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Method of psychological study

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Method of psychological study

  1. 1. Method on Psychological Study General Psychology Tuesday, April 27, 2010 1
  2. 2. Introspection Observation/Descriptive Method Life History Survey Experimental Method Statistical Method Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2
  3. 3. Descriptive Methods These provide a description of the behavior of the person or the animal being studied Tuesday, April 27, 2010 3
  4. 4. Senses Sight Visual Eyes Hearing Auditory Ear Smell Olfactory Nose Taste Gustatory Tongue Touch Cutaneous Skin Tuesday, April 27, 2010 4
  5. 5. Naturalistic Observation Observation of things as they naturally happen. The observer simply record what they see and hear who selecting some events and ignoring others. Tuesday, April 27, 2010 5
  6. 6. Naturalistic Observation Psychologists is interested in the answer to some specific questions. It is made more precise and even more systematic with the use of the following: Tests Scales Inventories and Questionnaires Tuesday, April 27, 2010 6
  7. 7. Clinical Method People with problems come or are taken to a clinical psychologists for help. Tuesday, April 27, 2010 7
  8. 8. Life History Tuesday, April 27, 2010 8
  9. 9. Survey Tuesday, April 27, 2010 9
  10. 10. Experimental Method It is considered as the basis or foundation of all scientific research. Some experiments require elaborate equipments and are conducted in the laboratory. Tuesday, April 27, 2010 10
  11. 11. Statistical Method The data obtained from experiments are needed to be classified in order to give meaning to the data and they need to be interpreted according to statistical procedures. Tuesday, April 27, 2010 11
  12. 12. Statistical Method Measures of central tendency Correlation Reliability and Validity Tuesday, April 27, 2010 12
  13. 13. Measures of Central Tendency Mean Median Mode Tuesday, April 27, 2010 13
  14. 14. Mean Most often refers to as true “Arithmetic Mean” Obtained by summing all elements of the data set and dividing by the number of element. Tuesday, April 27, 2010 14
  15. 15. Median the “Middle Entry” in the list it is the middle element where the data set is arranged in order of magnitude MIDRANGE- is the arithmetic mean of the highest data elements Tuesday, April 27, 2010 15
  16. 16. Mode! is the data element which occurs most frequently Tuesday, April 27, 2010 16
  17. 17. example 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 = 23 2 = 27 Tuesday, April 27, 2010 17
  18. 18. Reliability Refers essentially to repeatability A test is said to be reliable if it yields similar results each time it is used. Tuesday, April 27, 2010 18
  19. 19. Validity refers to the extent with which a test measures what it is supposed to measure. Tuesday, April 27, 2010 19
  20. 20. Solve: 1. 2 , 1 , 4 , 3 , 6 , 5 , 8 , 7 , 1 0 , 9 2. 1 0 , 2 0 , 3 0 , 4 0 , 5 0 3. 5 0 , 3 0 , 8 0 , 9 0 4. 2 0 5 , 1 0 5 , 3 0 5 , 4 0 5 , 7 0 5 , 505 5. 1 0 , 0 0 0 40,000 70,000 80,000 30,000 60,000 Tuesday, April 27, 2010 20

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