• Where is the bank?
Can you tell me where the bank is?
• Why did she buy that book?
Do you know why she bought that book?
• Is she a good teacher?
Do you think (that) she is a good teacher?
I’d rather (would rather) study English than
(study) French. If the verb is the same, it
usually is not repeated after than.
Would rather expresses PREFERENCE. The
base form of the verb follows both would
rather and than.
I’d rather not tell you my age.
The party was okay, but I would rather have
gone to the theater last night.
As for – used to refer to something or
My mother has never liked the farm. As for
my father, he would still be living there.
The ECCE exam is given in May. As for the
ECPE, you can take it in November in Brazil.
Besides = in addition to (used to add) and
used as a preposition (followed by an object,
not a clause).
Besides Cléa, Cláudia will also be an
examiner for the ECCE this year.
AFFORD (CAN AFFORD) – to have enough
money to buy or pay for something.1) I can’t
afford to buy a new car.
2) Do you think we can afford a computer
Hope (to do something) :1) I hope to see
you all doing the exam next week.
2) + clause : I hope (that) you feel better
REMEMBER SOME COMMON PHRASES:
“ Is Mary coming next week?” “I hope
“Do you think it’s going to rain?” “ I hope
“Are they sending us the email soon?” “I
“Have they finished their reports yet?” “ I
don’t think so.
1) If you study hard, you pass this exam.
(Zero Conditional – Do X and Y happens as
a natural consequence).
2) If you study hard, you will pass this
exam. (Talking about a very likely situation
in the future. If you do X, Y will (certainly
happen). It’s a real situation
3) If you studied hard, you would pass this
exam. (Unreal situation in the present. If
you studied = You don’t studyand so it’s
very unlikely that you pass this exam.
If you had studied hard, you would have
passed this exam.
(Unreal about the past. If you had studied =
You didn’t study and consequently you didn’t
pass the exam. It’s impossible to change this
situation as the exam is over.