Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México Escuela Nacional Preparatoria No. 2 Erasmo Castellanos Quinto English Diabetes Alumno: Ramírez Hernández Gerardo Raúl Teacher: Dulce Cecilia Mejía Pérez Date: 10-04-2013
Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a groupof metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose , eitherbecause insulin production is inadequate, or because the bodys cells don’trespond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typicallyexperience polyuria, they will become increasingly thirsty and hungryThere are three types of diabetes:1) Type 1 DiabetesThe body doesn’t produce insulin. Some people may refer to this typeas insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes.People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in earlyadulthood or teenage years.Type 1 diabetes is nowhere near as common as type 2 diabetes. Approximately10% of all diabetes cases are type 1.2) Type 2 DiabetesThe body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in thebody don’t react to insulin or make an insulin resistance.Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type.Some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losingweight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise, and monitoring theirblood glucose levels. However, type 2 diabetes is typically a progressivedisease - it gradually gets worse - and the patient will probably end up have totake insulin, usually in tablet form.Overweight and obese people have a much higher risk of developing type 2diabetes compared to those with a healthy body weight. People with a lot ofvisceral fat, also known as central obesity, belly fat, or abdominal obesity, areespecially at risk. Being overweight/obese causes the body to releasechemicals that can destabilize the bodys cardiovascular and metabolicsystems.
3) Gestational DiabetesThis type affects females during pregnancy. Some women have very high levelsof glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulinto transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively risinglevels of glucose.Diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made during pregnancy.The majority of gestational diabetes patients can control their diabetes withexercise and diet. Between 10% to 20% of them will need to take some kind ofblood-glucose-controlling medications. Undiagnosed or uncontrolled gestationaldiabetes can raise the risk of complications during childbirth. The baby may bebigger than he/she should be.Here are some tips to help you reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes.Number 1.-Check your risk of diabetesNumber 2.-Manage your weight. Excess body fat, particularly if stored aroundthe abdomen, can increase the body’s resistance to the hormone insulin.Number 3.- Exercise regularly. Moderate physical activity on most days of theweek helps manage weightNumber 4.- Eat a balanced, healthy diet. Reduce the amount of fat in your dietNumber 5. - Limit takeaway and processed foods. ‘Convenience meals’ areusually high in salt, fat and kilojoulesNumber 6.-Limit your alcohol intake. Too much alcohol can lead to weight gainand may increase your blood pressureNumber 7. - Quit smoking. Smokers are twice as likely to develop diabetes asnon-smokers.
Number 8. - Control your blood pressure. Most people can do this with regularexercise, a balanced diet and by keeping a healthy weight. In some cases, youmight need medication prescribed by your doctor.Number 9. - Reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease.Bibliographyhttp://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/ten_tips_to_help_prevent_diabeteshttp://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes/