Health and wellness


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  • Picture: parent hugging kid or exercising with a kid Parent giving healthy food to a kid
  • Yelling parent in sporting environment
  • Picture of a star with children (disabled and mixed)
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  • Health and wellness

    1. 1. Health and Wellness Getwell Dubai 1
    2. 2. Definitions andDimensions of Health Getwell Dubai 2
    3. 3. Definitions of Health Health is the “capacity to lead a satisfying life, fulfill ambitions, and accommodate to change” (Ottawa Charter, World Health Organization, 1986). Health is: • Specific to person’s life -- it is personal • Dynamic, ever-changing process • Holistic, not simply the absence of disease • Related to quality of someone’s life • Multidimensional • Related to person’s ability to cope with the challenge of change Getwell Dubai 3
    4. 4. Dimensions of Health Health is multidimensional. The following are the dimensions of health: Physical Social Mental Environmental Spiritual Emotional Getwell Dubai 4
    5. 5. Dimensions of Health These dimensions are interdependent i.e., they interact and overlap with each other to produce health Physical Environmental Social HEALTH Spiritual Mental Emotional Getwell Dubai 5
    6. 6. Dimensions of Health As these dimensions interact they produce a unique health and wellness profile for each individual. Physical Environmental Social Spiritual Mental Emotional Getwell Dubai 6
    7. 7. Health and Wellness in Adolescence Health and wellness is related to person’s ability to cope with the many interactions and transitions that are occurring in his/her life. Transitions specific to adolescence include: – Increase in autonomy and individuality – Increase in responsibilities – Increase industry – Intensification of relationships – Changes in body structure Getwell Dubai 7
    8. 8. Health and Wellness in Adolescence Dimensions of health that focus on transition might fall under three headings: – Being, e.g. Who am I? Who am I becoming as a person? – Belonging, e.g. To what groups do I connect with in a sense of belonging? – Becoming, e.g. What accomplishments am I striving for? Getwell Dubai 8
    9. 9. Health and Wellness: APersonal Journey Getwell Dubai 9
    10. 10. Achievement of Health andWellness Not a single event, it is an ongoing process Making healthy choices (e.g., good nutrition) areimportant guidelines to consider vs. Getwell Dubai 10
    11. 11. Achievement of Health andWellness Ultimately, it is up to each individual to choose what combination of healthy choices create a healthy balance for them Remember, do things in moderation. Too much or too little of anything is a potential problem – E.g. Too little exercise=poor cardiovascular health Too much exercise=weakened immune system Getwell Dubai 11
    12. 12. Approaches to Health andWellness Reactive or curative approach – Worrying about your health only when sick. Not asserting control over your health in the absence of disease. – Chris’ approach: “If your sick, take a few pills; otherwise, have fun and enjoy yourself! I’ll quit smoking later.” – Example: Getwell Dubai 12
    13. 13. Approaches to Health andWellness Proactive approach – Adopting lifestyle habits that, in the long run, will enable you to lead a more healthy life. – Erin’s approach: “I am building for the future. What I do for my body today lays the foundation for a lifetime of involvement in healthy activities.” – Example: Getwell Dubai 13
    14. 14. Wellness: Your PersonalResponsibility Getwell Dubai 14
    15. 15. Wellness: Your PersonalResponsibility Wellness is: – Reflected in a way a person chooses to live his or her life – Making informed choices and taking responsibilities for the way we live our lives. Sense of wellness is influenced by the following factors: Family Media Culture Peers Getwell Dubai 15
    16. 16. Family Influences onHealth and Wellness Getwell Dubai 16
    17. 17. Positive Family Influences Family positively influences your health, well-being, and a general sense of satisfaction through: – Education • The advice your parents give you to stay healthy • E.g. “Wear a coat outside or you’ll catch a cold” – Values • Family values can influence lifestyle choices • E.g. Families that value physical activity introduce their children to sports at early age. – Support • E.g. Emotional support during stressful life events • E.g. Financial and mental support to pursue sports that will enable optimal development Getwell Dubai 17
    18. 18. Negative Family Influences Alternatively, family can have negative influences on one’s health – E.g. Families that push their children to compete for rewards outside of the physical, mental, social, and spiritual benefits of activity, can cause their children to withdraw prematurely from participating in physical activity – Example: Parent Sideline Rage • Aggressive parents are poor role models for their children Getwell Dubai 18
    19. 19. Media Influences onHealth and Wellness Getwell Dubai 19
    20. 20. Positive Media Messages Mediamessages can be highly motivational: – E.g. Sports coverage in the media has created role models that can motivate children to pursue physical activity Getwell Dubai 20
    21. 21. Negative Media Messages Unfortunately, media also has to power to encourage unhealthy choices: – E.g. Commercialization of the body image has distorted interpretation of healthy body Getwell Dubai 21
    22. 22. Ideal Female Body Image Getwell Dubai 22
    23. 23. The Reality Behind the Image Getwell Dubai 23
    24. 24. Negative Media Messages Further,media has distorted interpretation of what it means to be an accomplished performer. • Media coverage has some believe that the pinnacle of achievement comes from beating the competition, being the toughest, and gaining multi-million contracts. • However, wellness is about the journey towards personal improvement and aspiring to achieve your individual potential. Getwell Dubai 24
    25. 25. It’s Up To You! In conclusion, images of the sporting life can be motivational or cause unhealthy distortions. Ultimately, it is up to each individual to judge these images in relation to his or her personal goals and values. Getwell Dubai 25
    26. 26. Social/Peer Influenceson Health and Wellness Getwell Dubai 26
    27. 27. Social/Peer Influences Participation in sport comes with social benefits incurred in meeting new people As we have seen in Chris’ example peer influences can be of negative nature. Therefore, it is important to: – Choose friends wisely Resist negative peer pressure Getwell Dubai 27
    28. 28. Cultural Influences onHealth and Wellness Getwell Dubai 28
    29. 29. Health in North America Views about health are understood differently across cultures. North Americans tend to think about disease from a scientific point of view. – Western medicine deals largely with treatment of organs and systems, in isolation from the person’s mind and environment. – Increasingly, a more holistic approach is emerging. • E.g. Recognition of the influence of personality on cardiovascular health • E.g. Recognition of the influence of environment on obesity Getwell Dubai 29
    30. 30. Health In Eastern and AboriginalCultures In many non-western cultures, health has a strong spiritual quality.e.g., Oriental culture and chi e.g., Aboriginal culture and sweat lodge Therefore, disease is understood in terms of individual’s spiritual harmony with oneself and/or his or her environment. Getwell Dubai 30
    31. 31. Putting It All Together Health is multidimensional One must make informed decision that relate to all the various dimensions of health Perspectives and decisions about health are influenced by family, peers, media, and the culture The journey towards health is lifelong Getwell Dubai 31
    32. 32. ? Discussion Questions ?1. What health problems do you predict Chris will face in the future?2. What has guided Erin’s decisions to be smoke free, eat well etc.?2. What kinds of supports from family, friends, and the community areneeded to adopt a healthy lifestyle?3. How does culture influence views on what it means to be healthy and totake care of your health?4. What do you do if your friends have poor health habits?5. Many people think healthy living means giving up a lot of things (givingup high calorie foods, giving up spare time for workouts, giving up smokingand drugs). What does living a healthy lifestyle enable you to do? Getwell Dubai 32