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Human Resource Mgmt Questions (worth having a look)

HRM question answers in ppt form.

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Human Resource Mgmt Questions (worth having a look)

  1. 1. 1. “People” can take a company to commanding heights :- •Human Resource is the best asset not only to an orgn’n but also for a country. •Like China having a pop’n of 1.36 billion , which is world’s largest population , is a better developed country than India . •The reason being : it uses its "people" as a Resource who can benefit the country . •Making the largest pop’n their strength and not a nation wide problem !
  2. 2. Contd… •A country having abundance of physical resources is nothing if it does not uses its Human Resources. •After all no matter how much work a machine does , Men will always be required. •It is never that an org’n is fully Capital Intensive , the ratio of Men and Machine may vary , but Machines can’t do all the work , either to make it work or for repair and maintenance , Men , from the seven M’s of the org’n , are first and foremost and always required.
  3. 3. Contd… •It’s a company that acts like a force. Its not a ‘One-man-army’ its always a joint effort . It is a battalion of forces. •A company in the stage of incorporation is never a renowned company , it’s the continuous efforts , dedication , knowledge , innovation , initiative and contribution of “people” that make it ‘renowned’ and ‘listed’ as well ! •For a company to be placed into ‘Fortune 500’ or to become a ‘Maharatna’ or ‘Navratna’ , …..
  4. 4. Contd… The journey always starts from square one , which takes a lot of combined effort of the “people” working in the right direction , for a common goal. •A goal that is personal as well as an org’nl goal. •From Tata’s to Birla’s , from Ambani’s to Adnani’s , it’s the “people” who have succeeded in the names of companies . Their talents , visions and innovations are hidden behind the name plates of their organizations / brands.
  5. 5. Contd… •The word Management itself says – Manage- Men-Tactfully – Which means managing and extracting the best out of them is what is required. •Here not only the management needs to work efficiently but the “people” in an org’n need to work in the same direction too. •“Coordination of Activities is what is expected and that can happen when “people” work ‘Individually’ yet ‘Together’ and take the company to newer heights.
  6. 6. Contd… •The joint efforts of “people” i.e. from laborers to skilled developers , dedicated towards their goal , with the urge to change history everyday and breaking old records every minute , is what results in Success . •The importance of “people” is not realized today but it existed from the times of Ramayana & Mahabharata.
  7. 7. Contd… •Talking about the org’n M/s Ram & Sena : their goal being ‘Rescuing Sita’ and the "people" in the org’n being ‘Vanar Sena’ was accomplished by the team effort setting beautiful example of Human as a Resource .
  8. 8. # Example :- • An example of people taking a company new heights is ‘Infosys’ . The org’n which was founded by 7 people namely :- Narayan Murthy , Nandan Nilekani , N.S. Raghavan , S. Gopalakrsihnan , S.D. Shibulal, K. Dinesh and Ashok Arora . •These people established the company with Rs. 10,000 only which was bare minimum at that time. •It was the people who gradually took the company to new heights and believed in the vision
  9. 9. Contd… Of their bosses. •“It’s a Vision that tells people that they too can catch a part of rainbow and put it in their pocket then people are willing to make the sacrifices that are needed” – Narayan Murthy. •Which clearly means for people of the org’n to sacrifice the management needs to put in some effort and give them the environment that they need. •It’s totally the mental revolution that has to take place between managers and workers in order to
  10. 10. Contd… Make the people work and achieve the desired goal , the dream that needs to be accomplished. •“The biggest challenge is to get a great team” – Narayan Murthy. •Great Team – that is the people who will give their best , who will contribute unflinchingly , the ones who will devote their time and effort religiously. •The people who will take the company to commanding heights !
  11. 11. 2. How HR managers can instill a culture of ethics in employees ? •Culture is something which is Created and resides in the minds of the people. •Creating a culture is primarily done by HR managers. •It’s the manager who can bring a culture and instill in employees by regularly making them follow it & letting them understand the importance of the culture brought for them. •Here understanding the importance of culture is
  12. 12. Contd … must for employees. •Elements of a culture include – Innovation , Stability , Orientation towards people. •Innovation i.e. Culture should be new , one that is derived from something yet something new , that makes the company unique in its own way. •Stability i.e. a Culture should be stable and not the one that keeps on changing . A culture for the purpose of instillng in to the employees needs to be stable.
  13. 13. Contd … •HR managers are the ones responsible for creating a culture , instilling a culture in employees and sustaining a culture . •The HR manager is the person who is directly in touch with the employees . The one person on whose support and guidance an employee joins the company. •Thus when an HR manager brings a culture and tries to instill it in the employees , the employees feel comfortable and do not resist rather accept it.
  14. 14. Contd … •Ethics : From the point of view of employees, management sets the tone and shapes the overall working environment. •Management that does not uphold the ethical rights of employees will end up creating culture that can adversely affect the morale and motivation of workers. •Virtuous Values + Aligned Action + Behavioural Standards/Codes = Increased Ethical Behaviour.
  15. 15. How to instill a culture in employees :- 1. HR should be the functional custodian charged with the responsibility of creating an organization's "ethical alignment'. 2. HR must define what constitutes an organization's ethical orientation. This is usually expressed in the form of an ‘ethics code' . 3. HR must champion the effort to adjust an organization's performance management system by including ethical behaviour as an important criterion for performance measurement, promotion and possibly even termination.
  16. 16. Developing a Culture of Character – the three Cs of Turknett :- • Code : Know personal values. Each employee must have a personal ethical code . • Character : Organizations must have leaders who create a culture of character and support a continuing conversation to keep ethics front and center. • Communication : Great leaders create practices that keep the ethical conversation alive.
  17. 17. # Example :- • A well known example of strong corporate culture is – Google. Its not the typical corporate culture. By the pictures of googleplex , it looks like an adult playground , not a place of work. • Google’s success can be attributed to this culture. Google has people who’s sole job is to keep employees happy and maintain productivity.
  18. 18. Contd … • Some of the best and unique cultures of Google are :- – Google is a dog friendly company that allows its employees to bring their well-behaved canines to office with them. – Google loves the environment so it formed Google Green that is dedicated towards developing renewable energy supplies. – Googlers can request to work anywhere for a change of mood. They do not have to go and sit in their cubicles every day. It is a pleasure being a Googler.
  19. 19. Contd … —Google offers $6,000 for when an employee provides a successful referral. It’s a win-win situation. —Google encourages its engineers to spend 20% of their time on ideas of their own. Google has many products that came out of this 20% idea. • This is how this world-changing organization operates !
  20. 20. Refrences :- 1. People can take company to commanding heights :- • • Interviews of Narayan Murthy (Youtube) • Official site of Infosys.
  21. 21. Refrences :- 2. HR managers can instill ethics :- • Ethics Abroad -- Business Fundamentals, Value Judgments • romoting_an_ethical_work_environment.html • tools/organization-development/creating-an- ethical-culture/
  22. 22. 1. Assuming that the trend towards robotics and artificial intelligence continues into the next century , how managers and HR departments might be affected. • The trend towards robotics and artificial intelligence is definitely the thing needed for great growth and devt. • Artificial intelligence and robotics are the future of new technologies. But these are also the factors that are affecting the HR departments.
  23. 23. Contd .. • Technological progress has great impact on jobs , the reason being the firms go Capital intensive rather than being labour intensive. • If the technology will do all the work with less and less use of manpower , people will continue to remain unemployed. • Unemployment i.e. a nation wide problem will continue to emerge even in the coming time. • It’s so contradictory than on one hand we talk about unemployment catching up our nation and on the other hand we continue to build our empires only with the use of technology.
  24. 24. Contd .. • Because of such new technologies the innovations and the new ideas of the people are being suppressed. • “A century from now , nobody will much care about how long it took , only what happened next.” – Marcus. • According to Marcus-hinting at AI’s very real threats to the world’s labour force. • Thousands, if not millions, of people arround the world have already encountered the humbling reality of losing a job.
  25. 25. Contd .. • New skills required : As new technologies are developed and implemented , there is an urgent need to upgrade existing employee skills and knowledge , there will be growing demand for workers with more sophisticated training and skills. • Downsizing : Increased automations has reduces employee head count everywhere. Its not uncommon today fro managers to have limited understanding of technical aspects. Managing the expectations of knowledge workers is going to be a major area of concern for HR managers.
  26. 26. 2. The govt. should not be concerned with personal affairs of business. They should reduce some laws and let business police itself. • The need for governmental interference arose out of the belief that govt. is the custodian of industrial and economic activities. • The emergence of problems in the industrial front in the form of trade union movement , non fulfillment of plan targets and the like, forced the govts. to intervene in HRM.
  27. 27. Contd … • Consequently , the govt. of India has come out with a complex set of rules and regulations on the employment policy of the org’ns by reserving a certain no. of jobs of all categories. • By imposing a lot of rules and regulations on the personal affairs of business , the businesses tend to practice malpractices and carry on with unfair trade practices. • The reason being they are not given the freedom to operate their business the way they want.
  28. 28. Contd … • From the time of New Economic Policy when privatisation had taken place , the businesses had the freedom to work on their own terms. • The govt. should let the business work itself without much intervention and let the businesses carry on its activities smoothly. • The growth and the devt. Of a firm gets hindered when the political factors i.e. govt policies and laws affect the working of the business.
  29. 29. Contd … • The innovations of the new entrepreneurs often get suppressed as they don’t abide by the political laws. • The political environment is so dynamic , as and when the govt changes , that businesses loose their stability. • Due to the consistently changing scenario , a lot of time money and effort is devoted into framing policies rather than their implementation.
  30. 30. References :- 1. Trend towards AI’s and robotics :- • EBook :- HRM : Text and cases By Rao 2. Govt should not intervene :- • EBook :- HRM : Text and cases By Rao