How To Research


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How To Research

  1. 1. English 101 – Curington<br />June 23, 2011<br />How to ResearchBy Gina Singh<br />
  2. 2. Research Sources<br />SEARCH TOOL:<br />LIBRARY CATALOG<br />ENCYCLOPEDIAS<br />Provide short entries/articles for an overview of the topic and its main <br />ideas .<br />SEARCH TOOL:<br />PERIODICAL DATABASE<br />BOOKS<br />Give more information for an in-depth exploration of one or more aspects of the topic.<br />(Example: Case study books, textbooks)<br />JOURNAL ARTICLES<br />Lengthy scholarly research studies on an extremely focused aspect of a subject.<br />
  3. 3. Research Sources<br />SEARCH TOOL:<br />PERIODICAL DATABASE<br />NEWSPAPER ARTICLES<br />Very brief news reports that focus on current events or topics currently in the news. <br />MAGAZINE ARTICLES<br />As short as encyclopedia articles, but instead of an overview, magazines narrow the focus to one or two specific aspects of a topic. <br />
  4. 4. Types of Resources<br />Scholarly Sources<br />It has abstract in the beginning<br />It may have a list of keyword<br />Article has a research problem<br />Mentions studies that have addressed the problem in the past<br />Has a purpose statement<br />Has research question and hypothesis<br />Uses qualitative, quantitative or mixed method approach to conduct research<br />Has a conclusion at the end<br />Has a bibliography or reference list at the end<br />Popular Sources: Magazine articles like Style, Newsweek, Time etc.<br />Newspaper sources: LA Times, Whittier Daily News etc.<br />Primary Sources: Original writings created at the time when the event occurred. <br />Secondary Sources: Sources that evaluate, summarize, analyze written by experts from that field after the event has occurred. <br />Source:<br />
  5. 5. Magazines vs. Scholarly Journals<br />Magazines<br />Audience: Large group of people<br />Brief, non-technical language<br />Author is journalist or freelance writer<br />Look: Graphics, images, advertising<br />No references<br />Examples: Cosmopolitan, Newsweek, Sports Illustrated etc. <br />Scholarly Journals<br />Audience: Experts in the field, students<br />Lengthy, technical language<br />Author are experts in the field & credentials are always listed<br />Peer-reviewed<br />Look: Graphs, charts, statistical data, plain cover<br />References at the end<br />Examples: Child Development, Social Science Quarterly, Journal of Applied Psychology etc. <br />
  6. 6. Background Research<br />Background research is needed to understand your topic and narrow it down. <br />Research Source: Encyclopedias like World Book Encyclopedia (in the library) and eBooks like Encyclopedia Britannica and Gale Virtual Reference Library for reference books online. <br />Go to Research Paper Topics on library homepage for topic selection<br />Go to The Research Paper: Ten Steps to Researching it Right for additional help.<br />Check out Library Catalog for books on topics for research papers.<br />Is the information relevant?<br />Identify search terms<br />Is the information from a legitimate source?<br />
  7. 7. Additional Help<br />For more on primary & secondary sources:<br /><br />Spotting Bias in news:<br />Tania Shabelnik Libguide:<br />
  8. 8. Narrow Your Topic<br />Who?<br />What?<br />Which?<br />When?<br />Where?<br />Why? <br />Source: OSU Tutorial from<br />
  9. 9. Example <br />Topic : Cheating<br />Who? : Age; Race; Gender<br />What? : Types: Infidelity; students: Sports, plagiarism; government<br />Which? : Is justified? Or worse? Or Traumatizing?<br />When? : Time period: Current, historical or period of life? <br />Where? : Place: College, school, home, work, in sports<br />Why? : Evaluate: Causes & Reasons and Results & Outcomes.<br />
  10. 10. Research Question<br />Mix and Match two elements together and form a research question and form a topic of your choice.<br />Read the requirements of the assignment: How many pages? How many sources are required? What kind of sources are required?<br />What are the search terms and related terms that you would use? For example: Cheating: Dishonesty, fraud, deception, infidelity, lying, embezzle etc. <br />
  11. 11. Two Search Tools to Find Good Sources<br />PROQUEST <br />RESEARCH LIBRARY<br />(Journal Articles)<br />LIBRARY CATALOG<br />(Books)<br />
  12. 12. Start Research from the library homepage<br />FIND BOOKS<br />FIND JOURNAL, MAGAZINE, AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES<br />FIND CONTROVERSIAL <br />TOPICS<br />
  13. 13. Library Catalog<br />
  14. 14. Checklist for Evaluating Websites<br /> Author: Credentials & professional affiliations, contact address, about link<br />Check the URL (Uniform Resource Locator or website address) because it may be the name & type of organization sponsoring the webpage. E.g. .edu, .com, .gov, .net etc. <br />Reason for webpage: Its purpose<br />Determine the origin of the document<br />Timeframe: Current or past view. What time period does your topic require? <br />Objectivity : Point of View or Bias<br /> Bibliography: Citations and references to other sources<br /> Coverage: Relevance to the assignment. Is the source too narrow? Too broad? Can you understand it? <br /> Format, Organization, Appearance: Is it Easy to read? <br />Source:<br />Source:<br />
  15. 15. Where to Search?<br />For Books: Library Catalog<br />For Scholarly Articles: Databases: Proquest, Gale Reference Library.<br /> Off Campus Users: Access Rio<br />For Controversial Topics: Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context, Issues and Controversies<br />Check out Controversial Topics Books Link on the library homepage<br />For Current Issues: CQ Researcher, Proquest, Gale Opposing Viewpoints, Issues and Controversies<br />For Biographies: Gale Biography in Context<br />For Historical Books : Google Books at<br />For Historical Newspapers: Google News Archives Search at<br />For Statistics data & charts: Social Science Database<br />For Population Stats: US Census Bureau database<br />Legitimate sources: Google Books, Google Scholar<br />For Periodical Holdings List: Access from our library homepage. Direct url at (Check out the listings by subject in the end). <br />
  16. 16. Acknowledgements<br />Thank you Stephanie Wells (Librarian) for sharing some of her slides.<br />