Educational Assessment Design

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Educational Assessment Design

  1. 1. Assessment Design and Development Workshop
  2. 2. what is Assessment?
  3. 3. Assessment a process for obtaining information that is used for making decisions about students; curricula, programs, schools; and educational policy
  4. 4. Why assess?
  5. 5. Why assess? • Take decisions about the curriculum
  6. 6. Why assess? • Take decisions about the curriculum • Take decisions about the students
  7. 7. Learning objectives
  8. 8. how to assess? • Learning Objectives • Assessment strategies
  9. 9. Learning Objectives
  10. 10. Type of learning objectives
  11. 11. MAIN GOAL 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
  12. 12. MAIN GOAL 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Disciplines 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Skills 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
  13. 13. Disciplines 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Skills 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 MAIN GOAL 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Module 1 1 2 3 4 Module 2 1 2 3 4 Module 3 1 2 3 4 Module 4 1 2 3 4 Module nth 1 2 3 4 5
  14. 14. how to construct proper learning objectives ?
  15. 15. using Taxonomies of Learning
  16. 16. Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge
  17. 17. Bloom’s revised taxonomy Creating Evaluating Analyzing Applying Understanding Remembering lower order thinking higher order thinking
  18. 18. Practice TimE
  19. 19. 1. Develop at least 2 objective for each discipline or skill 2. Think about 4 modules and develop at least 3 specific objectives for each 3. Assign your newly formulated objectives to Bloom’s taxonomy
  20. 20. Remember Memorize Describe Repeat Define State List Name Recall Recognize Label Underline Select Reproduce MeasureQuote
  21. 21. Understand Represent Justify Indicate Classify Identify Summarize Contrast Translate Select Express Compare Describe Explain Discuss Illustrate Restate
  22. 22. Apply Construct Predict Examine Solve Modify Choose Produce Collect Use Demonstrate Discover Explain Operate Relate Perform Practice
  23. 23. Analyze Separate Analyze Criticize Connect Deduce Conclude Resolve Contrast Differentiate Break down Question Question Appraise Select Compare
  24. 24. Evaluate Decide Criticize Support Derive Argue Order Summarize Assess Persuade Judge Conclude Debate Recommend Justify
  25. 25. Create Compile Compose Formulate Propose Design Plan Adapt Originate Modify Rearrange Express Produce Underline Collaborate Invent Prepare
  26. 26. Review your previously developed learning objectives … would you change anything? did you misplace any of them?
  27. 27. Taxonomies of Learning is just one dimension
  28. 28. Taxonomies of Learning is just one dimension Knowledge Dimension
  29. 29. Factual Knowledge the basic element to know to be acquainted with a discipline
  30. 30. Conceptual Knowledge the interrelationships among the basic elements within a large structure that enables them to function together
  31. 31. Procedural Knowledge how to do something, methods of inquiry, criteria for using skills, techniques and methods
  32. 32. Metacognitive Knowledge knowledge of cognition in general as well as awareness and knowledge of one’s own cognition
  33. 33. Cognitive Process Dimension Knowledge dimension Remember Understand Apply Analyze Evaluate Create Factual Knowledge Conceptual knowledge Procedural knowledge Metacognitive knowledge
  34. 34. Disciplines 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Skills 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Main Goal 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Module 1 1 2 3 4 Module 2 1 2 3 4 Module 3 1 2 3 4 Module 4 1 2 3 4 Module nth 1 2 3 4 5
  35. 35. Disciplines 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Skills 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Main Goal 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Module 1 1 2 3 4 Module 2 1 2 3 4 Module 3 1 2 3 4 Module 4 1 2 3 4 Module nth 1 2 3 4 5 mapping learning objectives
  36. 36. Bloom’s revised taxonomy Creating Evaluating Analyzing Applying Understanding Remembering lower order thinking higher order thinking
  37. 37. but where is the Assessment ?
  38. 38. Learning objectives
  39. 39. Assessment strategies
  40. 40. types of assessment
  41. 41. Diagnostic Assessment Diagnose learning difficulties
  42. 42. Formative Assessment Monitor progress Feedback on how to improve
  43. 43. Summative Assessment Report progress Assign points
  44. 44. format of tasks
  45. 45. • Choice formats • Short answers and completion formats • Essay formats Paper and Pencil format • Checklists • Rating scales Performance formats • Projects • Extended written assignments • Laboratory exercises • Portfolios Long term activity formats • In-depth interviews and observations • Oral questioning Personal communication
  46. 46. Short Answer Questions
  47. 47. Short-answer items include Question variety Completion variety Associations variety
  48. 48. Question variety How many neurons are there in the brain? __________ What is the capital city of Egypt? __________ What is the symbol for a hash-tag? __________
  49. 49. Completion variety • The capital of Egypt is _________ • 4 + 6 = _________ • Learning is change in _________, __________ and _________.
  50. 50. Association variety • What is the most favourable feature of textbooks according to students? _______________ • What is the least favourable feature of textbooks according to students? _______________
  51. 51. Checklist for quality assurance
  52. 52. Practice TimE
  53. 53. Choose a module that you did not develop Using the checklist; assess the quality of the short-answer items
  54. 54. Multiple Choice Questions
  55. 55. Types of MCQ include The correct- answer variety The best-answer variety The incomplete- statement variety The negative variety The substitution variety The combined response variety
  56. 56. The correct answer variety Who was the first Egyptian President? a. Mohamed Naguib b. Gamal Abdel Nasser c. Anwar El-Sadat d. Mohamed Hosni Mubarak
  57. 57. The best-answer variety What is the main purpose of a candle? a. to produce scents b. to illuminate c. to decorate a room
  58. 58. Incomplete statement variety Wisdom is ___________ a. data b. information c. knowledge and experience
  59. 59. The negative variety Which of the following is NOT a classical type of Management Information System? a. TPS b. DSS c. SCM d. ESS
  60. 60. The substitution variety In their last marketing campaign, Chipsy depended on advertising, by using Ahmed Helmy as their spokesperson. a. sales promotion b. celebrity endorsement c. sponsorship d. social media
  61. 61. Combined response variety In what order should these sentences be written in order to make a coherent paragraph. A. Put them in the oven, till the surface is golden brown. B. To make a cake you need the following. C. Beat them all together till you have a smooth mix D. Flour, sugar, eggs, butter, vanilla extract and baking powder a. ABCD b. BDCA c. CDBA d. DACB
  62. 62. Anatomy of MCQ
  63. 63. When was the 2011 Egyptian Revolution? a. October 6th b. April 25th c. July 21st d. January 25th
  64. 64. When was the 2011 Egyptian Revolution? a. October 6th b. April 25th c. July 21st d. January 25th
  65. 65. Dos and Donts of STEM crafting
  66. 66. • Direct and concise when possible • Put alternatives at the end • Control vocabulary and sentence structure • Create independent items (unless it’s a passage and various questions are related to it) • Definitions should be part of the alternatives never the stem
  67. 67. • Avoid negatively worded stems (not undesirable) • Avoid personal opinions (state whose opinion is it) • Avoid textbook wording
  68. 68. Dos and Donts of ALTERNATIVE crafting
  69. 69. • Plausible and functional alternatives • Homogenous alternatives • Put repeated words in stem • Grammatically correct relation to stem • Arrangement of alternatives should be logical
  70. 70. • Avoid over-lapping alternatives • Avoid “none of the above” and “all of the above” unless necessary • Avoid verbal cues • Avoid technical and unfamiliar words
  71. 71. Checklist for quality assurance
  72. 72. Practice TimE
  73. 73. Choose a module that you did not develop Using the checklist assess; the quality of the MCQ
  74. 74. Matching
  75. 75. Matching exercises variety Basic Key-list Matrix
  76. 76. Anatomy of Matching Exercises
  77. 77. The left column describes the function of various organs in the human body. Choose from the right column the name of the organ that corresponds with the organ function. Note that each name in the right column may be used once, , more than once, or not at all ORGAN FUNCTION 1.. It is used to hear sounds 2. It is used to see colours 3. It is used to breathe 4. It is used to pump blood in your veins NAME OF ORGAN a. Brain b. Digestive system c. Eyes d. Heart e. Liver f. Mouth g. Nose h. Respiratory system
  78. 78. The left column describes the function of various organs in the human body. Choose from the right column the name of the organ that corresponds with the organ function. Note that each name in the right column may be used once, , more than once, or not at all ORGAN FUNCTION 1.. It is used to hear sounds 2. It is used to see colours 3. It is used to breathe 4. It is used to pump blood in your veins NAME OF ORGAN a. Brain b. Digestive system c. Eyes d. Heart e. Liver f. Mouth g. Nose h. Respiratory system
  79. 79. The left column describes the function of various organs in the human body. Choose from the right column the name of the organ that corresponds with the organ function. Note that each name in the right column may be used once, , more than once, or not at all ORGAN FUNCTION 1.. It is used to hear sounds 2. It is used to see colours 3. It is used to breathe 4. It is used to pump blood in your veins NAME OF ORGAN a. Brain b. Digestive system c. Eyes d. Heart e. Liver f. Mouth g. Nose h. Respiratory system
  80. 80. avoid Perfect Matching
  81. 81. THIS WAS A BASIC EXAMPLE
  82. 82. KEY LIST EXAMPLE
  83. 83. Key-list example 10:00 11:00 12:00 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 Read each numbered statement and decide whether the statement is consistent with the information presented in the graph or not. A. If the information in the graph is consistent with the statement B. If the information in the graph contradicts the statement C. If the information in the graph neither contradicts nor is consistent with the statement __1. G arrived at work at 11:00am __2. G arrived late at the university due to traffic __3. G stopped by a café to drink some coffee __4. G stayed at work for 4 hours Home work Coffee House University The graph shows that G left home at 10:00 and arrived at the University at 4:00. The graph shows where G was at different times.
  84. 84. MATRIX EXAMPLES
  85. 85. Match the names, political party and important event in the columns with the dates in the table below. You may use an answer once, more than once or not at all in any of the cells Name Political Party Important Event A. Ayman Noor G. Al-Adl M. B. Anwar Al-Sadat H. AL Horeya wa AlAdala N. C. Gamal Abdel Nasser I. Al-Noor D. Hazem Abo Ismail J. Masreen A7rar E. Hosni Mubarak K. NDP F. Mohamed El-Baradie L. Year Name Political Party Important Event 1 1960 2 1970 3 1980 4 1990 5 2000 6 2010 SCORE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
  86. 86. For each planet description, place an X in the box below the name of the planet that first the description MERCURY VENUS EARTH MARS JUPITER SATURN URANUS NEPTUNE PLUTO PLANET DESCRIPTION: 1. Has only one moon 2. Has no moons 3. Larger than 4. Has no atmosphere 5. Compound mostly of gas 6.Can support life 7. Has moon with atmosphere 8.Named after Roman or Greek god
  87. 87. matching is NOTfor every occasion
  88. 88. Checklist for quality assurance
  89. 89. Practice TimE
  90. 90. Choose a module that you did not develop Using the checklist assess the quality of the matching items
  91. 91. True or False
  92. 92. There are various types of statements that could be used with True-False items
  93. 93. Generalization • All ……………………. • Most ……………………. • Many …………………….
  94. 94. Comparative • The difference between ……………………. is ……………………. • Both ……………………. and ……………………. require/contain ……………………
  95. 95. Conditional • If ……………………. (then) ……………………. • When …………………….
  96. 96. Relational • The larger ……………………. • The higher ……………………. • How much ……………………. depends on …………………….
  97. 97. Explanatory • The main reason for ……………………. • The purpose of ……………………. • Since ……………………. • Although …………………….
  98. 98. Exemplary • An example of …………………….
  99. 99. Evidential • Studies of ……………………. reveal …………………….
  100. 100. Procedural • To find ……………………. you must ……………………. • One method of ……………………. is to ……………………. • The first step towards ……………………. is …………………….
  101. 101. Computational • ……………………. includes N number of ……………………. Examples: 4+4 =10 Water molecule consists of 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom.
  102. 102. Evaluative • A good ……………………. • The best ……………………. is ……………………. • It is difficult to ……………………. • It is necessary to ……………………. in order to …………………….
  103. 103. Checklist for quality assurance
  104. 104. Practice TimE
  105. 105. Choose a module that you did not develop Using the checklist assess the quality of the True-False items
  106. 106. These are not the only tools
  107. 107. Design by: Ghaidaa H. Naguib @ghido86 @ghido86

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