Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
DYSLEXIA
A PRESENTATION TO THE INDIANA BOARD OF EDUCATION
WHAT IS DYSLEXIA?
A COGNITIVE DISORDER WHICH CAUSES DIFFICULTY WITH:
• DECIPHERING TEXT
• READING TEXT
• COMPREHENDING TEX...
WHAT IS DYSLEXIA?
2 MAIN TYPES:
• DEVELOPMENTAL-EVIRONMENTAL AND BIOLOGICAL CAUSES
• ACQUIRED-RESULTING FROM TRAUMATIC BRA...
IMAGE OF BRAIN ACTIVATION IN SOMEONE WITH
DYSLEXIA VERSUS A NORMAL READER
(IMAGE RETRIEVED FROM: https://courses.csail.mit...
PHONOLOGICAL DEFICIT THEORY
PHONOLOGICAL DEFICITS IN DYSLEXIA
• PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS-SOUND STRUCTURE OF SPOKEN
LANGUAGE
...
NAMING-SPEED DEFICIT
• CHILDREN WITH DYSLEXIA HAVE UNEXPECTED AND SEVER PROBLEMS
WITH NAMING STIMULI (FAWCETT & NICOLSON, ...
DOUBLE-DEFICIT THEORY
• CO-OCCURRENCE OF PHONOLOGICAL AND NAMING-SPEED DEFICITS
(WOLF & BOWERS, 2000)
• PHONOLOGICAL AND N...
WHAT SOMEONE WITH DYSLEXIA MAY SEE WHEN
TRYING TO READ
(IMAGE RETRIVED FROM: http://www.kars4kids.org/blog/dyslexia-define...
PROPOSAL-EARLY SCREENING FOR
DYSLEXIA
• WE HAVE EXAMINED THREE OF THE THEORIES WHICH ATTEMPT TO
EXPLAIN THE CAUSES OF DYLS...
THE END. (IMAGE RETRIVED FROM: http://dyslexia.yale.edu/Stu_stories.html)
REFERENCES
FAWCETT, A.J. & NICOLSON, R.I. (1994). NAMING SPEED IN CHILDREN
WITH DYSLEXIA. JOURNAL OF LEARNING DISABILITIES...
REFERENCES
STERNBERG, R.J. & STERNBERG, K. (2012). COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY (6TH ED.).
BELMONT, CA: WADSWORTH
WOLF, M., BOWERS...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

DYSLEXIA

200 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

DYSLEXIA

  1. 1. DYSLEXIA A PRESENTATION TO THE INDIANA BOARD OF EDUCATION
  2. 2. WHAT IS DYSLEXIA? A COGNITIVE DISORDER WHICH CAUSES DIFFICULTY WITH: • DECIPHERING TEXT • READING TEXT • COMPREHENDING TEXT (STERNBERG & STERNBERG, 2012)
  3. 3. WHAT IS DYSLEXIA? 2 MAIN TYPES: • DEVELOPMENTAL-EVIRONMENTAL AND BIOLOGICAL CAUSES • ACQUIRED-RESULTING FROM TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY (STERNBERG & STERNBERG, 2012)
  4. 4. IMAGE OF BRAIN ACTIVATION IN SOMEONE WITH DYSLEXIA VERSUS A NORMAL READER (IMAGE RETRIEVED FROM: https://courses.csail.mit.edu/6.803/globe.html)
  5. 5. PHONOLOGICAL DEFICIT THEORY PHONOLOGICAL DEFICITS IN DYSLEXIA • PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS-SOUND STRUCTURE OF SPOKEN LANGUAGE • PHONOLOGICAL READING-UNDERSTANDING WORDS IN ISOLATION OR IN CONTEXT • PHONOLOGICAL CODING-WORKING MEMORY FOR CONFUSING VERSUS NON-CONFUSING PHONEMES • LEXICAL ACCESS-RETRIEVE WORDS FROM LONG TERM MEMORY (STERNBERG & STERNBERG, 2012)
  6. 6. NAMING-SPEED DEFICIT • CHILDREN WITH DYSLEXIA HAVE UNEXPECTED AND SEVER PROBLEMS WITH NAMING STIMULI (FAWCETT & NICOLSON, 1994) • STIMULI NAMING TIMES DIFFERENT FOR CHILDREN WITH DYSLEXIA AND NORMAL READING CHILDREN (WOLF, 1997)
  7. 7. DOUBLE-DEFICIT THEORY • CO-OCCURRENCE OF PHONOLOGICAL AND NAMING-SPEED DEFICITS (WOLF & BOWERS, 2000) • PHONOLOGICAL AND NAMING-SPEED DEFICITS REPRESENT INDEPENDENT SOURCES OF DYSFUNCTION IN DYSLEXIA (VUKOVIC & SIEGEL, 2006)
  8. 8. WHAT SOMEONE WITH DYSLEXIA MAY SEE WHEN TRYING TO READ (IMAGE RETRIVED FROM: http://www.kars4kids.org/blog/dyslexia-defined-an-unexpected-difficulty/)
  9. 9. PROPOSAL-EARLY SCREENING FOR DYSLEXIA • WE HAVE EXAMINED THREE OF THE THEORIES WHICH ATTEMPT TO EXPLAIN THE CAUSES OF DYLSEXIA • DYSLEXIA CAN PRESENT DIFFERENTLY IN DIFFERENT CHILDREN, MAKING IT DIFFICULT TO IDENTIFY WHO SHOULD RECEIVE SUPPORTIVE SERVICES “FOR THE KIDS THAT HAVE DYSLEXIA, IT’S NOT THAT WHAT THEY’RE DOING IN THE SCHOOLS IS BAD, IT’S JUST THAT IT’S CONFUSING TO THEM SOMETIMES, AND IT GOES TOO FAST.” -ROSIE HICKLE, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR DYSLEXIA INSTITUTE OF INDIANA, (QUOTE OBTAINED FROM: HTTP://INDIANAPUBLICMEDIA.ORG/STATEIMPACT/2012/09/27/WHY- PARENTS-OF-STUDENTS-WITH-DYSLEXIA-SAY-INDIANA-SCHOOLS-NEED- TO-RETHINK-READING/)
  10. 10. THE END. (IMAGE RETRIVED FROM: http://dyslexia.yale.edu/Stu_stories.html)
  11. 11. REFERENCES FAWCETT, A.J. & NICOLSON, R.I. (1994). NAMING SPEED IN CHILDREN WITH DYSLEXIA. JOURNAL OF LEARNING DISABILITIES, 27, 641-646. DOI:10.1177/002221949402701004 MOXLEY, E. (PRODUCER). (2012, SEPTEMBER, 22). WHY PARENTS OF STUDENTS WITH DYSLEXIA SAY INDIANA SCHOOLS NEED TO RETHINK READING [AUDIO PODCAST]. RETRIEVED FROM: HTTP://INDIANAPUBLICMEDIA.ORG/STATEIMPACT/2012/09/27/WHY-PARENTS-OF- STUDENTS-WITH-DYSLEXIA-SAY-INDIANA-SCHOOLS- NEED-TO-RETHINK-READING/ VUKOVIC, R.K. & SIEGEL, L.S. (2006). THE DOUBLE DEFICIT HYPOTHESIS A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF THE EVIDENCE. JOURNAL OF LEARNING DISABILITIES, 39(1), 25-47. DOI: 10.1177/00222194060390010401
  12. 12. REFERENCES STERNBERG, R.J. & STERNBERG, K. (2012). COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY (6TH ED.). BELMONT, CA: WADSWORTH WOLF, M., BOWERS, P.G. (2000). NAMING-SPEED PROCESSES AND DEVELOPMENTAL READING DISABILITIES: AN INTRODUCTION TO THE SPECIAL ISSUE ON THE DOUBLE-DEFICIT HYPOTHESIS. JOURNAL OF LEARNING DISABILITIES, 33(4), 322-424. RETRIVED FROM: HTTP://WWW.NCBI.NLM.NIH.GOV/PUBMED/15493094 WOLF, M. (1997). A PROVISIONAL, INTEGRATIVE ACCOUNT OF PHONOLOGICAL AND NAMING-SPEED DEFICITS IN DYSLEXIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR DIAGNOSIS AND INTERVENTION. IN B. BLACHMAN (ED.) FOUNDATIONS OF READING ACQUISITION AND DYSLEXIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR EARLY INTERVENTION. (PP. 67-68). NEW YORK: RUTLEDGE

×