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What Is Organic Farming?

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Organic produce is in demand. It used to be that only small natural food markets carried organic foods and produce, however, most major supermarkets sell at least some organic produce nowadays. Learn more about what organic farming is, prohibited substances, and so much more.

Published in: Food

What Is Organic Farming?

  1. 1. . I O ‘ K - “F * FAF2/‘‘. /‘‘l‘l‘‘C3?‘‘ 7 .4 http: //gi| bertosa| a;é1'e§cobc§a. com . I s-».
  2. 2. o a| azarescoboza. com ’ ¢ fl". V V‘ . ‘ $, .~( 4-‘. ‘ ~'. ’
  3. 3. It used to be that only small natural Food markets carried organic Foods and produce
  4. 4. Now, most major supermarkets sell at least some organic produce. Non—organic produce is oFten reFerred to as “conventional” produce.
  5. 5. U. S. organic retail market, and that market grows every year. ‘
  6. 6. There are more than 25,000 Farmers, ranchers and other businesses that use organic certification. 2
  7. 7. The government even has a definition oF “organic”: “Organic Food is produced by Farmers who emphasize the use oF renewable resources and the conservation oF soil and water to enhance environmental quality For Fut e generations. ”3 C3
  8. 8. This means that organic Farmers and processors: a. Preserve natural resources and biodiversity b. Only use approved materials c. Do not use genetically modified ingredients d. Receive annual onsite inspections e. Separate organic Food From non—organi
  9. 9. The “Organic” seal on a packaged Food has difFerent meanings than that used to identify organic produce. The California Certified Organic Farmers group breaks it down thus: A. Packaged or canned items labeled “l00% Orga must have all organic ingredients, grown without any non-organic materials and use only organic processing aids
  10. 10. B. Those labeled “Organic” need to contain at least 95% organic ingredients C. Packaged and canned Foods with a label stating: “Made with Organic lngredients”, have 70% to 94.99% organic ingredients
  11. 11. The United States Government Regulations defines what organic produce is in Title 7: Agriculture, PART 205- NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM o %"
  12. 12. Under §205.105, items sold as “Organic” cannot be produced with, or exposed to during handling: a. Most synthetic substances and ingredients b. Certain prohibited nonsynthetic substances c. Most nonagricultural substances d. Most nonorganic agricultural substances e. Ionizing radiation F. Sewage sludge
  13. 13. The USDA permits a surprisingly extensive number oF synthetic substances in organic Farming.
  14. 14. - Alcohols are permitted For cleaning irrigation equipment or as a disinFectant. - Soap based herbicides are allowed For certain applications, as well as soap—based insecticides. - Chlorine is allowed, in terms oF how much is Found in normal chlorinated drinking water. - Mulches, including newspaper (containing no glass and plastic (other than PVC) are approved For use in organic growing.
  15. 15. The list oF approved synthetics is quite long, actually. 5
  16. 16. What about prohibited substances? The list under §205.602, Nonsynthetic substances prohibited For use in organic crop production, is Fairly short: A. Ash From manure burning B. Arsenic C. Calcium chloride D. Lead salts E. Potassium chloride (except under specific conditions) F. Sodium Fluoaluminate G. Sodium nitrate, unless used For 20% or less oFcrop’s nitrogen needs H. Strychnine l. Tobacco dust (nicotine sulFate)
  17. 17. As a rule, all the prohibited substances sound pretty nasty. Considerjust two oF those items: A. Strychnine is a potent and nasty poison B. Lead, iFingested, may lead to neurological problems, gastrointestinal issues, anemia, and kidney disease.6
  18. 18. To produce and sell organic produce, Farmers must be certified organic. The USDA sets Forth Five steps For becoming a certified organic grower. STEP ONE: DEVELOP AN ORGANIC PLAN A. Describe how the operation will comply with organic regulations B. lnclude all parts oF the Farming process, including tilling, harvesting, and transport
  19. 19. C. SpeciFy what substances will be used in growing and handling the produce D. Describe the recordkeeping system For the operation E. Detail the proposed barrier systems to separate organic areas From non—organic areas
  20. 20. STEP TWO: IMPLEMENT THE PLAN & HAVE THE PLAN REVIEWED BYACERTIFYING AGENT STEP THREE: HAVE AN INSPECTION OF THE OPERATION STEP FOUR: HAVE THE INSPECTION REVIEWED BY THE CERTIFYING AGENT STEP FIVE: GAIN APPROVAL FROM THE CERTIFYING AGENT
  21. 21. Non-domestic produce grown and handled in accordance with the USDA requirements can be sold as organic items in the U. S.
  22. 22. Non-domestic produce grown and handled in accordance with the USDA requirements can be sold as organic items in the U. S. «<. V / ‘ ‘T’ W‘ 7‘ . ‘.4.L’ (1 ‘ ; J A. ~ 4 _ , v . . X-A ~v ~ ' - ‘~ . s. . ‘ qt ‘- . _‘ . ~‘ 5 .4 . . M i 4 a _ I ’ ‘. ‘. , “~' '/ ‘m . i‘ ii I’ F ”‘. . ". i‘ 3-”? T‘«”. --' ‘ . .~. (,9 x. . i ‘. »’ "‘lv 4 (“'_ ‘r _g 1))‘ , .> / .» . ' -. . ’ . J _ ‘ _ _. ) K 5 1-: V ‘R ‘qr ‘. ,‘? ‘w. ,__ . r I . ' ». . 4 (3 gr‘ '. ' . I :4. ‘ — J. R» ; . V K. » 4- -‘ . a.4 ' . , v ~. 4. ; « -. .‘ ' . --, .~. >». : . g ‘ ‘. __ V Y‘ I 4 . ”"V““§‘. ‘ _. ‘ ' ‘ " ,4 ‘T l ‘~ ’~ " LT’! --‘ . ‘ ' ' ', » ‘. '-*3: , .‘ ‘- '- . _ : g’ vx — ‘ - . ~- . : 9 V ~ . . , . . ". I . ‘ ' $ ‘ T” . e— __ ’‘' T T‘ r. ~.<**§ "": 'FV: 1 " I
  23. 23. Traditional and conventional Farming both have benefits. Conventional Farming uses chemicals such as pesticides & herbicides, but those substances increase crop yields. L4 ' . V L http: //gilbertosalazarescoboza. eo_m &, I
  24. 24. Organic growers eschew Genetically Modified Organisms, but some argue GMO’s are the only way to save some plants From extinction.
  25. 25. Many organic Fruits and vegetable cost a lot more than conventionally grown items.
  26. 26. ls Organic Produce Worth the Premium Price? Q, /.ff‘@ 0/
  27. 27. Some experts state that it only makes sense that items with Fewer harmFul substances would be better For our bodies. ‘°
  28. 28. However, there is no scientific evidence that eating an organic diet is better For you. YET. “
  29. 29. Due to heavy pesticide use on these items, some produce should be purchased in organic Form whenever possible” : A. APPLES B. STRAWBERRIES C. POTATOES D. CELERY
  30. 30. Some produce is generally fine to buy in conventional Form‘3 , such as: A. AVOCADO B. MANGO C. WATERMELON D. KIWI E. PINEAPPLE
  31. 31. ConFused about which way to go, organic or conventional? Perhaps consider the middle oF the road. / A-* __. ~ ’ 1:: L’ D 7* ' / ,3,“ V / is L ‘L F . ‘ htt p: / I gilbertosalazarescoboza. com
  32. 32. According to Monsanto, a producer oF seeds, agricultural chemicals, and the like, . ..a lot of“organic” food is grown using conventional farming techniques. And a lot of“conventional” crops benefit from agronomic practices developed by organic farmers. When you dig down, the reality is more compli- cated—and more promising—than you might expect. ”
  33. 33. One example oF this is Integrated Pest Management (IPM), (IPM), an eFFIcient and eFFective pest control system that is also environmentally sensitive, relies upon a combination oF up-to-date data on the liFe cycles oF pests and how they interact with our environment and economical use oF available pest control approaches. The aim is creating the least hazardous conditions For people, and the environment.
  34. 34. Choosing between organic and conventional produce is a personal decision. People should be most concerned about consuming the recommended amount oF Fruits and vegetables each day.
  35. 35. According to the Harvard University School oF Public Health, adults should eat about 2 cups oF Fruit per day and 2.5 cups oF vegetables per day. On average, Americans consume only 1.1 servings oF Fruit each day and 1.6 servings oF vegetables. ”
  36. 36. Organic growing practices very likely benefit the environment, and may be better For the people consuming the produce, but first, people need to start consuming more produce.
  37. 37. For more healthy thoughts, visit my website: hVttg: //gill)ertosalazarescoboza. com/ or Follow me on social media: Fe§~“‘®8+infi

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