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Rhyme, Meter an Rhyme Scheme


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This a compilation of rhyme, meter and rhyme scheme, I include here the definition of the different types and example.

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Rhyme, Meter an Rhyme Scheme

  2. 2. RHYME
  3. 3.  one or two more words or phrases that end in the same sounds  a chordal resonance, making the ending decisive and firm  brings musicality whinch can be exploited for lyric passages  are useful as hinges, giving the thought of the poem clear and emphatic
  5. 5. End Rhyme Rhyming or the near duplication of final words of lines in a poem. Example: Under my window a clean rasping sound When the spade sinks into gravelly ground ( heat – neat, feet – greet )
  6. 6. Internal Rhyme Rhyming of two words within the same line of poetry. Example: Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary “Sister, my sister, O fleet, sweet, swallow
  7. 7. Eye Rhyme Rhyme in which the ending of words are spelled alike; in most instances were pronounced alike , but sometimes they can be pronounced differently. Example: Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate; Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all too short a date
  8. 8. Identical Rhyme Simply using the same word twice Example: We pause before a House that seemed A swelling of the Ground The Roof was scarcely visible The Cornice– on the Ground
  9. 9. Slant Rhyme Sometimes called imperfect, partial, near, oblique, off - rhyme in which two words share just a vowel sound ( “heart – star”) or in which they just a consonant sound ( “milk – walk”) - Slant rhyme is a technique perhaps more in tune with the uncertainties of the modern age than strong rhyme. Example: Between my finger and my thumb The squat pen rests; snug as a gun
  10. 10. Linked Rhyme A rhyme between the last syllable or syllables of a line with the first syllable or syllables of the following line. Example: The song is sung Flung upon the air
  11. 11. Forced Rhyme (Positive) Occurs when the poet gives effect of seeming to surrender helplessly to the exigencies of a difficult rhyme Example: Farewell, Farewell, you old rhinocerous I’ll stare at something less prepocerous
  12. 12. (Negative) Occurs when the reader believes that in the context of using a rhyming word; it focuses on the rhyme instead of the meaning. Example: The cat crossed the grass I was late for class
  13. 13. Diminishing Rhyme A rhyme using words or parts of words that are pronounced identically but have different meanings. Example: report – port emotion – motion ocean – shun
  14. 14. METER
  15. 15.  is a stressed and unstressed syllabic pattern in a verse or within the lines of a poem  stressed syllables tend to be longer and unstressed shorter
  16. 16. METERANDFOOT A meter contains a sequence of several feet, where each foot has a number of syllables such as stressed/unstressed.
  17. 17. LENGTH The length of a meter poem is illustrated is by looking at the number of feet in each line of the poem
  18. 18. Line Length (Latinate)
  19. 19. Monometer A poem with only one foot per line Dimeter A poem that has only two feet in each line Trimeter A line that has three feet
  20. 20. Tetrameter A line that has four feet Pentameter A five feet in a line Hexameter A six feet in a line
  21. 21. Heptameter A seven feet in a line Octameter An eight feet in a line
  22. 22. Types of Meter
  23. 23. Iambic Meter  (unstressed/stressed)  a foot which starts with an unaccented and ends with accented (stressed) syllable. It is the most common meter in English Language and naturally falls into everyday conversation.
  24. 24. Example: “Twelfth Night” by William Shakespeare If music be the food of love, play on; Give me excess of it, that, surfeiting, The appetite may sicken, and so die. That strain again! it had a dying fall: O, it came o’er my ear like the sweet sound, That breathes upon a bank of violets,
  25. 25. Trochaic Meter (stressed/unstressed)  a foot (opposite of an iambic meter) that begins with an accented then followed by unaccented syllable
  26. 26. Example: The Explosion by Philip Larkin Shadows pointed towards the pithead: In the sun the slagheap slept. Down the lane came men in pitboots Coughing oath-edged talk and pipe-smoke Shouldering off the freshened silence.
  27. 27. Anapestic Meter  (unstressed/unstressed/ stressed)  a foot which has two unaccented syllables followed by an accented syllable.
  28. 28. Example: “The Hunting of the Snark” by Lewis Carroll Just the place for a Snark!” the Bellman cried, As he landed his crew with care; Supporting each man on the top of the tide By a finger entwined in his hair… There was also a Beaver, that paced on the deck, Or would sit making lace in the bow:
  29. 29. Dactylic Meter (stressed/unstressed/unstressed)  a foot including an accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables
  30. 30. Example: “The Charge of the Light Brigade” by Alfred Lord Tennyson Half a league, half a league, Half a league onward, All in the valley of Death Rode the six hundred. “Forward, the Light Brigade! Charge for the guns!” he said. Into the valley of Death Rode the six hundred.
  31. 31. Spondee A foot consisting of two accented syllables. Pyrrhic A foot including two unaccented syllables, generally used to vary rhythm.
  32. 32. Function of Meter Though meter is a poetic device, playwrights as well as prose writers often use it to heighten the dramatic quality of the work, adding enchantment, mystery and emotion to their language. Its basic function is to provide rhythm, uniformity and give a rounded and well-formed structure to the poetic work. It makes the tone of a language more lyrical.
  34. 34.  Is the pattern of rhyme that comes at the end of each verse or line in poetry
  36. 36. Alternate Rhyme It is also known as ABAB rhyme scheme, it rhymes as “ABAB CDCD EFEF GHGH.” Example: “Neither Out Far Nor In Deep” by: Robert Frost The people along the sand (A) All turn and look one way. (B) They turn their back on the land. (A) They look at the sea all day. (B)
  37. 37. Ballade It contains three stanzas with rhyme scheme of “ABABBCBC” followed by “BCBC.” Example: “Love Affair” by: Leny Roovers Among the luscious leaves in dark recess, (A) as trees are humming with the song of bees, (B) a nest is built and lined with purple cress; (A) the eggs are laid and fit in close as peas. (B) New life unfolds in spring in crowns of trees (B) as Nature's breathing in and out resumes, (C) shapes images and forms in all degrees- (B) shows off the splendour of the favoured grooms. (C)
  38. 38. My garden seemed a Paradise at ease (B) until dark shadows blocked the sun and loomed; (C) the feathers on the ground, though bright, don't please; (B) show off the splendour of the favoured grooms. (C)
  39. 39. Monorhyme It is a poem in which every line uses the same rhyme scheme. Example: “The Shower” by: Dick Davis Lifting her arms to soap her hair (A) Her pretty breasts respond--- and there (A) The movement of that buoyant pair (A) Is like a spell to make me swear (A) Twenty odd years have turned to air; (A)
  40. 40. Couplet It contains two line stanzas with “AA” rhyme scheme that often appears as “AA BB CC and DD…” Example: “Revelation in Rain” by: Andrea Dietrich She briskly walks in January’s rain, (A) which drums the endless rhythm of her pain, (A) pulling closer round her shoulder in the downpour (B) the leather jacket he so often wore. (B)
  41. 41. Another day like this she can remember (C) when he had worn the jacket, and against her (C) he’d pressed as they stood kissing in the rainfall. (D) The world could wash away; he was her all! (D)
  42. 42. Triplet It often repeats like a couplet, uses rhyme scheme of “AAA.” Example: “Upon Julia’s Clothes” by: Robert Herrick Whenas in silks my Julia goes, (A) Then, then (methinks) how sweetly flows (A) That liquefaction of her clothes. (A)
  43. 43. Enclosed Rhyme It uses rhyme scheme of “ABBA.” Example: “The Goddess” by: Andrea Dietrich With brilliance, clad in white, in an enchanted world, (A) a vision most inviting stands before my very eyes. (B) She treads a grassy hill beyond which mountains rise (B) to heaven's heights where fluffs of clouds, as if in pink, are swirled. (A)
  44. 44. Terza Rima Rhyme SchemeIt uses tercets, three lines stanzas. Its interlocking pattern on end words follow: ABA BCB CDC DED. Example: “The Eternal Dawn of Blissful Bodhi” by: Brian Chung We are mired in a dark quagmire (A) Of cruel and murky quicksand, (B) We dance no more to Kama’s lyre, (A) And vow for the Western Pure Land, (B) The eternal dawn of blissful Bodhi! (C) Arising by Amida’s hand, (B)
  45. 45. A place of serene Samadhi, (C) Mani Jewels and Way Places, (D) And the most soothing purity, (C) Golden roads and glowing palaces, (D) Purple robes and rows of jade trees, (E) All wrought by His Great Promises! (D)
  46. 46. Keats Odes Rhyme SchemeIn his famous odes, Keats has used a specific rhyme scheme, which is “ABABCDECDE.” Example: “Ode to a Nightingale” by: John Keats My heart aches, and a drowsy numbness pains (A) My sense, as though of hemlock I had drunk, (B) Or emptied some dull opiate to the drains (A) One minute past, and Lethe-wards had sunk: (B) 'Tis not through envy of the happy lot, (C) But being too happy in thy happiness,- (D) That thou, light-winged Dryad of the trees, (E) In some melodious plot (C) Of beechen green, and shadows numberless, (D) Singest of summer in full-throated ease. (E)
  47. 47. Limerick A poem uses five lines with rhyme scheme of “AABBA.” Example: “Three Limerick” by: Jerome Malefant There once was a near-sighted knight (A) Who rode out one wild stormy night (A) To rescue a maid, (B)But his quest was delayed (B) While he went back to get his flashlight. (A)
  48. 48. Villanelle A nineteen-line poem consisting of five tercets and a final quatrain is villanelle and uses rhyme scheme of “A1bA2, abA1, abA2, abA1, abA2, abA1A2.” Example: “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man” by James Joyce Are you not weary of ardent ways, (A1) Lure of the fallen seraphim? (b) Tell no more of enchanted days. (A2)
  49. 49. Your eyes have set man’s heart ablaze (a) And you have had your will of him. (b) Are you not weary of ardent ways? (A1) Above the flame the smoke of praise (a) Goes up from ocean rim to rim. (b) Tell no more of enchanted days. (A2) Our broken cries and mournful lays (a) Rise in one eucharistic hymn. (b) Are you not weary of ardent ways? (A1)
  50. 50. While sacrificing hands upraise (a) The chalice flowing to the brim, (b) Tell no more of enchanted days. (A2) And still you hold our longing gaze (a) With languorous look and lavish limb! (b) Are you not weary of ardent ways? (A1) Tell no more of enchanted days. (A2
  51. 51. Function of Rhyme Scheme Rhyme scheme is an integral part of the constitution of a poem, which includes meter, length of phrase, and rhythm. In fact, rhyme scheme, like other writing tools, is used to create balance and relieve tension, manage flow, create rhythm, and highlight important ideas.