Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. This article was downloaded by: [Iowa State University] On: 24 January 2012, At: 10:03 Publisher: Routledge Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer House, 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK Science & Technology Libraries Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/wstl20 E-Print Servers Gerry McKiernan a a Iowa State University Library, Ames, IA, USA Available online: 12 Oct 2008 To cite this article: Gerry McKiernan (2001): E-Print Servers, Science & Technology Libraries, 20:2-3, 149-158 To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J122v20n02_13 PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE Full terms and conditions of use: http://www.tandfonline.com/page/terms- and-conditions This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing, systematic supply, or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae, and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand, or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of this material.
  2. 2. SCI-5 E-Print Servers Gerry McKiernan In general, a preprint is considered a manuscript that has not yet been published that is circulated to colleagues for informal review and com- ment. The manuscript may be intended for publication, may have been submitted for publication, or may already have been reviewed and ac- cepted. Electronic versions of preprints are commonly referred to as “e-prints.” Among the inherent benefits of electronic preprint distribution are the rapid dissemination of information to a wider audience, improved archiving of scientific data, and expedited formal publication. While many are aware of arXiv.org, the e-print server originally cre- ated by Paul Ginsparg of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to serve the high-energy physics community (McKiernan, 2000), there is an increasing number of e-print servers that are not as well known. In this first Sci-5 review, five e-print servers, covering a broad range of disci- plines, are profiled. WHAT? The Chemistry Preprint Server WHERE?http://preprint.chemweb.com/ WHEN? August 2000 Gerry McKiernan is Science and Technology Librarian and Bibliographer, Iowa State University Library, Ames, IA (E-mail: gerrymck@iastate.edu). [Haworth indexing entry note]: “E-Print Servers.” McKiernan, Gerry. Published in Science & Technol- ogy Libraries (The Haworth Information Press, an imprint of The Haworth Press, Inc.) Vol. 20, No. 2/3, 2001, pp. 149-158. Single or multiple copies of this article are available for a fee from The Haworth Document Delivery Service [1-800-HAWORTH, 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. (EST). E-mail address: getinfo@haworthpressinc.com]. * * * Downloadedby[IowaStateUniversity]at10:0324January2012
  3. 3. WHY? The Chemistry Preprint Server (CPS) is a freely available and permanent Web archive intended for rapid distribution of quality scien- tific research results in all fields of chemistry, from biochemistry to computational chemistry. Any registered author can submit a contribu- tion to CPS, which may include completed manuscripts or works-in-prog- ress. In addition, abstracts from relevant conference proceedings can be submitted, as can detailed reports. As of July 23, 2001, there were 270 e-prints available for review, browsing, and discussion. HOW? To access CPS, an individual must register as a member of ChemWeb.com, “the World Wide Club for the Chemical Commu- nity” that combines publishing, communications, and information technologies to access research data. In creating CPS, ChemWeb.com has been guided by the Open Archives Initiative standards (OAI) for e-print archives (www.openarchives.org). Although authors are requested to use a standard format to structure contributions wherever possible, these may be in a variety of word pro- cessor file formats. All submissions are converted to the Portable Docu- ment Format (PDF) for reader access. Contributors can also submit supplementary files (e.g., Microsoft PowerPoint presentations or Microsoft Excel worksheets) with their manuscripts. Every item in CPS is assigned a unique identifier that is used to form a permanent citation reference. The format of this citation reference is “CPS: category/YYMMNNNN,” where ‘category’ is one of several established standard subject categories (e.g., Analytical Chemistry, Biochemistry, Chemical Engineering, etc.), and ‘YYMMNNNN’ is a standard format for the date and item record number within a cate- gory for a specific year and month. CPS offers browsing by category, as well as basic and advanced search features. Readers may participate in a discussion forum for each contribution, or rank its value based on a five-star scale. In addition to standard browsing or searching, users can browse listings of the ‘most viewed,’ the ‘most discussed,’ the ‘highest ranked,’ or the ‘most re- cent’ contributions. Users can create individual profiles and receive email notification of new additions to a particular classification, a discussion forum thread, or items that match a keyword profile. In general, all contributions to CPS remain the property of the author(s). Metadata (bibliographic reference, submission date, paper title, author list, contact information, abstract and discussion) for a preprint remains acces- sible in the CPS archive, even after formal publication of a preprint. WHO? CPS is sponsored by ChemWeb, Inc. Founder members of the CPS advisory board include respected scholars and researchers affiliated 150 ELECTRONIC RESOURCES AND SERVICES IN SCI-TECH LIBRARIES Downloadedby[IowaStateUniversity]at10:0324January2012
  4. 4. with academic, commercial, and research institutions, organizations, and publications. Among them are Dr. Steve Bachrach, Editor-in-Chief, Internet Journal of Chemistry; Professor Ray Dessy, Professor Emeritus, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; and Dr. Bill Milne, Editor, Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Science. WHAT? Clinical Medicine & Health Research NetPrints WHERE? http://clinmed.netprints.org/ WHEN? December 1999 WHY? Clinical Medicine & Health Research NetPrints (ClinMed NetPrints) is a “repository of non-peer reviewed original research” in clinical medicine and health. Submissions can be made “before, during, or after formal peer review.” As of July 21, 2001 there were 45 e-prints in the ClinMed NetPrints collection. WARNING: “Articles posted on this site have not yet been accepted for publication by a peer reviewed journal . . . [and] are presented . . . mainly for the benefit of fellow researchers. Casual readers should not act on their findings, and journalists should be wary of reporting them.” HOW? Readers of Clinical Medicine & Health Research NetPrints may search, browse by date, or browse the archive by broad or narrow top- ics (‘Subject Collections’). Users have the option of searching by author name(s), or by free text keywords in the title and abstract fields, or the item full text (‘Word(s) Anywhere in Article’). Readers may browse contribu- tions mounted within the last 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 21, 30, or 90 days. Within a date listing, readers may select only items of interest and display these se- lections as a concatenated list of citations followed by associated abstracts. The archive may also be browsed using a hyperlinked outline of topic areas originally developed for the electronic version of the British Medi- cal Journal (BMJ) (see Table 1). For each topic, the number of items indexed is noted to the right of the category (e.g., ‘Accident and Emergency Medicine (2)’). In selecting a topic, the most recent addition assigned to the topic is listed, followed by entries for ‘past content.’ For each entry, the title, author(s), and ClinMed NetPrints identifier (e.g., ‘clinmed/2000070006’) are provided. Separate links are provided to an abstract and the full-text for the item in HTML format. In addition to relevant bibliographic data, the topic page includes a hyperlinked outline of ClinMed NetPrints collections related to the one Sci-5 151 * * * Downloadedby[IowaStateUniversity]at10:0324January2012
  5. 5. displayed as well as links to relevant sections of related external elec- tronic resources (e.g., ‘eBNF (drug formulary)’ (British National Formu- lary), Journals (e.g., ‘BJA: International Journal of Anaesthesia’), medical review services (e.g., ‘Cochrane Reviews’) and the ‘BMJ Bookshop’). In selecting either the abstract or full-text option, readers are provided with a listing of major and subordinate collections to which an article has been assigned and are offered an opportunity to respond to the article, search for similar articles in ClinMed NetPrints, or execute a Medline da- tabase search by the name(s) of an article’s author(s). These options are hotlinked to their respective resources. ClinMed NetPrints offers two free e-mail alerting services. While the New Content @lerts service allows registered users to be notified of new content, the CiteTrack @lerts service provides notification of additions that match criteria based on topics, authors, or articles. WHO? ClinMed NetPrints is a collaboration between the BMJ Pub- lishing Group (www.bmjpg.com/) and High Wire Press of Stanford Uni- versity Libraries (http://highwire.stanford.edu/). Staff: Kamran Abbasi (Site Editor), Bill Witscher (Project Manager), Mike Friedman (Site De- veloper) and Harv Galic (Site Developer). WHAT? CogPrints: Cognitive Sciences E-Print Server WHERE? http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/ WHEN? June 1998 [?] 152 ELECTRONIC RESOURCES AND SERVICES IN SCI-TECH LIBRARIES TABLE 1. Section of the Subject Collections Outline CLINICAL Accident and Emergency Medicine (2) Anaesthesia Pain (4) Other Anaesthesia (2) Cardiovascular Medicine Arrhythmias (0) Cardiomyopathy (0) * * * Downloadedby[IowaStateUniversity]at10:0324January2012
  6. 6. WHY? CogPrints is an electronic archive for contributions in any area of Psychology, Neuroscience, and Linguistics. In addition, many aspects of the following disciplines are within its scope: • Computer Science (e.g., artificial intelligence, robotics, vision, learning, speech, neural networks), • Philosophy (e.g., mind, language, knowledge, science, logic), • Biology (e.g., ethology, behavioral ecology, sociobiology, behav- ioral genetics, evolutionary theory), • Medicine (e.g., psychiatry, neurology, human genetics, imaging), • Anthropology (e.g., primatology, cognitive ethnology, archeology, paleontology), as well as other aspects of the physical, social and mathematical sciences relevant to the study of cognition. Several hundred contributions were available as of July 2001. HOW? CogPrints has been implemented using the eprints.org software that creates e-print archives compliant with the Open Archives protocol for metadata harvesting (OAI 1.0) (http://www.openarchives.org/). CogPrints may be browsed by top level and subordinate categories (e.g., Neuroscience: Brain Imaging, Computational Neuroscience, Neural Modelling, Neurolinguistics, Neuropsychology). For each subordinate category, the number of e-prints currently assigned to the category is pro- vided (e.g., ‘Neural Modelling (60)’). The archive offers two broad types of searching, ‘Simple’ and ‘Ad- vanced.’ In a ‘Simple’ search, users can search by title, abstract, or key- word (assigned categorical terms or phrases) concurrently; by author; and/or by publication title. A search may be limited by a Boolean function or by publication year(s). Results may be displayed in order by the first au- thor’s last name, alphabetically by title, or in chronological (‘by year (old- est first)’) or reverse chronological (‘by year (most recent first)’) order. Within the ‘Advanced’ search, the user can separately search by title, author, abstract, or keywords, each with the same Boolean functions of- fered in a ‘Simple’ search. In addition, a search may be limited to one or more ‘Subject Categories’ by selecting from a drop-down menu. Users can also limit a search by type of publication (e.g., ‘Book Chapter,’ ‘Con- ference Paper,’ ‘Preprint,’ ‘Thesis,’ etc.) and/or conference title, author departmental affiliation, editor name(s), or institution. Searches can be limited to items that are ‘Unpublished,’ ‘In Press’ or ‘Published’ and/or to those that are refereed or non-refereed, as well as by publication year(s). As with the ‘Simple’ search, ‘Advanced’ searches can be limited Sci-5 153 Downloadedby[IowaStateUniversity]at10:0324January2012
  7. 7. by a Boolean function, where applicable and identical display options are available. In addition to ‘Simple’ and ‘Advanced’ searching, users may also search CogPrints by a record identification code (‘EPrint ID Code’) (e.g., ‘cog00000328’). Overall, access to CogPrints is unrestricted. However, to submit a con- tribution, authors must formally register. Readers who wish to receive au- tomatic e-mail notification of additions that match a profile must register and formally subscribe to the service. WHO? Dr. Stevan Harnad (harnad@cogsci.soton.ac.uk), Professor of Cognitive Science in the Department of Electronics and Computer Sci- ence, Multimedia Research Group at the University of Southampton, is the founder and director of CogPrints. The current System Architect and Administrator is Robert Tansley, a research student in the Department of Electronics and Computer Science at the University of Southampton, who is responsible for the current design and implementation of the CogPrints system. The CogPrints project is funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) of the Higher Education Funding Councils, as part of its Electronic Libraries (eLib) Programme. WHAT? Mathematics Preprint Server WHERE? http://www.mathpreprints.com/ WHEN? July 2001 WHY? The Mathematics Preprint Server was established to advance scholarly communication in the fields of pure and applied mathematics, and statistics and probability. Its objectives are to: • provide an active communication channel to facilitate rapid prog- ress in the field • catalyze and stimulate research activities • advance the cause of mathematical achievement. As of July 23, 2001, there were more than 230 e-prints available for re- view, browsing, and discussion. HOW? The Open Archive Initiative (OAI) protocols for e-print archives (http://www.openarchives.org) were used to establish the Mathematics Preprint Server. As an OAI-approved data provider, metadata from the 154 ELECTRONIC RESOURCES AND SERVICES IN SCI-TECH LIBRARIES * * * Downloadedby[IowaStateUniversity]at10:0324January2012
  8. 8. Mathematics Preprint Server can be harvested to enable wider access to its e-prints. Titles, authors, and abstracts can be searched using a general ‘Search’ option. An ‘Advanced Search’ offers an opportunity to limit a query to one of several fields (i.e., author, title, abstract, affiliation, discussions, classification, MSC [Mathematics Subject Classification] and/or by up- load date). E-print full text is also searchable. Readers may also browse the entire collection by date of publication (default), by the first author surname, by discussion ranking (see below), reader rating (‘Rank’) (see below), or by the number of viewings (‘View’). By selecting entries with a drop down hierarchical menu, each display may be further limited to a broad or subordinate Mathematical Subject Classifi- cation (MSC) category (e.g., Pure Mathematics: Algebra and Number Theory, Analysis, Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics, Geometry and Topology, Logic). In selecting an entry from any available listing, a record providing the principal author’s name, his or her current or former affiliation, his or her e-mail address, the names, affiliations and e-mail addresses of other au- thors, the upload date, an e-print identifier (‘Reference’) (e.g., ‘MPS: Ap- plied Mathematics/0107051’), and a brief abstract is displayed. The record provides a link to the full-text of the contribution as a PDF file. In addition, the record may link to a variety of supplementary files associated with a contribution (e.g., multimedia), as well as to a discussion threads contrib- uted by previous readers. Current readers can contribute to a discussion, rate the usefulness of the current document based on a five-star scale, or recommend the document to colleagues. The latter function provides a pop-up window that enables a reader to easily e-mail a colleague the au- thor, title, and Web address of a document under review. Readers can subscribe to an e-mail alerting service to receive auto- mated notification of new additions to the collection. In the future, read- ers will be able to limit alerts to specific subject categories. WHO? Elsevier Science is the host for the Mathematics Preprint Server. It makes no claims on the material posted on the server and use of the ser- vice is not restricted to current or prospective Elsevier authors. Members of the Advisory Board include Professor Claude Brezinski, Laboratoire d’Analyse Numérique et d’Optimisation, Université des Sci- ences et Technologies de Lille, France; Professor Jürgen Halin, Institut für Energietechnik, ETH (Swiss Institute of Technology), Switzerland; Professor Ieke Moerdijk, University of Utrecht, Mathematical Institute, The Netherlands; Professor C. R. Rao, Pennsylvania State University, Sci-5 155 Downloadedby[IowaStateUniversity]at10:0324January2012
  9. 9. Department of Statistics, USA; and Professor Charles. A. Weibel, Math- ematical Department, Rutgers University, USA. WHAT? PrePRINT Network WHERE? http://www.osti.gov/preprint/ WHEN? January 2000 WHY? The PrePRINT Network is a searchable gateway to preprint serv- ers whose coverage is within the scope of interest of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Physics, materials, and chemistry, as well as biology, environmental sciences and nuclear medicine, are among the broad disci- plines included. Access is provided to hundreds of thousands of docu- ments in a variety of file formats from several hundred relevant institutional and individual sites. The PrePRINT Network complements PubSCIENCE, a search inter- face to the journal literature in the physical sciences and energy-related dis- ciplines, and Information Bridge, an electronic collection of technical reports and other grey literature, each developed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). In addition to access to its core service, the PrePRINT Network also offers access to a listing of scientific societies and associations whose fo- cus relates to the research and development initiatives of DOE. In addi- tion, access to a list of relevant Japanese societies and associations is provided. HOW? In the PrePRINT Network, users may search or browse a specific preprint site, a select set of sites, or all incorporated sites. There are two major search options: ‘Search All Sites’ and ‘Search Selected Sites.’ The former allows users to search the surface Web pages linked to the PrePRINT Network, while the latter enables users to search within a se- lect group of e-print sites (e.g., Networked Computer Science Technical Reference Library (NCSTRL), Los Alamos National Laboratory e-print collections, Max-Planck Institute Preprints) using a common interface. The ‘Browse’ option allows users to view an alphabetical listing of all incorporated preprint sites and to access and search each individually. The ‘Subject Pathways’ option allows users to browse select collections of e-print resources by broad subject areas (e.g., Biology and Medicine, Chemistry, Computer Technologies and Information Sciences, Fossil 156 ELECTRONIC RESOURCES AND SERVICES IN SCI-TECH LIBRARIES * * * Downloadedby[IowaStateUniversity]at10:0324January2012
  10. 10. Fuels, Geosciences, Materials Science, and Renewable Energy) and to access and search these categorized sites. Through its PrePRINT Alert service, registered users can create and save search statements to receive automatic e-mail notification of new content matching search requirements. The PrePRINT Network Search has two component search engines: Webinator and Distributed Explorit. Webinator is “a Web walking and indexing package that provides a high-quality retrieval interface to col- lections of HTML documents,” while Distributed Explorit is “a system that provides a common user interface for searching and retrieving infor- mation across heterogeneous datasets over the Internet.” WHO? The PrePRINT Network was developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI). Numerous academic institutions, government research laboratories, scientific societies, private research organizations, and individual scien- tists and researchers provide the resources incorporated within the PrePRINT Network. The PrePRINT Network system does not alter the content or data provided by the originating site or author. NOMINATIONS Members of the science and technology community are invited to nomi- nate quality science and technology Web sites and resources for potential review in Sci-5. Of greatest interest are sites with uncommon but useful content, and those with innovative features and functionalities. Nomina- tions should be sent to Gerry McKiernan (gerrymck@iastate.edu). REFERENCES CogPrints Project Details. ELib Programme project description. UKOLN, University of Bath [http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/services/elib/projects/cogprints/] 16 July 2001. Delamothe, Tony; Richard Smith; Michael A Keller; John Sack; and Bill Witscher, Edi- torial: Netprints: The Next Phase in the Evolution of Biomedical Publishing, British Medical Journal 319 no. 7224 (December 11, 1999): 1515-1516. Also available at: http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/319/7224/1515 [17 July 2001]. Sci-5 157 Downloadedby[IowaStateUniversity]at10:0324January2012
  11. 11. Kolman, Michiel. “www.mathpreprints.com,” Posting to SLAPAM-L, July 6 2001, avail- able at: http://listserv.nd.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind0107&L=pamnet&F=&S=&P=2127 [19 July 2001]. McKiernan, Gerry. 2000. “arXiv.org: The Los Alamos National Laboratory E-Print Server,” International Journal on Grey Literature 1, no. 3: 127-138. PrePRINT Network is a ‘Scout Report Selection.’ Scout Report, 6 no. 37 (February 4, 2000), available at: http://scout.cs.wisc.edu/report/sr/2000/scout-000204.html#2 [20 July 2001]. Warr, Wendy A. “A Report on the Presentation ‘Chemistry Preprint Server: A Revolu- tion in Chemistry Communication’ Given at the Spring 2001 National ACS Meeting (CINF Division) in San Diego, USA” [by James R. Weeks, and Bryan A. Vickery on April 1, 2001]. Available at: http://www.chemweb.com/docs/cps/cps.pdf [17 July 2001]. 158 ELECTRONIC RESOURCES AND SERVICES IN SCI-TECH LIBRARIES Downloadedby[IowaStateUniversity]at10:0324January2012