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Research Sources


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Research Sources

  1. 1. Research Sources &TechniquesBy Gina Singh
  2. 2. Research SourcesENCYCLOPEDIAS SEARCH TOOL:Provide short entries/articles for an LIBRARY CATALOGoverview of the topic and its mainideas . SEARCH TOOL: PERIODICAL BOOKS DATABASE Give more information for an in-depth exploration of one or more aspects of the topic. (Example: Case study books, textbooks) JOURNAL ARTICLES Lengthy scholarly research studies on an extremely focused aspect of a subject.
  3. 3. Research SourcesNEWSPAPER ARTICLESVery brief news reports that focus on SEARCH TOOL:current events or topics currently in the PERIODICALnews. DATABASEMAGAZINE ARTICLESAs short as encyclopedia articles, butinstead of an overview, magazines narrowthe focus to one or two specific aspects ofa topic.
  4. 4. Types of Resources Scholarly Sources  It has abstract in the beginning  It may have a list of keyword  Article has a research problem  Mentions studies that have addressed the problem in the past  Has a purpose statement  Has research question and hypothesis  Uses qualitative, quantitative or mixed method approach to conduct research  Has a conclusion at the end  Has a bibliography or reference list at the end Popular Sources: Magazine articles like Style, Newsweek, Time etc. Newspaper sources: LA Times, Whittier Daily News etc. Primary Sources: Original writings created at the time when the event occurred. Secondary Sources: Sources that evaluate, summarize, analyze written by experts from that field after the event has occurred.Source: gprimarysources/index.cfm
  5. 5. Magazines vs. Scholarly Journals Magazines Scholarly Journals  Audience: Experts in the field, students Audience: Large group of people  Lengthy, technical language Brief, non-technical language  Author are experts in the field & credentials are always listed Author is journalist or freelance writer  Peer-reviewed Look:  Look: Graphs, charts, statistical Graphics, images, advertising data, plain cover No references  References at the end Examples:  Examples: Child Cosmopolitan, Newsweek, Sp Development, Social Science orts Illustrated etc. Quarterly, Journal of Applied Psychology etc.
  6. 6. Background Research Background research is needed to understand your topic and narrow it down. Research Source: Encyclopedias like World Book Encyclopedia (in the library) and eBooks like Encyclopedia Britannica and Gale Virtual Reference Library for reference books online. Go to Research Paper Topics on library homepage for topic selection Go to The Research Paper: Ten Steps to Researching it Right for additional help. Check out Library Catalog for books on topics for research papers. Is the information relevant? Identify search terms Is the information from a legitimate source?
  7. 7. How to narrow your topic: Two steps: Example:1. Read Article in Encyclopedia such as American Decades Your answer will form2. Ask a question about your issue. your thesis statement, and the evidence will form your paper or speech: Topic: I want to (Too Broad)
  8. 8. Narrow Your Topic Questions To Ask Yourself Who? What? Background Research Which? When? Where? Why?Source: OSU Tutorial
  9. 9. Example Initial Topic : Magic—Harry Potter-- Literary Trends Why? : Evaluate: Who? : Age; Causes & Reasons Race; Gender and Results & Outcomes. What? : Types: Where? : Place: Romance, Adventure,country, school, ho Murderme, work, literature, When? : Time Which? : Is period: Current, historical or period of justified? Or worse? life? Or Traumatizing?
  10. 10. Research QuestionMix and Match two elements together and form aresearch question and form a topic of your choice.Read the requirements of the assignment: Howmany pages? How many sources are required?What kind of sources are required?What are the search terms and related terms thatyou would use? For example: Cheating:Dishonesty, fraud, deception, infidelity, lying etc.
  11. 11. Battle of Gettysburg? JoinHistory Army? American Civil War Robert E Lee? No People!!
  12. 12. Start Research from the library homepageFIND BOOKSFIND JOURNAL,MAGAZINE, AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
  13. 13. Two Search Tools to Find Good Sources PROQUEST RESEARCH LIBRARY (Journal Articles)LIBRARY CATALOG (Books)
  14. 14. Library Catalog
  15. 15. Accessing Access Rio Step 1
  16. 16. Access Rio Click on Library Tab
  17. 17. Gale Virtual Reference Library Databasefor Background Info, Religion, Biography, History & Multicultural Studies
  18. 18. EBSCO: For ArticlesThrough Online Databases link on Home Access: Login Access Rio, click on library tab and clickon EBSCO in the middle column.
  19. 19. Databases To Explore• Gale Virtual Reference Library• Proquest• EBSCO• CQ Researcher : For Current Issues
  20. 20. Where to Search For Books: Library Catalog For Scholarly Articles: Databases: EBSCO, Proquest, Gale Reference Library. Off Campus Users: Access Rio For Controversial Topics: Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context, Issues and Controversies Check out Controversial Topics Books Link on the library homepage For Current Issues: EBSCO, CQ Researcher, Proquest, Gale Opposing Viewpoints, Issues and Controversies For Biographies: Gale Biography in Context For Historical Books : Google Books at For Historical Newspapers: Google News Archives Search at For Statistics data & charts: Social Science Database For Population Stats: US Census Bureau database Legitimate sources: Google Books, Google Scholar For Periodical Holdings List: Access from our library homepage. Direct url at (Check out the listings by subject in the end).
  21. 21. Citation HelpIn the Library:•Books: MLA Handbook for Writers of ResearchPapers•Handouts: Available at the reference desk &given during orientationOnline:•Son of Citation Machine•Easy Bib Always double check your citationswith the handbook or the handoutsgiven to you in the library. DONOT relyon online citation generators forcorrect and accurate citations.