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Running on Empty


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Interim version of presentation from Ecolint Geography Conference 2018

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Running on Empty

  1. 1. S Running on empty? Exploring water futures Saturday 14th April 2018
  2. 2. Alan Parkinson Geographer Illustration:TomMorganJones
  3. 3. “Despite all our achievements we owe our existence to a six-inch layer of topsoil and the fact that it rains” Illustration:WikimediaCommons
  4. 4. The Fens – a reclaimed landscape Illustration:CarryAkroyd
  5. 5. Geneva 500 litres of water a second
  6. 6. Not everywhere is so lucky…
  7. 7. If all the world’s water was a bucket full, only one tablespoon’s worth would be drinkable (potable) Illustration:TomMorganJones
  8. 8. Autumn Peltier at the UN
  9. 9. A PENT COW
  10. 10. Cape Town Eastern Cape Drought Lasted 3 years Theewaterskloof Dam 10% capacity
  11. 11. Cape Town 50 litres person / day “Day Zero” LA Times, March 31st 2018
  12. 12. Cape Town April 2018 As recently as January, rationing with armed guards for 4 million people was on the horizon. Daily ration of just 25 litres per person / day The most recent situation can be seen on the City Dashboard
  13. 13. Demands on water ator.html See the guidance on how to save water Stop-start showers standing in a bowl, and using the water captured in the bowl to flush toilets.
  14. 14. Rich and Poor The wealthy cut their water usage by 80% on average, whereas the poorer by 40%
  15. 15. Illustration:TomMorganJones
  16. 16. Illustration:TomMorganJones Your job is to assess the relative merits of a number of possible solutions to the water crisis. These have all been tried in certain areas.
  17. 17. Illustration:TomMorganJones Time to scratch off your card to reveal which particular strategy you have been given to explore…
  18. 18. Which of these is the UN?
  19. 19. Cape Town-South Africa Water Crisis by @bridgetti Cape Town Twitter
  20. 20. Futures Possible – all scenarios which are possible Probable – which of the possible scenarios are most likely Preferable – of the probable futures, which one would be the most preferable in terms of sustainability or in maintaining as close as possible to the current quality of life for residents
  21. 21. Dotstorming Dotstorming is a visual way of giving feedback on ideas. Which of the ideas will get your vote(s): Go HERE to vote.
  22. 22.
  23. 23. Acknowledgements S With thanks to Tom Morgan Jones for illustrations from Mission:Explore Water (2013) by Explorer HQ S Mapping on Water Security by World Resources Institute: maps/ S With thanks to Ben Hennig for Worldmapper mapping – CC licensed for use S With thanks to previous IB Geographers from Ecolint 2012 who took part in my Water workshop
  24. 24. Acknowledgements 1 S With thanks to Tom Morgan Jones for illustrations from Mission:Explore Water (2013) by Explorer HQ S Mapping on Water Security by World Resources Institute: maps/ S CBC has a range of stories in a series on Cape Town: g/Water%20at%20Risk S With thanks to previous IB Geographers from Ecolint 2012 who took part in my Water workshop
  25. 25. Further Reading S tml - downloads of data, and Google Earth files to see threats to global rivers through human water usage
  26. 26. Map from the World Resource Institute
  27. 27. 1: Water for Energy exchange Turning sea water into potable water takes vast amounts of power. Israel's desalination plants usually only run overnight to take advantage of lower electricity costs. EcoPeace, an environmental NGO made up of Jordanian, Israeli and Palestinian activists, is floating a new idea to harness the sun-soaked deserts of Jordan, and sell the solar power to Israel and the Palestinian Authority, who would use it to run desalination plants. "By advancing a water-energy exchange we're creating some stability, we're creating an atmosphere of co-operation," said Gidon Bromberg, the Israeli director of EcoPeace. Bromberg said all three governments "have expressed support" for the Water & Energy Nexus, which is projected to cost $30 billion. Despite the price tag, "not only is it realistic but it's absolutely essential," given the region's water woes. Bromberg said the idea could bring wider benefits: "it's certainly stability, it's certainly security, and those are two essential ingredients for peace."
  28. 28. 2. Protecting supplies As if the drought is not bad enough‚ the City of Cape Town is having to battle against thieves stealing from aquifer drilling sites‚ resulting in “delays of weeks at a time” to bring more water online. The city said in a statement on Sunday it is something that it can “ill afford”. Tools‚ batteries‚ vehicles and any materials considered possible scrap is being targeted by thieves. There are also police guarding natural springs, which residents use to
  29. 29. 3. Fixing leaky pipes
  30. 30. bottled-water-price-hikes/ 4. A ban on ‘price gouging’ Prices are capped to stop people profiteering from water,. Also concerns about the source of some
  31. 31. 5. Aquifer drilling
  32. 32. 6. Desalination
  33. 33. 7.