Late Middle Ages - Europe 14th and 15th centuries


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General characteristics of Europe in 14th and 15th centuries

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Late Middle Ages - Europe 14th and 15th centuries

  1. 1. 14th - 15th C. Europe The creation of the Modern States
  2. 2. 14th Century Crisis all over Europe Climate Change that caused periodic famines. The Black Death (2/3 of population died) • 70 million people died in 14th century • 40 million people died in 15th century (A consequence of the Black Death is that wages of labourers will increase due to the lack of peasants). Popular Uprisings • Because of an increasing gap between the wealthy and the poor.
  3. 3. The Triumph of Death – Peter Bruegel The Elder (el Viejo)
  4. 4. Popular Uprisings They spread all over Europe Irmandiño Wars Rebellion of the Remences Conflict between “La Biga” and “La Busca” The “Jacquerie” in France Wat Tyler's Rebellion in England also called: The Peasants Revolt. The Peasant Revolt in Flanders.
  5. 5. The Jacquerie
  6. 6. The Jacquerie
  7. 7. The Hundred Years’ War • It was a series of wars that took place in the 14th -15th centuries (1337-1453 ). • The main cause was a dynastic conflict when the king Charles IV (the last king of the dynasty Capeto) died without descendants. • Edward III of England claimed for the crown • Philip VI, king of France (new dynasty Valois) attacked the possessions of Edward.
  8. 8. • England occupied a great part of France.
  9. 9. • France is going to receive the help of a Saint: Joan of Arc. Who will encourage the people to fight against the invaders and recover Orleans.
  10. 10. • Joan of Arc will be captured, judged in an religious court and accused of heresy. • She was condemned to be burned at the stake. • France will ultimately win the war and expel the English in 1453.
  11. 11. • France and England will suffer many consequences from this war: • A lot of people died. • The kings went in bankrupt. • The lands were abandoned • Crops were very poor. This caused hunger and starvation.
  12. 12. The War of the Roses (15th c.) • It was a Dynastic Conflict between two dynastic lines. The white rose of the House of York The red rose of the House of Lancaster
  13. 13. • The final victory went to a relatively remote Lancastrian descendant: • Henry Tudor, who married Elizabeth of York (the daughter of the late Yorkist king Edward IV). • This reconciled the two factions and founded the House of Tudor, which ruled England and Wales for 117 years. (The last Monarch will be Elizabeth I) The Rose of the House of Tudor