Successfully reported this slideshow.
<ul><li>Università degli Studi di Pavia A.A. 2007- 2008     Corso di laurea specialistica in: Editoria e Comunicazione Mul...
My Work in 4 Steps <ul><li>1. Chronicle of Tortora case: from arrest to absolution </li></ul><ul><li>(the sensational misc...
1. Chronicle of Tortora case  (Main events) <ul><li>17th June 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>Arrest of Enzo To...
1. Chronicle of Tortora case  (Main events) <ul><li>14th August 1983  ->  Transfer from Regina Coeli to  Bergamo jail </li...
1. Chronicle of Tortora case  (Main events) <ul><li>19th June 1984  ->  Election in Pr lists with 451.000 votes </li></ul>...
1. Chronicle of Tortora case  (Main events) <ul><li>4th February 1985  ->  Beginning of maxi-trial to Nco </li></ul><ul><l...
1. Chronicle of Tortora case  (Main events) <ul><li>23rd September 1985  ->  Announce to quit soon from the European Parli...
2. Relevant deontological duties <ul><li>Truth  Independence  Respect for person </li></ul><ul><li>↓   </li></ul><ul><li>A...
2. Relevant deontological duties <ul><li>Respect for person  ->  </li></ul><ul><li>↓  </li></ul><ul><li>Tutelage of one’s ...
2. Relevant deontological duties <ul><li>Journalists’ duties paper (1993) </li></ul><ul><li>“ the journalist must not buil...
3. Analysis of media attitude <ul><li>Journalists who held Tortora to be guilty </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>Quot...
3. Analysis of media attitude <ul><li>Journalists who held Tortora to be guilty </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>Quot...
3. Analysis of media attitude <ul><li>Journalists who held Tortora not to be guilty </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>...
3. Analysis of media attitude <ul><li>The “Corriere della Sera” – Period of analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Arrest  ->  17th Ju...
Analysis of “Corriere” attitude <ul><li>Arrest  ->  17th June 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Picture </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul...
Analysis of “Corriere” attitude <ul><li>Arrest  ->  17th June 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Quotation: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I know...
Analysis of “Corriere” attitude <ul><li>Candidacy  ->  6th May   1984 </li></ul><ul><li>Quotation: </li></ul><ul><li>Half ...
Analysis of “Corriere” attitude B. Tucci, Tortora condannato non finirà in carcere,  “Corriere della Sera”, 18/9/1985,  p....
Analysis of “Corriere” attitude V. Feltri, Dall’Ora: “E’assurdo condannare senza prove”. Della Valle: “Per il diritto è st...
Analysis of “Corriere” attitude A. Madeo, Quel modesto, timido, odiato Diego Marmo,  “Corriere della Sera”, 19th September...
Analysis of “Corriere” attitude G. Pisapia, Ma quanti continueranno a dubitare?,  “Corriere della Sera”, 16th September 19...
Analysis of “Corriere” attitude M. Breda, Il PG Olivares: “Ha vinto la camorra”,  “Corriere della Sera”, 17th September 19...
Analysis of “Corriere” attitude ->  Accusing and defensive articles   -> Pie chart 23 27 Defensive articles Accusing artic...
Analysis of “Corriere” attitude Features of accusing articles -> Features of defensive articles -> 9 Dignity damaged 8 Pre...
Analysis of “Corriere” attitude 2 7 Second degree sentence 7 7 First degree sentence 4 2 Candidacy 14 7 Arrest N° of accus...
“ Corriere” attitude : conclusions <ul><li>“ Corriere della Sera” found Tortora guilty </li></ul><ul><li>Small gap  ->  It...
4. Interview with Vittorio Pezzuto <ul><li>Journalists misbehaviour about Tortora case </li></ul><ul><li>Deontology broadl...
4. Interview with Vittorio Pezzuto <ul><li>Journalists misbehaviour about Tortora case </li></ul><ul><li>To show the doubl...
4. Interview with Vittorio Pezzuto <ul><li>Deontology broadly speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics as individual responsibili...
Thank you for your attention
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Presentazione Tesi Laurea Magistrale

1,450 views

Published on

Tesi di laurea magistrale in Scienze della Comunicazione.
Titolo - Media e presunzione di non colpevolezza: il caso Tortora

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Presentazione Tesi Laurea Magistrale

  1. 1. <ul><li>Università degli Studi di Pavia A.A. 2007- 2008     Corso di laurea specialistica in: Editoria e Comunicazione Multimediale </li></ul><ul><li>MEDIA E PRESUNZIONE DI </li></ul><ul><li>NON COLPEVOLEZZA: </li></ul><ul><li>IL CASO TORTORA </li></ul><ul><li>di: Luigi Lipardi     Relatore: Prof. Giampaolo Azzoni </li></ul><ul><li>Correlatore: Dott. Stefano Colloca </li></ul>
  2. 2. My Work in 4 Steps <ul><li>1. Chronicle of Tortora case: from arrest to absolution </li></ul><ul><li>(the sensational miscarriage of justice) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Relevant deontological duties for judicial news </li></ul><ul><li>3. Analysis of media attitude: research on press in general </li></ul><ul><li>and the “Corriere della Sera” case </li></ul><ul><li>4. Interview with Vittorio Pezzuto, the only biographer of </li></ul><ul><li>Enzo Tortora </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Chronicle of Tortora case (Main events) <ul><li>17th June 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>Arrest of Enzo Tortora </li></ul><ul><li>23rd June 1983 -> </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>Suspension from Odg </li></ul>Tortora’s first questioning da www.tortora.tv
  4. 4. 1. Chronicle of Tortora case (Main events) <ul><li>14th August 1983 -> Transfer from Regina Coeli to Bergamo jail </li></ul><ul><li>29th September 1983 -> Tortora’s second questioning </li></ul><ul><li>17th January 1984 -> Authorization to house arrest </li></ul><ul><li>9th March 1984 -> Tortora’s third questioning </li></ul><ul><li>6th May 1984 -> Candidacy for European elections </li></ul>da www.tortora.tv
  5. 5. 1. Chronicle of Tortora case (Main events) <ul><li>19th June 1984 -> Election in Pr lists with 451.000 votes </li></ul><ul><li>17th July 1984 -> Indictment for Enzo Tortora </li></ul><ul><li>20th July 1984 -> Release due to the election </li></ul><ul><li>15th November 1984 -> Head to head: Tortora vs. Negri </li></ul>da www.tortora.tv
  6. 6. 1. Chronicle of Tortora case (Main events) <ul><li>4th February 1985 -> Beginning of maxi-trial to Nco </li></ul><ul><li>4th March 1985 -> First hearing for Tortora in Poggioreale </li></ul><ul><li>26th April 1985 -> Public prosecutor: “Your client was elected by the Camorra votes” </li></ul><ul><li>17th September 1985 -> Conviction of Enzo Tortora </li></ul>da www.tortora.tv
  7. 7. 1. Chronicle of Tortora case (Main events) <ul><li>23rd September 1985 -> Announce to quit soon from the European Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>10th December 1985 -> Resignation -> Giving parliamentary privilege up </li></ul><ul><li>29th December 1985 -> Comeback under house arrest </li></ul><ul><li>14th January 1986 -> Opinions of sentence -> Tortora as “cynical death merchant” </li></ul><ul><li>20th May 1986 -> Beginning of the second degree trial </li></ul><ul><li>15th September 1986 -> Absolution of Enzo Tortora </li></ul>
  8. 8. 2. Relevant deontological duties <ul><li>Truth Independence Respect for person </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>All three not pursued by journalists in the Tortora case </li></ul>
  9. 9. 2. Relevant deontological duties <ul><li>Respect for person -> </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>Tutelage of one’s dignity </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>es: use of handcuffs, photos in jail, </li></ul><ul><li>journalistic fabrications, ecc. </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>Journalists’ duties paper (1993) </li></ul><ul><li>Code of conduct concerning treatment of personal data practicing journalistic activity (1998) </li></ul>Presumption of not guilty ↓ Italian Constitution: art. 27, c. 2
  10. 10. 2. Relevant deontological duties <ul><li>Journalists’ duties paper (1993) </li></ul><ul><li>“ the journalist must not build the news as to present guilty people who has not been judged as such in a trial” </li></ul><ul><li>Code of conduct concerning treatment of personal data practicing journalistic activity (1998) -> art. 8, c. 2 </li></ul><ul><li>“ the journalist must not film and reproduce images or photos of people under detention without person concerned consent” </li></ul>
  11. 11. 3. Analysis of media attitude <ul><li>Journalists who held Tortora to be guilty </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>Quotations : </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ingenuous or guilty? Pitch dark. It is making way a new distrust: but who </li></ul><ul><li>does this television bring us home?” </li></ul><ul><li>Giorgio Torelli, “Il Giornale”, 26th June 1983, p. 5 </li></ul><ul><li>“ I think there are elements to find him guilty. I have ever liked neither him, </li></ul><ul><li>nor his Portobello. Success achieved this way is to be paid” </li></ul><ul><li>Camilla Cederna, “La Domenica del Corriere”, 2nd July 1983, p. 8 </li></ul><ul><li>“ The anchorman is shouting, his eyes are cleverly glistening” </li></ul><ul><li>Luisa Forti, “Il Secolo XIX”, 5th March 1985, p. 1 </li></ul>
  12. 12. 3. Analysis of media attitude <ul><li>Journalists who held Tortora to be guilty </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>Quotations : </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tortora just admits: “I saw Turatello”” </li></ul><ul><li>Paolo Gambescia,“Il Messaggero”, 22nd June 1983, p.1 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tortora? He is almost crazy, word of his lawyers” </li></ul><ul><li>Paola Boccardo, &quot;L'Unità&quot;, 7th December 1983, p. 7 </li></ul>
  13. 13. 3. Analysis of media attitude <ul><li>Journalists who held Tortora not to be guilty </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>Quotation : </li></ul><ul><li>“ I saw journalists that were teared each other to shreds and I was in the arena”. </li></ul><ul><li>The great majority of corporation had demanded the conviction for Tortora. </li></ul><ul><li>But why so much rage? His popularity weighed upon him: too much to be </li></ul><ul><li>forgiven by who had not have popularity. During the verdict reading I saw </li></ul><ul><li>shameful things. Someone was clenching his fist for happiness, others </li></ul><ul><li>moderately smiling. And after I knew, they had toasted. To his face”. </li></ul><ul><li>Vittorio Feltri, “La Domenica del Corriere”, 5th October 1985, p. 8 </li></ul>
  14. 14. 3. Analysis of media attitude <ul><li>The “Corriere della Sera” – Period of analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Arrest -> 17th June 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Candidacy for european elections -> 6th May 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>First degree sentence -> 17th September 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>Second degree sentence -> 15th September 1986 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Analysis of “Corriere” attitude <ul><li>Arrest -> 17th June 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Picture </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>Dignity damaged </li></ul><ul><li>Presumption of guilty </li></ul>A. Purgatori, Enzo Tortora ammanettato: “E’ tutta una macchinazione” “ Corriere della Sera”, 18th June 1983, p. 1.
  16. 16. Analysis of “Corriere” attitude <ul><li>Arrest -> 17th June 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Quotation: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I know all the critics aimed to </li></ul><ul><li>Portobello and his creator. I add that </li></ul><ul><li>I share them. The ostentation of </li></ul><ul><li>prissiness always runs on </li></ul><ul><li>the steel of hypocrisy” </li></ul>G. Nascimbeni, La gente orfana di “Portobello”, “Corriere della Sera”, 19th June 1983, p. 2.
  17. 17. Analysis of “Corriere” attitude <ul><li>Candidacy -> 6th May 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>Quotation: </li></ul><ul><li>Half title </li></ul><ul><li>“ The shadow of a second Negri case </li></ul><ul><li>about italian politics” </li></ul>M. Nese, Tortora alle europee nella lista radicale, “Corriere della Sera”, 7th May 1984, p. 1.
  18. 18. Analysis of “Corriere” attitude B. Tucci, Tortora condannato non finirà in carcere, “Corriere della Sera”, 18/9/1985, p.4. First degree sentence -> 17th September 1985 Quotation: “ Guilty. Enzo Tortora is a member of the Camorra, he is a pusher. The myth of the Portobello anchorman precipitates. Tortora is responsible for the crimes which he was indicted for. The Euro-MP is not going to jail beacuse he can take advantage of parliamentary privilege”.
  19. 19. Analysis of “Corriere” attitude V. Feltri, Dall’Ora: “E’assurdo condannare senza prove”. Della Valle: “Per il diritto è stato un tonfo”, “ Corriere della Sera”, 18th September 1985, p.4. First degree sentence -> 17th September 1985 Quotation: “ You can hear comments everywhere and of any sort. And there are those cynicals and cruels with a smirk that makes you horrify: “It serves him right”. Who is this for? Tortora”
  20. 20. Analysis of “Corriere” attitude A. Madeo, Quel modesto, timido, odiato Diego Marmo, “Corriere della Sera”, 19th September 1985, p.4. First degree sentence -> 17th September 1985 Quotation: “ They said he was a cannibal, an obscurantist, an incompetent, a piranha, an idiot and even a police commissioner. They walked all over him. And yet he finally won the cause”
  21. 21. Analysis of “Corriere” attitude G. Pisapia, Ma quanti continueranno a dubitare?, “Corriere della Sera”, 16th September 1986, p.1. Second degree sentence -> 15th September 1986 Quotation: “ Justice is done. Who is going to pay him and his family back for the suffered pain, moral disrepute and material damages?”
  22. 22. Analysis of “Corriere” attitude M. Breda, Il PG Olivares: “Ha vinto la camorra”, “Corriere della Sera”, 17th September 1986, p.5. Second degree sentence -> 15th September 1986 Quotation: “ Someone is answering with silence, maybe skipping over the office. Others, furious, are sniping at everybody. As PG Olivares: “Politician statements supporting for Tortora weighed on the magistrature, so, finally, the Camorra won””
  23. 23. Analysis of “Corriere” attitude -> Accusing and defensive articles -> Pie chart 23 27 Defensive articles Accusing articles
  24. 24. Analysis of “Corriere” attitude Features of accusing articles -> Features of defensive articles -> 9 Dignity damaged 8 Presumption of guilty 17 Celebration of charge N°of articles Accusing features 4 Mistakes of charge 8 Tortora’s lawyers 16 Tortora’s replies N°of articles Defensive features
  25. 25. Analysis of “Corriere” attitude 2 7 Second degree sentence 7 7 First degree sentence 4 2 Candidacy 14 7 Arrest N° of accusing articles N° of defensive articles Phases
  26. 26. “ Corriere” attitude : conclusions <ul><li>“ Corriere della Sera” found Tortora guilty </li></ul><ul><li>Small gap -> It depends on the journalist who wrote </li></ul><ul><li>and on the trial flow </li></ul><ul><li>Violations of professional ethics -> mainly in the first three phases </li></ul><ul><li>↓ </li></ul><ul><li>Direct relationship between </li></ul><ul><li>magistrates and journalists </li></ul>Charge makes more headlines
  27. 27. 4. Interview with Vittorio Pezzuto <ul><li>Journalists misbehaviour about Tortora case </li></ul><ul><li>Deontology broadly speaking </li></ul>
  28. 28. 4. Interview with Vittorio Pezzuto <ul><li>Journalists misbehaviour about Tortora case </li></ul><ul><li>To show the double life of Enzo Tortora </li></ul><ul><li>Subjection towards magistrature </li></ul><ul><li>Reader’s consciousness invaded by who found Tortora guilty </li></ul>
  29. 29. 4. Interview with Vittorio Pezzuto <ul><li>Deontology broadly speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics as individual responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Journalism: reading, writing and intellectual honesty </li></ul><ul><li>The respect of law about reserved judicial news </li></ul><ul><li>Authority of the news editor </li></ul><ul><li>Possibility of a new Tortora case </li></ul>
  30. 30. Thank you for your attention

×