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2015-10-20 Gilles Betis Smart City Live Stockholm


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From Smart Cities to Smart Citizens. The Mobility Case.

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2015-10-20 Gilles Betis Smart City Live Stockholm

  1. 1. t From Smart Ci+es to Smart ci+zens The mobility case Gilles Be+s – 20-21 October 2015, Courtyard by MarrioA, Stockholm, Sweden
  2. 2. t Short Personal Presentation IEEE Smart Cities Initiative Chair - Urban Life & Mobility Action Line Leader - @GillesBetis Mobility & Smart City Solution Leader -
  3. 3. t From transport to mobility Limitations, Pains to Kill You’re not stuck in a traffic jam You are the traffic jam
  4. 4. t Geographical & Spatial Limitations There are limits to the construction of new infrastructures Density trade-offs between efficiency, investment and operation costs, quality of life, etc Land use policy as a major issue
  5. 5. t Financial Limitations Financing transport infrastructures is more and more difficult for cities, regions or countries Public transports have a very low operational costs recovery rate Car ownership is more expensive as people usually think
  6. 6. t Planning & Scheduling Transport Investment Structuring transport infrastructures are projects that need a lot of time to be realized Investments are complex A careful systemic approach is needed to validate return on investment
  7. 7. t Environment, Pollution and CO2 In Europe pollution causes 3 millions days illness + 350 000 premature deaths 40 years to compensate CO2 emission of the Grand Paris project (155km tunnels-68 stations), provided that car traffic really decreases
  8. 8. t Safety More than 1.2 million people die in road traffic crashes every year and 50 million are injured or disabled, costing 4% of GNPs Sharing public space, taking care of the most vulnerable users
  9. 9. t Behaviour Car imaginary remain highly stereotyped, even if new urban generation is changing New infrastructures without regulation does not provide a long term solution Commuting time is surprisingly constant Behavioural transition as a chicken-and-egg problem
  10. 10. t From transport to mobility Mobility and Smart Cities Happy mobile citizens Paving the way for innovation
  11. 11. t +75% Cities will grow from 3.6 Billion to 6.3 Billion by 2050 10% of the people live in cities >10 M people 50% + of urbanization involves cities < 500K people Doubling the number of people in cities with so many specificities is more than just an adjustment Wikicommons - Alicia Nijdam - Flickr: Rocinha Favela
  12. 12. t Greenfield Brownfield Techno-cities, new cities… or slums Hundreds or thousands years legacy as a major resource
  13. 13. t Centralized Participative Developing a full synergy between top-down, bottom-up and transversal dimensions ! Collaborative
  14. 14. t Technologic Societal Political Technologic Societal Politic Renewed democratic life in smart cities
  15. 15. t Value chains in the ecosystem Citizens & Users Urban Services Providers Governance Bodies Economical Actors Internal value exchange Creating Value for Smart Cities Ecosystem External value internalization
  16. 16. t From transport to mobility Innovation Access non-collocated value
  17. 17. t Hybridization A bus that is also a metro, A public transport that brings you at your destination without stopping or transfer, A shared car that pick you up and that drop you as a taxi, Your neighbour who drives you at work, or rents you his own car…
  18. 18. t Alternatives Your home is your office, your office is everywhere and your plane flies over the internet The shop or the museum is in your living room Your goods meet you in your station, or wherever on your way…
  19. 19. t Mobility as a Service Make it simple! Intermodal, public and private transports, adaptable, flexible Plan, guide & bill
  20. 20. t New Mobility Business Models Trusted third parties in peer-to-peer environment : no stock or material assets needed Major transport actors started to diversify, providing new mobility services (SNCF, DB…) Fund raising & concentration in mobility services start-ups, newcomers… Business Models for autonomous cars, versus legal responsibility
  21. 21. t Thank you for your kind attention Meet soon at •  First IEEE International Smart Cities Conference Guadalajara - Mexico October 25th – 28th •  Smart City Expo Barcelona - EIT Digital booth November 17th – 19th •  EIT Digital ULM End Year Event and ID Challenge Final – London City Hall November 23rd Please ask for your personal invitation to this event