Catalyst breakage is a well known phenomena that occurs during operation and transients such as reformer trips, whether this be due to,
• Normal in service breakage,
• Breakage due to carbon formation/removal,
• Breakage due to steam condensation or carry over,
• Breakage during a trip.
The effect of catalyst breakage can be observed in a number of ways,
• Hot bands,
• Speckling and giraffe necking,
• Catalyst breakage and settling.