Observed Impacts ofMarcellus Shale Drilling on   Agricultural Lands                 Presented to theNew York State Associa...
Why Bradford County, PA?                                                  Major Agricultural County  Small Industrial  Tow...
MarcellusShaleFormation
Bradford County –5th LargestAgriculturalCounty in PA“Clean & Green” Agricultural Parcels w/ Natural Gas Wells
WesternBradford CountyStudy AreaNovember 2010• 13 active drilling/ fracking  operations;• 7 pads – no drilling/ not  resto...
TypicalWell Pad• 3-5 acres;• Level;• Gravel surface.* Large open storage pits  such as in this aerial image  have not been...
TypicalWellPad• 3-5 acres;• Level;• Gravel surface.
TypicalWellPad –DrillingPhase• Drill rig, offices,  storage, dorms  (sometimes)
TypicalWellPad• Hydraulic  Fracturing  Phase
Storm Water Pollution Prevention                    Well pads                    permitted by                    PADEP &  ...
Storm Water Pollution Prevention
Storm Water Pollution Prevention
Storm Water Pollution Prevention
Site Restoration                   Mandatory                   stockpiling of                   topsoil at time           ...
Site Restoration – W05                         8/27/09
Site Restoration – W05                         12/17/10
Site Restoration – W05                         9/18/10
Site Restoration – AT02                          8/27/09
Site Restoration – AT02                          12/5/09
Site Restoration – W09
Site Restoration – W08Equipment left onsite afterrestorationgenerally willinclude 1-10wellheads, gascleaner, brinestorage ...
Restored Drilling Site Aerial                                   View                                                Origin...
Views of a Drilling Rig – approx. 2 miles
Views of a Drilling Rig – approx. 1 mile
View of Drilling Rig – approx. 1,000 ft.
Washington County, PA                                                     Canton Twp.                          12 mi.     ...
Source M. Bu & S. Upadhyay. 2010                                             Each square = 4 sq. miles.    Active Pad    R...
Washington County – High Impact AreaSource M. Bu & S. Upadhyay. 2010                                   1 Square Mile
Gas Collector Lines
Potential Impacts of Collector Lines                 • Topsoil and subsoil                   mixing;                 • Soi...
Gas Transmission Lines            • So far, so good…            • Temporary disruption of              fields during      ...
Gas Transmission Lines
Delayed Site Restoration – W17Drilling Pad     Storage Site    Equipment StagingSeptember 2009   February 2010   October 2...
Drilling Support Services                   • ARE subject to                     local zoning                     regulati...
Drilling Support Services               • Is your Town                 ready for the types                 of commercial &...
Heavy Truck Traffic
New York StateDepartment of Agricultureand MarketsGuidelines forAgriculturalResourcesProtection at GasWell Drilling Sites
Gas Well Development      • Regulated by DEC;      • Very little protection in        the regulations for        agricultu...
Phases of Project          • Siting of Access            Roads and Well Pads;          • Construction;          • Restorat...
Siting Goals               • Locate access roads                 and well pads along                 field edges and in   ...
Siting Goals           • Permanent width of             access roads in             agricultural fields should            ...
Construction Guidelines             • The surface of the               access roads               constructed through     ...
Construction Guidelines• All topsoil must be  stripped from  agricultural areas  used for vehicle and  equipment access  a...
Construction Guidelines Cont.               • Topsoil and subsoil                 graded from the drill site              ...
Construction Guidelines Cont.• Materials from brine pits  should be removed  from agricultural areas;• Brine pits should b...
Restoration Guidelines• All disturbed agricultural areas must be de-  compacted to a depth of 18 inches;• All rocks 4 inch...
Restoration Guidelines Cont. • All access roads must be regraded level with   adjacent field; • All agricultural areas sho...
Monitoring             • The project sponsor               needs to monitor               agricultural areas for two      ...
Contact:               George Frantz Cornell University Department of City & Regional Planning                      (607) ...
Observed Impacts of Marcellus Shale Drilling on Agricultural Lands
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Observed Impacts of Marcellus Shale Drilling on Agricultural Lands

682 views

Published on

Presentation to NYS Association of Towns Annual Conference 2/22/11

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
682
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Observed Impacts of Marcellus Shale Drilling on Agricultural Lands

  1. 1. Observed Impacts ofMarcellus Shale Drilling on Agricultural Lands Presented to theNew York State Association of TownsAnnual Training Session & Conference February 21, 2011 George R. Frantz, AICP, ASLA Department of City & Regional Planning Cornell University
  2. 2. Why Bradford County, PA? Major Agricultural County Small Industrial Towns Major Tourism Sector Based on Outdoor RecreationScenic Beauty Vibrant, Historic Downtowns
  3. 3. MarcellusShaleFormation
  4. 4. Bradford County –5th LargestAgriculturalCounty in PA“Clean & Green” Agricultural Parcels w/ Natural Gas Wells
  5. 5. WesternBradford CountyStudy AreaNovember 2010• 13 active drilling/ fracking operations;• 7 pads – no drilling/ not restored;• 4 pads – restored• 2 pads – newly built/ no drilling commenced.• 3 water impoundments
  6. 6. TypicalWell Pad• 3-5 acres;• Level;• Gravel surface.* Large open storage pits such as in this aerial image have not been observed in Bradford County drilling operations. Drilling operations appear to prefer closed storage trailers Washington County - WA7 Source: M. Bu, S. Upadhyay
  7. 7. TypicalWellPad• 3-5 acres;• Level;• Gravel surface.
  8. 8. TypicalWellPad –DrillingPhase• Drill rig, offices, storage, dorms (sometimes)
  9. 9. TypicalWellPad• Hydraulic Fracturing Phase
  10. 10. Storm Water Pollution Prevention Well pads permitted by PADEP & Susquehanna River Basin Commission . Pad design must include SWPP best management practices.
  11. 11. Storm Water Pollution Prevention
  12. 12. Storm Water Pollution Prevention
  13. 13. Storm Water Pollution Prevention
  14. 14. Site Restoration Mandatory stockpiling of topsoil at time of well pad construction (& possible use as sound barrier)
  15. 15. Site Restoration – W05 8/27/09
  16. 16. Site Restoration – W05 12/17/10
  17. 17. Site Restoration – W05 9/18/10
  18. 18. Site Restoration – AT02 8/27/09
  19. 19. Site Restoration – AT02 12/5/09
  20. 20. Site Restoration – W09
  21. 21. Site Restoration – W08Equipment left onsite afterrestorationgenerally willinclude 1-10wellheads, gascleaner, brinestorage tanks, &metering system.
  22. 22. Restored Drilling Site Aerial View Original pad size: +/- 310 ft x 285 ft/ +/- 88, 500 sq. ft Restored pad size: +/- 16, 000 sq. ft (1 wellhead)Source M. Bu & S. Upadhyay. 2010
  23. 23. Views of a Drilling Rig – approx. 2 miles
  24. 24. Views of a Drilling Rig – approx. 1 mile
  25. 25. View of Drilling Rig – approx. 1,000 ft.
  26. 26. Washington County, PA Canton Twp. 12 mi. Chartiers Twp. Mt. Pleasant Twp. Canonsburg Drilling Pad Restored Drilling Pad Water Retention Washington UnitSource M. Bu & S. Upadhyay. 2010
  27. 27. Source M. Bu & S. Upadhyay. 2010 Each square = 4 sq. miles. Active Pad Restored Pad Reservoir 26000FT
  28. 28. Washington County – High Impact AreaSource M. Bu & S. Upadhyay. 2010 1 Square Mile
  29. 29. Gas Collector Lines
  30. 30. Potential Impacts of Collector Lines • Topsoil and subsoil mixing; • Soil compaction; • Damage to drainage systems; • Proper restoration and two years of monitoring needed.
  31. 31. Gas Transmission Lines • So far, so good… • Temporary disruption of fields during construction; • SWPPP BMPs critical; • Site restoration BMPs critical.
  32. 32. Gas Transmission Lines
  33. 33. Delayed Site Restoration – W17Drilling Pad Storage Site Equipment StagingSeptember 2009 February 2010 October 2010
  34. 34. Drilling Support Services • ARE subject to local zoning regulations; • Potential long- term impacts; • Potential larger impacts.
  35. 35. Drilling Support Services • Is your Town ready for the types of commercial & industrial land uses that follow the rigs?
  36. 36. Heavy Truck Traffic
  37. 37. New York StateDepartment of Agricultureand MarketsGuidelines forAgriculturalResourcesProtection at GasWell Drilling Sites
  38. 38. Gas Well Development • Regulated by DEC; • Very little protection in the regulations for agricultural resources; • Protection measures need to be included in easement.
  39. 39. Phases of Project • Siting of Access Roads and Well Pads; • Construction; • Restoration; • Monitoring and Remediation.
  40. 40. Siting Goals • Locate access roads and well pads along field edges and in nonagricultural areas when possible; • Locate access roads along ridge tops and follow field contours where possible; Photo: NYS Dept. Agriculture & Markets
  41. 41. Siting Goals • Permanent width of access roads in agricultural fields should be no more than 16 feet; • All existing drainage and erosion control structures should be avoided.
  42. 42. Construction Guidelines • The surface of the access roads constructed through agricultural fields should be level with the adjacent field surface; • Culverts and ditches should be installed along access roads to maintain natural drainage patterns;
  43. 43. Construction Guidelines• All topsoil must be stripped from agricultural areas used for vehicle and equipment access and parking;• Topsoil must be stripped from the well pad area and stockpiled separate from other material;
  44. 44. Construction Guidelines Cont. • Topsoil and subsoil graded from the drill site should not block drainage; • Provisions for drainage tile repair should be included in the easement agreement; Photo: NYS Dept. Agriculture & Markets
  45. 45. Construction Guidelines Cont.• Materials from brine pits should be removed from agricultural areas;• Brine pits should be covered with several feet of subsoil and the original depth of topsoil;• Drilling mud should be hauled off site;
  46. 46. Restoration Guidelines• All disturbed agricultural areas must be de- compacted to a depth of 18 inches;• All rocks 4 inches and larger in diameter must be removed from the soil surface;• Topsoil is replaced;• Stone removal from the topsoil surface prior to reseeding;
  47. 47. Restoration Guidelines Cont. • All access roads must be regraded level with adjacent field; • All agricultural areas should be reseeded with the seed mix specified by the landowner; • All surface and subsurface drainage structures must be repaired to preconstruction conditions; • All construction debris must be removed from the site.
  48. 48. Monitoring • The project sponsor needs to monitor agricultural areas for two years following restoration; • Monitoring should include topsoil thickness, stone content, crop production and drainage.
  49. 49. Contact: George Frantz Cornell University Department of City & Regional Planning (607) 227-4652 grf4@cornell.edu Matt Brower NYS Dept. Agriculture And Markets (518) 457-2713 matthew.brower@agmkt.state.ny.us Mike Saviola NYS Dept. Agriculture and Markets (607) 351-7954 michael.saviola@agmkt.state.ny.us

×