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Working with the camera for better photography

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Presentation on factors to consider in a good camera for photography and videography, as well the tips for taking better photos, photo editing software, photo production and sharing in album off and online.

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Working with the camera for better photography

  1. 1. Understanding photography and its importance in message communication/ story telling Getting/buying a good camera Tips for better photography Photo editing software Simple tips for editing photos Organising photos Sharing the photos E.g. printing, albums, publishing Sharing your photos Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge
  2. 2. Importance of Photos Photos as a medium of communication Capturing the humanity, nature & situation Enhancing message comprehension (1,000 words) Evidence (authority, empathy, humility and passion) “cameras never lie” Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge
  3. 3. Getting/Buying a good camera To take photos, you must have a camera (phone) Battery Life Number of Megapixels Zoom Lens Exposure Control User Controls Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge
  4. 4. What type is your camera Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge
  5. 5. Battery life  This has got to be one of the most overlooked features in digital cameras. I know many people who go for the latest and greatest digital cameras which are short in the battery life department. If you want to take good photos, your camera needs to powered for extended periods of time. I've found that cost and battery life don't go together - many cheap cameras have good battery life, while some high-end models drain your battery really fast. Make sure you choose a camera that has good battery life. Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge
  6. 6. Number of Megapixels  The megapixel rating of a digital camera determines how much fine detail you can capture in your shots. Typically, the number of megapixels can range around from 2 megapixels to 8 megapixels. How do you decide how many megapixels you need? As a rule of thumb, if you're only interested in taking small snapshots to send via email or for posting on the Web, you won't need more than 2 megapixels. If you want large print outs of your gorgeous photographs, then you'll probably want to get 5 megapixel cameras and above. You may want to refer to this guide for more information. Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge
  7. 7. Zoom Lens  You'll definitely want a camera with decent optical zoom. Now the keyword here is optical zoom (as opposed to digital zoom). Optical zoom physically moves the camera lenses to zoom in on a subject. Digital zoom, however, digitally averages and magnifies the image within the camera's microchip - resulting in poor picture quality. Many manufacturers' advertisements talk about digital zoom instead of optical zoom - so do be careful when choosing. I'd recommend getting at least 3x optical zoom in any camera you buy. Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge
  8. 8. Exposure Control  The ability to control exposure settings such as shutter speed and lens opening is critical to professional photographers. Cheaper digital cameras only allow you to shoot photos in automatic mode - just press the shutter release and voila, your picture is taken. More advanced users prefer to tweak the shutter speed and aperture to capture fast moving objects or blur the image background. Choose a camera with good exposure control if you foresee yourself taking on photography as a serious hobby or profession. Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge
  9. 9. User Controls  If you are getting a point-and-shoot camera, make sure you find one that's easy to use. User controls to set resolution, macro mode, flash and exposure should be within easy reach. Of course, if you're a serious photography buff who wants to take the time to tweak all sorts of manual settings, then this many not be so critical. Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge
  10. 10. Tips for Better Photography  Know Your Camera  Learn to control the flash  Play with the macro mode  Hold the camera level  Keep still  Use the tripold stand  Play with ISO setting (Your camera's ISO speed number stands for the sensitivity of the digital sensor. Slower ISO speeds result in less noisy pictures -- even on a digital SLR; but this is especially important on a point-and-shoot camera. Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge
  11. 11. Photography tips cont’d….  Have enough memory capacity  Take many pictures  Composition rules Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge
  12. 12. Photography tips cont’d  Take your camera along  Start off with automatic mode  Protect and secure your lens  Set your white balance (auto better) Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge The white balance dramatically alters the tone of a picture; these four photos were taken at the Auto, Daylight, Cloudy (or Shade) and Tungsten settings.
  13. 13. Photography tips cont’d  Fill the frame with your subject  Try an interesting angle  Focus  Get closer instead of zooming in  Hold camera two points away from centre  Squeeze shutter slowly, gently  Relax when you push the shutter button  Avoid red eye by using flash judiciously Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge
  14. 14. Photography tips cont’d  Select the best from among your photos  Practice, practice and practice  Get inspiration from others’ work  Use your camera neck strap  Take photos off your memory card asap  Keep a notebook to note what worked well, captions  Ask for permission where necessary (avoid trouble) Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge
  15. 15. Editing/touching up your photos  There are free and paid for photo editing programs you can use e.g. paint, windows fax viewer, GIMP or buy Photoshop, downloading and installing or Paint.NET among others.  After starting your image editor, you can remove red eye, rotate and crop the photo, play with colour, blurring effects, resize, sharpen  Converting photos Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge
  16. 16. Sharing photos  Printing the photos  Storing the photos on CD and DVD  Emailing the photos  Uploading the photos to a website One of the best ways to share digital photos is to upload them to a website. There are many online photo storage sites available. www.flickr.com, www.picasaweb.google.com/, a re some of the best photo sharing sites. It allows you to upload photo albums and determine who can view those albums. In addition, you get links or embed codes to share in your websites. ### Mak DIJ Multimedia Production Techniques April 2012 Gerald Businge

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