• Next we will introduce Genelec briefly and take you through some principles in setting up good monitoring
• “Standard stereo pair, as we have here today”
• Early reflections cause: - coloration of sound - blurred sound image
•Here is how to do it, “Triangle where each sides are the equal length”Where to sit for listening in the room, symmetrical set up
In the Monitor set up guide you can read more
Omni directional Low frequency to narrow beam High frequency.
• Low frequenciescontain more energy and act like “flooding water”• Short soundwaves are more directive and have less energyLowest frequency of some sound suorces.
Free space frequency response when the loudspeaker leaves the factory.
Bass tiltBass roll off
1m from the back wall will get about 15 dB down at 85Hz, -3db at 60Hz and 120Hz
AcoustiTape how it shall be used.
• Conventional speaker with a flat front baffle design without the Waveguide• Moving off-axis the frequency frequency becomes uneven and unnatural - e.g. due to edge diffraction
• DCW• MDE Minimum Diffraction Enclosure results much smoother frequency response in both On- and Off-Axis
Genelec DSP MonitorerIn The Genelec DSP loudspeaker systems we can with the AutoCal software control and calibrate the DSP loudspeaker for our room.AutoCal comes whit a Genelec measurement microphone and an interface. The Program can be down loaded from our web site.
Why you must calibrate your Audio Monitor speakers and how to do it
Why you must calibrate your Monitorspeakers and how to do it
Finland:- North of Europe Arctic Circle- Population 5,4 Mil.- Iisalmi 400 km from Iisalmi the Arctic Circle Kuopio Kuopio Helsinki Helsinki
• Genelec has been manufacturing active loudspeakers in Finland for almost 35 years
Standard stereo pair, a virtual sound image Virtual sound image (in this case stereo image) is formed between the loudspeakers. Precision of the sound image depends on 3 elements: 1. The quality of audio source 2. The quality of loudspeakers 3. The acoustics in the listening room
Preventing early reflections Early reflections can be attenuated by: • Removing or turning reflecting surfaces • Adding absorption or diffusion on the reflecting surfaces • Moving the speakersThe hard surface can be turned sothat reflection does not hit the listener
Loudspeaker layout and aiming – Aim the loudspeakers towards the listening position – Set equal distance from the loudspeakers to the listening position – Set correct angles • Left - Right distance is the same as the distance from listening position to the loudspeakers (60 degrees) Recommendation ITU-R BS.775-1
Loudspeaker height • Loudspeakers optimal height is at the listener’s ear height , typically around 1.2m • If unwanted floor reflections occur, try increasing the monitor height • If the speakers are set on a higher level, the tilt-down should be max 15 degrees - to avoid the displacement of sound image
Loudspeaker distance, choosing the right monitor
This information is availableon web site www. genelec.comand in the Monitor Setup Guidehandout
Loudspeaker radiation patternEnclosed driver Omnidirectional radiation Radiation to forward Forward beam width typically f < 200Hz direction only becomes narrow typically f > 300 Hz typically f > 10 kHz
Wall loading effectWall loading increases output level at bass frequencies boomy sound can be corrected by equalizationfree half quarter 1/8 spacespace space space Flat +6dB +12dB +18dB No walls flat response One wall close to Two walls (corner) Three walls close to the loudspeaker close to the loudspeaker the loudspeaker
Compensation of the wall loading Bass Tilt -6dB
Recommended wall distanceThe minimum distanceallows the bass reflexport to work properly The distance produces bass cancellation, causes loss of bass frequencies in the listening position
Back wall cancellation• Back wall cancellation will cause loss of bass in the listening position• Avoid placing the monitors between 1- 2.2 m from the wall due to back-wall cancellation! You can easily find the cancellation frequencies with the Genelec AcoustiTape. Ordercode MAI-0079. 16