Learning and Teaching Part B

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Second Part of a brief run through of the Research ideas underpinning what we should do in the classroom.

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Learning and Teaching Part B

  1. 1. Learning and Teaching - putting it all together B. Research
  2. 2. Goals <ul><li>Review some of the more important ideas regarding Teaching and Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Have these in mind as the T & L committee present their first draft of Key Principles of Teaching and Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Provide some ideas to reflect upon </li></ul>
  3. 3. Teaching and Learning <ul><li>a reminder of: </li></ul><ul><li>A. Theories of Learning </li></ul><ul><li>B. Research </li></ul><ul><li>C. Practices and Models </li></ul>
  4. 4. B. Research <ul><li>1. The Brain </li></ul><ul><li>2. Gender differences </li></ul><ul><li>3. Teaching methods and Retention </li></ul><ul><li>4. Activity length and Retention </li></ul>
  5. 5. B. Research <ul><li>1. The Brain </li></ul>
  6. 6. B. Research: Gender Differences <ul><li>1. Brain Structure Differences </li></ul><ul><li>Males higher % of thin cortex material in left hemisphere; females have the same % in each. </li></ul><ul><li>Most males and females have language processor in left; but females have active language processor in right also. </li></ul>
  7. 7. B. Research: Gender Differences <ul><li>2. Performance Differences </li></ul><ul><li>Females better : perceptual speed, verbal fluency, sequencing, arithmetic calculations, reading comprehension, recognizing different emotions in others. </li></ul><ul><li>Males better : spatial tasks, target-directed motor skills, mathematical reasoning, mathematics, science, social studies questions. </li></ul>
  8. 8. B. Research: Gender Differences <ul><li>3. Preference differences </li></ul><ul><li>Male and female brains organize differently from early in development, leading to different preferences in learning. </li></ul><ul><li>More girls than boys have left hemisphere preference. </li></ul><ul><li>(Most schooling favours left hemisphere preferred learners) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Average percentage of retention of material after 24 hours for different methods of teaching </li></ul>B. Research: Learning Pyramid NTL Institute, Virginia
  10. 10. <ul><li>Retention during a learning episode </li></ul>B. Research: Retention “ How the Brain Learns”, Sousa, 2001
  11. 11. <ul><li>Retention during a learning episode </li></ul>B. Research: Retention “ How the Brain Learns”, Sousa, 2001
  12. 12. Book in the Library “ How the Brain Learns”, Sousa, 2001

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