الدراسة التفصيلية لتقييم الاثار البيئية

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الدراسة التفصيلية لتقييم الاثار البيئية

  1. 1. ‫א‬ ‫”‬ ‫“‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫:‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫1‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  2. 2. ‫”א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫“‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫2‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  3. 3. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫3‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  4. 4. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ( ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ Aspects of EIA 1. Require the acquisition or conversion of significant areas of land for reservoir/treatment works etc. (e.g. > 50 ha rural, > 5 ha urban)? 2. Result in significant quantities of eroded material, effluent or solid wastes? 3. Require significant accommodation or service amenities to support the workforce during construction (eg > 100 manual workers)? 4. Flood or otherwise affect areas which support conservation worthy terrestrial or aquatic ecosystems, flora or fauna (eg protected areas, wilderness areas, forest reserves, critical habitats, endangered species); or that contain sites of historical or cultural importance? 5. Flood or otherwise affect areas which will affect the livelihoods of local people (eg require population resettlement; affect local industry, agriculture, livestock or fish stocks; reduce the availability of natural resource goods and services)? 6. Involve siting sanitation treatment facilities close to human settlements (particularly where locations are susceptible to flooding)? 7. Affect sources of water extraction? 8. Cause a noticeable permanent or seasonal reduction in the volume of ground or surface water supply? 9. Present a significant pollution risk through liquid or solid wastes to humans, sources of water extraction, conservation worthy aquatic ecosystems and species, or commercial fish stocks? 10. Change the local hydrology of surface water-bodies (eg streams, rivers, lakes) such that conservation-worthy or commercially significant fish stocks are affected? 11. Increase the risk of diseases in areas of high population density (eg onchocerciasis, filariasis, malaria, hepatitis, gastrointestinal diseases)? 12. Induce secondary development, eg along access roads, or in the form of entrepreneurial services for construction and operational activities? 13. ) Checklist Questions Will the project: Sources of Impacts ‫א‬ Be likely to require mitigation measures that may result in the project being financially or socially unacceptable? Receptors of Impacts Environmental Impacts Mitigation Measures Yes No Additional Data needs Comments I recommend that the programme be assigned to Category Signature: Delegation.........................................Desk................................... ‫א‬ ‫א‬ − ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 4 ‫א‬ 6 ‫א‬
  5. 5. ‫”‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫5‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫“‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  6. 6. ( ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ CHANGING QUALITY OF TOURISM CHANGING QUALITY OF LIFE FOR WILDLIFE Increased Incidents between Wildlife & People Loss of Habitat Erosion of Gorge Access Paths Deforestation & Loss of Biodiversity River Bank Erosion ) Overgrazing Around Water Holes Loss of Natural Wilderness Value Changes in Animal Behaviour Too small an area for animal numbers Selective Cutting of trees for Curio Wood Water Pollution Oily discharges from boats etc. Demand for Curios Increased More Rafting Licences Constriction of wildlife movements Riparian Wave Vegetation Effects Reduced More Fences/ Enclosures River Bank & Island Development Harrassment of wildlife Visual Disturbance Increasing Impacts of wildlife noise levels More Aircraft Flying Over Falls & Town Expansion of Hotels/Camps & Tourist Facilities More Jetties & Boat Licences More Motor Vehicles Increased Visitor Numbers Demand for Low-spending Tourism Increases ‫א‬ Improved Border Facilities Airport Upgrading ‫א‬ More Direct International Flights Increased customs co-operation between Zimbabwe/Zambia − ‫א‬ ‫א‬ Improved Road Links - Livingston/Lusaka - Zambia/Botswana/Namibia 6 ‫א‬ 6 ‫א‬ New Road & Bridge at Old Drift/Zambezi National Park
  7. 7. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫:‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫7‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫אא‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  8. 8. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫8‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  9. 9. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫9‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  10. 10. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫01‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  11. 11. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫)‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א )‬ ‫/‬ ‫,‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫)‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫)א‬ ‫א‬ ‫،א‬ ‫א‬ ‫,‬ ‫/‬ ‫،/‬ ‫א‬ ‫،‬ ‫(‬ ‫(‬ ‫/‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫(‬ ‫/א‬ ‫א‬ ‫)‬ ‫/‬ ‫,‬ ‫/א‬ ‫(‬ ‫•‬ ‫/‬ ‫(‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫)א‬ ‫(‬ ‫)‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫11‬ ‫،‬ ‫،‬ ‫א‬ ‫،‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫(‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  12. 12. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫/א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫(‬ ‫)א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫21‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  13. 13. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫،‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫31‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  14. 14. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫–‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫–‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫–‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫41‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  15. 15. ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫–‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫–‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫51‬ ‫א‬ ‫–‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  16. 16. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺩﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻁﻔﻴﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ /‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻴﺩﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﺫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻌﺩﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﺭﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻤﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺘﻌﺎﻀﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺒﻴﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻤﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻠﻭﺜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩﺍﻥ ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻤﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻠﻭﺜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺼﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺼﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺤﻭﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﻌﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻐﻨﺎﻁﻴﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ‬ ‫61‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺼﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻭﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  17. 17. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫(‬ ‫א‬ ‫) א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫71‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  18. 18. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫81‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫/א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  19. 19. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﻩ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﻩ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﻩ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ ﻓﻘﻁ ﻋﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴل ﻭ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻔﻴﻑ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ ﻓﻘﻁ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴل ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻔﻴﻑ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ ﻓﻘﻁ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴل ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻔﻴﻑ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﻩ ﻡ ﻗﺒﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﻩ ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﻩ ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫91‬ ‫ﺤﺩ ﺍﻷﺜﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﻘﺏ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﻤﺜل ﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﻁﺭﺓ ﻟﻠﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻤﺔ ﻓﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻤﻴﻪ ﻤﺜل ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻹﺼﺎﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺤﺘﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﺎﺕ 1 ﻜل ﻤﻠﻴﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻘﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﻭ ﻓﻘﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻀﺎﺭﺏ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺨﻁﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺍﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﺩﺩﺓ ﺒﺼﻭﺭﻩ ﻜﺒﻴﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻨﺏ ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻤﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ،‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺸﺭﺍﺕ, ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺫ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻀﺔ ﻟﻼﻨﻘﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩﺍﻥ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺩﺩﺓ ﺒﺎﻻﻨﻘﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩﺍﻥ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﺩﺩﺓ ﺒﺎﻻﻨﻘﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩﻴل ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻅﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺒﺩﻭﻥ ﺘﻌﺩﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﻫﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﻅﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺜﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﻭﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﺃﻗل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺘﻴﻌﺎﺒﻴﻪ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻴﻁﺔ‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  20. 20. ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫:‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫02‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  21. 21. ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫12‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  22. 22. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫؟‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫22‬ ‫؟‬ ‫؟‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  23. 23. ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫32‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  24. 24. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫42‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  25. 25. ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫52‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  26. 26. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫،‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫62‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  27. 27. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫72‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  28. 28. ‫א‬ ‫:‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫6‬ ‫א‬ ‫82‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫−‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

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