SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 85
Download to read offline
1
AFFORDABLE HOUSING
ARCHITECTURE PROGRAMING PROJECT
Sana’a University-faculty of Engineering
Done by. Ghassan alhammadi
Supervision by
D/Saif Alqubati
D/Smaira Alshawsh
Arch. Ashraf alabbasi
Arch. Amna Alazani
CONTENT
CHAPTER 1:INTRODUCTION
1.1 WAY AFFARDOBALE HOUSING,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ASPIRATION 1.2
1.2 ASPIRATION,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
1.3 HISTORY…………………………………………………………………..
1.4 HOUSING DENSITY………………………………………………….
1.5 PURPOSES…………………………………………………………………….
1.6 OBJECTIVES…………………………………………………………..
1.7 SWOT………………………………………………………………………..
1.8 THESIS………………………………………………………………………………
CHAPTER 2: CASE STUDY
2.1 HABITAT 67…………………………………………………………….
2.2 WOLDEN 7………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………..
2.3 SILODAMAN …………………………………………………………….
2.4 THE FUTURE TOWERS …………………………………………………………….
2.5 MORI HASUS …………………………………………………………….
2.6 CONOCLUSION …………………………………………………………….
2.6.2 SIZE OF THE PROJECT …………………………………………………………….
2.6.3 DATA COMPARISION …………………………………………………………….
2.6.4 SOCIAL COMPARISION …………………………………………………………….
2.6.5 ECONOMIC COMPARISION …………………………………………………………….
CHAPTER 3: FACITLITES
3.1 ACTIVTES …………………………………………………………….
3.2 FACITLITIES …………………………………………………………….
CHAPTER 4: SEARCHED STANDARDS
4.1 DEVELOPMENT TYPES …………………………………………………………….
4.2 HOUSING TAPOLOGEY …………………………………………………………….
4.3 OCCUPANTS …………………………………………………………….
4.4 STURCTURE …………………………………………………………….
4.5 SUSTANABLE DEVLOPMENT …………………………………………………………….
4.6 SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE …………………………………………………………….
4.7 COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION …………………………………………………………….
CHAPTER 5: SITE ANALYSIS
5.1 PRMISSION …………………………………………………………….
5.2 LOCATION …………………………………………………………….
5.3 SITE ANALYSIS …………………………………………………………….
CHAPTER 6: PROGRAMMING
6.1 FACITLITES& ACTIVTES …………………………………………………………….
6.2 UNITS& MOUDLES …………………………………………………………….
‫نبذه‬
Introduction
4
4
4
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
AFFORDABLE
AFFOARDABLE HOUSING
Building models 18 in Mexico are buildings in which engineers try to choose and
configure building forms to be built without the intervention of engineers, in
which prices come before everything
A project to solve housing problems for third world countries. The project
is considered the ideal solution to be established in the event of an
increase in the demand for the commodity in housing for low-income
people. It depends on changing architectural ideas and the concept of
beauty. It relies on innovations in construction, self-construction, and the
use of local materials, which contributes to reducing the construction
price
SELF SUFFACANT HOUSING
SELF SUFFACANT HOUSING
SYNONYMS
SOCIAL HOUSING
LOW-INCOME HOUSING
GREEN HOUSING
COLLECTIVE HOUSING
ECONIMAIC HOUSING
Use of local materials in construction India
A prototype model in Mexico 18 buildings
in which engineers try to choose and
configure building forms to be built without
the intervention of engineers, in which
prices come before everything
A self-constructed residential
model that relies on community
participation in solving problems
and suggestions, and building on
its own without the intervention
of the architect. The model is
subject to change based on
different living requirements and
construction budget
Introduction
5
CHAPTER 1
PROTOTYBE
5
AFFORDABLE
Issues Result
Low-income
Poverty in Yemen holds one of the
highest rates in the Arab world. Half of
the population lives on less than two
dollars per day. The main reason for
poverty in Yemen is a lack of basic
resources, such as water, healthcare
and education.
Introduction
Housing crisis
low cost and ease of construction
ensurethe development of the country,
this would be by using the right
architectural style and philosophical
approach to architectural design.
Sustainable low-cost social housing
philosophical fit to us.
internally displacement
4.3 million Yemenis are internally
displaced. More than seven years of
conflict have resulted in Yemen
enduring one of the world's worst
humanitarian crises, in which 70 of
the population rely on aid for their
survival and millions have fled home
Housing bubble
a run-up in housing prices
fueled by demand, speculation,
and exuberant spending to the
point of collapse. Especially in
Sana’a city the capital of Yemen
Commercial shops under 25 square meters used for living
by occupation mostare internally displaced families end up
in this place cause no where also fit with their income.
Some of the shops do nothave bathrooms and most without
windows so no ventilation and natural light
WHY HOUSING
6
6
6
CHAPTER 1
ASPIRATION
In a country, most of the population lives below the poverty line, but
architectural awareness is no different from what is in rich industrialized
countries. In light of intellectual and educational weakness, architecture
becomes an attempt to form and declare to create fake beauty to stay instead of
meeting the basic needs of human. Creativity becomes just formed and tradition
of ancient architecture or aerobic architecture is not guaranteed, indifferent to
economic and residential crises. These prevailing architecture contributed to the
increase in housing prices and construction complexity of design to build people
to build without experiences, which require expertise, the result was housing
without the lowest humanitarian structure with an irreplaceable concrete
substances with the These problems came as a result of the low awareness of
architects and people with affordable housing simple and simple career beauty
created by accommodation with local climate, reasonable prices and self-
adrene. The awareness of the vulnerability of education and the poverty of Arab
content by raising global examples of Affordable Housing projects successful in
an environment similar to the local group in an Arab language and a conceptual
means of all. To change the thought and the concept of beauty and creativity to
become a solution to the problems is the beauty and real creativity instead of
the high attempts ... The first step to resolve the problem is to realize it,
cognition will work to change prevailing ideas and thus practices. The initiative
targets the influence on thought of exercises and academics and seeking the
desirability of these ideas in universities, architectural and working with official
bodies to establish this approach in line with the situation in which the country is
passing through and facilitating Knowledge-related means and overlook the
public at the local level of sustainability, given the complexity of cognitive
methods and their limitation on the upper-scale or articles with complex and
generous style, which is difficult to appeal to non-student. Based on the theories
of the social education imposed by Pandora that people learn from each other
by observation, tradition and a model, and the success of this initiative (model)
depends on the amount of attention and appreciation to be taken from people.
Introduction
7
CHAPTER 1
Q;S
The need for easy, fast and cheap
construction
HISTORY
THE WORLD WARS
The housing and economic crisis
MODRENISM
Announcement 1920C
After the First World War and the
beginning of the economic crisis, the
architect announced the principles
embodying the economic construction of
Villa Savoy‫ضهظ‬Q;S‫ا‬
Thesis how to construction with low cost
Changing the mind to be in line with the
current economic situation‫ضهظ‬
‫خلقت‬
Militancy in 1945C
After World War II, the height of the
housing crisis was accompanied by the
height of extremism in architectural ideas
WORLD WAR I WORLD WAR II AFTERMATH
Deconstruction 1960C
After the economic stability of Europe,
there is no need to return to art and art
ALTER EGO
Introduction
8
8
CHAPTER 1
ALTER EGO
ALTER EGO
PHASE I PHASE 2 PHASE 3
MVRDV OFFICE
‫خلقت‬
Current situation is the most important architectural figures in the field of
affordable housing and their work in solving the problem of slums in the developing
world
MVRDV
OFFICE
Alejandro Aravena
SOMDOON BIG Sanjay puri
Tatiana Bilbao
Introduction
9
9
CHAPTER 1
9
HISTORY
SELF SUFFACANT HOUSING
An architectural project in the first place, but considering the planning aspects as part of the
general site planning, the size of the scrapping project ranges from 22,000 to 30,000 according
to NAAB, in excess of 22,000 square meters, in addition to services
MIX 10000 OCUPTIONS
HOUSING DENSITY
The size of the project is according to the built-up area and the
site area
Introduction
10
CHAPTER 1
MIX 22000 SQM
MIN 1000 OCUPTIONS
MIN 6000 SQM
PURPOSE
‫خلقت‬
MAIN
PURPOSE
Presenting the concept of sustainability in a
simple way that goes with people's minds
away from the complexity and defining or
reformulating it as practices to solve local
problems and crises by presenting the best
sustainable practices in the world for example
SCAONDRAY
PURPOSES
▪ Instilling the spirit of initiative among
members of society in presenting ideas to
solve their problems and applying them in
society with awareness and true faith.
▪ Changing the concept of beauty among
people from costly complexity to simplicity
and redefining creativity as a solution to
problems.
▪ Spreading individual awareness of
engineers of responsibility towards ideas,
costs of implementing ideas.
Introduction
1
1
CHAPTER 1
11
‫خلقت‬
OBJECTIVES
▪ Solving the housing crisis in Sana’a represented by the
high prices of buildings and land.
▪ Self-construction for the community.
▪ Local ideas and innovations to solve humanitarian
problems.
▪ Reducing rent and building prices by replacing concrete
building materials with local materials that are less
expensive or more beautiful.
▪ They are suitable as a construction and finishing material
at the same time.
▪ Creating an easy, fast and inexpensive building
method that contributes to urban advancement
followed by social advancement
▪ Finding a solution to slums and the cancerous
horizontal expansion of the city
▪ Home for all marginalized and incapable groups
in society Paying attention to reformulating the
concept of sustainability to suit the societies of
developing countries
Introduction
1
2
CHAPTER 1
12
THE WORLD
‫خلقت‬
More than 50 projects
The size about build to
neighboring residential
The inertance
Urko Sanchez Architects
SOS Children's Village in Djibouti
Tiny Apartment in Taipei Taipei, Taiwan
Urbanismo asequible en la Ciudad de
México: IntegrARA Lázaro Cárdenas de
a | 911
Mori haus residence/ somdoon
Architects
IntegrARA Lázaro Cárdenas
IntegrARA Iztacalco
Walden 7 / Ricardo Bofill
Silodam Housing Block in Amsterdam /
MVRDV
72 logements collectifs
Mountain Dwellings/BIG
amanora future towers
Residential towers with lush public
green
Urko Sanchez Architects
SOS Children's Village in Djibouti
Cenon / Habiter Autrement + Ateliers
Jean Nouvel
Lormont Housing / Habiter Autrement
+ Ateliers Jean Nouvel
Earth one vaulted house — Cal-Earth
Aranya Housing Project — B V Doshi
Chenkal Choola Housing — Laurie
Baker
S-House — Vo Trong Nghia Architects
Villa Verde — Alejandro Aravena
Parkview Terrace by Fougeron
Architecture, San Francisco
Dessau-Törten Housing Estate
Walter Gropius
Oscar Niemeyer apartment
building in Berlin captured by
Pedro Vannucchi
Interbau Apartment House
Through the Lens of Bahaa
Ghoussainy
Armagnac / Habiter
Autrement + Ateliers Jean
Nouvel
Iha Residence — Vinu Daniel
Post – Tsunami Housing —
Shingeru Ban
Casa Convento — Enrique
Mora Alvardo
Copan Building, Sao Paulo
Oscar Niemeyer
Concrete Waves: Exploring the
“Yard Typology”
Tetris Apartments,Ljubljana,
Slovenia
MVRDV Brings Minecraft to Life
with RED7 Housing in Moscow
Hagen Island MVRDV
pixel-based design of Rødovre
Sky Village
Mirador building
Parkrand
Salt
Mori haus residence/ somdoon
Architects
Brick Weave House / 4site
architects
Social housing in
Ciudad Acuña, Mexico,
by Tatiana Bilbao
Estudio
Experimental Mexican
community contains
social housing by
Tatiana Bilbao and
Frida Escobedo
Frida Escobedo Taller
de Arquitectura
firm Tatiana Bilbao
ESTUDIO affordable
ing fonciere housing
bordeaux France
Torre del Molino
Housing / Estudio &
Introduction
13
CHAPTER 1
SWOT
‫خلقت‬
▪ The inability to
understand the
project by the
official authorities,
▪ The inability to
accept the renew
▪ Nostalgia
S O W T
▪ The end of the war and
the need for housing,
the presence of
internally displaced
persons,
▪ The increase in poverty
the increase in demand
for supply,
▪ The population increase
and demographic
growth rates
▪ The threat to historical
and agricultural areas
through urban sprawl.
▪ The cost of construction
is cheap and easy. There
is always an urgent
need for housing
projects.
▪ Opportunities for
population growth and
stability, and thus
demographic growth.
The need for social
housing.
▪ People accept living in
communal buildings
and apartments.
▪ Society's lack of
acceptance of
sustainable ideas
▪ Dissatisfaction with
projects that violate
customs and traditions
Introduction
1
4
CHAPTER 1
14
WHY
Thesis
introduction
Creativity is to solve problems
Francis Kéré uses Materials to Respond to
Local Climate Conditions and win the Pritzker
Architecture Prize.
1
5
15
WHY
Thesis
Aesthetic
Ugliness becomes beauty when it solves
economic and housing crisis aftermath
16
CHAPTER 1
introduction
17
STUDYCASE
CHAPTER 2
Habitat 67
18
STUDYCASE
Habitat 67 comprises 354 identical, prefabricated concrete forms arranged in various combinations,
reaching up to 12 stories in height. Constructing total 158 residents, but several apartments have since been
joined to create larger units, reducing the total number. Together these units create 146 residences of
varying sizes and configurations, each formed from one to eight linked concrete units
SITE PLAN
CONCEPT DIAGRAM
CONCEPT
Montreal Canada
LOCATION
MOSHE SAFDIE
ARCHITECTS
1967
YEAR
-
COST
SCALE
1
7
17
156
BUILDINGS
STORY
DWELLING/FLOOR
UNITS
22000 AREA sqm
first developed the concept as part of his thesis at McGill University in 1961,
entitled “A Case for City Living”. Inspired by Brutalism movement.
19
STUDYCASE
CHAPTER 2
Graduation project 1963
Moshe Safdie conceptualized Habitat 67
for his master-level academic thesis at
McGill University..
EXPO 1967
the habitat thesis 2018
Even with his icons
project Moshe Safdie
Discusses the unbuild
habitat is the best
project he did
20
STUDYCASE
Other projects
Only in China,” quips Safdie principal
architect Lorenzo Mattii, AIA, about one
of the most exuberant Habitat-inspired
projects
The government built his project abitat
67 plays with 365 identical,
prefabricated concrete masses,
exploring their permutations and
combinations to form 12-storied
structures.
Development of habitat 67
CHAPTER 2
21
STUDYCASE
PLANS
Circulation
Circulation
3D ACCESS
80*80*61M
DIMANTION
1st floor as open horizontal
circulation level, single loaded
stairs locted in each circulation
core, elevators as main direct
access
ACCESS
Underground garage
PARKING
Communal spaces created by
carving out voids from residential
towers
OUTDOOR
3D VIEW
CHAPTER 2
UNITS PLAN
22
STUDYCASE
M
LAYOUT
23
STUDYCASE
VERTICAL MOVEMENT
CORADOORES
introduction
WOLDEN 7
STUDYCASE
The organization of spaces is of wide variety. The units consist of different combinations of 30sqm units
distributed over one or two floors. Dwellings range from single module studios to four module apartments.
Spain - Sant Just Desvern
LOCATION
Ricardo Bofill
ARCHITECTS
1975
YEAR
10M-50M
COST
The building consists of a fourteen story cluster of apartments
grouped around five courtyards, on top of which are two
swimming pools..
CONCEPT DIAGRAM
CONCEPT
SITE PLAN
SCALE
18
9
17
469
BUILDINGS
STORY
DWELLING/FLOOR
UNITS
31000 AREA M^2
25
CORRADROS
Courtyard
Unit type AA
Unit type BB
Unit type CC
TYEPICAL FLOOR PLAN
3D VIEW
26
AREA
80*80*61M
DIMANTION
1st floor as open horizontal circulation level, single loaded stairs locted in each circulation core,
elevators as main direct access
ACCESS
Underground garage
PARKING
Communal spaces created by carving out voids from residential towers
OUTDOOR
DATA
MIAN CORE
CORRADROS
Courtyard
Cores
elevator
STUDYCASE
UNITS PLAN
DUPLEX UNIT
PLAN
LEVEL 1
PLAN
LEVEL 2
SECTION AA
27
STUDIO UNIT
PLAN
PLAN
CIRCULATION
LAYOUT
ELEVATION ELEVATION SECTION
SOILD AND VOID TOP LEVEL MIDDLE LEVEL BELOW LEVEL 28
STUDYCASE
CHAPTER 2
SILODAMAN
STUDYCASE
29
CITY MORPHLOGOY
CONCEPT DIAGRAM
CON CE PT
Amsterdam,
LOCATION
MVRDV
ARCHITECTS
2003
YEAR
16,800,000
COST
SCALE
1
10
12-8
157
BUILDINGS
STORY
DWELLING/FLOOR
UNITS
19600 AREA M^2
SITE PLAN
Located on the Ij River in Amsterdam, the Silodam houses a mixed program of 157 apartments, shops,
offices, retail areas, and public spaces. The different uses are stacked in ten levels over the water with
a structural grid of piles and loadbearing walls, generating a compact block that evokes a huge
docked ship packed with containers.
30
SITE
STUDYCASE
CHAPTER 2
PLANS
31
STUDYCASE
WC
Cores
Ship anchorage
RESTROOM
CHAPTER 2
31
TYPE AA 104 sqm
UNITS 10
TYPE BB 100 sqm
UNITS 46
32
AXONOMETRIC
CHAPTER 2
STUDYCASE
LAYOUT 33
CHAPTER 2
STUDYCASE
Future Towers, Pune
STUDYCASE
34
CONCEPT
India- pune
LOCATION
MVRDV
ARCHITECTS
2018
YEAR
70$
BUDGET
SCALE
1
9
17
1067
BUILDINGS
STORY
DWELLING/FLOOR
UNITS
26000 AREA M^2
CONCEPT (THE SCOOP)
SITE PLAN
35
STUDYCASE
VIRTACL MOVMENT
CORADOORES
OPEN SPACE
TARRACE
Circulation
98 m
BUILDING
DEPTH
1st floor as open horizontal circulation level, single loaded
stairs locted in each circulation core, elevators as main
direct access
ACCESS
Underground garage
PARKING
Communal spaces created by carving out voids from
residential towers
OUTDOOR
SPACES
Amanora temple- green park- amanora lake- restaurant and
cafes- outdoor courts- amanora sport arena
OUTDOOR
AMENITIES
36
PLAN
Plan Floor 9th
Detail Plan Floor 9th
FLOORPLAN
Mass strategy
STUDYCASE
UNITS PLAN
TYPE BB 84sqm
BHK
TYPE 2 130sqm
BHK
TYPE 4 205sqm
DUPLEX
TYPE 1.5 153sqm
DUBPLEX
TYPE 2 70sqm
BHK
TYPE 1 70sqm
BHK
37
UNITS FLOORPLAN
STUDYCASE
LAYOUT
VIRTACL MOVMENT
CORADOORES
OPEN SPACE
TARRACE
SECTION
FLOOR PLAN
TOP ROOF PLAN
LAYOUT
ELEVATION
38
introduction
MORI HAUS
39
In the middle of the crowded city, everyone needs a place that can relax and feel the atmosphere of nature.
Mori Haus tried to connect feelings and atmosphere of nature back to the urban city again.
“Mori Haus” is located in the growing fringe of Bangkok near a canal, grassland, and
residential area. It is a challenge of fitting high-density dwellings into the local
neighborhood and maintaining the peaceful atmosphere of its surrounding. The two
blocks of seven-story residential buildings are located along the site perimeter to
maximize the central garden. While the third building is a one-story facility building and
situated in the open space between the two residential blocks.
ZONING DIAGRAM
CONCEPT DIAGRAM
CONCEPT & SITE
Bangkok, Thailand
LOCATION
Somdoon
ARCHITECTS
2015-2017
YEAR
-
COST
SCALE
2
7
17
469
BUILDINGS
STORY
DWELLING/FLOOR
UNITS
19600 AREA M^2
40
PLAN
41
SITE PLANS
1 LIFT LOBBY
2 ELECTRICAL
ROOM
3 BIN ROOM
VIRTACL
MOVMENT
CORADOORES
UNIT TYPE A/ 1
BEDROOMS
UNIT TYPE B/ 2
BENDROOMS
LAYOUT
DESGIN FACDE
OVERALL MASSING
ELEVATION
SECTION
ELEVATION
42
43
CONCLUSION
HOW BIG?
44
CONCLUSION
Population
density
Unit average area sqm
No. type of
dwellings
No. dwellings
Budget $
Area Sqm
Name of the project
1200
40
3
262
10-50M
19600
MORI HASU
3500
62
4
468
7M back
than=32M
31000
Walden 7
5000
35
20
1068
50M
26000
Future tower
790
20-150
15
158
20M
13000
Habitat 67
2444
80-150
30
489
-
2600
SILODAMAN
45
CONCLUSION
46
CONCLUSION
India- pune
LOCATION
MVRDV
ARCHITECTS
2018
YEAR
70$
BUDGET
SCALE
1
9
17
1067
BUILDINGS
STORY
DWELLING/FLOOR
UNITS
26000 AREA M^2
Spain - Sant Just Desvern
LOCATION
Ricardo Bofill
ARCHITECTS
1975
YEAR
10M-50M
COST
SCALE
18
9
17
469
BUILDINGS
STORY
DWELLING/FLOOR
UNITS
31000 AREA M^2
Montreal Canada
LOCATION
MOSHE SAFDIE
ARCHITECTS
1967
YEAR
-
COST
SCALE
1
7
17
156
BUILDINGS
STORY
DWELLING/FLOOR
UNITS
22000 AREA sqm
47
CONCLUSION
Bangkok, Thailand
LOCATION
Somdoon
ARCHITECTS
2015-2017
YEAR
-
COST
SCALE
2
7
17
469
BUILDINGS
STORY
DWELLING/FLOOR
UNITS
19600 AREA M^2
Amsterdam,
LOCATION
MVRDV
ARCHITECTS
2003
YEAR
16,800,000
COST
SCALE
1
10
12-8
157
BUILDINGS
STORY
DWELLING/FLOOR
UNITS
19600 AREA M^2
Yemen Sana’a
LOCATION
GHASSAN ALHAMMADI
ARCHITECTS
2023
YEAR
-
COST
SCALE
1
7
17
970
BUILDINGS
STORY
DWELLING/FLOOR
UNITS
22000 AREA sqm
Social life
Culture/art/colors
Green area /walk
side
Private open space
size and price Range of unit types
Actives
Housing density
Circulation/
movement
Open space/social area
Corridors/cores
the use of bright colors to brighten
residents’ days
The artwork in the scoops the open
spaces and terraces
Ratio of the green area is
0.4
The walk side are more
than 500m
The slabs form a hexagonal grid unity
private exterior terrace balconies
Apartments ranging from 45 square
meters to 450 square meters are
mixed together, a diversity enabled by
the building’s mountainous shape and
the shifting floor plans that it
generates
Yugo
Play field kids
meeting room
Reading room
4 units/core
Around 55 units on floor
7000m^2
5,000 people in one
building.
15 minutes to reach the aim
large open public courtyards at
ground level
500-metre-long
play, and others for sport, garden
spaces, and more
500-metre-long
play, and others for sport, garden
spaces, and more
Ratio of the green area is 0.4
Long of corridors are around 80m
There are only 4 main stair and elevator cores more than
1000 apartment
Making ‘scoops’ at intervals along the corridors large
openings in the sides of the building hosting various activities
The future
Like other icons of large exhibitions
and fairs—such as The Crystal
Palace and the Eiffel Tower -
Habitat 67 has thrived despite its
intended shelf life and remains an
emblems of its era.
The streets are
continuous through the
project, and access to the
dwellings is directly off
them
The project incorporates both
covered parking for all tenants and
additional visitor parking.
Provide every unit a garden
Apartments ranging from square
meters to 238 square meters
Around 17 condos each
floor /19000 square
mater
Service and parking facilities
are separated from the
tenant’s circulation routes,
located on the ground floor.
each residence has its own roof
garden. Play areas for young children
are provided throughout the
building.
Three elevator cores direct vertical circulation throughout the
complex. Elevators stop at every fourth floor to serve
pedestrian streets
Habitat 67
The daylight
requirements caused
different amounts of
windows for these types
partments: apartments with a
panoramic view, with views on both
sides, double-height flats, apartments
with a patio, apartments with a view
to the harbor
sequence of semi-public
routes appeared: from
galleries on one side, one
can walk via slits and
corridors to galleries on the
other side and higher up
mixed program of 157 houses (for
rent or sale), offices, workspaces,
commercial spaces, and public
spaces
Spaces arranged in a 20 meter deep and 100m and ten-story-
high urban envelope.
Sioldman
48
CONCLUSION
economic
Sustainable and
affordable
Investment
Structure and
constructure
Materials
High quality elements
Luxury & amenities
Budget
The building follows a hexagonal
grid to provide views and natural
light to the apartments
This allows the 9 wings with
double loaded corridors to be
efficiently serviced by 4 cores
eight years
-The building follows a hexagonal
grid to provide views and natural
light to the apartments
This allows the 9 wings with
double loaded corridors to be
efficiently serviced by 4 cores
eight years
The first phase building is raised
by a basement and plinth which
contain parking and various public
facilities: A school, swimming
pool, retail, bars, cafes and a
cinema. At the tallest point of the
structure a sky lounge will be
established.
The facade will be
concrete, with metal
shutters, wooden
balconies and stone-clad
circulation spaces
use simple and economic
materials
The building follows a hexagonal grid to
provide views and natural light to the
apartments
This allows the 9 wings with double loaded
corridors to be efficiently serviced by 4
cores
eight years
the amenities we were able to include, such as the
50-metre pool.
The building follows a hexagonal grid to
provide views and natural light to the
apartments
This allows the 9 wings with double
loaded corridors to be efficiently
serviced by 4 cores
eight years
The future
The on-site prefabrication system
should have reduced the cost of
production, an integral part of
Safdie’s vision for creating an
affordable housing complex.
Unfortunately, due to the
reduction of the project’s mass
scale, costs were much higher
than expected. However, though
Habitat failed to strike a new wave
of prefabrication, it succeeded in
creating a new housing typology
that is both effective and site
adaptable.
-In Habitat ’67 all the parts of the
building, including the units, the
pedestrian streets, and the
elevator cores, participate as load-
carrying members.
The units are connected to each
other by post-tensioning, high-
tension rods, cables, and welding,
all of which combine to form a
continuous suspension system
the concrete box was transferred
to an assembly line for the
insertion of electrical and
mechanical systems, as well as
insulation and windows. To
finalize the production, modular
kitchens and bathrooms were
installed, and finally a crane lifted
each unit to its designated
position.
The basic modular shape
was molded in a
reinforced steel cage,
which measured 38 x 17
feet.
The interior components
were produced,
assembled and installed
into each box unit in the
factory, with single-unit
bathrooms of gel-coated
fibreglass, kitchens
manufactured by
Frigidaire, and window
frames made of Geon
plastic.
each apartment with a roof garden, a
constant flow of fresh air and a maximum
of natural light: qualities which were
unprecedented for a twelve story
apartment complex
prefabricated modular units to reduce housing
costs
CAD $17 million
Habitat '67 captures some of the most
desirable amenities of free-standing
homes, while also providing
opportunities for the economies and
amenities of high-density urban living.
Habitat 67
The clients asked us to make a
building for a lot of different
housing types and also a lot of
different financing models, so we
wanted to explore the differences
in financial categories
The financial obligations added
differentiation in facade material
and outside spaces
the required deep piling
foundation and the expensive
temporary drydock constructions
a stack of shipping
containers, with a variety
of different colours and
material finishes creating
stripes across the façade
Connecting all the houses with the hall,
the public balcony, the harbor, the
barbeque area and garden, the library,
fitness area, and toy exchange, a three-
dimensional neighborhood materializes
the public balcony, the harbor, the barbeque area
and garden, the library, fitness area, and toy
exchange, a three-dimensional neighborhood
materializes
low-income families with elderly
residents, office workers and artists.
Sioldman
Facilities
ECONOMIC
Facilities
49
49
CONCLUSION
FACITLITIES
ACTIVITES
COMMINTY
FACITLITIES
CHAPTER 5
50
ACTIVITES
residential social Service Health
athletic
Culture
entertainment Investment
Studio
2,3,4 rooms units
Duplex
Triplex
Down
Library
Precent pavilion
Plaza
Reading room
Supermarket
Small shops
Restaurant
Sidewalk
Parking
PEDESTRIAN-FRIENDLY
STREETS
Bikeways
Communal area
Public Garden
Seating area
Ladies corner
meeting room
Guest room
Swimming pool
Kid’s playing
Adults
Yoga area
Farms
Compost bin area
Shopping center
Safety
Security room
Gates
Adults fitness
station
football
playfield
Elderly center
care
Public amenities
School
Gas station
healthcare
Sport
Place of worship
BLUE GREEN YELLOW RED AFFARODABLE
=
FACITLITIES
CHAPTER 5
51
Affordable/expensive
Amenities/luxur
y
Noise/quietness
View
Public/private used
occupants
Outdoor/in
door
AREA
Facilities
Activi
ties
Affordable
luxury
Making noise
No need
private
Employers
indoor
420
Guard house
Residential
expensive
luxury
Need quietness
Need view
private
Generational Family8-12
indoor
250
Unit, duplex triplex
Affordable
Amenities
Need quietness
Need view
private
Couple Students/elderly
indoor
80
Studio
Affordable
Amenities
Need quietness
Need view
Private
Family
Indoor
90
Single family unit 5
Affordable
Amenities
Need quietness
No need
private
1-3 adults
Indoor
14
Bedroom
Affordable
Amenities
Need quietness
Need view
private
1-5 occupants
indoor
15
Living room
Affordable
Amenities
Making noise
No need
private
Single
indoor
19
Bathroom
Affordable
Amenities
Making noise
Need view
private
Single woman
indoor
9
Kitchen
Affordable
Amenities
Need quietness
Need view
private
1-5 occupants
indoor
16
Dining room
expensive
luxury
Need quietness
Need view
public
1-5 men
indoor
17
Guest room
expensive
Luxury
Making noise
Need view
public
1-5 women
outdoor
12-25
Terraces
Affordable
Amenities
Making noise
Need view
public
1-2 men
outdoor
2-5
Balconies
Affordable
Luxury
Making noise
Need view
public
1-20- elderly
outdoor
16-25
Communal area
social
expensive
Luxury
Making noise
Source
public
1-30
outdoor
16-30
Public Garden
Affordable
Amenities
Need quietness
Need view
Semi-public
1-9
outdoor
17-50
Seating area
Affordable
Luxury
Need quietness
Need view
private
1-7 women
outdoor
17-9
Ladies room
Affordable
Amenities
Need quietness
Need view
Semi-public
1-4- elderly
outdoor
18-45
Meeting room
expensive
Luxury
Making noise
Source
Semi-public
1-45- adults
outdoor
50-150
Party pool area
entertainment
expensive
Luxury
Making noise
No need
public
1-10- children
outdoor
90-150
Play zone
expensive
Luxury
Making noise
Source
public
1-26- adults
outdoor
12-90
Forest walk
Affordable
Luxury
Need quietness
No need
public
1-5- adults
Out-door
Chess deck
Facilities
FACITLITIES
FACILI TIES
52
Facilit
ies
FACITLITIES
Affordable/expensive
Amenities/luxur
y
View
Public/private
used
occupants
Outdoor/indoor
area
Facilities
Activiti
es
Affordable
luxury
No need
public
Residentials
indoor
420
Supermarket
Service
expensive
luxury
Need view
250
Affordable
Amenities
Need view
public
Residentials
In-out
80
Restaurant
Affordable
Amenities
Need view
public
Residentials /visitors
Covered
90
Parking lot
Affordable
Amenities
No need
public
Residentials
Indoor
14
Small shops
Affordable
Amenities
Need view
Semi-public
Adults-families
outdoor
15
Sidewalk/bikeways/
Affordable
Amenities
No need
Private
Residentials
outdoor
19
Farm/farmstead/farmhouse
Investment
Affordable
Amenities
Need view
Private
Residentials
9
barns
Affordable
Amenities
Need view
Semi-public
Residentials
outdoor
16
Compost bin area
expensive
luxury
Need view
visitors
visitors
Indoor
17
retail
expensive
Luxury
Need view
Semi-public
Families
outdoor
12-25
Art garden
Culture
Affordable
Amenities
Need view
public
1-40 Residentials
Indoor
2-5
Pray hall
Affordable
Luxury
Need view
public
1-5 Residentials
Indoor
16-25
Library
expensive
Luxury
Source
public
Residentials
outdoor
16-30
Precent pavilion
Affordable
Amenities
Need view
public
Residentials1-6
outdoor
17-50
Plaza
Affordable
Luxury
Need view
public
1-15
Students
Indoor
17-9
Reading room
Affordable
Amenities
Need view
public
Adults
outdoor
18-45
Yoga area
expensive
Luxury
Source
public
Adults
outdoor
50-150
Swimming pool
Health
expensive
Luxury
No need
public
Adults
Indoor
90-150
Spa (steam/sauna)
expensive
Luxury
Source
public
Adults
Indoor
12-90
GYM
Affordable
Luxury
No need
public
Adults
Indoor
Fitness area
FACILI TIES
53
Facilities
STANDARDS 54
DEVELOPMENT TYPES
MIXED-USE DEVELOPMENT
Mixed-use developments create
vibrant urban environments that bring
compatible land uses, public
amenities, and utilities together at
various scales. These developments
seek to create pedestrianfriendly
environments, higher-density
development, and a variety of uses
that enable people to live, work, play,
and shop in one place, which can
become a destination
TRANSIT-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT
Transit-oriented development (TOD) is
generally defined as development that is
located within a 10- minute walk, or
approximately .5 mile, from a light rail,
heavy rail, or commuter rail station. It also
includes development along heavily used
bus and bus rapid transit corridors. In
some communities, waterborne transit
supports TOD.
BENEFITS OF TRANSIT-ORIENTED
DEVELOPMENT Certain benefits of TOD make
it distinct from conventional development
approaches. These benefits are numerous and
include quality of life, public health, economic
development, community character,
environmental quality, and transit use.
Quality of Life
Transit-oriented development can result in
many quality-of-life benefits, including
reducing automobile dependency; increasing
the range of housing options, both the types
of housing and the range of affordability
available to a community
Public Health
Because transit-oriented
development reduces automobile
dependency, residents can take
advantage of a more walkable
environment
Economic Development
Transit-oriented development provides
affordable access to jobs for people
without automobiles or with fewer
automobiles per household
Mix Uses
Along with higher densities,
transit-oriented
development can also be
characterized by the
emphasis on a mixed-use
environment.
CONSERVATION
DEVELOPMENT
Because transit-oriented
development reduces
automobile dependency,
residents can take advantage
of a more walkable
environment
INFILL DEVLOPMENT
Because transit-oriented
development reduces
automobile dependency,
residents can take advantage
of a more walkable
environment
TRANSIT-ORIENTED
DEVELOPMENT
Transit-oriented development
(TOD) is generally defined as
development that is located
within a 10- minute walk,
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
55
Residential types
can be classified into five basic categories:
Single-family detached.
dwelling units are physically separated from the units immediately adjacent to them.
Single-family attached.
Single-family attached dwelling units share common walls with units laterally adjacent to
them.
Multifamily low-rise.
Multifamily low-rise developments have dwelling units that share common walls with the
units that are laterally
Multifamily mid-rise
. Multifamily mid-rise dwelling units share common walls with the units that are laterally
and vertically adjacent. They are generally 5 to 12 levels in height, with a common core.
They sometimes include structured parking. Multifamily high-rise. Multifamily
high-rise dwelling
units share common walls with the units that are laterally and vertically adjacent. They
are generally 12 to 50 or more levels in height, with a common core, and often include
structured parking.
Facilities
HOUSING TAPOLOGEY
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
56
Project Size
Project size refers to the land area of the project. This can range from a
single-lot, 2,000-square-foot urban infill project to a 3,000-acre new
community
RESIDENTIAL-TYPES TYPES
LOW-DENSITY MEDIUM-DENSITY HIGH-DENSITY
PROJECT SIZE
Lot sizes typicallyvary
from 1/8-acre (0.5-
hectare) lots (approx.
5,500 square feet) to 2-
acre (0.81-hectare)or
larger lots.
ASPECT RATIO
Typical single-familylots will have a
width-to-depth ratio of 1:2. Lot widths
are typicallymultiples of 10 feet (3.1
meters), and can range from 30 feet (9.3
meters) to 100 feet (30.48 meters).
PROJECT SIZE
Multiunitbuildings typicallyoccupy one
lot, collectivelycontrolled through
condominium ownership or by a single
property owner. The number of units
and zoning regulations determinethe
overall building size
ASPECT RATIO
Due to the presence of a building core,
and thus a relativelylarge footprint, this
type requires fairly regularizedparcels
with an aspect ratio ranging from 1:1 to
1:2.
PROJECT SIZE
Multiunitbuildings typicallyoccupy one
lot, collectivelycontrolled through
condominium ownership or by a single
property owner. The number of units and
zoning regulations determinethe overall
building size.
ASPECT RATIO
Due to the presence of a building core,
and thus a relativelylarge footprint, this
type requires fairly regularizedparcels
with an aspect ratio ranging from 1:1 to
1:2.
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
57
Potential forms of co-habitation
Facilities
OCCUPANTS Occupants
STUDNETS/WORKERS ELDERLY FAMILY
Community visioning
offers local communities new ways to think about and plan for the long-term
future
1000 Dwelling
5000 habitation
10 minutes cities
22000-30000 M2
22000 M2
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
58
LOW RISE MID RISE
SINGLE-FAMILY DETACHED SINGLE-FAMILY ATTACHED MULTIFAMILY LOW-RISE
PROJECT SIZE
Lot sizes typically
vary from 1/8-acre
(0.5-hectare) lots
(approx. 5,500
square feet) to 2-
acre (0.81-hectare)
or larger lots.
ASPECT RATIO
Typical single-family lots will have
a width-to-depth ratio of 1:2. Lot
widths are typically multiples of
10 feet (3.1 meters), and can
range from 30 feet (9.3 meters)
to 100 feet (30.48 meters).
PROJECT SIZE
Multiunit buildings typically
occupy one lot, collectively
controlled through condominium
ownership or by a single property
owner. The number of units and
zoning regulations determine the
overall building size
ASPECT RATIO
Due to the presence of a building
core, and thus a relatively large
footprint, this type requires fairly
regularized parcels with an aspect
ratio ranging from 1:1 to 1:2.
PROJECT SIZE
Multiunit buildings typically
occupy one lot, collectively
controlled through condominium
ownership or by a single property
owner. The number of units and
zoning regulations determine the
overall building size.
ASPECT RATIO
Due to the presence of a building
core, and thus a relatively large
footprint, this type requires fairly
regularized parcels with an aspect
ratio ranging from 1:1 to 1:2.
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
59
MID-RISE & HIGH RISE MID RISE
SINGLE-FAMILY DETACHED SINGLE-FAMILY ATTACHED MULTIFAMILY LOW-RISE
PROJECT SIZE
Lot sizes typically
vary from 1/8-acre
(0.5-hectare) lots
(approx. 5,500
square feet) to 2-
acre (0.81-hectare)
or larger lots.
ASPECT RATIO
Typical single-family lots will have
a width-to-depth ratio of 1:2. Lot
widths are typically multiples of
10 feet (3.1 meters), and can
range from 30 feet (9.3 meters)
to 100 feet (30.48 meters).
PROJECT SIZE
Multiunit buildings typically
occupy one lot, collectively
controlled through condominium
ownership or by a single property
owner. The number of units and
zoning regulations determine the
overall building size
ASPECT RATIO
Due to the presence of a building
core, and thus a relatively large
footprint, this type requires fairly
regularized parcels with an aspect
ratio ranging from 1:1 to 1:2.
PROJECT SIZE
Multiunit buildings typically
occupy one lot, collectively
controlled through condominium
ownership or by a single property
owner. The number of units and
zoning regulations determine the
overall building size.
ASPECT RATIO
Due to the presence of a building
core, and thus a relatively large
footprint, this type requires fairly
regularized parcels with an aspect
ratio ranging from 1:1 to 1:2.
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
60
Deck access
means that the individual storeys of a block of flats
are accessed along horizontal passages, which are connected to
each other and to the entrance by one or more internal, projecting
or free-standing fixed vertical structures (stair shafts, lifts). The
flats are organised along the passages singly, on two sides or on
three sides (with an internal function zone).
(with corresponding detailing) the appearance of a
semi-public street
. The route of this 'street' directly in
front of a (for internal passages unlit) wall of the flat produces a
tendency to a one-sided orientation of the flat.
The variety of possibilities with this access type therefore results
from the layering of multi-storey and mezzanine residential units,
which offer the possibility, by building over the access passages,
of double-aspect living on two sides of the flat.
Facilities
CIRCULATION
Internal passage
If the access passage is inside the building,
this is called an
internal passage block
External passage
In an external passage building, the horizontal
access is along one
long side of the structure
Lifts
are required for residential buildings of more
than five full
floors-
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
61
STURCTURE
AFOARD
BUILDING
LOW-COST
COST EFFICIENTCY
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
62
LOW-COST
25 % of all new single-family housing starts are
manufactured homes.
Manufactured housing can cost from 10 -35% less than
traditional site-built housing. Affordability is a key
factor in the growth of manufactured housing.
MANUFACTURED HOUSING
Factory-built housing describes any structure designed as a
residential dwelling that is built primarily off-site from the
building site.
MANUFACTURED HOUSING
TYPE OF MANUFACTURED
SINGLE SECTION MULTI-SECTION MULTIUNIT CONFIGURATIONS
MOBILE HOME Term used for manufactured homes built prior to 1976
passage of the HUD Code. Homes built to
voluntary industry standards.
MANUFACTURED HOMES Structures built entirely in a factory to
federal performance standards established by the HUD Code.
MODULAR HOMES Modules are transported to site and installed.
Structures must meet local, state, or regional codes.
PANELIZED HOMES codes Building materials are factory-cut to design
specifications, transported to the site and assembled.
Examples include kit, log, and dome homes. Structures must meet local,
state, or regional building codes.
PRECUT HOMES Whole wall panels (including windows, doors, wiring,
etc.) are transported to the site and assembled. Structures must meet state
or local building
homes are structurally
complete once they leave a
manufacturing facility. They
can be oneor two-story
structures.
Multisection homes consist of two or
more sections that are assembled or
completed at the building site.
Multisection homes are used in two-story
designs
In addition to multistory configurations,
manufactured homes can also be used
in multiunit configurations. These units
consist of a number of different
manufactured sections that are then
assembled on-site as duplexes,
fourplexes, or townhomes.
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
63
Quality Cost-effective Time-saving Low construction waste
Flexibility
MODULAR
A modular shared home is a residential tower that is designed
based on the principles of shared living and modular construction.
approaching affordable housing system with high-quality
performance
STURCTURE
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
64
PREFABIRCATED HOUSING
STURCTURE
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
65
SUSTANABLE
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
66
British Embassy
In Yemen
Cost efficiency Solve problems No Poverty
SUSTAINABLE
SUSTAINABLE TO US
Diebedo
Francis
kere
PRITZKER
2022
LAUREATE
67
GREEN BUILDING
Industry Country Developing Country
Meeting the need of
the present
Reduce CO2
Emission
CLIMETE CHANGE
Suffering
Couse
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
68
SHARED SPACE
Shared spaces
is principle based on the idea of shared living 12.6 square meter shared
space is considered for each household the social infrastructure
between residents by sharing time, spaces, and resources34
THE FARMHOUSE
THE TORONTO TREE TOWER
THE TORONTO TREE TOWER
THE TORONTO TREE TOWER
SAN SHAN
69
SUSTANABLE
My definition of
SUSTANABLE
Industry Country Developing Country
Meeting the need of
the present
Reduce CO2
Emission
Self Sufficient
requires builders seek to better alternatives to toxic, costly
materials. The subsequent materials are often easier to handle,
healthier for living beings, and cost-effective. Recycled metal
and reclaimed wood are two such materials
Cost efficiency
CLIMETE CHANGE
Suffering
ENERGY SAVINGS
Energy savings have been a huge selling point for landlords in
switching to the green initiative. Efficient HVAC systems,
increased natural lighting, and insulated windows mean lower
energy bills for everyone. U.S. landowners can save $ 2 billion
in energy costs through 20 0 by following green building codes.
EFFICIENT CONSTRUCTION
Currently, commercial and residential buildings consume about one-
third of the world’s energy. Yet the IEA reports these buildings could
actually account for % of global energy savings by 2035
— if
construction practices become more energy-efficient. Fortunately, a
new type of housing has sprung into the market.
RECYCLE
in architecture : The self-contained building is a building designed
to be an independent operator in terms of infrastructure in
providing services such as electrical energy, etc., as well as
sewage treatment, the communication network and in some
cases public roads and
The Impact of Sustainable Building on the Housing Affordability Crisis
Couse
Solve problems No Poverty
SUSTAINABLE TO US
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
70
Brutalist Nostalgic
Post modernism Logical
{{{{{{
{{{{{{
{{{{{{
{{{{{{
SHCOOL OF ARCHUITUTURE
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
71
Vernacular Green buildings Global style
{{{{{{
Protype-stereotype
{{{{{{
{{{{{{
{{{{{{
{{{{{{
SHCOOL OF ARCHITECTURE
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
72
COMMUNITY VISIONING
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
Community visioning offers local communities new ways
to think about and plan for the long-term future.
WHAT’S VOSIONING
visioning is a planning process through which a community
creates a shared vision for its future and begins to make it
a reality
ROLE OF PARTICIPATION
Community participation is the involvement of people in
the creation and management of their built and natural
environments. Its strength is that it cuts across traditional
professional boundaries and cultures. The activity of
community participation is based on the principle that the
built and natural environments work better if citizens are
active and involved in its creation and management
instead of being treated as passive consumers
IMPLEMENTATION
Implementation. Many community-based
planning processes stop with awareness,
perception, and decision making. This can
have significant detrimental effects on a
project because it ends people’s
responsibilities when the “how-to, where-to,
whento, and who-will-do-it” must be added
to what people want and how it will look.
People must stay involved throughout the
processes and take responsibility with their
professionals to see that there are results
Questionnaire hypothetical stakeholders
STANDARDS
CHAPTER 5
73
SITE ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 5
74
PRMISSION
THE PRMISSION THE LAND USE FOR THE AREA THE NEW TOWN MAP
SITE ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 5
75
LOCATION
‫مميزات‬
SITE ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 5
76
Facilities
SITE ANALYSIS 77
SELF SUFFACANT HOUSING
Services
Farming area
The project focuses on housing design
Housing
NABORHOOD
BLOCK
COMPLEX
7
8
7
8
78
SITE ANALYSISI
CHAPTER 5
Facilities
PROGRAMING
PROGRAM
CHAPTER 6
FACITLITIES
CHAPTER 6
PRO GRAM
CHAPTER 6
80
UNITS: 970
MOUDLES:14500
PRO GRAM
CHAPTER 6
81
PROGRAM
LAYOUT
AREA
SCALE
1
7
180
970
BUILDINGS
STORY
DWELLING/FLOOR
UNITS
16000 AREA sqm
PRO GRAM
CHAPTER 6
82
PRO GRAM
CHAPTER 6
83
THE
END
84
Sana’a University Department of Architecture Bachelor
Graduation Project.
This document has been drafted as a recommendation within
Graduation project requirements of architecture - faculty of
engineering, Sana’a university. is a comprehensive research
and development action performed to integrate the increase
of housing costs and other obstacles of housing in Yemen.
Contact information.
Ghassan Alhammadi
Address. Sana’a, Yemen
E-mail. archghassanhammadi@gmail.com
Tel. +967 774 816 921
Printed in Sana’a, Yemen January 2023
85

More Related Content

What's hot

GATED COMMUNITY ARCHITECTURE THESIS CASE STUDY
GATED COMMUNITY ARCHITECTURE THESIS CASE STUDYGATED COMMUNITY ARCHITECTURE THESIS CASE STUDY
GATED COMMUNITY ARCHITECTURE THESIS CASE STUDYGeeva Chandana
 
Group housing case study
Group housing case studyGroup housing case study
Group housing case studyVishwas Sahni
 
Mumbai High Rise Buildings Case studies of Kohinoor Square, Aquaria Grande, K...
Mumbai High Rise Buildings Case studies of Kohinoor Square, Aquaria Grande, K...Mumbai High Rise Buildings Case studies of Kohinoor Square, Aquaria Grande, K...
Mumbai High Rise Buildings Case studies of Kohinoor Square, Aquaria Grande, K...Prateek Srivastava
 
Salt Lake City Centre
Salt Lake City CentreSalt Lake City Centre
Salt Lake City CentreRashmi Gautam
 
LITERATURE CASE STUDY CONVENTION CENTER
LITERATURE CASE STUDY  CONVENTION CENTERLITERATURE CASE STUDY  CONVENTION CENTER
LITERATURE CASE STUDY CONVENTION CENTERSIJOMONACHAN
 
Gated community thesis
Gated community thesisGated community thesis
Gated community thesisGeeva Chandana
 
Charles correa - housing projects
Charles correa - housing projectsCharles correa - housing projects
Charles correa - housing projectsAarti Rani
 
Architecture Thesis Topics List
Architecture Thesis Topics ListArchitecture Thesis Topics List
Architecture Thesis Topics ListBachelor Thesis
 
convention center litrature
convention center litratureconvention center litrature
convention center litratureSrujanaReddy41
 
Hotel Design - Midpoint Thesis Book
Hotel Design - Midpoint Thesis BookHotel Design - Midpoint Thesis Book
Hotel Design - Midpoint Thesis Bookrajensen00
 
Case study cummunity. center presentation
Case study cummunity. center presentationCase study cummunity. center presentation
Case study cummunity. center presentationSispap1
 
TYPES OF HOUSING AND RESIDINTIAL BLOCKS
TYPES OF HOUSING AND RESIDINTIAL BLOCKSTYPES OF HOUSING AND RESIDINTIAL BLOCKS
TYPES OF HOUSING AND RESIDINTIAL BLOCKSSipAn Hayran
 
Presentation case study convention center
Presentation case study convention centerPresentation case study convention center
Presentation case study convention centerKiruthika Selvi K J
 

What's hot (20)

Aranya Low Cost Housing
Aranya Low Cost HousingAranya Low Cost Housing
Aranya Low Cost Housing
 
GATED COMMUNITY ARCHITECTURE THESIS CASE STUDY
GATED COMMUNITY ARCHITECTURE THESIS CASE STUDYGATED COMMUNITY ARCHITECTURE THESIS CASE STUDY
GATED COMMUNITY ARCHITECTURE THESIS CASE STUDY
 
Group housing case study
Group housing case studyGroup housing case study
Group housing case study
 
Mumbai High Rise Buildings Case studies of Kohinoor Square, Aquaria Grande, K...
Mumbai High Rise Buildings Case studies of Kohinoor Square, Aquaria Grande, K...Mumbai High Rise Buildings Case studies of Kohinoor Square, Aquaria Grande, K...
Mumbai High Rise Buildings Case studies of Kohinoor Square, Aquaria Grande, K...
 
HOUSING CASE STUDY
HOUSING CASE STUDYHOUSING CASE STUDY
HOUSING CASE STUDY
 
Salt Lake City Centre
Salt Lake City CentreSalt Lake City Centre
Salt Lake City Centre
 
Cept Case study
Cept Case studyCept Case study
Cept Case study
 
LITERATURE CASE STUDY CONVENTION CENTER
LITERATURE CASE STUDY  CONVENTION CENTERLITERATURE CASE STUDY  CONVENTION CENTER
LITERATURE CASE STUDY CONVENTION CENTER
 
Gated community thesis
Gated community thesisGated community thesis
Gated community thesis
 
Charles correa - housing projects
Charles correa - housing projectsCharles correa - housing projects
Charles correa - housing projects
 
Architecture Thesis Topics List
Architecture Thesis Topics ListArchitecture Thesis Topics List
Architecture Thesis Topics List
 
Interactive spaces
Interactive spacesInteractive spaces
Interactive spaces
 
convention center litrature
convention center litratureconvention center litrature
convention center litrature
 
Hotel Design - Midpoint Thesis Book
Hotel Design - Midpoint Thesis BookHotel Design - Midpoint Thesis Book
Hotel Design - Midpoint Thesis Book
 
Case study cummunity. center presentation
Case study cummunity. center presentationCase study cummunity. center presentation
Case study cummunity. center presentation
 
TYPES OF HOUSING AND RESIDINTIAL BLOCKS
TYPES OF HOUSING AND RESIDINTIAL BLOCKSTYPES OF HOUSING AND RESIDINTIAL BLOCKS
TYPES OF HOUSING AND RESIDINTIAL BLOCKS
 
Presentation case study convention center
Presentation case study convention centerPresentation case study convention center
Presentation case study convention center
 
Laurie baker
Laurie bakerLaurie baker
Laurie baker
 
Literature of apartment
Literature of apartmentLiterature of apartment
Literature of apartment
 
Incremental housing
Incremental housingIncremental housing
Incremental housing
 

Similar to Affordable housing programming for architecture - thesis project

Auckland Conversations with Hank Dittmar
Auckland Conversations with Hank Dittmar Auckland Conversations with Hank Dittmar
Auckland Conversations with Hank Dittmar Auckland Conversations
 
Fernando González, MCH2023, México
Fernando González, MCH2023, MéxicoFernando González, MCH2023, México
Fernando González, MCH2023, MéxicoMCH
 
Ricardo Martinez, MCH2021, México
Ricardo Martinez, MCH2021, MéxicoRicardo Martinez, MCH2021, México
Ricardo Martinez, MCH2021, MéxicoMCH
 
Vernacular architecture introduction
Vernacular architecture introductionVernacular architecture introduction
Vernacular architecture introductionBala Hari Krishnan S
 
Considering Socio-cultural Sustainability in the Architectural Design Process...
Considering Socio-cultural Sustainability in the Architectural Design Process...Considering Socio-cultural Sustainability in the Architectural Design Process...
Considering Socio-cultural Sustainability in the Architectural Design Process...Galala University
 
Case Study Of The Indian Coffee House, Trivandrum
Case Study Of The Indian Coffee House, TrivandrumCase Study Of The Indian Coffee House, Trivandrum
Case Study Of The Indian Coffee House, TrivandrumBrenda Zerr
 
North Lincolnshire Urban Design Guide
North Lincolnshire Urban Design GuideNorth Lincolnshire Urban Design Guide
North Lincolnshire Urban Design GuideGraeme Moore
 
Comparison Of Post-Modernism And The Modern Movement
Comparison Of Post-Modernism And The Modern MovementComparison Of Post-Modernism And The Modern Movement
Comparison Of Post-Modernism And The Modern MovementDeborah Gastineau
 
Andrea Mantecón, MCH2018, Mexico
Andrea Mantecón, MCH2018, MexicoAndrea Mantecón, MCH2018, Mexico
Andrea Mantecón, MCH2018, MexicoMCH
 
Architecture For Special Needs
Architecture For Special NeedsArchitecture For Special Needs
Architecture For Special NeedsAngel Evans
 
Socio-Cultural Sustainability of Housing Environments in Kuwait
Socio-Cultural Sustainability of Housing Environments in KuwaitSocio-Cultural Sustainability of Housing Environments in Kuwait
Socio-Cultural Sustainability of Housing Environments in KuwaitGalala University
 
Gabriel Barba, MCH2023, Perú
Gabriel Barba, MCH2023, PerúGabriel Barba, MCH2023, Perú
Gabriel Barba, MCH2023, PerúMCH
 
Anna Davidovich, MCH2021, Israel
Anna Davidovich, MCH2021, IsraelAnna Davidovich, MCH2021, Israel
Anna Davidovich, MCH2021, IsraelMCH
 
30 Exciting Architecture Thesis Topics to Explore in 2024.
30 Exciting Architecture Thesis Topics to Explore in 2024.30 Exciting Architecture Thesis Topics to Explore in 2024.
30 Exciting Architecture Thesis Topics to Explore in 2024.Chandresh Chudasama
 
A critical analysis of urban regeneration programmes in Europe
A critical analysis of urban regeneration programmes in EuropeA critical analysis of urban regeneration programmes in Europe
A critical analysis of urban regeneration programmes in EuropeIsaiah O. Durosaiye
 
2428-from-new-york-to-busan-reflecting-culture-in-urban-design.pdf
2428-from-new-york-to-busan-reflecting-culture-in-urban-design.pdf2428-from-new-york-to-busan-reflecting-culture-in-urban-design.pdf
2428-from-new-york-to-busan-reflecting-culture-in-urban-design.pdfSMITHAHB
 

Similar to Affordable housing programming for architecture - thesis project (20)

Hank Dittmar
Hank DittmarHank Dittmar
Hank Dittmar
 
Auckland Conversations with Hank Dittmar
Auckland Conversations with Hank Dittmar Auckland Conversations with Hank Dittmar
Auckland Conversations with Hank Dittmar
 
Fernando González, MCH2023, México
Fernando González, MCH2023, MéxicoFernando González, MCH2023, México
Fernando González, MCH2023, México
 
Ricardo Martinez, MCH2021, México
Ricardo Martinez, MCH2021, MéxicoRicardo Martinez, MCH2021, México
Ricardo Martinez, MCH2021, México
 
Vernacular architecture introduction
Vernacular architecture introductionVernacular architecture introduction
Vernacular architecture introduction
 
Considering Socio-cultural Sustainability in the Architectural Design Process...
Considering Socio-cultural Sustainability in the Architectural Design Process...Considering Socio-cultural Sustainability in the Architectural Design Process...
Considering Socio-cultural Sustainability in the Architectural Design Process...
 
Case Study Of The Indian Coffee House, Trivandrum
Case Study Of The Indian Coffee House, TrivandrumCase Study Of The Indian Coffee House, Trivandrum
Case Study Of The Indian Coffee House, Trivandrum
 
Taguig eco village project_2010
Taguig eco village project_2010Taguig eco village project_2010
Taguig eco village project_2010
 
North Lincolnshire Urban Design Guide
North Lincolnshire Urban Design GuideNorth Lincolnshire Urban Design Guide
North Lincolnshire Urban Design Guide
 
Comparison Of Post-Modernism And The Modern Movement
Comparison Of Post-Modernism And The Modern MovementComparison Of Post-Modernism And The Modern Movement
Comparison Of Post-Modernism And The Modern Movement
 
Andrea Mantecón, MCH2018, Mexico
Andrea Mantecón, MCH2018, MexicoAndrea Mantecón, MCH2018, Mexico
Andrea Mantecón, MCH2018, Mexico
 
Architecture For Special Needs
Architecture For Special NeedsArchitecture For Special Needs
Architecture For Special Needs
 
Socio-Cultural Sustainability of Housing Environments in Kuwait
Socio-Cultural Sustainability of Housing Environments in KuwaitSocio-Cultural Sustainability of Housing Environments in Kuwait
Socio-Cultural Sustainability of Housing Environments in Kuwait
 
YM AIA ME 2016 Presentation
YM AIA ME 2016 PresentationYM AIA ME 2016 Presentation
YM AIA ME 2016 Presentation
 
Gabriel Barba, MCH2023, Perú
Gabriel Barba, MCH2023, PerúGabriel Barba, MCH2023, Perú
Gabriel Barba, MCH2023, Perú
 
Anna Davidovich, MCH2021, Israel
Anna Davidovich, MCH2021, IsraelAnna Davidovich, MCH2021, Israel
Anna Davidovich, MCH2021, Israel
 
30 Exciting Architecture Thesis Topics to Explore in 2024.
30 Exciting Architecture Thesis Topics to Explore in 2024.30 Exciting Architecture Thesis Topics to Explore in 2024.
30 Exciting Architecture Thesis Topics to Explore in 2024.
 
Design to live ulm2-april5,2011
Design to live   ulm2-april5,2011Design to live   ulm2-april5,2011
Design to live ulm2-april5,2011
 
A critical analysis of urban regeneration programmes in Europe
A critical analysis of urban regeneration programmes in EuropeA critical analysis of urban regeneration programmes in Europe
A critical analysis of urban regeneration programmes in Europe
 
2428-from-new-york-to-busan-reflecting-culture-in-urban-design.pdf
2428-from-new-york-to-busan-reflecting-culture-in-urban-design.pdf2428-from-new-york-to-busan-reflecting-culture-in-urban-design.pdf
2428-from-new-york-to-busan-reflecting-culture-in-urban-design.pdf
 

Recently uploaded

world health day 2024.pptxgbbvggvbhjjjbbbb
world health day 2024.pptxgbbvggvbhjjjbbbbworld health day 2024.pptxgbbvggvbhjjjbbbb
world health day 2024.pptxgbbvggvbhjjjbbbbpreetirao780
 
guest bathroom white and blue ssssssssss
guest bathroom white and blue ssssssssssguest bathroom white and blue ssssssssss
guest bathroom white and blue ssssssssssNadaMohammed714321
 
General Knowledge Quiz Game C++ CODE.pptx
General Knowledge Quiz Game C++ CODE.pptxGeneral Knowledge Quiz Game C++ CODE.pptx
General Knowledge Quiz Game C++ CODE.pptxmarckustrevion
 
group_15_empirya_p1projectIndustrial.pdf
group_15_empirya_p1projectIndustrial.pdfgroup_15_empirya_p1projectIndustrial.pdf
group_15_empirya_p1projectIndustrial.pdfneelspinoy
 
Karim apartment ideas 01 ppppppppppppppp
Karim apartment ideas 01 pppppppppppppppKarim apartment ideas 01 ppppppppppppppp
Karim apartment ideas 01 pppppppppppppppNadaMohammed714321
 
Pharmaceutical Packaging for the elderly.pdf
Pharmaceutical Packaging for the elderly.pdfPharmaceutical Packaging for the elderly.pdf
Pharmaceutical Packaging for the elderly.pdfAayushChavan5
 
10 must-have Chrome extensions for designers
10 must-have Chrome extensions for designers10 must-have Chrome extensions for designers
10 must-have Chrome extensions for designersPixeldarts
 
Color Theory Explained for Noobs- Think360 Studio
Color Theory Explained for Noobs- Think360 StudioColor Theory Explained for Noobs- Think360 Studio
Color Theory Explained for Noobs- Think360 StudioThink360 Studio
 
Giulio Michelon, Founder di @Belka – “Oltre le Stime: Sviluppare una Mentalit...
Giulio Michelon, Founder di @Belka – “Oltre le Stime: Sviluppare una Mentalit...Giulio Michelon, Founder di @Belka – “Oltre le Stime: Sviluppare una Mentalit...
Giulio Michelon, Founder di @Belka – “Oltre le Stime: Sviluppare una Mentalit...Associazione Digital Days
 
AI and Design Vol. 2: Navigating the New Frontier - Morgenbooster
AI and Design Vol. 2: Navigating the New Frontier - MorgenboosterAI and Design Vol. 2: Navigating the New Frontier - Morgenbooster
AI and Design Vol. 2: Navigating the New Frontier - Morgenbooster1508 A/S
 
guest bathroom white and bluesssssssssss
guest bathroom white and bluesssssssssssguest bathroom white and bluesssssssssss
guest bathroom white and bluesssssssssssNadaMohammed714321
 
Piece by Piece Magazine
Piece by Piece Magazine                      Piece by Piece Magazine
Piece by Piece Magazine CharlottePulte
 
Karim apartment ideas 02 ppppppppppppppp
Karim apartment ideas 02 pppppppppppppppKarim apartment ideas 02 ppppppppppppppp
Karim apartment ideas 02 pppppppppppppppNadaMohammed714321
 
The spirit of digital place - game worlds and architectural phenomenology
The spirit of digital place - game worlds and architectural phenomenologyThe spirit of digital place - game worlds and architectural phenomenology
The spirit of digital place - game worlds and architectural phenomenologyChristopher Totten
 
Map of St. Louis Parks
Map of St. Louis Parks                              Map of St. Louis Parks
Map of St. Louis Parks CharlottePulte
 
Top 10 Modern Web Design Trends for 2025
Top 10 Modern Web Design Trends for 2025Top 10 Modern Web Design Trends for 2025
Top 10 Modern Web Design Trends for 2025Rndexperts
 
Niintendo Wii Presentation Template.pptx
Niintendo Wii Presentation Template.pptxNiintendo Wii Presentation Template.pptx
Niintendo Wii Presentation Template.pptxKevinYaelJimnezSanti
 
怎么办理英国Newcastle毕业证纽卡斯尔大学学位证书一手渠道
怎么办理英国Newcastle毕业证纽卡斯尔大学学位证书一手渠道怎么办理英国Newcastle毕业证纽卡斯尔大学学位证书一手渠道
怎么办理英国Newcastle毕业证纽卡斯尔大学学位证书一手渠道yrolcks
 
cda.pptx critical discourse analysis ppt
cda.pptx critical discourse analysis pptcda.pptx critical discourse analysis ppt
cda.pptx critical discourse analysis pptMaryamAfzal41
 
Interior Design for Office a cura di RMG Project Studio
Interior Design for Office a cura di RMG Project StudioInterior Design for Office a cura di RMG Project Studio
Interior Design for Office a cura di RMG Project StudioRMG Project Studio
 

Recently uploaded (20)

world health day 2024.pptxgbbvggvbhjjjbbbb
world health day 2024.pptxgbbvggvbhjjjbbbbworld health day 2024.pptxgbbvggvbhjjjbbbb
world health day 2024.pptxgbbvggvbhjjjbbbb
 
guest bathroom white and blue ssssssssss
guest bathroom white and blue ssssssssssguest bathroom white and blue ssssssssss
guest bathroom white and blue ssssssssss
 
General Knowledge Quiz Game C++ CODE.pptx
General Knowledge Quiz Game C++ CODE.pptxGeneral Knowledge Quiz Game C++ CODE.pptx
General Knowledge Quiz Game C++ CODE.pptx
 
group_15_empirya_p1projectIndustrial.pdf
group_15_empirya_p1projectIndustrial.pdfgroup_15_empirya_p1projectIndustrial.pdf
group_15_empirya_p1projectIndustrial.pdf
 
Karim apartment ideas 01 ppppppppppppppp
Karim apartment ideas 01 pppppppppppppppKarim apartment ideas 01 ppppppppppppppp
Karim apartment ideas 01 ppppppppppppppp
 
Pharmaceutical Packaging for the elderly.pdf
Pharmaceutical Packaging for the elderly.pdfPharmaceutical Packaging for the elderly.pdf
Pharmaceutical Packaging for the elderly.pdf
 
10 must-have Chrome extensions for designers
10 must-have Chrome extensions for designers10 must-have Chrome extensions for designers
10 must-have Chrome extensions for designers
 
Color Theory Explained for Noobs- Think360 Studio
Color Theory Explained for Noobs- Think360 StudioColor Theory Explained for Noobs- Think360 Studio
Color Theory Explained for Noobs- Think360 Studio
 
Giulio Michelon, Founder di @Belka – “Oltre le Stime: Sviluppare una Mentalit...
Giulio Michelon, Founder di @Belka – “Oltre le Stime: Sviluppare una Mentalit...Giulio Michelon, Founder di @Belka – “Oltre le Stime: Sviluppare una Mentalit...
Giulio Michelon, Founder di @Belka – “Oltre le Stime: Sviluppare una Mentalit...
 
AI and Design Vol. 2: Navigating the New Frontier - Morgenbooster
AI and Design Vol. 2: Navigating the New Frontier - MorgenboosterAI and Design Vol. 2: Navigating the New Frontier - Morgenbooster
AI and Design Vol. 2: Navigating the New Frontier - Morgenbooster
 
guest bathroom white and bluesssssssssss
guest bathroom white and bluesssssssssssguest bathroom white and bluesssssssssss
guest bathroom white and bluesssssssssss
 
Piece by Piece Magazine
Piece by Piece Magazine                      Piece by Piece Magazine
Piece by Piece Magazine
 
Karim apartment ideas 02 ppppppppppppppp
Karim apartment ideas 02 pppppppppppppppKarim apartment ideas 02 ppppppppppppppp
Karim apartment ideas 02 ppppppppppppppp
 
The spirit of digital place - game worlds and architectural phenomenology
The spirit of digital place - game worlds and architectural phenomenologyThe spirit of digital place - game worlds and architectural phenomenology
The spirit of digital place - game worlds and architectural phenomenology
 
Map of St. Louis Parks
Map of St. Louis Parks                              Map of St. Louis Parks
Map of St. Louis Parks
 
Top 10 Modern Web Design Trends for 2025
Top 10 Modern Web Design Trends for 2025Top 10 Modern Web Design Trends for 2025
Top 10 Modern Web Design Trends for 2025
 
Niintendo Wii Presentation Template.pptx
Niintendo Wii Presentation Template.pptxNiintendo Wii Presentation Template.pptx
Niintendo Wii Presentation Template.pptx
 
怎么办理英国Newcastle毕业证纽卡斯尔大学学位证书一手渠道
怎么办理英国Newcastle毕业证纽卡斯尔大学学位证书一手渠道怎么办理英国Newcastle毕业证纽卡斯尔大学学位证书一手渠道
怎么办理英国Newcastle毕业证纽卡斯尔大学学位证书一手渠道
 
cda.pptx critical discourse analysis ppt
cda.pptx critical discourse analysis pptcda.pptx critical discourse analysis ppt
cda.pptx critical discourse analysis ppt
 
Interior Design for Office a cura di RMG Project Studio
Interior Design for Office a cura di RMG Project StudioInterior Design for Office a cura di RMG Project Studio
Interior Design for Office a cura di RMG Project Studio
 

Affordable housing programming for architecture - thesis project

  • 2. ARCHITECTURE PROGRAMING PROJECT Sana’a University-faculty of Engineering Done by. Ghassan alhammadi Supervision by D/Saif Alqubati D/Smaira Alshawsh Arch. Ashraf alabbasi Arch. Amna Alazani
  • 3. CONTENT CHAPTER 1:INTRODUCTION 1.1 WAY AFFARDOBALE HOUSING,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ASPIRATION 1.2 1.2 ASPIRATION,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1.3 HISTORY………………………………………………………………….. 1.4 HOUSING DENSITY…………………………………………………. 1.5 PURPOSES……………………………………………………………………. 1.6 OBJECTIVES………………………………………………………….. 1.7 SWOT……………………………………………………………………….. 1.8 THESIS……………………………………………………………………………… CHAPTER 2: CASE STUDY 2.1 HABITAT 67……………………………………………………………. 2.2 WOLDEN 7………………………………………. …………………………………………………………….. 2.3 SILODAMAN ……………………………………………………………. 2.4 THE FUTURE TOWERS ……………………………………………………………. 2.5 MORI HASUS ……………………………………………………………. 2.6 CONOCLUSION ……………………………………………………………. 2.6.2 SIZE OF THE PROJECT ……………………………………………………………. 2.6.3 DATA COMPARISION ……………………………………………………………. 2.6.4 SOCIAL COMPARISION ……………………………………………………………. 2.6.5 ECONOMIC COMPARISION ……………………………………………………………. CHAPTER 3: FACITLITES 3.1 ACTIVTES ……………………………………………………………. 3.2 FACITLITIES ……………………………………………………………. CHAPTER 4: SEARCHED STANDARDS 4.1 DEVELOPMENT TYPES ……………………………………………………………. 4.2 HOUSING TAPOLOGEY ……………………………………………………………. 4.3 OCCUPANTS ……………………………………………………………. 4.4 STURCTURE ……………………………………………………………. 4.5 SUSTANABLE DEVLOPMENT ……………………………………………………………. 4.6 SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE ……………………………………………………………. 4.7 COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION ……………………………………………………………. CHAPTER 5: SITE ANALYSIS 5.1 PRMISSION ……………………………………………………………. 5.2 LOCATION ……………………………………………………………. 5.3 SITE ANALYSIS ……………………………………………………………. CHAPTER 6: PROGRAMMING 6.1 FACITLITES& ACTIVTES ……………………………………………………………. 6.2 UNITS& MOUDLES …………………………………………………………….
  • 5. INTRODUCTION AFFORDABLE AFFOARDABLE HOUSING Building models 18 in Mexico are buildings in which engineers try to choose and configure building forms to be built without the intervention of engineers, in which prices come before everything A project to solve housing problems for third world countries. The project is considered the ideal solution to be established in the event of an increase in the demand for the commodity in housing for low-income people. It depends on changing architectural ideas and the concept of beauty. It relies on innovations in construction, self-construction, and the use of local materials, which contributes to reducing the construction price SELF SUFFACANT HOUSING SELF SUFFACANT HOUSING SYNONYMS SOCIAL HOUSING LOW-INCOME HOUSING GREEN HOUSING COLLECTIVE HOUSING ECONIMAIC HOUSING Use of local materials in construction India A prototype model in Mexico 18 buildings in which engineers try to choose and configure building forms to be built without the intervention of engineers, in which prices come before everything A self-constructed residential model that relies on community participation in solving problems and suggestions, and building on its own without the intervention of the architect. The model is subject to change based on different living requirements and construction budget Introduction 5 CHAPTER 1 PROTOTYBE 5
  • 6. AFFORDABLE Issues Result Low-income Poverty in Yemen holds one of the highest rates in the Arab world. Half of the population lives on less than two dollars per day. The main reason for poverty in Yemen is a lack of basic resources, such as water, healthcare and education. Introduction Housing crisis low cost and ease of construction ensurethe development of the country, this would be by using the right architectural style and philosophical approach to architectural design. Sustainable low-cost social housing philosophical fit to us. internally displacement 4.3 million Yemenis are internally displaced. More than seven years of conflict have resulted in Yemen enduring one of the world's worst humanitarian crises, in which 70 of the population rely on aid for their survival and millions have fled home Housing bubble a run-up in housing prices fueled by demand, speculation, and exuberant spending to the point of collapse. Especially in Sana’a city the capital of Yemen Commercial shops under 25 square meters used for living by occupation mostare internally displaced families end up in this place cause no where also fit with their income. Some of the shops do nothave bathrooms and most without windows so no ventilation and natural light WHY HOUSING 6 6 6 CHAPTER 1
  • 7. ASPIRATION In a country, most of the population lives below the poverty line, but architectural awareness is no different from what is in rich industrialized countries. In light of intellectual and educational weakness, architecture becomes an attempt to form and declare to create fake beauty to stay instead of meeting the basic needs of human. Creativity becomes just formed and tradition of ancient architecture or aerobic architecture is not guaranteed, indifferent to economic and residential crises. These prevailing architecture contributed to the increase in housing prices and construction complexity of design to build people to build without experiences, which require expertise, the result was housing without the lowest humanitarian structure with an irreplaceable concrete substances with the These problems came as a result of the low awareness of architects and people with affordable housing simple and simple career beauty created by accommodation with local climate, reasonable prices and self- adrene. The awareness of the vulnerability of education and the poverty of Arab content by raising global examples of Affordable Housing projects successful in an environment similar to the local group in an Arab language and a conceptual means of all. To change the thought and the concept of beauty and creativity to become a solution to the problems is the beauty and real creativity instead of the high attempts ... The first step to resolve the problem is to realize it, cognition will work to change prevailing ideas and thus practices. The initiative targets the influence on thought of exercises and academics and seeking the desirability of these ideas in universities, architectural and working with official bodies to establish this approach in line with the situation in which the country is passing through and facilitating Knowledge-related means and overlook the public at the local level of sustainability, given the complexity of cognitive methods and their limitation on the upper-scale or articles with complex and generous style, which is difficult to appeal to non-student. Based on the theories of the social education imposed by Pandora that people learn from each other by observation, tradition and a model, and the success of this initiative (model) depends on the amount of attention and appreciation to be taken from people. Introduction 7 CHAPTER 1
  • 8. Q;S The need for easy, fast and cheap construction HISTORY THE WORLD WARS The housing and economic crisis MODRENISM Announcement 1920C After the First World War and the beginning of the economic crisis, the architect announced the principles embodying the economic construction of Villa Savoy‫ضهظ‬Q;S‫ا‬ Thesis how to construction with low cost Changing the mind to be in line with the current economic situation‫ضهظ‬ ‫خلقت‬ Militancy in 1945C After World War II, the height of the housing crisis was accompanied by the height of extremism in architectural ideas WORLD WAR I WORLD WAR II AFTERMATH Deconstruction 1960C After the economic stability of Europe, there is no need to return to art and art ALTER EGO Introduction 8 8 CHAPTER 1 ALTER EGO ALTER EGO PHASE I PHASE 2 PHASE 3
  • 9. MVRDV OFFICE ‫خلقت‬ Current situation is the most important architectural figures in the field of affordable housing and their work in solving the problem of slums in the developing world MVRDV OFFICE Alejandro Aravena SOMDOON BIG Sanjay puri Tatiana Bilbao Introduction 9 9 CHAPTER 1 9 HISTORY
  • 10. SELF SUFFACANT HOUSING An architectural project in the first place, but considering the planning aspects as part of the general site planning, the size of the scrapping project ranges from 22,000 to 30,000 according to NAAB, in excess of 22,000 square meters, in addition to services MIX 10000 OCUPTIONS HOUSING DENSITY The size of the project is according to the built-up area and the site area Introduction 10 CHAPTER 1 MIX 22000 SQM MIN 1000 OCUPTIONS MIN 6000 SQM
  • 11. PURPOSE ‫خلقت‬ MAIN PURPOSE Presenting the concept of sustainability in a simple way that goes with people's minds away from the complexity and defining or reformulating it as practices to solve local problems and crises by presenting the best sustainable practices in the world for example SCAONDRAY PURPOSES ▪ Instilling the spirit of initiative among members of society in presenting ideas to solve their problems and applying them in society with awareness and true faith. ▪ Changing the concept of beauty among people from costly complexity to simplicity and redefining creativity as a solution to problems. ▪ Spreading individual awareness of engineers of responsibility towards ideas, costs of implementing ideas. Introduction 1 1 CHAPTER 1 11
  • 12. ‫خلقت‬ OBJECTIVES ▪ Solving the housing crisis in Sana’a represented by the high prices of buildings and land. ▪ Self-construction for the community. ▪ Local ideas and innovations to solve humanitarian problems. ▪ Reducing rent and building prices by replacing concrete building materials with local materials that are less expensive or more beautiful. ▪ They are suitable as a construction and finishing material at the same time. ▪ Creating an easy, fast and inexpensive building method that contributes to urban advancement followed by social advancement ▪ Finding a solution to slums and the cancerous horizontal expansion of the city ▪ Home for all marginalized and incapable groups in society Paying attention to reformulating the concept of sustainability to suit the societies of developing countries Introduction 1 2 CHAPTER 1 12
  • 13. THE WORLD ‫خلقت‬ More than 50 projects The size about build to neighboring residential The inertance Urko Sanchez Architects SOS Children's Village in Djibouti Tiny Apartment in Taipei Taipei, Taiwan Urbanismo asequible en la Ciudad de México: IntegrARA Lázaro Cárdenas de a | 911 Mori haus residence/ somdoon Architects IntegrARA Lázaro Cárdenas IntegrARA Iztacalco Walden 7 / Ricardo Bofill Silodam Housing Block in Amsterdam / MVRDV 72 logements collectifs Mountain Dwellings/BIG amanora future towers Residential towers with lush public green Urko Sanchez Architects SOS Children's Village in Djibouti Cenon / Habiter Autrement + Ateliers Jean Nouvel Lormont Housing / Habiter Autrement + Ateliers Jean Nouvel Earth one vaulted house — Cal-Earth Aranya Housing Project — B V Doshi Chenkal Choola Housing — Laurie Baker S-House — Vo Trong Nghia Architects Villa Verde — Alejandro Aravena Parkview Terrace by Fougeron Architecture, San Francisco Dessau-Törten Housing Estate Walter Gropius Oscar Niemeyer apartment building in Berlin captured by Pedro Vannucchi Interbau Apartment House Through the Lens of Bahaa Ghoussainy Armagnac / Habiter Autrement + Ateliers Jean Nouvel Iha Residence — Vinu Daniel Post – Tsunami Housing — Shingeru Ban Casa Convento — Enrique Mora Alvardo Copan Building, Sao Paulo Oscar Niemeyer Concrete Waves: Exploring the “Yard Typology” Tetris Apartments,Ljubljana, Slovenia MVRDV Brings Minecraft to Life with RED7 Housing in Moscow Hagen Island MVRDV pixel-based design of Rødovre Sky Village Mirador building Parkrand Salt Mori haus residence/ somdoon Architects Brick Weave House / 4site architects Social housing in Ciudad Acuña, Mexico, by Tatiana Bilbao Estudio Experimental Mexican community contains social housing by Tatiana Bilbao and Frida Escobedo Frida Escobedo Taller de Arquitectura firm Tatiana Bilbao ESTUDIO affordable ing fonciere housing bordeaux France Torre del Molino Housing / Estudio & Introduction 13 CHAPTER 1
  • 14. SWOT ‫خلقت‬ ▪ The inability to understand the project by the official authorities, ▪ The inability to accept the renew ▪ Nostalgia S O W T ▪ The end of the war and the need for housing, the presence of internally displaced persons, ▪ The increase in poverty the increase in demand for supply, ▪ The population increase and demographic growth rates ▪ The threat to historical and agricultural areas through urban sprawl. ▪ The cost of construction is cheap and easy. There is always an urgent need for housing projects. ▪ Opportunities for population growth and stability, and thus demographic growth. The need for social housing. ▪ People accept living in communal buildings and apartments. ▪ Society's lack of acceptance of sustainable ideas ▪ Dissatisfaction with projects that violate customs and traditions Introduction 1 4 CHAPTER 1 14
  • 15. WHY Thesis introduction Creativity is to solve problems Francis Kéré uses Materials to Respond to Local Climate Conditions and win the Pritzker Architecture Prize. 1 5 15
  • 16. WHY Thesis Aesthetic Ugliness becomes beauty when it solves economic and housing crisis aftermath 16 CHAPTER 1 introduction
  • 19. Habitat 67 comprises 354 identical, prefabricated concrete forms arranged in various combinations, reaching up to 12 stories in height. Constructing total 158 residents, but several apartments have since been joined to create larger units, reducing the total number. Together these units create 146 residences of varying sizes and configurations, each formed from one to eight linked concrete units SITE PLAN CONCEPT DIAGRAM CONCEPT Montreal Canada LOCATION MOSHE SAFDIE ARCHITECTS 1967 YEAR - COST SCALE 1 7 17 156 BUILDINGS STORY DWELLING/FLOOR UNITS 22000 AREA sqm first developed the concept as part of his thesis at McGill University in 1961, entitled “A Case for City Living”. Inspired by Brutalism movement. 19 STUDYCASE CHAPTER 2
  • 20. Graduation project 1963 Moshe Safdie conceptualized Habitat 67 for his master-level academic thesis at McGill University.. EXPO 1967 the habitat thesis 2018 Even with his icons project Moshe Safdie Discusses the unbuild habitat is the best project he did 20 STUDYCASE Other projects Only in China,” quips Safdie principal architect Lorenzo Mattii, AIA, about one of the most exuberant Habitat-inspired projects The government built his project abitat 67 plays with 365 identical, prefabricated concrete masses, exploring their permutations and combinations to form 12-storied structures. Development of habitat 67 CHAPTER 2
  • 21. 21 STUDYCASE PLANS Circulation Circulation 3D ACCESS 80*80*61M DIMANTION 1st floor as open horizontal circulation level, single loaded stairs locted in each circulation core, elevators as main direct access ACCESS Underground garage PARKING Communal spaces created by carving out voids from residential towers OUTDOOR 3D VIEW CHAPTER 2
  • 25. The organization of spaces is of wide variety. The units consist of different combinations of 30sqm units distributed over one or two floors. Dwellings range from single module studios to four module apartments. Spain - Sant Just Desvern LOCATION Ricardo Bofill ARCHITECTS 1975 YEAR 10M-50M COST The building consists of a fourteen story cluster of apartments grouped around five courtyards, on top of which are two swimming pools.. CONCEPT DIAGRAM CONCEPT SITE PLAN SCALE 18 9 17 469 BUILDINGS STORY DWELLING/FLOOR UNITS 31000 AREA M^2 25
  • 26. CORRADROS Courtyard Unit type AA Unit type BB Unit type CC TYEPICAL FLOOR PLAN 3D VIEW 26 AREA 80*80*61M DIMANTION 1st floor as open horizontal circulation level, single loaded stairs locted in each circulation core, elevators as main direct access ACCESS Underground garage PARKING Communal spaces created by carving out voids from residential towers OUTDOOR DATA MIAN CORE CORRADROS Courtyard Cores elevator STUDYCASE
  • 27. UNITS PLAN DUPLEX UNIT PLAN LEVEL 1 PLAN LEVEL 2 SECTION AA 27 STUDIO UNIT PLAN PLAN CIRCULATION
  • 28. LAYOUT ELEVATION ELEVATION SECTION SOILD AND VOID TOP LEVEL MIDDLE LEVEL BELOW LEVEL 28 STUDYCASE CHAPTER 2
  • 30. CITY MORPHLOGOY CONCEPT DIAGRAM CON CE PT Amsterdam, LOCATION MVRDV ARCHITECTS 2003 YEAR 16,800,000 COST SCALE 1 10 12-8 157 BUILDINGS STORY DWELLING/FLOOR UNITS 19600 AREA M^2 SITE PLAN Located on the Ij River in Amsterdam, the Silodam houses a mixed program of 157 apartments, shops, offices, retail areas, and public spaces. The different uses are stacked in ten levels over the water with a structural grid of piles and loadbearing walls, generating a compact block that evokes a huge docked ship packed with containers. 30 SITE STUDYCASE CHAPTER 2
  • 32. TYPE AA 104 sqm UNITS 10 TYPE BB 100 sqm UNITS 46 32 AXONOMETRIC CHAPTER 2 STUDYCASE
  • 36. VIRTACL MOVMENT CORADOORES OPEN SPACE TARRACE Circulation 98 m BUILDING DEPTH 1st floor as open horizontal circulation level, single loaded stairs locted in each circulation core, elevators as main direct access ACCESS Underground garage PARKING Communal spaces created by carving out voids from residential towers OUTDOOR SPACES Amanora temple- green park- amanora lake- restaurant and cafes- outdoor courts- amanora sport arena OUTDOOR AMENITIES 36 PLAN Plan Floor 9th Detail Plan Floor 9th FLOORPLAN Mass strategy STUDYCASE
  • 37. UNITS PLAN TYPE BB 84sqm BHK TYPE 2 130sqm BHK TYPE 4 205sqm DUPLEX TYPE 1.5 153sqm DUBPLEX TYPE 2 70sqm BHK TYPE 1 70sqm BHK 37 UNITS FLOORPLAN STUDYCASE
  • 40. In the middle of the crowded city, everyone needs a place that can relax and feel the atmosphere of nature. Mori Haus tried to connect feelings and atmosphere of nature back to the urban city again. “Mori Haus” is located in the growing fringe of Bangkok near a canal, grassland, and residential area. It is a challenge of fitting high-density dwellings into the local neighborhood and maintaining the peaceful atmosphere of its surrounding. The two blocks of seven-story residential buildings are located along the site perimeter to maximize the central garden. While the third building is a one-story facility building and situated in the open space between the two residential blocks. ZONING DIAGRAM CONCEPT DIAGRAM CONCEPT & SITE Bangkok, Thailand LOCATION Somdoon ARCHITECTS 2015-2017 YEAR - COST SCALE 2 7 17 469 BUILDINGS STORY DWELLING/FLOOR UNITS 19600 AREA M^2 40
  • 41. PLAN 41 SITE PLANS 1 LIFT LOBBY 2 ELECTRICAL ROOM 3 BIN ROOM VIRTACL MOVMENT CORADOORES UNIT TYPE A/ 1 BEDROOMS UNIT TYPE B/ 2 BENDROOMS
  • 45. Population density Unit average area sqm No. type of dwellings No. dwellings Budget $ Area Sqm Name of the project 1200 40 3 262 10-50M 19600 MORI HASU 3500 62 4 468 7M back than=32M 31000 Walden 7 5000 35 20 1068 50M 26000 Future tower 790 20-150 15 158 20M 13000 Habitat 67 2444 80-150 30 489 - 2600 SILODAMAN 45 CONCLUSION
  • 46. 46 CONCLUSION India- pune LOCATION MVRDV ARCHITECTS 2018 YEAR 70$ BUDGET SCALE 1 9 17 1067 BUILDINGS STORY DWELLING/FLOOR UNITS 26000 AREA M^2 Spain - Sant Just Desvern LOCATION Ricardo Bofill ARCHITECTS 1975 YEAR 10M-50M COST SCALE 18 9 17 469 BUILDINGS STORY DWELLING/FLOOR UNITS 31000 AREA M^2 Montreal Canada LOCATION MOSHE SAFDIE ARCHITECTS 1967 YEAR - COST SCALE 1 7 17 156 BUILDINGS STORY DWELLING/FLOOR UNITS 22000 AREA sqm
  • 47. 47 CONCLUSION Bangkok, Thailand LOCATION Somdoon ARCHITECTS 2015-2017 YEAR - COST SCALE 2 7 17 469 BUILDINGS STORY DWELLING/FLOOR UNITS 19600 AREA M^2 Amsterdam, LOCATION MVRDV ARCHITECTS 2003 YEAR 16,800,000 COST SCALE 1 10 12-8 157 BUILDINGS STORY DWELLING/FLOOR UNITS 19600 AREA M^2 Yemen Sana’a LOCATION GHASSAN ALHAMMADI ARCHITECTS 2023 YEAR - COST SCALE 1 7 17 970 BUILDINGS STORY DWELLING/FLOOR UNITS 22000 AREA sqm
  • 48. Social life Culture/art/colors Green area /walk side Private open space size and price Range of unit types Actives Housing density Circulation/ movement Open space/social area Corridors/cores the use of bright colors to brighten residents’ days The artwork in the scoops the open spaces and terraces Ratio of the green area is 0.4 The walk side are more than 500m The slabs form a hexagonal grid unity private exterior terrace balconies Apartments ranging from 45 square meters to 450 square meters are mixed together, a diversity enabled by the building’s mountainous shape and the shifting floor plans that it generates Yugo Play field kids meeting room Reading room 4 units/core Around 55 units on floor 7000m^2 5,000 people in one building. 15 minutes to reach the aim large open public courtyards at ground level 500-metre-long play, and others for sport, garden spaces, and more 500-metre-long play, and others for sport, garden spaces, and more Ratio of the green area is 0.4 Long of corridors are around 80m There are only 4 main stair and elevator cores more than 1000 apartment Making ‘scoops’ at intervals along the corridors large openings in the sides of the building hosting various activities The future Like other icons of large exhibitions and fairs—such as The Crystal Palace and the Eiffel Tower - Habitat 67 has thrived despite its intended shelf life and remains an emblems of its era. The streets are continuous through the project, and access to the dwellings is directly off them The project incorporates both covered parking for all tenants and additional visitor parking. Provide every unit a garden Apartments ranging from square meters to 238 square meters Around 17 condos each floor /19000 square mater Service and parking facilities are separated from the tenant’s circulation routes, located on the ground floor. each residence has its own roof garden. Play areas for young children are provided throughout the building. Three elevator cores direct vertical circulation throughout the complex. Elevators stop at every fourth floor to serve pedestrian streets Habitat 67 The daylight requirements caused different amounts of windows for these types partments: apartments with a panoramic view, with views on both sides, double-height flats, apartments with a patio, apartments with a view to the harbor sequence of semi-public routes appeared: from galleries on one side, one can walk via slits and corridors to galleries on the other side and higher up mixed program of 157 houses (for rent or sale), offices, workspaces, commercial spaces, and public spaces Spaces arranged in a 20 meter deep and 100m and ten-story- high urban envelope. Sioldman 48 CONCLUSION
  • 49. economic Sustainable and affordable Investment Structure and constructure Materials High quality elements Luxury & amenities Budget The building follows a hexagonal grid to provide views and natural light to the apartments This allows the 9 wings with double loaded corridors to be efficiently serviced by 4 cores eight years -The building follows a hexagonal grid to provide views and natural light to the apartments This allows the 9 wings with double loaded corridors to be efficiently serviced by 4 cores eight years The first phase building is raised by a basement and plinth which contain parking and various public facilities: A school, swimming pool, retail, bars, cafes and a cinema. At the tallest point of the structure a sky lounge will be established. The facade will be concrete, with metal shutters, wooden balconies and stone-clad circulation spaces use simple and economic materials The building follows a hexagonal grid to provide views and natural light to the apartments This allows the 9 wings with double loaded corridors to be efficiently serviced by 4 cores eight years the amenities we were able to include, such as the 50-metre pool. The building follows a hexagonal grid to provide views and natural light to the apartments This allows the 9 wings with double loaded corridors to be efficiently serviced by 4 cores eight years The future The on-site prefabrication system should have reduced the cost of production, an integral part of Safdie’s vision for creating an affordable housing complex. Unfortunately, due to the reduction of the project’s mass scale, costs were much higher than expected. However, though Habitat failed to strike a new wave of prefabrication, it succeeded in creating a new housing typology that is both effective and site adaptable. -In Habitat ’67 all the parts of the building, including the units, the pedestrian streets, and the elevator cores, participate as load- carrying members. The units are connected to each other by post-tensioning, high- tension rods, cables, and welding, all of which combine to form a continuous suspension system the concrete box was transferred to an assembly line for the insertion of electrical and mechanical systems, as well as insulation and windows. To finalize the production, modular kitchens and bathrooms were installed, and finally a crane lifted each unit to its designated position. The basic modular shape was molded in a reinforced steel cage, which measured 38 x 17 feet. The interior components were produced, assembled and installed into each box unit in the factory, with single-unit bathrooms of gel-coated fibreglass, kitchens manufactured by Frigidaire, and window frames made of Geon plastic. each apartment with a roof garden, a constant flow of fresh air and a maximum of natural light: qualities which were unprecedented for a twelve story apartment complex prefabricated modular units to reduce housing costs CAD $17 million Habitat '67 captures some of the most desirable amenities of free-standing homes, while also providing opportunities for the economies and amenities of high-density urban living. Habitat 67 The clients asked us to make a building for a lot of different housing types and also a lot of different financing models, so we wanted to explore the differences in financial categories The financial obligations added differentiation in facade material and outside spaces the required deep piling foundation and the expensive temporary drydock constructions a stack of shipping containers, with a variety of different colours and material finishes creating stripes across the façade Connecting all the houses with the hall, the public balcony, the harbor, the barbeque area and garden, the library, fitness area, and toy exchange, a three- dimensional neighborhood materializes the public balcony, the harbor, the barbeque area and garden, the library, fitness area, and toy exchange, a three-dimensional neighborhood materializes low-income families with elderly residents, office workers and artists. Sioldman Facilities ECONOMIC Facilities 49 49 CONCLUSION
  • 51. ACTIVITES residential social Service Health athletic Culture entertainment Investment Studio 2,3,4 rooms units Duplex Triplex Down Library Precent pavilion Plaza Reading room Supermarket Small shops Restaurant Sidewalk Parking PEDESTRIAN-FRIENDLY STREETS Bikeways Communal area Public Garden Seating area Ladies corner meeting room Guest room Swimming pool Kid’s playing Adults Yoga area Farms Compost bin area Shopping center Safety Security room Gates Adults fitness station football playfield Elderly center care Public amenities School Gas station healthcare Sport Place of worship BLUE GREEN YELLOW RED AFFARODABLE = FACITLITIES CHAPTER 5 51
  • 52. Affordable/expensive Amenities/luxur y Noise/quietness View Public/private used occupants Outdoor/in door AREA Facilities Activi ties Affordable luxury Making noise No need private Employers indoor 420 Guard house Residential expensive luxury Need quietness Need view private Generational Family8-12 indoor 250 Unit, duplex triplex Affordable Amenities Need quietness Need view private Couple Students/elderly indoor 80 Studio Affordable Amenities Need quietness Need view Private Family Indoor 90 Single family unit 5 Affordable Amenities Need quietness No need private 1-3 adults Indoor 14 Bedroom Affordable Amenities Need quietness Need view private 1-5 occupants indoor 15 Living room Affordable Amenities Making noise No need private Single indoor 19 Bathroom Affordable Amenities Making noise Need view private Single woman indoor 9 Kitchen Affordable Amenities Need quietness Need view private 1-5 occupants indoor 16 Dining room expensive luxury Need quietness Need view public 1-5 men indoor 17 Guest room expensive Luxury Making noise Need view public 1-5 women outdoor 12-25 Terraces Affordable Amenities Making noise Need view public 1-2 men outdoor 2-5 Balconies Affordable Luxury Making noise Need view public 1-20- elderly outdoor 16-25 Communal area social expensive Luxury Making noise Source public 1-30 outdoor 16-30 Public Garden Affordable Amenities Need quietness Need view Semi-public 1-9 outdoor 17-50 Seating area Affordable Luxury Need quietness Need view private 1-7 women outdoor 17-9 Ladies room Affordable Amenities Need quietness Need view Semi-public 1-4- elderly outdoor 18-45 Meeting room expensive Luxury Making noise Source Semi-public 1-45- adults outdoor 50-150 Party pool area entertainment expensive Luxury Making noise No need public 1-10- children outdoor 90-150 Play zone expensive Luxury Making noise Source public 1-26- adults outdoor 12-90 Forest walk Affordable Luxury Need quietness No need public 1-5- adults Out-door Chess deck Facilities FACITLITIES FACILI TIES 52
  • 53. Facilit ies FACITLITIES Affordable/expensive Amenities/luxur y View Public/private used occupants Outdoor/indoor area Facilities Activiti es Affordable luxury No need public Residentials indoor 420 Supermarket Service expensive luxury Need view 250 Affordable Amenities Need view public Residentials In-out 80 Restaurant Affordable Amenities Need view public Residentials /visitors Covered 90 Parking lot Affordable Amenities No need public Residentials Indoor 14 Small shops Affordable Amenities Need view Semi-public Adults-families outdoor 15 Sidewalk/bikeways/ Affordable Amenities No need Private Residentials outdoor 19 Farm/farmstead/farmhouse Investment Affordable Amenities Need view Private Residentials 9 barns Affordable Amenities Need view Semi-public Residentials outdoor 16 Compost bin area expensive luxury Need view visitors visitors Indoor 17 retail expensive Luxury Need view Semi-public Families outdoor 12-25 Art garden Culture Affordable Amenities Need view public 1-40 Residentials Indoor 2-5 Pray hall Affordable Luxury Need view public 1-5 Residentials Indoor 16-25 Library expensive Luxury Source public Residentials outdoor 16-30 Precent pavilion Affordable Amenities Need view public Residentials1-6 outdoor 17-50 Plaza Affordable Luxury Need view public 1-15 Students Indoor 17-9 Reading room Affordable Amenities Need view public Adults outdoor 18-45 Yoga area expensive Luxury Source public Adults outdoor 50-150 Swimming pool Health expensive Luxury No need public Adults Indoor 90-150 Spa (steam/sauna) expensive Luxury Source public Adults Indoor 12-90 GYM Affordable Luxury No need public Adults Indoor Fitness area FACILI TIES 53
  • 55. DEVELOPMENT TYPES MIXED-USE DEVELOPMENT Mixed-use developments create vibrant urban environments that bring compatible land uses, public amenities, and utilities together at various scales. These developments seek to create pedestrianfriendly environments, higher-density development, and a variety of uses that enable people to live, work, play, and shop in one place, which can become a destination TRANSIT-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT Transit-oriented development (TOD) is generally defined as development that is located within a 10- minute walk, or approximately .5 mile, from a light rail, heavy rail, or commuter rail station. It also includes development along heavily used bus and bus rapid transit corridors. In some communities, waterborne transit supports TOD. BENEFITS OF TRANSIT-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT Certain benefits of TOD make it distinct from conventional development approaches. These benefits are numerous and include quality of life, public health, economic development, community character, environmental quality, and transit use. Quality of Life Transit-oriented development can result in many quality-of-life benefits, including reducing automobile dependency; increasing the range of housing options, both the types of housing and the range of affordability available to a community Public Health Because transit-oriented development reduces automobile dependency, residents can take advantage of a more walkable environment Economic Development Transit-oriented development provides affordable access to jobs for people without automobiles or with fewer automobiles per household Mix Uses Along with higher densities, transit-oriented development can also be characterized by the emphasis on a mixed-use environment. CONSERVATION DEVELOPMENT Because transit-oriented development reduces automobile dependency, residents can take advantage of a more walkable environment INFILL DEVLOPMENT Because transit-oriented development reduces automobile dependency, residents can take advantage of a more walkable environment TRANSIT-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT Transit-oriented development (TOD) is generally defined as development that is located within a 10- minute walk, STANDARDS CHAPTER 5 55
  • 56. Residential types can be classified into five basic categories: Single-family detached. dwelling units are physically separated from the units immediately adjacent to them. Single-family attached. Single-family attached dwelling units share common walls with units laterally adjacent to them. Multifamily low-rise. Multifamily low-rise developments have dwelling units that share common walls with the units that are laterally Multifamily mid-rise . Multifamily mid-rise dwelling units share common walls with the units that are laterally and vertically adjacent. They are generally 5 to 12 levels in height, with a common core. They sometimes include structured parking. Multifamily high-rise. Multifamily high-rise dwelling units share common walls with the units that are laterally and vertically adjacent. They are generally 12 to 50 or more levels in height, with a common core, and often include structured parking. Facilities HOUSING TAPOLOGEY STANDARDS CHAPTER 5 56
  • 57. Project Size Project size refers to the land area of the project. This can range from a single-lot, 2,000-square-foot urban infill project to a 3,000-acre new community RESIDENTIAL-TYPES TYPES LOW-DENSITY MEDIUM-DENSITY HIGH-DENSITY PROJECT SIZE Lot sizes typicallyvary from 1/8-acre (0.5- hectare) lots (approx. 5,500 square feet) to 2- acre (0.81-hectare)or larger lots. ASPECT RATIO Typical single-familylots will have a width-to-depth ratio of 1:2. Lot widths are typicallymultiples of 10 feet (3.1 meters), and can range from 30 feet (9.3 meters) to 100 feet (30.48 meters). PROJECT SIZE Multiunitbuildings typicallyoccupy one lot, collectivelycontrolled through condominium ownership or by a single property owner. The number of units and zoning regulations determinethe overall building size ASPECT RATIO Due to the presence of a building core, and thus a relativelylarge footprint, this type requires fairly regularizedparcels with an aspect ratio ranging from 1:1 to 1:2. PROJECT SIZE Multiunitbuildings typicallyoccupy one lot, collectivelycontrolled through condominium ownership or by a single property owner. The number of units and zoning regulations determinethe overall building size. ASPECT RATIO Due to the presence of a building core, and thus a relativelylarge footprint, this type requires fairly regularizedparcels with an aspect ratio ranging from 1:1 to 1:2. STANDARDS CHAPTER 5 57
  • 58. Potential forms of co-habitation Facilities OCCUPANTS Occupants STUDNETS/WORKERS ELDERLY FAMILY Community visioning offers local communities new ways to think about and plan for the long-term future 1000 Dwelling 5000 habitation 10 minutes cities 22000-30000 M2 22000 M2 STANDARDS CHAPTER 5 58
  • 59. LOW RISE MID RISE SINGLE-FAMILY DETACHED SINGLE-FAMILY ATTACHED MULTIFAMILY LOW-RISE PROJECT SIZE Lot sizes typically vary from 1/8-acre (0.5-hectare) lots (approx. 5,500 square feet) to 2- acre (0.81-hectare) or larger lots. ASPECT RATIO Typical single-family lots will have a width-to-depth ratio of 1:2. Lot widths are typically multiples of 10 feet (3.1 meters), and can range from 30 feet (9.3 meters) to 100 feet (30.48 meters). PROJECT SIZE Multiunit buildings typically occupy one lot, collectively controlled through condominium ownership or by a single property owner. The number of units and zoning regulations determine the overall building size ASPECT RATIO Due to the presence of a building core, and thus a relatively large footprint, this type requires fairly regularized parcels with an aspect ratio ranging from 1:1 to 1:2. PROJECT SIZE Multiunit buildings typically occupy one lot, collectively controlled through condominium ownership or by a single property owner. The number of units and zoning regulations determine the overall building size. ASPECT RATIO Due to the presence of a building core, and thus a relatively large footprint, this type requires fairly regularized parcels with an aspect ratio ranging from 1:1 to 1:2. STANDARDS CHAPTER 5 59
  • 60. MID-RISE & HIGH RISE MID RISE SINGLE-FAMILY DETACHED SINGLE-FAMILY ATTACHED MULTIFAMILY LOW-RISE PROJECT SIZE Lot sizes typically vary from 1/8-acre (0.5-hectare) lots (approx. 5,500 square feet) to 2- acre (0.81-hectare) or larger lots. ASPECT RATIO Typical single-family lots will have a width-to-depth ratio of 1:2. Lot widths are typically multiples of 10 feet (3.1 meters), and can range from 30 feet (9.3 meters) to 100 feet (30.48 meters). PROJECT SIZE Multiunit buildings typically occupy one lot, collectively controlled through condominium ownership or by a single property owner. The number of units and zoning regulations determine the overall building size ASPECT RATIO Due to the presence of a building core, and thus a relatively large footprint, this type requires fairly regularized parcels with an aspect ratio ranging from 1:1 to 1:2. PROJECT SIZE Multiunit buildings typically occupy one lot, collectively controlled through condominium ownership or by a single property owner. The number of units and zoning regulations determine the overall building size. ASPECT RATIO Due to the presence of a building core, and thus a relatively large footprint, this type requires fairly regularized parcels with an aspect ratio ranging from 1:1 to 1:2. STANDARDS CHAPTER 5 60
  • 61. Deck access means that the individual storeys of a block of flats are accessed along horizontal passages, which are connected to each other and to the entrance by one or more internal, projecting or free-standing fixed vertical structures (stair shafts, lifts). The flats are organised along the passages singly, on two sides or on three sides (with an internal function zone). (with corresponding detailing) the appearance of a semi-public street . The route of this 'street' directly in front of a (for internal passages unlit) wall of the flat produces a tendency to a one-sided orientation of the flat. The variety of possibilities with this access type therefore results from the layering of multi-storey and mezzanine residential units, which offer the possibility, by building over the access passages, of double-aspect living on two sides of the flat. Facilities CIRCULATION Internal passage If the access passage is inside the building, this is called an internal passage block External passage In an external passage building, the horizontal access is along one long side of the structure Lifts are required for residential buildings of more than five full floors- STANDARDS CHAPTER 5 61
  • 63. LOW-COST 25 % of all new single-family housing starts are manufactured homes. Manufactured housing can cost from 10 -35% less than traditional site-built housing. Affordability is a key factor in the growth of manufactured housing. MANUFACTURED HOUSING Factory-built housing describes any structure designed as a residential dwelling that is built primarily off-site from the building site. MANUFACTURED HOUSING TYPE OF MANUFACTURED SINGLE SECTION MULTI-SECTION MULTIUNIT CONFIGURATIONS MOBILE HOME Term used for manufactured homes built prior to 1976 passage of the HUD Code. Homes built to voluntary industry standards. MANUFACTURED HOMES Structures built entirely in a factory to federal performance standards established by the HUD Code. MODULAR HOMES Modules are transported to site and installed. Structures must meet local, state, or regional codes. PANELIZED HOMES codes Building materials are factory-cut to design specifications, transported to the site and assembled. Examples include kit, log, and dome homes. Structures must meet local, state, or regional building codes. PRECUT HOMES Whole wall panels (including windows, doors, wiring, etc.) are transported to the site and assembled. Structures must meet state or local building homes are structurally complete once they leave a manufacturing facility. They can be oneor two-story structures. Multisection homes consist of two or more sections that are assembled or completed at the building site. Multisection homes are used in two-story designs In addition to multistory configurations, manufactured homes can also be used in multiunit configurations. These units consist of a number of different manufactured sections that are then assembled on-site as duplexes, fourplexes, or townhomes. STANDARDS CHAPTER 5 63
  • 64. Quality Cost-effective Time-saving Low construction waste Flexibility MODULAR A modular shared home is a residential tower that is designed based on the principles of shared living and modular construction. approaching affordable housing system with high-quality performance STURCTURE STANDARDS CHAPTER 5 64
  • 67. British Embassy In Yemen Cost efficiency Solve problems No Poverty SUSTAINABLE SUSTAINABLE TO US Diebedo Francis kere PRITZKER 2022 LAUREATE 67
  • 68. GREEN BUILDING Industry Country Developing Country Meeting the need of the present Reduce CO2 Emission CLIMETE CHANGE Suffering Couse STANDARDS CHAPTER 5 68
  • 69. SHARED SPACE Shared spaces is principle based on the idea of shared living 12.6 square meter shared space is considered for each household the social infrastructure between residents by sharing time, spaces, and resources34 THE FARMHOUSE THE TORONTO TREE TOWER THE TORONTO TREE TOWER THE TORONTO TREE TOWER SAN SHAN 69
  • 70. SUSTANABLE My definition of SUSTANABLE Industry Country Developing Country Meeting the need of the present Reduce CO2 Emission Self Sufficient requires builders seek to better alternatives to toxic, costly materials. The subsequent materials are often easier to handle, healthier for living beings, and cost-effective. Recycled metal and reclaimed wood are two such materials Cost efficiency CLIMETE CHANGE Suffering ENERGY SAVINGS Energy savings have been a huge selling point for landlords in switching to the green initiative. Efficient HVAC systems, increased natural lighting, and insulated windows mean lower energy bills for everyone. U.S. landowners can save $ 2 billion in energy costs through 20 0 by following green building codes. EFFICIENT CONSTRUCTION Currently, commercial and residential buildings consume about one- third of the world’s energy. Yet the IEA reports these buildings could actually account for % of global energy savings by 2035 — if construction practices become more energy-efficient. Fortunately, a new type of housing has sprung into the market. RECYCLE in architecture : The self-contained building is a building designed to be an independent operator in terms of infrastructure in providing services such as electrical energy, etc., as well as sewage treatment, the communication network and in some cases public roads and The Impact of Sustainable Building on the Housing Affordability Crisis Couse Solve problems No Poverty SUSTAINABLE TO US STANDARDS CHAPTER 5 70
  • 71. Brutalist Nostalgic Post modernism Logical {{{{{{ {{{{{{ {{{{{{ {{{{{{ SHCOOL OF ARCHUITUTURE STANDARDS CHAPTER 5 71
  • 72. Vernacular Green buildings Global style {{{{{{ Protype-stereotype {{{{{{ {{{{{{ {{{{{{ {{{{{{ SHCOOL OF ARCHITECTURE STANDARDS CHAPTER 5 72
  • 73. COMMUNITY VISIONING COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION Community visioning offers local communities new ways to think about and plan for the long-term future. WHAT’S VOSIONING visioning is a planning process through which a community creates a shared vision for its future and begins to make it a reality ROLE OF PARTICIPATION Community participation is the involvement of people in the creation and management of their built and natural environments. Its strength is that it cuts across traditional professional boundaries and cultures. The activity of community participation is based on the principle that the built and natural environments work better if citizens are active and involved in its creation and management instead of being treated as passive consumers IMPLEMENTATION Implementation. Many community-based planning processes stop with awareness, perception, and decision making. This can have significant detrimental effects on a project because it ends people’s responsibilities when the “how-to, where-to, whento, and who-will-do-it” must be added to what people want and how it will look. People must stay involved throughout the processes and take responsibility with their professionals to see that there are results Questionnaire hypothetical stakeholders STANDARDS CHAPTER 5 73
  • 75. PRMISSION THE PRMISSION THE LAND USE FOR THE AREA THE NEW TOWN MAP SITE ANALYSIS CHAPTER 5 75
  • 78. SELF SUFFACANT HOUSING Services Farming area The project focuses on housing design Housing NABORHOOD BLOCK COMPLEX 7 8 7 8 78 SITE ANALYSISI CHAPTER 5
  • 85. Sana’a University Department of Architecture Bachelor Graduation Project. This document has been drafted as a recommendation within Graduation project requirements of architecture - faculty of engineering, Sana’a university. is a comprehensive research and development action performed to integrate the increase of housing costs and other obstacles of housing in Yemen. Contact information. Ghassan Alhammadi Address. Sana’a, Yemen E-mail. archghassanhammadi@gmail.com Tel. +967 774 816 921 Printed in Sana’a, Yemen January 2023 85