you in thelibrary. DONOT rely on online citation generatorsfor correct and accurate citations.