What is theConvention on theRights of theChild?
An international instrument of law thatdefines the comprehensive sets of rightsthat ALL children must enjoy. State partiesshould ensure that all appropriate measuresare undertaken to ensure enjoyment of childrights.1990TheConvention ontheRights of theChild
According to UNICEF, 193 statesare party to the Convention,almost all the members of theUnited Nations. 191 countries signed the CRC except for United State of America and SomaliaThe Philippines ratified theCRC in July 1990
•Best Interest of the Child•Right to life, survival and development •Non-discrimination •Right to participation
Every child has the inherent rightto life, and the State has anobligation to ensure the child’ssurvival and development. Theyinclude rights to adequate food,shelter, clean water, and primaryhealth care.
These are rights to theresources, skills andcontributions necessary for thefull development of the child.They include rights to formaleducation, leisure and recreation,cultural activities andinformation.
These rights include protectionfrom all forms of child abuse,neglect, exploitation andcruelty, including the right tospecial protection in times ofwar and protection from abusein the criminal justice system.
Children are entitled to thefreedom to express opinionsand to have a say in mattersaffecting their social, economic,religious, cultural and politicallife. Participation rights includethe right to express opinionsand be heard, the right toinformation and freedom ofassociation.
Who is a child?A child is every human beingbelow the age of 18 yearsunless, national laws recognizethe age of majority earlier –(CRC, Article 1)
What are the Rights of the Child? To be born. To have a name and nationality. To be free. To have a family who will take care of me. To have a good education. To develop my potentials. To have enough food, shelter, a healthy and active body. To be given the opportunity for play and leisure.
What are the Rights of the Child? To be given protection against abuse, danger and violence brought by war and conflict. To live in a peaceful community. To be defended and assisted by the government. To be able to express own views.
The child shall enjoy all the rights setforth in this Declaration. Every child,without any exception whatsoever,shall be entitled to these rights,without distinction or discriminationon account of race, colour, sex,language, religion, political or otheropinion, national or social origin,property, birth or other status,whether of himself or of his family.