Divergent, Emergent & Convergent Thinking

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This slideshow is a segment taken from workshops on decision making and problem solving. I hope you enjoy this considered approach to problem solving.
...Geoff
(www.performancepeople.com.au)

Published in: Business, Education, Technology
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  • I just found a really great cartoon representation of this process on the frontpage at Innovation Games. http://www.innovationgames.com/ideas-to-action/

    ...Geoff
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  • Very handy - thank you Geoff - about to run a level 3 for a client! provides excellent options! thank you :)
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Divergent, Emergent & Convergent Thinking

  1. 1. Simple Divergent, Emergent & Convergent Thinking Fan > Explore > Focus
  2. 2. ! I came to this presentation via a circuitous route. So I am going to take you on a bit of the same journey.
  3. 3. ! The approach I describe here is a mashup of concepts from Eric Knight Reframing; Dave Gray, Sunni Brown and James Macanufo Gamestorming; Ian Dixon of Dixon Partners; and Michelle James of The Center for Creative Emergence.
  4. 4. Reframing The Streetlight Divergent & Convergent Thinking It starts with an old story about how we can go looking where we are comfortable, rather than where answers can be found. Fan & Focus Emergent Thinking Fan > Explore > Focus
  5. 5. The Streetlight An old story with many variants: 1. A man is looking for his keys under a streetlight 2. A person comes and helps him 3. They cannot find the keys 4. When challenged. the man admits he dropped his keys ‘over there’ 5. He is looking here, because he can see in the light
  6. 6. The Streetlight Reframing Divergent & Convergent Thinking And an idea from Eric Knight that needs to be shared. Fan & Focus Emergent Thinking Fan > Explore > Focus
  7. 7. Reframing Eric Knight 2012 in Reframe writes that earnest, well-meaning, intelligent people use a ‘magnifying glass’ to solve problems
  8. 8. Reframing Eric suggests we start with a camera lens: – A wider field of view – Able to focus at different distances, giving multiple ‘frames of reference’
  9. 9. Reframing Which leads to two important ways of thinking. The Streetlight Divergent & Convergent Thinking Fan & Focus Emergent Thinking Fan > Explore > Focus
  10. 10. Two Skills Divergent Thinking Convergent Thinking
  11. 11. Michelle James CEO, The Center for Creative Emergence www.creativeemergence.com Words
  12. 12. Chart With Some Techniques Divergent Brainstorming Forced Analogy (& Dictionary Method) Text Affinity Diagram Value Stream Mapping The Creative Whack Pack Six Thinking Hats Mind Maps/ Concept Maps/ Topic Maps Graphics Flowcharting/ Process Flow Nominal Group Technique Prototype/ Pilot Trial Convergent
  13. 13. Reframing The Streetlight Divergent & Convergent Thinking That have been put together in a simple, powerful way. Fan & Focus Emergent Thinking Fan > Explore > Focus
  14. 14. Fan & Focus Ian Dixon of Partnering Solutions presents this model: Seeking as many options as possible FAN Divergent Thinking
  15. 15. Fan & Focus Ian Dixon of Partnering Solutions presents this model: Transition Point Seeking as many options as possible FAN Divergent Thinking
  16. 16. Fan & Focus Ian Dixon of Partnering Solutions presents this model: Transition Point Seeking as many options as possible FAN Selecting the option(s) to implement FOCUS Divergent Thinking Convergent Thinking
  17. 17. Fan & Focus Issues Preconceived ideas / Lack of creativity Ignoring/overlooking possibilities Short-changing one phase
  18. 18. Reframing The Streetlight Divergent & Convergent Thinking But something was missing. Some sort of ‘incubation’. Fan & Focus Emergent Thinking Fan > Explore > Focus
  19. 19. Emergent Thinking Explore!!!
  20. 20. Reframing The Streetlight Divergent & Convergent Thinking Fan & Focus Which led to the final form of the model. Emergent Thinking Fan > Explore > Focus
  21. 21. Fan, Explore & Focus Spend some time ‘in between’ fanning and focussing – exploring what you are finding out. Seeking as many options as possible Teasing out possibilities Selecting & refining the option(s) to implement FAN FOCUS EXPLORE Divergent Thinking Emergent Thinking Convergent Thinking
  22. 22. Tools & Techniques FAN • • • • • Brainstorm Daydream ‘Tinker’ Imagine Provocative questions • Gap analysis • Case studies (seeing what others did) EXPLORE • 5 whys • 6 thinking hats • Stakeholder analysis • Risk analysis • SWOT analysis • Mind-mapping • Force field analysis • Forced analogy FOCUS • Cost-benefit analysis • Prioritisation • Modelling • Pilot test • Flowcharting • Tasking/ delegation
  23. 23. ! All the best on your journey – and at every point make sure you know whether you are fanning, exploring or focussing!
  24. 24. © Performance People Pty Ltd, 2013 www.performancepeople.com.au With appreciation for the contributions of Eric Knight Reframing; Dave Gray, Sunni Brown and James Macanufo Gamestorming; Ian Dixon of Dixon Partners; and Michelle James of The Center for Creative Emergence. Added to SlideShare by GeoffatPerformancePeople

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