The Importance of Pottery• Storage containers, cookware and dishes were as necessary for the Ancient Greeks as they are for us.• Without much glass and with metal being expensive, clay was a very handy material.
Clay!• Clay is inexpensive and readily available.• It is weathered rock that has crumbled to dust.• The impurities in clay give it varying colors. ▫ For instance, red clay contains iron.
More Clay!• It is easily worked and can be shaped as desired.• Once fired it is quite strong and waterproof.• It makes an ideal material for containers of all sorts.• Clay turns to ceramic once fired in a Kiln.
Wheel Throwing • Clay is kneaded and thrown on a wheel. • As the wheel spins, the potter shapes the clay and forms it into the desired shapes. • Large pots are made in sections. Handles, feet and spouts were also created separately. • Sections are glued together with a layer of thin, watery, clay, known as a slip.
Coiling Technique• The coil method is one of the oldest techniques in ceramics. To begin, you will roll strips of clay into a worm shape piece. This can be any shape or size, depending on how large the overall piece will be.• After making the coils, you place them over one another and blend them together. This will latch the pieces as one.• This can be repeated until you decide when the piece is large enough. This technique is good for making pots and different shapes.
Pottery Art• Only men were allowed to make pots in Ancient Greece, though women were permitted to paint them.• Pottery was frequently made by slaves.• What survives is often not high art. Really valuable containers tended to be made of bronze, silver or gold. However, little of this survives because the metal was reused. Pottery fragments, having no real value, survive.
Pottery Art • Despite it being a lesser form than metal-craft, some excellent creations exist. • Greek pottery and painting evolved into a significant art form.
Form and FunctionPots were shaped according to their function!
Periods and Styles• Pottery is one of the oldest surviving art forms from Ancient Greece.• Works and fragments survive from the 2nd millennium BC to the end of the 1st century BC.• Greek pottery was traded throughout the Mediterranean world and beyond.
Geometric Style• As Greek pottery became more popular, potters paid more attention to details on their work.• Instead of just the one wavy line, now lots and lots of lines and patterns began to crowd over every inch of the pots.• Zigzags, lines, circles, squares, etc. filled the pottery.• Many potters put symbols throughout their work they created, with a personal meaning!
Black Figure!• The Black-figure style really did not dominate until the 6th century BC.• Artists painted black images silhouetted against the natural red clay background.• Details were inserted by etching the black figures.• White or purple paint could then be added.
Red Figure! • The red-figure style appeared between 530-525 BC. • It was achieved by simply reversing the black figure painting. • The red figures are kept and the background is painted. • This is more difficult but it allowed the design to be seen better at a distance and it leaves the shape of the pot more visible.
Classical Period & Style• As the classical period came to be, pottery took a turn for the worse.• Some suggest that pottery artists were trying to outdo the painters of the day. However, this cannot be confirmed or denied, since no paintings had survived.
Classical White Ground • One significant innovation was the painting of a large part of the pot with a white background. • This created almost a canvas upon which the artist could easily work.
Greek Pottery• By the end of the 5th century BC, pottery painting seemed to lose its status as an art form. Some suggest that metal bowls and vases were now favored by the rich.• In the 3rd century BC, the painting of pottery before firing seem to end. Decoration was now separate from potting entirely
Studio Time!• You will be creating a Greek-Inspired Pot.• Think of your own Greek Myth, Symbol, or Story!• On paper, sketch out your choice of a design: ▫ Geometric Style (Create 2 personal symbols) ▫ Orientalized Style (Combining shapes and animals) ▫ Black or Red Figure Narrative Remember not to draw anything too small because it will be too hard to paint on your pot! For Instance…
Geometric Style Art symbol is a drawing that represents a symbol. Ex. heart stands for love This is my symbol I created to place on my pot. It is simple and clean! The symbol is zigzags going up and down. It stands for my town or village. I chose this because it means a lot to me and shows strong unity or family in my life!
Orientalizing Style Your pot should have shapes and animals! Consider the following examples!
Black or Red Figure Narrative! Create a story that speaks to you! You can create any narrative, like a war scene, daily living, a time in your life! Be CREATIVE!
Lastly! • As you create your Greek Pot, how will the overall form look? • Will your pottery have a top, bottom piece, handle, cap, etc… • Will your pot have a good surface to paint on? • What will your pottery contain? Will it hold water or be a container for food? Later, we will take your drawing and actually create it in clay! Let’s BEGIN!