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Endocrine system

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Endocrine system

  1. 1. Endocrine Glands General Psychology
  2. 2. Endocrine Glands
  3. 3. Endocrine Glands • Secrete special chemical messengers known as "hormones" that are directly released into the bloodstream because they have no ducts or structured passageways to the organs that they serve.
  4. 4. Endocrine Glands
  5. 5. Endocrine Glands • These chemicals are essential as the N.S. to the integration of the organism's activities and to the maintenance of "homeostasis"
  6. 6. Homeostasis
  7. 7. Homeostasis
  8. 8. Homeostasis • Tendency of the body to maintain a balance among internal physiological condition. -Clifford Morgan
  9. 9. Body Temperature LOW Normal HIGH Hypothermia 36.7℃ - 37.7℃ Hyperthermia
  10. 10. Body Temperature LOW Normal HIGH Hypothermia 36.7℃ - 37.7℃ Hyperthermia
  11. 11. Blood Sugar LOW Normal HIGH Hypoglycemia 80-120 dL Hyperglycemia
  12. 12. Signs of Hyperglycemia
  13. 13. Signs of Hyperglycemia Polydypsia
  14. 14. Signs of Hyperglycemia Polydypsia Polyfagia
  15. 15. Signs of Hyperglycemia Polydypsia Polyfagia Polyuria
  16. 16. Blood Pressure LOW Normal HIGH Hypotension 120 / 80 Hypertension
  17. 17. Blood Pressure LOW Normal HIGH Hypotension 120 / 80 Hypertension
  18. 18. Hormones
  19. 19. Hormones • Chemical substances which are secreted by organs and affect the functioning of other organs
  20. 20. Hormones • Chemical substances which are secreted by organs and affect the functioning of other organs • Hormones produced specific effects and actions on the target organs and glands
  21. 21. Insulin
  22. 22. Insulin
  23. 23. Insulin • Enables “glucose” to move out of the blood into the cells of the muscles and other tissues. LOW Normal HIGH Hypoglycemia 80-120 dL Hyperglycemia
  24. 24. Melatonin
  25. 25. Melatonin • Which is secreted by the “pineal body”, a small gland deep within the brain, appears to regulate certain biological rhythm.
  26. 26. Various Hormones
  27. 27. Various Hormones • produced by the adrenal glands are involved in emotion and responses to stress
  28. 28. Various Hormones • produced by the adrenal glands are involved in emotion and responses to stress • they are extremely important in neural functioning and in the ability to cope with stress
  29. 29. Various Hormones
  30. 30. Various Hormones • Cortex
  31. 31. Various Hormones • Cortex • which is the outer layer, produce “cortisone”
  32. 32. Various Hormones • Cortex • which is the outer layer, produce “cortisone” • Medulla
  33. 33. Various Hormones • Cortex • which is the outer layer, produce “cortisone” • Medulla • inner layer, produces “epinephrine” or adrenaline and “norepinephrine” or not adrenaline
  34. 34. Sex Hormones
  35. 35. Sex Hormones • are produced by Gonads. • androgen and estrogen are present in both genders but varies in the amount present.
  36. 36. Sex Hormones
  37. 37. Sex Hormones • Androgen • “testosterone” or male sex hormone.
  38. 38. Sex Hormones
  39. 39. Sex Hormones • Estrogen • female sex hormones
  40. 40. Sex Hormones
  41. 41. Sex Hormones • Progesterone • stimulates female secondary organ characteristics and behavior and maintains pregnancy.
  42. 42. Male and Female Puberty
  43. 43. Assignment Senses -law of proximity -eyes -law of similarity -ears -closure -nose -continuity -tongue -skin parapsychology kinesthesis ESP vestibular sense - telepathy organic sensitivity - clairvoyance - precognition Sensation - out-of-body experience perception psychophysics Visual Foolery absolute threshold Optical Illusion difference threshold gestalt law of perception

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