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Android NDK Intro

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A quick introduction to the Android NDK and the improved NDK support in Android Studio 2.2

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Android NDK Intro

  1. 1. Android NDK Intro Tokyo Android Meetup 21st July 2016
  2. 2. About The Presenter Giles Payne Android Developer - TenTen Corp Developing for Android since Cupcake BA Honours Mathematics and Computation, Oxford University Country of Origin: Scotland
  3. 3. What is the Android NDK? A set of tools for building/debugging C/C++ code to run on Android Invoked from Java via JNI(Java Native Interface) Available for download at https://developer.android.com/ndk/index.html
  4. 4. Android NDK - Why? Performance Order of magnitude speedup for performance critical code Code reuse Existing code C/C++ base can be ported to Android without total rewrite in Java Large amount of libraries written in C/C++ can be reused (boost/cocos2d-x/OpenCV) Cross platform development iOS and other mobile OSs all support C/C++
  5. 5. NDK How To Declare method as native with no body public native void myNativeMethod(); Use javah to generate native stub javah -o "MyClass.h" -classpath "/home/giles/myjavalibs" com.example.MyClass Add implementation to stub and build C/C++ lib extern "C" void Java_com_example_MyClass_myNativeMethod(JNIEnv* env, jobject this) { /* do stuff */ }
  6. 6. What if I need to call back out to Java? jclass myjclass = (*env)->GetObjectClass(env, myjobj); jmethodID myMethodId = (*env)->GetMethodID(env, myjclass, "myMethod", "()Ljava/lang/String;"); jstring jstrResult = (jstring)(*env)->CallObjectMethod(env, myjobj, myMethodId); Reference: http://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/technotes/guides/jni/spec/functions.html
  7. 7. Android NDK Gotchas Managing your own reference counting Check you have correct calls to NewStringUTF/ReleaseStringUTFChars Create/delete global references using NewGlobalRef/DeleteGlobalRef Library state on second run Native libraries will not be unloaded after the calling Java activity exits! Libraries need to be completely reinitialized when calling activity restarts. Hint: extern int __bss_start; extern int _end; void reStart() { void* bssBackup = native_backup_bss(); /* back-up somethings that need to be remembered */ memset((void*)__bss_start, 0 , _end-__bss_start); /* clear all memory that was initially zeroed */
  8. 8. Android NDK with autotools Inspect verbose output to get the correct compiler linker flags. Might look something like: ./configure --with-gcc=$ANDROID_NDK/toolchains/$ANDROID_NDK_TOOLCHAIN/bin/arm-linux-androideabi-gcc --with- ld=$ANDROID_NDK/toolchains/$ANDROID_NDK_TOOLCHAIN/bin/arm-linux-androideabi-ld --build=i386-unknown-linux -- host=arm-unknown-linux CFLAGS="-w -I$ANDROID_NDK/platforms/android-18/arch-arm/usr/include -march=armv5te - DANDROID -mtune=xscale -msoft-float -mthumb -Os -fomit-frame-pointer -fno-strict-aliasing -finline-limit=64" LDFLAGS="-- sysroot=$ANDROID_NDK/platforms/android-18/arch-arm -lgcc -no-canonical-prefixes -Wl,-z,noexecstack -lc -lm -llog"
  9. 9. NDK Chip Architecture Support ARM - nearly all smartphones use ARM chips x86 - recently x86 tablets becoming more common MIPs - not widely used
  10. 10. Android NDK Debugging: The Old Way Set up port forwarding for android emulator adb forward tcp:1234 tcp:1234 Run gdbserver on device/emulator gdbserver :1234 ondevicebinary args Run gdb on PC ./arm-linux-androideabi-gdb.exe Select file file onPCbinary Set shared object search path set solib-search-path . Run target remote :1234
  11. 11. Android NDK Debugging: The New Way Demo!

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