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POVERTY_GROUP-8.pptx

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POVERTY_GROUP-8.pptx

  1. 1. POVERTY
  2. 2. Poverty According to UN, “Fundamentally, poverty is a denial of choices and opportunities, a violation of human dignity. It means lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society. It is also not having enough to feed and clothe a family, not having a school or clinic to go to, not having the land on which to grow one’s food or a job to earn one’s living, not having access to credit. Further, it demonstrates insecurity, powerlessness and exclusion of individuals, households and communities, susceptibility to violence, and it often implies living on marginal or fragile environments, without access to clean water or sanitation.”
  3. 3. Poverty Line The poverty threshold or poverty line is the minimum level of income deemed adequate in a given country. In practice, like the definition of poverty, the official or common understanding of the poverty line is significantly higher in developed countries than in developing countries. Determining the poverty line is usually done by finding the total cost of all the essential resources that an average human adult consumes in one year. The largest of these expenses is typically the rent required to live in an apartment, so historically, economists have paid particular attention to the real estate market and housing prices as a strong poverty line affecter.
  4. 4. Absolute Poverty 2 TYPES OF POVERTY Relative Poverty It refers to the state of severe deprivation of basic human needs. It also refers to the measure of poverty, keeping in view the per capita intake of calories and minimum level of consumption. (per capita income: National income/ Population). The economic conditions of different regions or countries is compared. Also, it is defined contextually as Economic inequality in location or society in which people live. The capita income and the national income are the two indicators of relative poverty.
  5. 5. CHARACTERISTICS OF POVERTY 1.Most of them are living in rural areas 2.Their family size is bigger than the average 3.Their main source of income is agricultural sector 4.Lack of resources 5.Low quality of human resource 6.Low income 7.Most of income is used for basic needs 8.Tend to have food insecurity
  6. 6. CAUSES OF POVERTY • Lack of education • Large Scale Import • Division of Agricultural land • Moral Culture • Government Policies • Corruption • Privatization • Overpopulation • Unemployment • Law and Order • Increase in Utility Charges • Inflation • Imposition of Taxes • Law and Order • Increase in Utility Charges • Inflation • Imposition of Taxes • Non-Productive Expenditures • Low Living Standard • Landlordism • Nepotism • Backward Infrastructure
  7. 7. EFFECTS OF POVERTY • Child labor • Crimes and violence • Health Problems • From a moral and religious values • Homelessness • Shorter lives • Children antisocial behavior • Hunger
  8. 8. IMPACTS OF POVERTY ON SOCIETY The struggle with global poverty affects millions of people every day. Those living in poor conditions face emotional and physical stresses that impact the entire family and community. Those affected have fewer resources and opportunities to benefit from educational opportunities, social services, and employment opportunities. Poverty is such a far-reaching problem that it’s numerous impacts on every aspect of our lives, from the environment to education.
  9. 9. • Food insecurity • Hygiene and Sanitation • Poor Health • Mental Health challenges • Impossible Educational Attainment • Transportation • Classroom Environment • Anti-Social Behavior • Violence • Powerless Victims • Homelessness • Child Development • Our Future The effects of poverty on society, as a whole are many. Although it’s often overlooked, economic hardship can affect many aspects of our society. The economy suffers from declining income levels, as many people living in poverty cannot afford to purchase goods and services in the economy. IMPACTS OF POVERTY ON SOCIETY
  10. 10. MEASURES TO DECREASE POVERTY Poverty is often passed from one generation to the next. Plan International gives children, families and communities the tools they need to lift themselves out of poverty. These include: • Quality education • Access to healthcare • Water and Sanitation • Child Participation • Economic Security Although ending poverty will be no easy feat, increasing access to the necessities listed above are crucial in helping children, families and entire communities lift themselves out of poverty.
  11. 11. THANK YOU G r o u p 8 F r h a n c e s k a L i m P a t r i c k M a g a l o n g G l e n n L a m s e n J e t h r o L o r e n z o E d m a r M a g t o t o A d r i a n L u n a J o h n P h i l i p I t l i o n g

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