National Disaster Risk Reduction
Management

Ma. Teresa T. Chong
SEDS, NEDA 5
17 October 2013
CSU, Virac, Catanduanes
SCOPE OF PRESENTATION

 Situation Overview
 Legal basis
 National DRRM Framework
 The Philippine NDRRM Plan
 Current ...
SITUATION OVERVIEW
HAZARDS
• Earthquakes
• Volcanic Eruptions
• Storms & Typhoons

• Tsunami
• Lahar (ash flow)
• Floods &...
SITUATION OVERVIEW
• In the past 20 years, at least 31,835 Filipinos
have reportedly been killed and 94,369,462
have been ...
World Risk Index
2012
Rank/Country
1. Vanuatu
2. Tonga
3. Philippines

Index (%)
36.31
28.62
27.98

2011
Rank/Country
1. V...
Legal Basis
PD 1566 (June 11, 1978) aimed to:
• strengthen the Philippine Disaster Control
Capability, and
• establish the...
Legal Basis
RA 10121 of 2010
“An Act Strengthening the Philippine Disaster
Risk Reduction and management System,
Providing...
RA 10121
•
•
•
•

strengthens the PDRRM System
provides for the NDRRM Framework
institutionalizes the NDRRM Plan
appropria...
RA 10121
Paradigm Shift
Disaster Relief &
Response

REACTIVE

Disaster Risk Reduction &
Management

PROACTIVE
Paradigm Shift
Disaster response is the provision of
emergency services and public
assistance during or immediately after
...
Paradigm Shift
Disaster risk reduction is the systematic
effort to analyze and manage the
causes of disasters by reducing
...
What is required under RA 10121?
• Regional DRRM Councils (Sec. 10)
• Local DRRM Councils (Sec. 11) – Provincial, City,
Mu...
What is required under RA 10121?
• Local DRRM Fund (Sec. 21) – at least 5% of IRA
with 30% reserved as Quick Response Fund...
Expanded Membership
Old NDCC: 19 Members
Chairman: Secretary, DND
Members:
Secretary, DILG
Secretary, DPWH
Secretary, DOH
...
NDRRM Framework, June 2011
Safer, adaptive and disaster-resilient Filipino
communities toward sustainable development

Ris...
NDRRM Plan 2011 – 2028, February 2012
The National DRRM Plan
• Four distinct and mutually reinforcing Thematic Areas
CORE FUNCTIONS IN 4 PILLARS OF DRRM
NDRRMP Thematic Area 1: Disaster Prevention and
Mitigation
Overall
Responsible
Agency
Goal

Objectives

Department of Scie...
OUTCOME

LEAD AGENCY

1. DRRM and CCA mainstreamed and integrated in
national, sectoral, regional and local development
po...
Overall
Responsible
Agency
Goal

Objectives

Department of Interior and Local
Government (DILG)
Establish and strengthen c...
Overall
Responsible
Agency
Goal

Objectives

Department of Interior and Local
Government (DILG)
Establish and strengthen c...
OUTCOME

LEAD
AGENCY

7. Increased level of awareness and enhanced
capacity of the community to the threats and
impacts of...
NDRRMP Thematic Area 3: Disaster Response
Overall
Responsible
Agency
Goal

Objectives

Department of Social Welfare and
De...
2. NDRRMP Thematic Area 3: Disaster
Response
OUTCOME

LEAD AGENY

12. Well-established disaster response operations

DSWD
...
Overall
Responsible
Agency
Goal

Objectives

National Economic Development
Authority (NEDA)
Restore and improve facilities...
Overall
Responsible
Agency
Goal

Objectives

National Economic Development
Authority (NEDA)
Restore and improve facilities...
OUTCOME
20.Damages, losses and needs assessed
21.Economic activities restored and if
possible, strengthened or expanded

2...
OUTCOME
23.Disaster and climate change-resilient
infrastructure constructed/reconstructed
24.A psychologically safe and se...
DRRM Efforts: Prevention and Mitigation
• Dev’t of alarm & early
warning systems
• Nationwide flood
forecasting & monitori...
DRRM Efforts: Prevention and Mitigation
DRRM Efforts: Prevention and Mitigation

Landslide
Susceptibility
Map
(MGB-DENR)

Rainfall
Return Flood
Simulation
(PAGASA...
DRRM Efforts: Preparedness
• Contingency planning
• Prepositioning of equipment & supplies
• Enhancement of operation & co...
DRRM Efforts: Response
• Search, rescue & retrieval operations
• Humanitarian aid, relief and health services
• Provision ...
DRRM Efforts: Recovery and Rehabilitation
• Early recovery & rehabilitation
• Reconstruction of damaged houses &
buildings...
Challenges: Prevention and Mitigation
• Nationwide identification and assessment of
hazards
• Common understanding of fore...
Challenges: Preparedness
• Integration of hazard assessment into the
comprehensive land use plans
• Completion of local DR...
Challenges: Response
• Immediate establishment of incident
command system
• Deployment of trained and equipped
responders
...
Challenges: Recovery and Rehabilitation
• Rationalization of access to calamity funds
• Creation of local DRRM Offices
• P...
Challenges: Policy Actions
• Creation of Local Disaster Risk Reduction
Management (DRRM) Offices
• Plantilla positions of ...
DRR CCA in national and local governance
• Mainstream DRR CCA in development
processes
- Policy formulation
- Socio-econom...
Thank you!
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International Research Forum Plenary Talk by NEDA V Senior Economic Dev't Specialist Tess Chong - National Disaster Risk Reduction Management

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International Research Forum, Envinromental Protection, Local Governance and Accountability, Disaster Risk Reduction, Sustainable Management, Catanduanes State University

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International Research Forum Plenary Talk by NEDA V Senior Economic Dev't Specialist Tess Chong - National Disaster Risk Reduction Management

  1. 1. National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Ma. Teresa T. Chong SEDS, NEDA 5 17 October 2013 CSU, Virac, Catanduanes
  2. 2. SCOPE OF PRESENTATION  Situation Overview  Legal basis  National DRRM Framework  The Philippine NDRRM Plan  Current DRRM efforts  Challenges
  3. 3. SITUATION OVERVIEW HAZARDS • Earthquakes • Volcanic Eruptions • Storms & Typhoons • Tsunami • Lahar (ash flow) • Floods & landslides DISASTERS • Population • Infrastructures & life support system • Economy • Environment
  4. 4. SITUATION OVERVIEW • In the past 20 years, at least 31,835 Filipinos have reportedly been killed and 94,369,462 have been affected by natural disasters and calamities. (Philippine Red Cross)
  5. 5. World Risk Index 2012 Rank/Country 1. Vanuatu 2. Tonga 3. Philippines Index (%) 36.31 28.62 27.98 2011 Rank/Country 1. Vanuatu 2. Tonga 3. Philippines Index (%) 32.00 29.08 24.32 4. Guatemala 5. Bangladesh 6. Solomon Islands 7. Costa Rica 8. Cambodia 9. Timor-Leste 10. El Salvador 20.75 20.22 18.15 17.38 17.17 17.13 16.89 4. Solomon Islands 5. Guatemala 6. Bangladesh 7. Timor-Leste 8. Costa Rica 9. Cambodia 10. El Salvador 23.51 20.88 17.45 17.45 16.74 16.58 16.49 11. Brunei Darussalam 15.92 11. Nicaragua 15.74 12. Papua New Guinea 13. Mauritius 15.81 15.39 12. Papua New Guinea 13. Madagascar 15.45 14.46 14. Nicaragua 15. Fiji 15.36 13.69 14. Brunei Darussalam 15. Afghanistan 14.08 14.06
  6. 6. Legal Basis PD 1566 (June 11, 1978) aimed to: • strengthen the Philippine Disaster Control Capability, and • establish the National Program on Community Disaster Preparedness
  7. 7. Legal Basis RA 10121 of 2010 “An Act Strengthening the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and management System, Providing for the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Framework and Institutionalizing the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan, Appropriating Funds Therefore and for Other Purposes”
  8. 8. RA 10121 • • • • strengthens the PDRRM System provides for the NDRRM Framework institutionalizes the NDRRM Plan appropriates funds
  9. 9. RA 10121
  10. 10. Paradigm Shift Disaster Relief & Response REACTIVE Disaster Risk Reduction & Management PROACTIVE
  11. 11. Paradigm Shift Disaster response is the provision of emergency services and public assistance during or immediately after a disaster in order to save lives, reduce health impacts, ensure public safety and meet the basic subsistence needs of the people affected. It is focused on immediate and short-term needs and is sometimes called “disaster relief”.
  12. 12. Paradigm Shift Disaster risk reduction is the systematic effort to analyze and manage the causes of disasters by reducing vulnerabilities and enhancing capacities in order to lessen the adverse impacts of hazards and the probability of disaster.
  13. 13. What is required under RA 10121? • Regional DRRM Councils (Sec. 10) • Local DRRM Councils (Sec. 11) – Provincial, City, Municipal and Barangay DRRM councils • Local DRRM Office (Sec. 12) – Province, City, Municipality DRRMO, and a Barangay DRRMC. With DRRM Officer and three staff in each LDRRMO. • Local DRRM Plan (Sec. 12 c.6)
  14. 14. What is required under RA 10121? • Local DRRM Fund (Sec. 21) – at least 5% of IRA with 30% reserved as Quick Response Fund • Accreditation, Mobilization and Protection of Disaster Volunteers (ACDV), National Service Reserve Corps, CSOs and Private Sector (Sec. 13) Accreditation at the local level.
  15. 15. Expanded Membership Old NDCC: 19 Members Chairman: Secretary, DND Members: Secretary, DILG Secretary, DPWH Secretary, DOH Secretary, DSWD Secretary, DA Secretary, DepEd Secretary, DOF Secretary, DOLE Secretary, DTI Secretary, DOTC Secretary, DOST Secretary, DBM Secretary, DOJ Secretary, DENR Director, PIA Sec-Gen - PNRC Chief of Staff, AFP A,OCD: Exec Officer/Member New NDRRMC: 44 Members Chairperson: Secretary, DND Vice-Chairpersons: Sec, DOST – Prevention & Mitigation Sec, DILG –Preparedness Sec, DSWD – Disaster Response DG, NEDA – Rehab & Recovery Exec Dir: OCD Administrator Members: 39 • 14 Depts: DOH, DENR, DA, DepEd, DOE, DOF, DTI, DOTC, DBM, DPWH, DFA, DOJ, DOLE & DOT • 12 gov’t agencies: OES OPAPP, CHED AFP, PNP, OPS, NAPC, PCW, HUDCC, CCC, PHILHEALTH & OCD • 2 Gov Financial Inst (GSIS & SSS) • 1 Quasi-government agency ( PRC) • 5 LGU Leagues • 4 Civil Society Organizations • 1 Private Sector Organization
  16. 16. NDRRM Framework, June 2011 Safer, adaptive and disaster-resilient Filipino communities toward sustainable development Risk Factors DRR and CCA in Planning & Implementation HAZARDS EXPOSURES VULNERABILITIES CAPACITIES Prevention & Mitigation Preparedness Response Rehabilitation & Recovery
  17. 17. NDRRM Plan 2011 – 2028, February 2012
  18. 18. The National DRRM Plan • Four distinct and mutually reinforcing Thematic Areas
  19. 19. CORE FUNCTIONS IN 4 PILLARS OF DRRM
  20. 20. NDRRMP Thematic Area 1: Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Overall Responsible Agency Goal Objectives Department of Science and Technology (DOST) Avoid hazards and mitigate their potential impacts by reducing vulnerabilities and exposure and enhancing capacities of communities 1. Reduce vulnerability and exposure of communities to all hazards 2. Enhance capacities of communities to reduce their own risks and cope with the impacts of all hazards
  21. 21. OUTCOME LEAD AGENCY 1. DRRM and CCA mainstreamed and integrated in national, sectoral, regional and local development policies, plans and budget 2. DRRM and CCA-sensitive environmental management OCD DENR 3. Increased resilience of infrastructure systems DPWH 4. Community-based scientific DRRM and CCA assessment, mapping, analysis and monitoring OCD 5. Communities access to effective and applicable disaster risk financing and insurance DOF 6. End-to-end monitoring, forecasting and early warning systems are established and/or improved DOST
  22. 22. Overall Responsible Agency Goal Objectives Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) Establish and strengthen capacities of communities to anticipate, cope and recover from the negative impacts of emergency occurrences and disasters 1. Increase the level of awareness of the community to the threats and impacts of all hazards, risks and vulnerabilities 2. Equip the community with the necessary skills to cope with the negative impacts of a disaster
  23. 23. Overall Responsible Agency Goal Objectives Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) Establish and strengthen capacities of communities to anticipate, cope and recover from the negative impacts of emergency occurrences and disasters 3. Increase the capacity of institutions 4. Develop and implement comprehensive national and local disaster preparedness policies, plans and systems 5. Strengthen partnership among all key players and stakeholders
  24. 24. OUTCOME LEAD AGENCY 7. Increased level of awareness and enhanced capacity of the community to the threats and impacts of all hazards 8. Communities are equipped with necessary skills and capacity to cope with the impacts of disasters PIA 9. Increased DRRM and CCA capacity of Local DRRM Councils, Offices and Operating Centers at all levels 10.Developed and implemented comprehensive national and local preparedness and response policies, plans and systems 11.Strengthened partnership and coordination among all key players and stakeholders DILG and OCD DILG DILG and OCD DILG
  25. 25. NDRRMP Thematic Area 3: Disaster Response Overall Responsible Agency Goal Objectives Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) Provide life preservation and meet the basic subsistence needs of affected population based on acceptable standards during or immediately after a disaste 1. Decrease the number of preventable deaths and injuries 2. Provide basic subsistence needs of affected population 3. Immediately restore basic social services
  26. 26. 2. NDRRMP Thematic Area 3: Disaster Response OUTCOME LEAD AGENY 12. Well-established disaster response operations DSWD 13.Adequate and prompt assessment of needs and damages at all levels DRRMCs, OCD, DSWD 14.Integrated and coordinated Search, Rescue and Retrieval (SRR) capacity DND, DILG, DOH 15.Safe and timely evacuation of affected communities LGUs 16.Temporary shelter needs adequately addressed DSWD 17.Basic social services provided to affected population (whether inside or outside evacuation areas) DOH 18.Psychosocial needs of directly and indirectly affected population addressed DOH 19.Coordinated, integrated system for early recovery implemented DSWD
  27. 27. Overall Responsible Agency Goal Objectives National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) Restore and improve facilities, livelihood and living conditions and organizational capacities of affected communities and reduce disaster risks in accordance with the “build back better” principle 1. To restore people’s means of livelihood and continuity of economic activities and business 2. To restore shelter and other building/installation
  28. 28. Overall Responsible Agency Goal Objectives National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) Restore and improve facilities, livelihood and living conditions and organizational capacities of affected communities and reduce disaster risks in accordance with the “build back better” principle 3. To reconstruct infrastructure and other public utilities 4. To assist in the physical and psychological rehabilitation of persons who suffered from the effects of
  29. 29. OUTCOME 20.Damages, losses and needs assessed 21.Economic activities restored and if possible, strengthened or expanded 22.Houses rebuilt or repaired to be more resilient to hazard events; safer sites for housing LEAD AGENY OCD Agency to be determined based on the affected sectors NHA
  30. 30. OUTCOME 23.Disaster and climate change-resilient infrastructure constructed/reconstructed 24.A psychologically safe and secure citizenry that is protected from the effects of disasters is able to restore to normal functioning after each disaster LEAD AGENY DPWH DOH, DSWD
  31. 31. DRRM Efforts: Prevention and Mitigation • Dev’t of alarm & early warning systems • Nationwide flood forecasting & monitoring • Geo-hazard mapping • Comprehensive land use planning, building & safety standards • Engineering interventions • Flood control structures
  32. 32. DRRM Efforts: Prevention and Mitigation
  33. 33. DRRM Efforts: Prevention and Mitigation Landslide Susceptibility Map (MGB-DENR) Rainfall Return Flood Simulation (PAGASA) Active Faults & Trenches (PHIVOLCS)
  34. 34. DRRM Efforts: Preparedness • Contingency planning • Prepositioning of equipment & supplies • Enhancement of operation & coordination centers • Organizing, training & equipping responders • Organizing & mobilizing community volunteers • Conduct of disaster trainings & drills
  35. 35. DRRM Efforts: Response • Search, rescue & retrieval operations • Humanitarian aid, relief and health services • Provision for temporary shelter, water, sanitation & hygiene • Financial assistance to calamity victims • Management of evacuation centers
  36. 36. DRRM Efforts: Recovery and Rehabilitation • Early recovery & rehabilitation • Reconstruction of damaged houses & buildings • Resettlement • Provision for livelihood • Restoration & improvement of destroyed facilities
  37. 37. Challenges: Prevention and Mitigation • Nationwide identification and assessment of hazards • Common understanding of forecasting terminologies and systems • Appreciation of risk factors at the local level • Adherence to building codes • Construction of flood control structures
  38. 38. Challenges: Preparedness • Integration of hazard assessment into the comprehensive land use plans • Completion of local DRRM plans • Organization of community volunteers • Training and equipping the responders • Enhancement of coordination centers
  39. 39. Challenges: Response • Immediate establishment of incident command system • Deployment of trained and equipped responders • Rationalization of humanitarian assistance and rapid need assessment among NGAs, LGUs & int’l donor agencies
  40. 40. Challenges: Recovery and Rehabilitation • Rationalization of access to calamity funds • Creation of local DRRM Offices • Plantilla positions of local DRRM Officers and personnel • Completion of standard Local DRRM Plans • “Laymanizing” DRRM technologies • Rationalization of Geo-hazard Map scales
  41. 41. Challenges: Policy Actions • Creation of Local Disaster Risk Reduction Management (DRRM) Offices • Plantilla positions of Local DRRM Officers and personnel • Formulation of standard Local DRRM Plans • “Laymanizing” DRRM terminologies • Rationalization of Geo-hazard Map scales
  42. 42. DRR CCA in national and local governance • Mainstream DRR CCA in development processes - Policy formulation - Socio-economic development planning - Budgeting - Governance • Areas covered are environment, agriculture, water, energy, health, education, poverty reduction, land use and urban planning, housing, and public infrastructure
  43. 43. Thank you!

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