Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software                                                                           ...
Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software                                                                           ...
Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software                                                    http://www.foxitsoftwar...
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Brain Waste: Canada's Educated Immigrants and the Struggle for Employment

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Every year, thousands of immigrants enter Canada as Skilled Workers with strong educational credentials and professional experience. However, many of these people find their prospects for employment limited by their status in Canada. Often these people will have no choice but to take lesser-paying jobs for which they are obviously overqualified. This presentation explores the many problems encountered by recently landed migrants, including recognition of foreign credentials, prejudice and flaws in current Canada’s immigration system.

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Brain Waste: Canada's Educated Immigrants and the Struggle for Employment

  1. 1. Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only. Today’s Agenda 1. Background BRAIN WASTE 2. Current Situation Canada’s Educated Immigrants 3. Issues and their Struggles for Employment 4. Why We Should Care 5. Solutions Gilian Ortillan 6. Discussion SOCI 3385 September 24, 2008BACKGROUND BACKGROUNDNumber of Immigrants in Canada Immigrating as a Skilled WorkerName Total Canadian- Foreign- Immigrated Immigrated born born after 1991 (1991-2001) § What are the requirements to apply as a§ What is the current population of Canada?Canada 29,639,030 23,991,905 5,448,480 3,617,800 1,830,680 Skilled Worker? Newfoundland 508,075 499,095 8,030 6,015 2,010 Prince Edward Island 133,385 128,935 4,140 3,350 790 – +1 continuous year of work experience within Nova Scotia 897,570 853,655 41,315 31,030 10,290 New Brunswick 719,715 695,560 22,465 18,065 4,400 the past 10 years.Quebec 7,125,580 6,378,420 706,965 462,060 244,910Ontario 11,285,550 8,164,860 3,030,075 2,007,705 1,022,370 – Work experience inManitoba 1,103,700 965,520 133,655 101,310 32,345 1. Managerial occupations (Skill Type 0)Saskatchewan 963,150 912,220 47,825 36,460 11,365Alberta 2,941,150 2,485,540 438,335 308,415 129,920 2. Professional occupations (Skill Level A)British Columbia 3,868,875 2,821,865 1,009,815 639,200 370,615 3. Technical occupations/skilled trades (Skill Level B)Yukon Territory 28,520 25,440 3,025 2,245 780Northwest Territories 37,100 34,600 2,380 1,610 770Nunavut 26,665 26,200 445 335 105BACKGROUND CURRENT SITUATIONImmigrating as a Skilled Worker How Educated Immigrants Stack Up – Eligibility is also determined by Canada’s Of all immigrants that arrived in 2002-2007 Points System. § 55% have bachelors degrees, compared to Quality Points 22% of all Canadian-born people Bachelor’s Degree or Masters/Ph D. 22 - 25 Work Experience: 2 - 4 years 17-21 § Half of these educated immigrants work in Age: 21-49 10 Max. jobs requiring only a high school education Language Skills: First Language; Second Language 16 – 24 § 1 in 5 immigrants who arrived between 1992 Job Offer 10 and 2000 were chronic low-income earners. 1 Suitability 10 Total (You need at least 67 to apply.) 100 1 Leatherdale, Linda. “What A Waste,” Calgary Sun. 2007. http://www.calgarysun.com/cgi-bin/publish.cgi?p=172853&x=articles&s=lifestyle. Retrieved 15 Sept. 2008. 1
  2. 2. Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only. CURRENT SITUATION CURRENT SITUATION How Educated Immigrants Stack Up Case Studies A 2007 comparison of unemployment rates of § Li Shan Wu, a mechanical engineer degree-holding immigrants and Canadian immigrated from China in 1995. born citizens revealed that Unable to find work, she took a job § Immigrants aged 25-34 have a higher rate of in factory, making $9.00 an hour. unemployment § One of Iran’s top surgeons came to § Immigrants who have been in Canada for Canada for a better life. Now he more than 10 years have an almost equal rate drives a taxi and earns $10.00 of unemployment.1 an hour.1 Gilmore, Jason. “The Canadian Immigration Labour Market,” Statistics Canada. 2007. http://www.statcan.ca/bsolc/english/bsolc?catno=71-606-X2008004. Retrieved 15 Sept. 2008. ISSUES ISSUES 1. Prejudice Against Immigrants Let’s examine three issues that are affecting a § Employers prefer native English speakers. skilled immigrant’s ability to work in Canada: § People believe that migrants are taking up 1. Prejudice against immigrants jobs and resources. 2. Canada’s Point System for skilled workers – Many studies have shown that job availability has little to do with population. 3. Misrepresentation of job opportunities ISSUES ISSUES 2. Canada’s Points System for Skilled Workers 3. Misrepresentation of Job Opportunities Quality Points The Point System’s overall criteria *You must have at least a Bachelor’s Degree: Bachelor’s Degree or Masters/Ph D. 22 - 25 § Misleads potential immigrants about the job Work Experience: 2 - 4 years 17-21 market Age: 21-49 10 Max. § Overgeneralizes what it means to be a good Language Skills: First Language; Second Language 16 – 24 worker in Canada. Job Offer 10 Suitability 10 Total (You need at least 67 to apply.) 100 2
  3. 3. Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.WHY WE SHOULD CARE SOLUTIONS§ Unemployment is correlated to 1. Promote multicultural awareness and educate – Poor health à Poor scholastic achievement people and erase the stereotypes of§ Government revenue is spent on employment immigrants. and community health programs for 2. Refining Canadas point system to be immigrants. directed to specific jobs.§ Skilled workers who do not fit Canada’s skilled worker profiles are clogging the refugee system.DISCUSSION1. Do you think that all foreign credentials should be recognized as equivalent to Canadian credentials?2. What kind of policies could be implemented to remedy the situation? 3

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